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List of political parties in the Netherlands

Members of four Dutch political parties (PvdA, D66, CDA and VVD) in Ulft, shortly before the municipal elections of 2010

This article lists political parties in the Netherlands, which has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which any one party has little chance of gaining power alone, and parties often work with each other to form coalition governments.

The lower house of the legislature, the House of Representatives, is elected by a national party-list system of proportional representation. There is no threshold for getting a seat, making it possible for a party to get a seat with only two-thirds percent of the vote—roughly one seat for every 67,000 votes.

No party has won a majority of seats since the election of 1894[1], and no party has even approached the seats needed for a majority since the current proportional representation system was implemented in 1918. All Dutch governments since then have been coalitions between two or more parties. However, there is a broad consensus on the basic principles of the political system, and all parties must adjust their goals to some extent in order to have a realistic chance at being part of the government.

Contents

General overviewEdit

Parliamentary partiesEdit

Political parties represented in the States General of the Netherlands
Political party Ideology Political
position
European Union
position
European
affiliation
EP group International
affiliation
Leader Senate House EP
  People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(Volkspartij voor
Vrijheid en Democratie
)
VVD Conservative liberalism
[7]
Economic liberalism
[8][9][10]
Centre-right
[11][12]
Pro-Europeanism
[13][14][15]
ALDE Party Renew Europe LI Mark Rutte 12 33 4
  Party for Freedom
(Partij voor de Vrijheid)
PVV Nationalism
Right-wing populism
[16][17]
Right-wing
(Radical right)
[18][19]
Hard Euroscepticism
[20]
ID Party
(Associate Member)
[21][22]
  IFA Geert Wilders 5 20  
  Christian Democratic Appeal
(Christen-Democratisch Appèl)
CDA Christian democracy
[23][24][25][26][27]
Centre[28][29] to centre-right
[30][31]
Pro-Europeanism
[32]
EPP EPP Group CDI Vacant 9 19 4
  Democrats 66
(Democraten 66)
D66 Social liberalism
Republicanism
[7]
Centre
[11]
Pro-Europeanism
[33][34]
ALDE Party Renew Europe LI Vacant 7 19 2
  GreenLeft
(GroenLinks)
GL Green politics
[35]
Social democracy
[36][37]
Centre-left to
left-wing
[38][39][40]
Pro-Europeanism EGP Greens-EFA GG Jesse Klaver 8 14 3
  Socialist Party
(Socialistische Partij)
SP Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Left-wing populism
[41][42][43][44]
Left-wing
[45]
Soft Euroscepticism
[46]
      Lilian Marijnissen 4 14  
  Labour Party
(Partij van de Arbeid)
PvdA Social democracy
[2]
Centre-left
[39][40]
Pro-Europeanism PES S&D PA Lodewijk Asscher 6 9 6
  Christian Union
(ChristenUnie)
CU Christian democracy
[2]
Social Christianity
[39][40]
Centre to
centre-right
[47][48][47]
Soft Euroscepticism
[49]
ECPM EPP Group   Gert-Jan Segers 4 5 1
  Party for the Animals
(Partij voor de Dieren)
PvdD Animal rights
Animal welfare
Environmentalism
[35][50]
Soft Euroscepticism APEU GUE-NGL ANP Marianne Thieme 3 4 1
  50PLUS
(50Plus)
50+ Pensioners' interests
Identity politics
Populism
[50][7][2]
Centre
[11]
Soft Euroscepticism   EPP Group   Henk Krol 2 4 1
  Reformed Political Party
(Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij)
SGP Christian right
[2]
Social conservatism
[39][40]
Right-wing
[51][52]
Soft Euroscepticism
[53]
ECPM ECR   Kees van der Staaij 2 3 1
Denk
(Denk)
DENK Identity politics
Minority rights
Left-wing populism
[54][55][56][57]
Centre-left
to left-wing
        Tunahan Kuzu   3  
  Forum for Democracy
(Forum voor Democratie)
FvD National conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Direct democracy
E-democracy
Right-wing populism
[58]
Right-wing
(Radical right)
[59][60]
Hard Euroscepticism
[61]
ACRE ECR   Thierry Baudet 11 2 3
Political party represented in the Senate only
  Independent Senate
Group

(Onafhankelijke
Senaatsfractie
)
OSF Regionalism Centre   EFA     Gerben Gerbrandy 1    

Other national partiesEdit

Regional partiesEdit

Party Abbreviation Active in Number of provincial seats Number of municipal seats
Frisian National Party FNP Friesland 4 58
Groninger Belang GB Groningen 3 -
Party for the North PvhN Groningen 1 3
Party for Zeeland PVZ Zeeland 1 1

Locally represented partiesEdit

Party Abbreviation Year of creation Number of municipal seats
The Greens DG 1983 1
Islam Democrats ID 2006 2
New Communist Party of the Netherlands NCPN 1992 3
Forza! Netherlands Forza! 2003 8
Proud of the Netherlands TROTS 2007 6
United Communist Party VCP 1999 5
United Senior Party VSP 2001 13

Defunct partiesEdit

 
History and evolution of all Dutch political parties to ever have had seats in the House of Representatives.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit