Fast radio burst
In radio astronomy, a fast radio burst (FRB) is a transient radio pulse of length ranging from a fraction of a millisecond to a few milliseconds, caused by some high-energy astrophysical process not yet understood. Astronomers estimate the average FRB releases as much energy in a millisecond as the sun puts out in 3 days. While extremely energetic at their source, the strength of the signal reaching Earth has been described as 1,000 times less than from a mobile phone on the Moon. The first FRB was discovered by Duncan Lorimer and his student David Narkevic in 2007 when they were looking through archival pulsar survey data, and it is therefore commonly referred to as the Lorimer Burst. Many FRBs have since been recorded, including several that have been detected to repeat in seemingly irregular ways. Nonetheless, one FRB has been detected to repeat in a regular way: particularly, FRB 180916 seems to pulse every 16.35 days. Most FRBs are extragalactic, but the first Milky Way FRB was detected by the CHIME radio telescope in April 2020. In June 2021, astronomers reported over 500 FRBs from outer space detected.
When the FRBs are polarized, it indicates that they are emitted from a source contained within an extremely powerful magnetic field. The exact origin and cause of the FRBs is still the subject of investigation; proposals for their origin range from a rapidly rotating neutron star and a black hole, to extraterrestrial intelligence. In 2020, astronomers reported narrowing down the source of fast radio bursts, which may now plausibly include "compact-object mergers and magnetars arising from normal core collapse supernovae".
The localization and characterization in 2012 of FRB 121102, one of the three repeating sources, has improved the understanding of the source class. FRB 121102 is identified with a galaxy at a distance of approximately three billion light-years and is embedded in an extreme environment. The first host galaxy identified for a non-repeating burst, FRB 180924, was identified in 2019 and is a much larger and more ordinary galaxy, nearly the size of the Milky Way. In August 2019, astronomers reported the detection of eight more repeating FRB signals. In January 2020, astronomers reported the precise location of a second repeating burst, FRB 180916. One FRB seems to have been in the same location as a known gamma-ray burst.
On 28 April 2020, a pair of millisecond-timescale bursts (FRB 200428) consistent with observed fast radio bursts, with a fluence of >1.5 million Jy ms, was detected from the same area of sky as the magnetar SGR 1935+2154. Although it was thousands of times less intrinsically bright than previously observed fast radio bursts, its comparative proximity rendered it the most powerful fast radio burst yet observed, reaching a peak flux of either a few thousand or several hundred thousand janskys, comparable to the brightness of the radio sources Cassiopeia A and Cygnus A at the same frequencies. This established magnetars as, at least, one ultimate source of fast radio bursts, although the exact cause remains unknown. Nonetheless, further studies support the notion that magnetars may be closely associated with FRBs.
The first fast radio burst to be described, the Lorimer Burst FRB 010724, was found in 2007 in archived data recorded by the Parkes Observatory on 24 July 2001. Since then, many FRBs have been found in previously recorded data. On 19 January 2015, astronomers at Australia's national science agency (CSIRO) reported that a fast radio burst had been observed for the first time live, by the Parkes Observatory. Many FRBs have been detected in real time by the CHIME radio telescope since it became operational in 2018, including the first FRB detected from within the Milky Way in April 2020.
Fast radio bursts are bright, unresolved (pointsource-like), broadband (spanning a large range of radio frequencies), millisecond flashes found in parts of the sky. Unlike many radio sources, the signal from a burst is detected in a short period of time with enough strength to stand out from the noise floor. The burst usually appears as a single spike of energy without any change in its strength over time. The bursts last for several milliseconds (thousandths of a second). The bursts come from all over the sky, and are not concentrated on the plane of the Milky Way. Known FRB locations are biased by the parts of the sky that the observatories can image.
Many have radio frequencies detected around 1400 MHz; a few have been detected at lower frequencies in the range of 400–800 MHz. The component frequencies of each burst are delayed by different amounts of time depending on the wavelength. This delay is described by a value referred to as a dispersion measure (DM). This results in a received signal that sweeps rapidly down in frequency, as longer wavelengths are delayed more.
The interferometer UTMOST has put a lower limit of 10,000 kilometers for the distance to the FRBs it has detected, supporting the case for an astronomical, rather than terrestrial, origin (because signal sources on Earth are ruled out as being closer than this limit). This limit can be determined from the fact that closer sources would have a curved wave front that could be detected by the multiple antennas of the interferometer.
Fast radio bursts have pulse dispersion measurements > 100 pc cm−3, much larger than expected for a source inside the Milky Way galaxy and consistent with propagation through an ionized plasma. Furthermore, their distribution is isotropic (not especially coming from the galactic plane);:fig 3 consequently they are conjectured to be of extragalactic origin.
Because of the isolated nature of the observed phenomenon, the nature of the source remains speculative. As of 2020[update], there is no generally accepted single explanation, although a magnetar has been identified as a possible source. The sources are thought to be a few hundred kilometers or less in size, as the bursts last for only a few milliseconds. Causation is limited by the speed of light, about 300km per millisecond, so if the sources were larger than about 1000km, a complex synchronization mechanism would be required for the bursts to be so short. If the bursts come from cosmological distances, their sources must be very energetic.
One possible explanation would be a collision between very dense objects like merging black holes or neutron stars. It has been suggested that there is a connection to gamma-ray bursts. Some have speculated that these signals might be artificial in origin, that they may be signs of extraterrestrial intelligence, demonstrating veritable technosignatures. Analogously, when the first pulsar was discovered, it was thought that the fast, regular pulses could possibly originate from a distant civilization, and the source nicknamed "LGM-1" (for "little green men"). In 2007, just after the publication of the e-print with the first discovery, it was proposed that fast radio bursts could be related to hyperflares of magnetars. In 2015 three studies supported the magnetar hypothesis. The identification of first FRB from the Milky Way, which originated from the magnetar SGR 1935+2154, indicates that magnetar may be one source of FRB.
Especially energetic supernovae could be the source of these bursts. Blitzars were proposed in 2013 as an explanation. In 2014 it was suggested that following dark matter-induced collapse of pulsars, the resulting expulsion of the pulsar magnetospheres could be the source of fast radio bursts. In 2015 it was suggested that FRBs are caused by explosive decays of axion miniclusters. Another exotic possible source are cosmic strings that produced these bursts as they interacted with the plasma that permeated the early Universe. In 2016 the collapse of the magnetospheres of Kerr–Newman black holes were proposed to explain the origin of the FRBs' "afterglow" and the weak gamma-ray transient 0.4 s after GW 150914. It has also been proposed that if fast radio bursts originate in black hole explosions, FRBs would be the first detection of quantum gravity effects. In early 2017, it was proposed that the strong magnetic field near a supermassive black hole could destabilize the current sheets within a pulsar's magnetosphere, releasing trapped energy to power the FRBs.
Repeated bursts of FRB 121102 have initiated multiple origin hypotheses. A coherent emission phenomenon known as superradiance, which involves large-scale entangled quantum mechanical states possibly arising in environments such as active galactic nuclei, has been proposed to explain these and other associated observations with FRBs (e.g. high event rate, repeatability, variable intensity profiles). In July 2019, astronomers reported that non-repeating Fast Radio Bursts may not be one-off events, but actually FRB repeaters with repeat events that have gone undetected and, further, that FRBs may be formed by events that have not yet been seen or considered. Additional possibilities include that FRBs may originate from nearby stellar flares.
Fast radio bursts are named by the date the signal was recorded, as "FRB YYMMDD".
2007 (Lorimer Burst)Edit
The first FRB detected, the Lorimer Burst FRB 010724, was discovered in 2007 when Duncan Lorimer of West Virginia University assigned his student David Narkevic to look through archival data taken in 2001 by the Parkes radio dish in Australia. Analysis of the survey data found a 30-jansky dispersed burst which occurred on 24 July 2001, less than 5 milliseconds in duration, located 3° from the Small Magellanic Cloud. The reported burst properties argue against a physical association with the Milky Way galaxy or the Small Magellanic Cloud. The burst became known as the Lorimer Burst. The discoverers argue that current models for the free electron content in the Universe imply that the burst is less than 1 gigaparsec distant. The fact that no further bursts were seen in 90 hours of additional observations implies that it was a singular event such as a supernova or merger of relativistic objects. It is suggested that hundreds of similar events could occur every day and if detected could serve as cosmological probes.
In 2010 there was a report of 16 similar pulses, clearly of terrestrial origin, detected by the Parkes radio telescope and given the name perytons. In 2015 perytons were shown to be generated when microwave oven doors were opened during a heating cycle, with detected emission being generated by the microwave oven's magnetron tube as it was being powered off.
In 2015, FRB 110523 was discovered in archival data collected in 2011 from the Green Bank Telescope. It was the first FRB for which linear polarization was detected (allowing a measurement of Faraday rotation). Measurement of the signal's dispersion delay suggested that this burst was of extragalactic origin, possibly up to 6 billion light-years away.
An observation in 2012 of a fast radio burst (FRB 121102) in the direction of Auriga in the northern hemisphere using the Arecibo radio telescope confirmed the extragalactic origin of fast radio pulses by an effect known as plasma dispersion.
In November 2015, astronomer Paul Scholz at McGill University in Canada, found ten non-periodically repeated fast radio pulses in archival data gathered in May and June 2015 by the Arecibo radio telescope. The ten bursts have dispersion measures and sky positions consistent with the original burst FRB 121102, detected in 2012. Like the 2012 burst, the 10 bursts have a plasma dispersion measure that is three times larger than possible for a source in the Milky Way Galaxy. The team thinks that this finding rules out self-destructive, cataclysmic events that could occur only once, such as the collision between two neutron stars. According to the scientists, the data support an origin in a young rotating neutron star (pulsar), or in a highly magnetized neutron star (magnetar), or from highly magnetized pulsars travelling through asteroid belts, or from an intermittent Roche lobe overflow in a neutron star-white dwarf binary.
On 16 December 2016 six new FRBs were reported in the same direction (one having been received on 13 November 2015, four on 19 November 2015, and one on 8 December 2015).:Table 2 As of January 2019[update] this is one of only two instances in which these signals have been found twice in the same location in space. FRB 121102 is located at least 1150 AU from Earth, excluding the possibility of a human-made source, and is almost certainly extragalactic in nature.
As of April 2018, FRB 121102 is thought to be co-located in a dwarf galaxy about three billion light-years from Earth with a low-luminosity active galactic nucleus, or a previously unknown type of extragalactic source, or a young neutron star energising a supernova remnant.
On 26 August 2017, astronomers using data from the Green Bank Telescope detected 15 additional repeating FRBs coming from FRB 121102 at 5 to 8 GHz. The researchers also noted that FRB 121102 is presently in a "heightened activity state, and follow-on observations are encouraged, particularly at higher radio frequencies". The waves are highly polarized, meaning "twisting" transverse waves, that could have formed only when passing through hot plasma with an extremely strong magnetic field. FRB 121102's radio bursts are about 500 times more polarized than those from any other FRB to date. Since it is a repeating FRB source, it suggests that it does not come from some one-time cataclysmic event; so one hypothesis, first advanced in January 2018, proposes that these particular repeating bursts may come from a dense stellar core called a neutron star near an extremely powerful magnetic field, such as one near a massive black hole, or one embedded in a nebula.
In April 2018, it was reported that FRB 121102 consisted of 21 bursts spanning one hour. In September 2018, an additional 72 bursts spanning five hours had been detected using a convolutional neural network. In September 2019, more repeating signals, 20 pulses on 3 September 2019, were reported to have been detected from FRB 121102 by the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST). In June 2020, astronomers from Jodrell Bank Observatory reported that FRB 121102 exhibits the same radio-burst behavior ("radio bursts observed in a window lasting approximately 90 days followed by a silent period of 67 days") every 157 days, suggesting that the bursts may be associated with "the orbital motion of a massive star, a neutron star or a black hole". Subsequent studies by FAST of further activity, consisting of 12 bursts within two hours observed on 17 August 2020, supports an updated refined periodicity between active periods of 156.1 days.
In 2013, four bursts were identified that supported the likelihood of extragalactic sources.
Fast radio bursts discovered up until 2015 had dispersion measures that were close to multiples of 187.5 pc cm−3. However subsequent observations do not fit this pattern.
On 18 April 2015, FRB 150418 was detected by the Parkes observatory and within hours, several telescopes including the Australia Telescope Compact Array caught an apparent radio "afterglow" of the flash, which took six days to fade. The Subaru telescope was used to find what was thought to be the host galaxy and determine its redshift and the implied distance to the burst.
However, the association of the burst with the afterglow was soon disputed, and by April 2016 it was established that the "afterglow" originates from an active galactic nucleus that is powered by a supermassive black hole with dual jets blasting outward from the black hole. It was also noted that what was thought to be an "afterglow", did not fade away as would be expected, meaning that the variable AGN is unlikely to be associated with the actual fast radio burst.
The upgraded Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope (UTMOST), near Canberra (Australia), reported finding three more FRBs. A 180-day three-part survey in 2015 and 2016 found three FRBs at 843 MHz. Each FRB located with a narrow elliptical 'beam'; the relatively narrow band 828–858 MHz gives a less precise dispersion measure (DM).
According to Anastasia Fialkov and Abraham Loeb, FRB's could be occurring as often as once per second. Earlier research could not identify the occurrence of FRB's to this degree.
The unusual CHIME (Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment) radio telescope, operational from September 2018, will be used to detect "hundreds" of fast radio bursts as a secondary objective to its cosmological observations. FRB 180725A was reported by CHIME as the first detection of a FRB under 700 MHz – as low as 580 MHz.
In October 2018, astronomers reported 19 more new non-repeating FRB bursts detected by the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP). These included three with dispersion measure (DM) smaller than seen before : FRB 171020 (DM=114.1), FRB 171213 (DM=158.6), FRB 180212 (DM=167.5).
On 9 January 2019, astronomers announced the discovery of a second repeating FRB source, named FRB 180814, by CHIME. Six bursts were detected between August and October 2018, "consistent with originating from a single position on the sky". The detection was made during CHIME's pre-commissioning phase, during which it operated intermittently, suggesting a "substantial population of repeating FRBs", and that the new telescope would make more detections.
Some news media reporting of the discovery speculated that the repeating FRB could be evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence, a possibility explored in relation to previous FRBs by some scientists, but not raised by the discoverers of FRB 180814.
FRB 180916, more formally FRB 180916.J0158+65, is a repeating FRB discovered by CHIME, that later studies found to have originated from a medium-sized spiral galaxy (SDSS J015800.28+654253.0) about 500 million light-years away – the closest FRB discovered to date. It is also the first FRB observed to have a regular periodicity. Bursts are clustered into a period of about four days, followed by a dormant period of about 12 days, for a total cycle length of 16.35±0.18 days. Additional followup studies of the repeating FRB by the Swift XRT and UVOT instruments were reported on 4 February 2020; by the Sardinia Radio Telescope (SRT) and Medicina Northern Cross Radio Telescope (MNC), on 17 February 2020; and, by the Galileo telescope in Asiago, also on 17 February 2020. Further observations were made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory on 3 and 18 December 2019, with no significant x-ray emissions detected at the FRB 180916 location, or from the host galaxy SDSS J015800.28+654253.0. On 6 April 2020, followup studies by the Global MASTER-Net were reported on The Astronomer's Telegram.
FRB 181112 was mysteriously unaffected after believed to have passed through the Halo of an intervening galaxy.
FRB 180924 is the first non-repeating FRB to be traced to its source. The source is a galaxy 3.6 billion light-years away. The galaxy is nearly as large as the Milky Way and about 1000 times larger than the source of FRB 121102. While the latter is an active site of star formation and a likely place for magnetars, the source of FRB 180924 is an older and less active galaxy.
Because the source was nonrepeating, the astronomers had to scan large areas with the 36 telescopes of ASKAP. Once a signal was found, they used the Very Large Telescope, the Gemini Observatory in Chile, and the W. M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii to identify its host galaxy and determine its distance. Knowing the distance and source galaxy properties, enables a study of the composition of the intergalactic medium.
On 28 June 2019, Russian astronomers reported the discovery of nine FRB events (FRB 121029, FRB 131030, FRB 140212, FRB 141216, FRB 151125.1, FRB 151125.2, FRB 160206, FRB 161202, FRB 180321), which include FRB 151125, the third repeating one ever detected, from the direction of the M 31 (Andromeda Galaxy) and M 33 (Triangulum Galaxy) galaxies during the analysis of archive data (July 2012 to December 2018) produced by the BSA/LPI large phased array radio telescope at the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory.
On 2 July 2019, astronomers reported that FRB 190523, a non-repeating FRB, has been discovered and, notably, localized to a few-arcsecond region containing a single massive galaxy at a redshift of 0.66, nearly 8 billion light-years away from Earth.
On 29 December 2019, Australian astronomers from the Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope (MOST), using the UTMOST fast radio burst equipment, reported the detection of FRB 191223 in the Octans constellation (RA = 20:34:14.14, DEC = -75:08:54.19).
On 31 December 2019, Australian astronomers, using the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP), reported the detection of FRB 191228 in the Piscis Austrinus constellation (RA = 22:57(2), DEC = -29:46(40)).
Fast repeating burst observations are reported in May 2021.
On 28 April 2020, astronomers at the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME), reported the detection of a bright radio burst from the direction of the Galactic magnetar SGR 1935+2154 about 30,000 light years away in the Vulpecula constellation. The burst had a DM of 332.8 pc/cc. The STARE2 team independently detected the burst and reported that the burst had a fluence of >1.5 MJy ms, establishing the connection between this burst and FRBs at extragalactic distances The burst was then referred to as FRB 200428 The detection is notable, as the STARE2 team claim it is the first ever FRB detected inside the Milky Way, and the first ever to be linked to a known source. That link strongly supports the idea that fast radio bursts emanate from magnetars.
FRBs 200914 and 200919Edit
On 24 September 2020, astronomers reported the detection of two new FRBs, FRB200914 and FRB200919, by the Parkes Radio Telescope. Upper limits on low-frequency emission from FRB 200914 were later reported by the Square Kilometre Array radio telescope project.
On 31 March 2021, the CHIME/FRB Collaboration reported the detection of FRB 20201124A and related multiple bursts within the week of 23 March 2021 — designated as 20210323A, 20210326A, 20210327A, 20210327B, 20210327C, and 20210328A — and later, likely 20210401A and 20210402A. Further related observations were reported by other astronomers on 6 April 2021, 7 April 2021, and many more as well, including an "extremely bright" pulse on 15 April 2021. Source localization improvements were reported on 3 May 2021. Even more observations were reported in May 2021, including "two bright bursts". On 3 June 2021, the SETI Institute announced detecting "a bright double-peaked radio burst" from FRB 201124A on 18 May 2021.
On April 2 and 3, 2021, astronomers at the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) reported the detection of FRB 20210401A and 20210402A which were understood likely to repetitions of FRB 20201124A, a repeating FRB with recent very high burst activity, that was reported earlier by the CHIME/FRB collaboration.
List of notable burstsEdit
|Name||Date and time (UTC) for 1581.804688 MHz||RA
|FRB 010621||2001-06-21 13:02:10.795||18h 52m||−08° 29′||746||7.8||0.4|
|FRB 010724||2001-07-24 19:50:01.63||01h 18m||−75° 12′||375||4.6||30||"Lorimer Burst"|
|FRB 011025||2001-10-25 00:29:13.23||19h 07m||−40° 37′||790||9.4||0.3|
|FRB 090625||2009-06-25 21:53:52.85||03h 07m||−29° 55′||899.6||<1.9||>2.2|
|FRB 110220||2011-02-20 01:55:48.957||22h 34m||−12° 24′||944.38||5.6||1.3|
|FRB 110523 ||2011-05-23||21h 45m||−00° 12′||623.30||1.73||0.6||700–900 MHz at Green Bank radio telescope, detection of both circular and linear polarization.|
|FRB 110627||2011-06-27 21:33:17.474||21h 03m||−44° 44′||723.0||<1.4||0.4|
|FRB 110703||2011-07-03 18:59:40.591||23h 30m||−02° 52′||1103.6||<4.3||0.5|
|FRB 120127||2012-01-27 08:11:21.723||23h 15m||−18° 25′||553.3||<1.1||0.5|
|FRB 121002||2012-10-02 13:09:18.402||18h 14m||−85° 11′||1628.76||2.1; 3.7||0.35||double pulse 5.1 ms apart|
|FRB 121002||2012-10-02 13:09:18.50||18h 14m||−85° 11′||1629.18||<0.3||>2.3|
|FRB 121102||2012-11-02 06:35:53.244||05h 32m||+33° 05′||557||3.0||0.4||by Arecibo radio telescope|
|FRB 130626||2013-06-26 14:56:00.06||16h 27m||−07° 27′||952.4||<0.12||>1.5|
|FRB 130628||2013-06-28 03:58:00.02||09h 03m||+03° 26′||469.88||<0.05||>1.2|
|FRB 130729||2013-07-29 09:01:52.64||13h 41m||−05° 59′||861||<4||>3.5|
|06h 44m||−51° 17′||779.0||<0.64||1.12||'near' Carina Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy|
|FRB 140514||2014-05-14 17:14:11.06||22h 34m||−12° 18′||562.7||2.8||0.47||21 ±7 per cent (3σ) circular polarization|
|FRB 150215||2015-02-15 20:41:41.714||18h 17m 27s||−04° 54′ 15″||1105.6||2.8||0.7||43% linear, 3% circular polarized. Low galactic latitude. Low/zero rotation measure. Detected in real time. Not detected in follow up observations of gamma rays, X-rays, neutrinos, IR etc.|
|07h 16m||−19° 00′||776.2||0.8||2.4||Detection of linear polarization. The origin of the burst is disputed.|
|05h 31m 58s (average)||+33° 08′ 04″ (average)||559 (average)||0.02–0.31||2.8–8.7||10 repeat bursts at FRB 121102 location: 2 bursts on May 17 and 8 bursts on June 2|
and 1 on 13 Nov 2015, 4 on 19 Nov 2015, and 1 on 8 Dec 2015
|FRB 150610||2015-06-10 05:26:59.396||10:44:26||−40:05:23||1593.9(±0.6)||2(±1)||0.7(±0.2)|
|FRB 150807||2015-08-07 17:53:55.7799||22:40:23||– 55:16||266.5||0.35±0.05||120±30||80% linearly polarised, Galactic latitude −54.4°, Decl ±4 arcmin, RA ±1.5 arcmin, highest peak flux|
|FRB 151206||2015-12-06 06:17:52.778||19:21:25||−04:07:54||1909.8(±0.6)||3.0(±0.6)||0.3(±0.04)|
|FRB 151230||2015-12-30 16:15:46.525||09:40:50||−03:27:05||960.4(±0.5)||4.4(±0.5)||0.42(±0.03)|
|FRB 160102||2016-01-02 08:28:39.374||22:38:49||−30:10:50||2596.1(±0.3)||3.4(±0.8)||0.5(±0.1)|
|FRB 160317||2016-03-17 09:00:36.530||07:53:47||−29:36:31||1165(±11)||21||>3.0||UTMOST, Decl ± 1.5°:Table A1|
|FRB 160410||2016-04-10 08:33:39.680||08:41:25||+06:05:05||278(±3)||4||>7.0||UTMOST, Decl ± 1.5°:Table A1|
|FRB 160608||2016-06-08 03:53:01.088||07:36:42||−40:47:52||682(±7)||9||>4.3||UTMOST, Decl ± 1.5°:Table A1|
|11:23||– 05:01||609.5(±0.5)||2.6||27±4||first by ASKAP, high fluence ~58 Jy ms. In Leo. Galactic latitude 51°, Distance 3.1 Gpc, isotropic energy ~3 x 1034 J|
|05h 32m||+33° 08′||558(approx)||?||?||15 more bursts at the location of FRB 121102 detected by Green Bank Telescope over a 24-minute interval, bringing the total received bursts from this location to 34.|
|00h 49m 18.66s||−65° 33′ 02.3″||176.4||0.395||low DM|
|21h 29m 50.61s||−07° 59′ 40.49″||1111||26||extreme scattering (long pulse)|
|FRB 171020||2017-10-20 10:27:58.598||22:15||– 19:40||114.1±0.2||3.2||ASKAP s/n=19.5 G-Long'=29.3 G-lat'=-51.3 Lowest DM so far.|
|FRB 171209||2017-12-09 20:34:23.5||15h 50m 25s||−46° 10′ 20″||1458||2.5||2.3||Seems to be in the same location as GRB 110715A|
|FRB 180301||2018-03-01 07:34:19.76||06h 12m 43.4s||+04° 33′ 44.8″||520||3||0.5||positive spectrum, from Breakthrough Listen|
|FRB 180309||2018-03-09 02:49:32.99||21h 24m 43.8s||−33° 58′ 44.5″||263.47||0.576||12|
|FRB 180311||2018-03-11 04:11:54.80||21h 31m 33.42s||−57° 44′ 26.7″||1575.6||12||2.4|
|FRB 180725A||2018-07-25 17:59:43.115||06h 13m 54.7s||+67° 04′ 00.1″||716.6||2||first detection of an FRB at radio frequencies below 700 MHz|
Realtime detection by CHIME.
|FRB 180814.2||2018-08-14 14:49:48.022||04h 22m 22s||+73° 40′||189.38±0.09||2.6±0.2||8.1||Detected by CHIME. Second repeating FRB to be discovered and first since 2012.|
|FRB 180916||2018-09-16 10:15:19.803||01h 58m 00.75s||+65° 43′ 00.5″||349.2±0.4||1.4±0.07||1.4±0.6||repeating FRB localized to a nearby (450 million lyr) spiral galaxy. 16.35 day periodicity.|
|FRB 180924||2018-09-24 16:23:12.6265||21h 44m 25.26s||−40° 54′ 0.1″||361.42||1.3||16||first non-repeating FRB whose source has been localized; a galaxy 3.6 billion light-years away|
|FRB 190523||A non-repeating FRB – localised to a galaxy at nearly 8 billion lyr|
|FRB 200428||2020-04-28||19h 35m||+21° 54′||332.8||—||—||first ever detected FRB inside the Milky Way about 30,000 lyr; first ever linked to a known source: the magnetar SGR 1935+2154|
|05h 08m||+26° 11′||76 - 109||—||—||very high repeating burst activity reported to have begun 23 March 2021, includes an "extremely bright" pulse on 15 April 2021.|
FRBs are also cataloged at FRBCAT.
The bursts are catalogued as FRB 190714, at top left; FRB 191001, at top right; FRB 180924, at bottom left; and FRB 190608, at bottom right.
- Duncan Lorimer (West Virginia University, US); Matthew Bailes (Swinburne University); Maura McLaughlin (West Virginia University, US); David Narkevic (West Virginia University, US); et al. (October 2007). "A bright millisecond radio burst of extragalactic origin". Australia Telescope National Facility. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Petroff, E.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Lorimer, D. R. (2019-05-24). "Fast radio bursts". The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. 27 (1): 4. arXiv:1904.07947. Bibcode:2019A&ARv..27....4P. doi:10.1007/s00159-019-0116-6. ISSN 1432-0754. S2CID 174799415.
With peak flux densities of approximately 1 Jy, this implied an isotropic energy of 10^32 J (10^39 erg) in a few milliseconds
- Lee Billings (9 July 2013). "A Brilliant Flash, Then Nothing: New 'Fast Radio Bursts' Mystify Astronomers". Scientific American.
- Mann, Adam (28 March 2017). "Core Concept: Unraveling the enigma of fast radio bursts". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 114 (13): 3269–3271. Bibcode:2017PNAS..114.3269M. doi:10.1073/pnas.1703512114. PMC 5380068. PMID 28351957.
- "Are Mysterious Fast Radio Bursts Coming From the Collapse of Strange Star Crusts?". Universe Today. May 17, 2018.
- Osbourne, Hannah (30 August 2017). "FRBS:Repeating Radio Signals Coming From Distant Galaxy Detected By Astronomers". Newsweek. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
- Overbye, Dennis (10 January 2018). "Magnetic Secrets of Mysterious Radio Bursts in a Faraway Galaxy". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- The CHIME/FRB Collaboration (9 January 2019). "A second source of repeating fast radio bursts". Nature. 566 (7743): 235–238. arXiv:1901.04525. Bibcode:2019Natur.566..235C. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0864-x. PMID 30653190. S2CID 186244363.
- Fedorova, V.A.; et al. (29 June 2019). "Detection of nine new Fast Radio Bursts in the direction of the galaxy M31 and M33 at the frequency 111 MHz at the radio telescope BSA LPI". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
- Mack, Eric. "More mysterious signals from deep space detected - New fast radio bursts from beyond our galaxy have been recorded, adding more data to help solve one of the universe's most recent puzzles". Retrieved 3 July 2019.
- Amiri, M.; et al. (3 February 2020). "Periodic activity from a fast radio burst source". arXiv:2001.10275v3 [astro-ph.HE].
- The CHIME/FRB Collaboration; Amiri, M.; Andersen, B. C.; Bandura, K. M.; Bhardwaj, M.; Boyle, P. J.; Brar, C.; Chawla, P.; Chen, T.; Cliche, J. F.; Cubranic, D.; Deng, M.; Denman, N. T.; Dobbs, M.; Dong, F. Q.; Fandino, M.; Fonseca, E.; Gaensler, B. M.; Giri, U.; Good, D. C.; Halpern, M.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Hill, A. S.; Höfer, C.; Josephy, A.; Kania, J. W.; Karuppusamy, R.; Kaspi, V. M.; Keimpema, A.; et al. (2020). "Periodic activity from a fast radio burst source". Nature. 582 (7812): 351–355. arXiv:2001.10275. Bibcode:2020Natur.582..351C. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2398-2. PMID 32555491. S2CID 210932232.
- Leah Crane (May 9, 2020). "Weird radio signals spotted in our galaxy could solve a space mystery". New Scientist.
- Chu, Jennifer (9 June 2021). "CHIME Telescope Detects More Than 500 Mysterious Fast Radio Bursts From Outer Space". SciTechDaily. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
- Michilli, D.; Seymour, A.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Spitler, L. G.; Gajjar, V.; Archibald, A. M.; Bower, G. C.; Chatterjee, S.; Cordes, J. M.; et al. (11 January 2018). "An extreme magneto-ionic environment associated with the fast radio burst source FRB 121102". Nature. 553 (7687): 182–185. arXiv:1801.03965. Bibcode:2018Natur.553..182M. doi:10.1038/nature25149. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 29323297. S2CID 205262986.
- Devlin, Hannah (10 January 2018). "Astronomers may be closing in on source of mysterious fast radio bursts". The Guardian.
- Strickland, Ashley (January 10, 2018). "What's sending mysterious repeating fast radio bursts in space?". CNN.
- Starr, Michelle (1 June 2020). "Astronomers Just Narrowed Down The Source of Those Powerful Radio Signals From Space". ScienceAlert.com. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
- Carter, Jamie (3 June 2020). "Four 'Mysterious Signals From Outer Space' Are Coming From Galaxies Like Ours, Say Scientists". Forbes. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
- Bhandan, Shivani (1 June 2020). "The Host Galaxies and Progenitors of Fast Radio Bursts Localized with the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 895 (2): L37. arXiv:2005.13160. Bibcode:2020ApJ...895L..37B. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ab672e. S2CID 218900539.
- Chatterjee, S.; Law, C. J.; Wharton, R. S.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Bower, G. C.; Cordes, J. M.; Tendulkar, S. P.; Bassa, C. G. (January 2017). "A direct localization of a fast radio burst and its host". Nature. 541 (7635): 58–61. arXiv:1701.01098. Bibcode:2017Natur.541...58C. doi:10.1038/nature20797. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 28054614. S2CID 205252913.
- Starr, Michelle (14 August 2018). "Astronomers Have Detected a Whopping 8 New Repeating Signals From Deep Space". Science Alert.com. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
- Andersen, B.C.; et al. (9 August 2019). "CHIME/FRB Detection of Eight New Repeating Fast Radio Burst Sources". arXiv:1908.03507v1 [astro-ph.HE].
- West Virginia University (6 January 2020). "In a nearby galaxy, a fast radio burst unravels more questions than answers". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- Balles, Matthew (6 January 2020). "Not all fast radio bursts are created equal – Astronomical signals called fast radio bursts remain enigmatic, but a key discovery has now been made. A second repeating fast radio burst has been traced to its host galaxy, and its home bears little resemblance to that of the first". Nature. 577 (7789): 176–177. doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03894-6. PMID 31907452.
- Wang, Xiang-Gao; et al. (Apr 25, 2020). "Is GRB 110715A the progenitor of FRB 171209?". The Astrophysical Journal. 894 (2): L22. arXiv:2004.12050. Bibcode:2020ApJ...894L..22W. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ab8d1d. S2CID 216553325.
- Drake, Nadia (5 May 2020). "'Magnetic Star' Radio Waves Could Solve the Mystery of Fast Radio Bursts - The surprise detection of a radio burst from a neutron star in our galaxy might reveal the origin of a bigger cosmological phenomenon". Scientific American. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- Starr, Michelle (1 May 2020). "Exclusive: We Might Have First-Ever Detection of a Fast Radio Burst in Our Own Galaxy". ScienceAlert.com. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- Timmer, John (4 November 2020). "We finally know what has been making fast radio bursts - Magnetars, a type of neutron star, can produce the previously enigmatic bursts". Ars Technica. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
- Cofield, Calla; Andreoli, Calire; Reddy, Francis (4 November 2020). "NASA Missions Help Pinpoint the Source of a Unique X-ray, Radio Burst". NASA. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
- Andersen, B.; et al. (4 November 2020). "A bright millisecond-duration radio burst from a Galactic magnetar". Nature. 587 (7832): 54–58. arXiv:2005.10324. Bibcode:2020Natur.587...54C. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2863-y. PMID 33149292. S2CID 218763435. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
- Scholz, Paul. "ATel #13681: A bright millisecond-timescale radio burst from the direction of the Galactic magnetar SGR 1935+2154". ATel. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
- Bochenek, C. "ATel #13684: Independent detection of the radio burst reported in ATel #13681 with STARE2". ATel. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
- Hall, Shannon (11 June 2020). "A Surprise Discovery Points to the Source of Fast Radio Bursts - After a burst lit up their telescope "like a Christmas tree," astronomers were able to finally track down the source of these cosmic oddities". Quantum Magazine. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
- University of Nevada (26 December 2020). "Astrophysicists Unveil the Mystery of Fast Radio Bursts". SciTechDaily.com. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
- Zhang, Bing (4 November 2020). "The physical mechanisms of fast radio bursts". Nature. 587 (7832): 45–53. arXiv:2011.03500. Bibcode:2020Natur.587...45Z. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2828-1. PMID 33149290. S2CID 226259246. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
- "Cosmic radio burst caught red-handed". Royal Astronomical Society. 19 January 2015. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Castelvecchi, Davide (7 August 2018). "Telescope spots enigmatic fast radio burst". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-05908-1.
- News, Mike Wall 2019-01-09T18:55:23Z. "Scientists Find 13 Mysterious Deep-Space Flashes, Including 2nd Known 'Repeater'". Space.com. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
- D. R. Lorimer; M. Bailes; M. A. McLaughlin; D. J. Narkevic; et al. (27 September 2007). "A Bright Millisecond Radio Burst of Extragalactic Origin". Science. 318 (5851): 777–780. arXiv:0709.4301. Bibcode:2007Sci...318..777L. doi:10.1126/science.1147532. hdl:1959.3/42649. PMID 17901298. S2CID 15321890. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Caleb, M.; Flynn, C.; Bailes, M.; Barr, E. D.; Bateman, T.; Bhandari, S.; Campbell-Wilson, D.; Farah, W.; Green, A. J.; Hunstead, R. W.; Jameson, A.; Jankowski, F.; Keane, E. F.; Parthasarathy, A.; Ravi, V.; Rosado, P. A.; van Straten, W.; Venkatraman Krishnan, V. (2017). "The first interferometric detections of Fast Radio Bursts". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 468 (3): 3746. arXiv:1703.10173. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.468.3746C. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx638. S2CID 54836555.
- Bannister, K. W.; Shannon, R. M.; Macquart, J.-P.; Flynn, C.; Edwards, P. G.; O’Neill, M.; Osłowski, S.; Bailes, M.; Zackay, B.; Clarke, N.; D’Addario, L. R.; Dodson, R.; Hall, P. J.; Jameson, A.; Jones, D.; Navarro, R.; Trinh, J. T.; Allison, J.; Anderson, C. S.; Bell, M.; Chippendale, A. P.; Collier, J. D.; Heald, G.; Heywood, I.; Hotan, A. W.; Lee-Waddell, K.; Madrid, J. P.; Marvil, J.; McConnell, D.; Popping, A.; Voronkov, M. A.; Whiting, M. T.; Allen, G. R.; Bock, D. C.-J.; Brodrick, D. P.; Cooray, F.; DeBoer, D. R.; Diamond, P. J.; Ekers, R.; Gough, R. G.; Hampson, G. A.; Harvey-Smith, L.; Hay, S. G.; Hayman, D. B.; Jackson, C. A.; Johnston, S.; Koribalski, B. S.; McClure-Griffiths, N. M.; Mirtschin, P.; Ng, A.; Norris, R. P.; Pearce, S. E.; Phillips, C. J.; Roxby, D. N.; Troup, E. R.; Westmeier, T. (22 May 2017). "The Detection of an Extremely Bright Fast Radio Burst in a Phased Array Feed Survey". The Astrophysical Journal. 841 (1): L12. arXiv:1705.07581. Bibcode:2017ApJ...841L..12B. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa71ff. S2CID 55643060.
- Masui, Kiyoshi; Lin, Hsiu-Hsien; Sievers, Sievers; et al. (24 December 2015). "Dense magnetized plasma associated with a fast radio burst". Nature. 528 (7583): 523–525. arXiv:1512.00529. Bibcode:2015Natur.528..523M. doi:10.1038/nature15769. PMID 26633633. S2CID 4470819.
- Totani, Tomonori (25 October 2013). "Cosmological Fast Radio Bursts from Binary Neutron Star Mergers". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 65 (5): L12. arXiv:1307.4985. Bibcode:2013PASJ...65L..12T. doi:10.1093/pasj/65.5.L12. S2CID 119259759.
- Wang, Jie-Shuang; Yang, Yuan-Pei; Wu, Xue-Feng; Dai, Zi-Gao; Wang, Fa-Yin (22 April 2016). "Fast Radio Bursts from the Inspiral of Double Neutron Stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 822 (1): L7. arXiv:1603.02014. Bibcode:2016ApJ...822L...7W. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/822/1/L7. S2CID 119228850.
- McKee, Maggie (27 September 2007). "Extragalactic radio burst puzzles astronomers". New Scientist. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- B. Zhang (10 January 2014). "A Possible Connection between Fast Radio Bursts and Gamma-Ray Bursts". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 780 (2): L21. arXiv:1310.4893. Bibcode:2014ApJ...780L..21Z. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/780/2/L21. S2CID 50883422.
- V. Ravi; P. D. Lasky (20 May 2014). "The birth of black holes: neutron star collapse times, gamma-ray bursts and fast radio bursts". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 441 (3): 2433–2439. arXiv:1403.6327. Bibcode:2014MNRAS.441.2433R. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu720. S2CID 119205137.
- Scoles, Sarah (31 March 2015). "Is this ET? Mystery of strange radio bursts from space". New Scientist. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Scoles, Sarah (4 April 2015). "Cosmic radio plays an alien tune". New Scientist. 226 (3015): 8–9. doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(15)30056-7.
- Lingam, Manasvi; Loeb, Abraham (8 March 2017). "Fast Radio Bursts from Extragalactic Light Sails". The Astrophysical Journal. 837 (2): L23. arXiv:1701.01109. Bibcode:2017ApJ...837L..23L. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa633e. ISSN 2041-8213. S2CID 46951512.
- Loeb, Avi (24 June 2020). "An Audacious Explanation for Fast Radio Bursts - It's a long shot, but could at least some of these energy blasts from across the universe come from extraterrestrial civilizations?". Scientific American. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- Calla Cofield (28 November 2017). "Little Green Men? Pulsars Presented a Mystery 50 Years Ago". Space.com. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- S. B. Popov; K. A. Postnov (2007). "Hyperflares of SGRs as an engine for millisecond extragalactic radio bursts". arXiv:0710.2006 [astro-ph].
- "Those Blasts of Radio Waves from Deep Space? Not Aliens". Phenomena. Retrieved 2015-12-03.
- "Fast Radio Bursts Mystify Experts – for Now". www.scientificamerican.com. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- Champion, D. J.; Petroff, E.; Kramer, M.; Keith, M. J.; Bailes, M.; Barr, E. D.; Bates, S. D.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Burgay, M.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Flynn, C. M. L.; Jameson, A.; Johnston, S.; Ng, C.; Levin, L.; Possenti, A.; Stappers, B. W.; van Straten, W.; Tiburzi, C.; Lyne, A. G. (24 November 2015). "Five new Fast Radio Bursts from the HTRU high latitude survey: first evidence for two-component bursts". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 460 (1): L30–L34. arXiv:1511.07746. Bibcode:2016MNRAS.460L..30C. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw069. S2CID 3500618. D. J. Champion, E. Petroff, M. Kramer, M. J. Keith, M. Bailes, E. D. Barr, S. D. Bates, N. D. R. Bhat, M. Burgay, S. Burke-Spolaor, C. M. L. Flynn, A. Jameson, S. Johnston, C. Ng, L. Levin, A. Possenti, B. W. Stappers, W. van Straten, C. Tiburzi, A. G. Lyne
- Kulkarni, S. R.; Ofek, E. O.; Neill, J. D. (29 November 2015). "The Arecibo Fast Radio Burst: Dense Circum-burst Medium". arXiv:1511.09137 [astro-ph.HE].
- Lorimer, Duncan; McLaughlin, Maura (Apr 2018). "Flashes in the Night". Scientific American. 318 (4): 42–47. Bibcode:2018SciAm.318d..42L. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0418-42. PMID 29557949.
- Bramante, Joseph; Linden, Tim (2014). "Detecting Dark Matter with Imploding Pulsars in the Galactic Center". Physical Review Letters. 113 (19): 191301. arXiv:1405.1031. Bibcode:2014PhRvL.113s1301B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.191301. PMID 25415895. S2CID 13040682.
- Fuller, Jim; Ott, Christian (2015). "Dark Matter-induced Collapse of Neutron Stars: A Possible Link Between Fast Radio Bursts and the Missing Pulsar Problem". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 450 (1): L71–L75. arXiv:1412.6119. Bibcode:2015MNRAS.450L..71F. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slv049. S2CID 34483956.
- Tkachev, Igor I. (2015). "Fast radio bursts and axion miniclusters". JETP Letters. 101 (1): 1–6. arXiv:1411.3900. Bibcode:2015JETPL.101....1T. doi:10.1134/S0021364015010154. S2CID 73526144.
- Liu, Tong; Romero, Gustavo E.; Liu, Mo-Lin; Li, Ang (2016). "Fast Radio Bursts and Their Gamma-Ray or Radio Afterglows as Kerr–Newman Black Hole Binaries". The Astrophysical Journal. 826 (1): 82. arXiv:1602.06907. Bibcode:2016ApJ...826...82L. doi:10.3847/0004-637x/826/1/82. hdl:11336/25853. S2CID 55258457.
- Zhang, Bing (2016). "Mergers of Charged Black Holes: Gravitational-Wave Events, Short Gamma-Ray Bursts, and Fast Radio Bursts". The Astrophysical Journal. 827 (2): L31. arXiv:1602.04542. Bibcode:2016ApJ...827L..31Z. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/827/2/l31. S2CID 119127313.
- A. Barrau; C. Rovelli & F. Vidotto (2014). "Fast radio bursts and white hole signals". Physical Review D. 90 (12): 127503. arXiv:1409.4031. Bibcode:2014PhRvD..90l7503B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.90.127503. S2CID 55032600.
- Zhang, Fan (7 February 2017). "Pulsar magnetospheric convulsions induced by an external magnetic field". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 598 (2017): A88. arXiv:1701.01209. Bibcode:2017A&A...598A..88Z. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629254. ISSN 0004-6361. S2CID 119382997.
- "A Cosmic Burst Repeats, Deepening a Mystery | Quanta Magazine". www.quantamagazine.org. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- Houde, M.; Mathews, A.; Rajabi, F. (12 December 2017). "Explaining fast radio bursts through Dicke's superradiance". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 475 (1): 514. arXiv:1710.00401. Bibcode:2018MNRAS.475..514H. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx3205. S2CID 119240095.
- Crane, Leah (15 July 2019). "There aren't enough space explosions to explain strange radio bursts". New Scientist. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
- Ravi, Vikram (15 July 2019). "The prevalence of repeating fast radio bursts". Nature Astronomy. 3 (10): 928–931. arXiv:1907.06619. Bibcode:2019NatAs...3..928R. doi:10.1038/s41550-019-0831-y. S2CID 196622821.
- "Fast Radio Bursts Might Come From Nearby Stars". Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Chiao, May (2013). "No flash in the pan". Nature Physics. 9 (8): 454. Bibcode:2013NatPh...9..454C. doi:10.1038/nphys2724.
- Sarah Burke-Spolaor; Matthew Bailes; Ronald Ekers; Jean-Pierre Macquart; Fronefield Crawford III (2010). "Radio Bursts with Extragalactic Spectral Characteristics Show Terrestrial Origins". The Astrophysical Journal. 727 (1): 18. arXiv:1009.5392. Bibcode:2011ApJ...727...18B. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/727/1/18. S2CID 35469082.
- Petroff, E.; Keane, E. F.; Barr, E. D.; Reynolds, J. E.; Sarkissian, J.; Edwards, P. G.; Stevens, J.; Brem, C.; Jameson, A.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Johnston, S.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Kudale, P. Chandra S.; Bhandari, S. (9 April 2015). "Identifying the source of perytons at the Parkes radio telescope". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 451 (4): 3933–3940. arXiv:1504.02165. Bibcode:2015MNRAS.451.3933P. doi:10.1093/mnras/stv1242. S2CID 118525156.
- Carnegie Mellon University (2 December 2015). "Team finds detailed record of mysterious fast radio burst". Phys.org. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "Radio-burst discovery deepens astrophysics mystery". Max Planck Institute. 10 July 2014.
- Chipello, Chris (2 March 2016). "Mysterious cosmic radio bursts found to repeat". McGill University News. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Woo, Marcus (7 June 2016). "There a re weird bursts of energy coming from deep space". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
- Spitler, L. G.; Scholz, P.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Bogdanov, S.; Brazier, A.; Camilo, F.; Chatterjee, S.; Cordes, J. M.; Crawford, F. (2016-03-02). "A repeating fast radio burst". Nature. 531 (7593): 202–205. arXiv:1603.00581. Bibcode:2016Natur.531..202S. doi:10.1038/nature17168. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 26934226. S2CID 205247994.
- Draka, Nadia (2 March 2016). "Astronomers Discover a New Kind of Radio Blast From Space". National Geographic News. Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-03. Alt URL
- G., Dai, Z.; S., Wang, J.; F., Wu, X.; F., Huang, Y. (2016-03-27). "Repeating Fast Radio Bursts from Highly Magnetized Pulsars Travelling through Asteroid Belts". The Astrophysical Journal. 829 (1): 27. arXiv:1603.08207. Bibcode:2016ApJ...829...27D. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/829/1/27. S2CID 119241082.
- Gu, Wei-Min; Dong, Yi-Ze; Liu, Tong; Ma, Renyi; Wang, Junfeng (2016). "A Neutron Star-White Dwarf Binary Model for Repeating Fast Radio Burst 121102". The Astrophysical Journal. 823 (2): L28. arXiv:1604.05336. Bibcode:2016ApJ...823L..28G. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/l28. S2CID 118574692.
- Scholz, P.; Spitler, L. G.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Chatterjee, S.; Cordes, J. M.; Kaspi, V. M.; Wharton, R. S.; Bassa, C. G.; Bogdanov, S. (2016-12-16). "The repeating Fast Radio Burst FRB 121102: Multi-wavelength observations and additional bursts". The Astrophysical Journal. 833 (2): 177. arXiv:1603.08880. Bibcode:2016ApJ...833..177S. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/833/2/177. ISSN 1538-4357. S2CID 118330545.
- Overbye, Dennis (4 January 2017). "Radio Bursts Traced to Faraway Galaxy, but Caller Is Probably 'Ordinary Physics'". New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Strauss, Mark (4 January 2017). "Strange Radio Bursts Seen Coming From a Galaxy Far, Far Away". National Geographic Society. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Marcote, B.; Paragi, Z.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Keimpema, A.; Langevelde, H. J. van; Huang, Y.; Bassa, C. G.; S. Bogdanov; Bower, G. C. (2017-01-01). "The Repeating Fast Radio Burst FRB 121102 as Seen on Milliarcsecond Angular Scales". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 834 (2): L8. arXiv:1701.01099. Bibcode:2017ApJ...834L...8M. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/834/2/L8. ISSN 2041-8205. S2CID 28031230.
- Govert Schilling (4 January 2017). "Mysterious radio bursts originate outside the Milky Way". Science.
- Seth Shostak (23 April 2018). "FRB 121102: Radio Calling Cards from a Distant Civilization?". SETI Institute. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- Gajjar, Vishal; et al. (29 August 2017). "FRB 121102: Detection at 4–8 GHz band with Breakthrough Listen backend at Green Bank". Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
- Wilford, Greg (2 September 2017). "Mysterious signals from distant galaxy spark row over whether they could be from aliens". The Independent. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
- Researchers Probe Origin of Superpowerful Radio Blasts from Space. Charles Qoi, Space.com. 10 January 2018.
- Light shed on mystery space radio pulses. Paul Rincon, BBC News. 10 January 2018.
- Gajjar, V.; Siemion, A. P. V.; Price, D. C.; Law, C. J.; Michilli, D.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Chatterjee, S.; Archibald, A. M.; Bower, G. C. (2018-08-06). "Highest-frequency detection of FRB 121102 at 4–8 GHz using the Breakthrough Listen Digital Backend at the Green Bank Telescope". The Astrophysical Journal. 863 (1): 2. arXiv:1804.04101. Bibcode:2018ApJ...863....2G. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aad005. ISSN 1538-4357. S2CID 52992557.
- Zhang, Yunfan Gerry; Gajjar, Vishal; Foster, Griffin; Siemion, Andrew; Cordes, James; Law, Casey; Wang, Yu (9 September 2018). "Fast Radio Burst 121102 Pulse Detection and Periodicity: A Machine Learning Approach". The Astrophysical Journal. 866 (2): 149. arXiv:1809.03043. Bibcode:2018ApJ...866..149Z. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aadf31. S2CID 117337002.
- Wall, Mike (11 September 2018). "Mysterious Light Flashes Are Coming from Deep Space, and AI Just Found More of Them". Space.com. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Starr, Michelle (11 September 2018). "Astronomers Have Detected an Astonishing 72 New Mystery Radio Bursts From Space – We still have no idea what these signals are". ScienceAlert.com. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Nield, David (10 September 2019). "Giant Radio Telescope in China Just Detected Repeating Signals From Across Space". ScienceAlert.com. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- University of Manchester (7 June 2020). "Jodrell Bank leads international effort which reveals 157 day cycle in unusual cosmic radio bursts". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
- Wang, Pei; et al. (21 August 2020). "ATel #139595: FRB121102 is active again as revealed by FAST". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- D. Thornton; B. Stappers; M. Bailes; B. Barsdell; et al. (5 July 2013). "A Population of Fast Radio Bursts at Cosmological Distances". Science. 341 (6141): 53–6. arXiv:1307.1628. Bibcode:2013Sci...341...53T. doi:10.1126/science.1236789. PMID 23828936. S2CID 206548502.
- Hippke, Michael; Domainko, Wilfried F.; Learned, John G. (30 March 2015). "Discrete steps in dispersion measures of Fast Radio Bursts". arXiv:1503.05245 [astro-ph.HE].
- Webb, Jonathan (24 February 2016). "Radio flash tracked to faraway galaxy". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
- Keane, E. F.; Johnston, S.; et al. (25 February 2016). "The host galaxy of a fast radio burst". Nature. 530 (7591): 453–461. arXiv:1602.07477. Bibcode:2016Natur.530..453K. doi:10.1038/nature17140. PMID 26911781. S2CID 205247865.
- Plait, Phil (24 February 2016). "Astronomers Solve One Mystery of Fast Radio Bursts and Find Half the Missing Matter in the Universe". Bad Astronomy – Slate. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
- "New Fast Radio Burst Discovery Finds Missing Matter in the Universe". Subaru Telescope. Space Ref. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
- "Cosmological Origin for FRB 150418? Not So Fast" (PDF).
- "ATel #8752: Radio brightening of FRB 150418 host galaxy candidate". ATel. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
- says, Franko (2016-02-29). "That Blast of Radio Waves Produced By Colliding Dead Stars? Not So Fast". Phenomena. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
- "Fast Radio Burst Afterglow Was Actually a Flickering Black Hole". Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (HSCFA). SpaceRef. April 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- Born-again Australian telescope solves mystery of intergalactic Fast Radio Bursts. April 2017
- Australian telescope spies its first burst from beyond the galaxy, many more expected. 2017
- Fialkov, Anastasia; Loeb, Abraham (2017). "A Fast Radio Burst Occurs Every Second throughout the Observable Universe". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 846 (2): L27. arXiv:1706.06582. Bibcode:2017ApJ...846L..27F. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa8905. ISSN 2041-8205. S2CID 118955427.
- "Enigmatic radio burst illuminates a galaxy's tranquil halo". www.eso.org. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
- "Strongest Fast Radio Burst Signal From Space Captured In Australia" March 2018
- FRB catalog
- Castelvecchi, Davide (29 July 2015). "'Half-pipe' telescope will probe dark energy in teen Universe". Nature. 523 (7562): 514–515. Bibcode:2015Natur.523..514C. doi:10.1038/523514a. PMID 26223607.
- MacDonald, Fiona (6 August 2018). "Astronomers Have Detected an Intense And Mysteriously Low Frequency Radio Signal Coming From Space". ScienceAlert.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Boyle, P. J. (1 August 2018). "ATel #11901: First detection of fast radio bursts between 400 and 800 MHz by CHIME/FRB". ATel. Retrieved 2018-08-04.
- Wall, Mike (10 October 2018). "Mysterious Deep-Space Flashes: 19 More 'Fast Radio Bursts' Found". Space.com. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- Shannon, R.M.; et al. (10 October 2018). "The dispersion–brightness relation for fast radio bursts from a wide-field survey". Nature. 562 (7727): 386–390. Bibcode:2018Natur.562..386S. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0588-y. PMID 30305732. S2CID 52956368.
- The dispersion–brightness relation for fast radio bursts from a wide-field survey
- Overbye, Dennis (10 January 2019). "Broadcasting from Deep Space, a Mysterious Series of Radio Signals". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- Busby, Mattha (9 January 2019). "Mysterious fast radio bursts from deep space 'could be aliens'". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- Rice, Doyle (10 January 2019). "Alien signals? More bizarre 'fast radio bursts' detected from outer space". USA Today. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- "Could Fast Radio Bursts Be Powering Alien Probes?". Harvards & Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- Wiegert, Theresa (28 April 2021). "Radio waves from famous FRB surprisingly long and late - Astronomers have managed to detect very long wavelength radio emission from a well-studied, repeating fast radio burst, called FRB 20180916B. What's more, the longer wavelengths arrive 3 days after the shorter wavelength counterpart of the signal! Why?". Earth & Sky. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
- Mann, Adam (8 January 2020). "Origin of Deep-Space Radio Flash Discovered, and It's Unlike Anything Astronomers Have Ever Seen - Things are only getting more confusing". Space.com. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
- Lyutikov, Maxim; Barkov, Maxim; Giannios, Dimitrios (5 February 2020). "FRB-periodicity: weak pulsar in tight early B-star binary". arXiv:2002.01920v1 [astro-ph.HE].
- Ferreira, Becky (7 February 2020). "Something in Deep Space Is Sending Signals to Earth in Steady 16-Day Cycles – Scientists have discovered the first fast radio burst that beats at a steady rhythm, and the mysterious repeating signal is coming from the outskirts of another galaxy". Vice. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Tavni, M.; et al. (4 February 2020). "ATel #3446 – Swift X-ray Observations of the Repeating FRB 180916.J0158+65". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- Pilia, M.; et al. (17 February 2020). "ATel#13492 – Observations of FRB 180916.J0158+65 with SRT and the MNC". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- Zampleri, Luca; et al. (17 February 2020). "ATel#13493 – Upper limit on the optical fluence of FRB 180916.J0158+65". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- Kong, A.K.H.; et al. (25 March 2020). "ATel#13589 – Chandra X-ray observations of the fast radio burst repeater FRB 180916.J0158+65". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- Zhirkov, K.; et al. (6 April 2020). "ATel #13621: Global MASTER-Net optical monitoring of repeating FRB180916.J0158+65". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Siegel, Ethan (30 September 2019). "One Cosmic Mystery Illuminates Another, As Fast Radio Burst Intercepts A Galactic Halo". Forbes. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Bannister, K. W.; Deller, A. T.; Phillips, C.; Macquart, J.-P.; Prochaska, J. X.; Tejos, N.; Ryder, S. D.; Sadler, E. M.; Shannon, R. M.; Simha, S.; Day, C. K.; McQuinn, M.; North-Hickey, F. O.; Bhandari, S.; Arcus, W. R.; Bennert, V. N.; Burchett, J.; Bouwhuis, M.; Dodson, R.; Ekers, R. D.; Farah, W.; Flynn, C.; James, C. W.; Kerr, M.; Lenc, E.; Mahony, E. K.; O’Meara, J.; Osłowski, S.; Qiu, H.; Treu, T.; U, V.; Bateman, T. J.; Bock, D. C.-J.; Bolton, R. J.; Brown, A.; Bunton, J. D.; Chippendale, A. P.; Cooray, F. R.; Cornwell, T.; Gupta, N.; Hayman, D. B.; Kesteven, M.; Koribalski, B. S.; MacLeod, A.; McClure-Griffiths, N. M.; Neuhold, S.; Norris, R. P.; Pilawa, M. A.; Qiao, R.-Y.; Reynolds, J.; Roxby, D. N.; Shimwell, T. W.; Voronkov, M. A.; Wilson, C. D. (27 June 2019). "A single fast radio burst localized to a massive galaxy at cosmological distance". Science. 365 (6453): 565–570. arXiv:1906.11476. Bibcode:2019Sci...365..565B. doi:10.1126/science.aaw5903. PMID 31249136. S2CID 195699409.
- O'Callaghan, Jonathan (27 June 2019). "Mysterious Outburst's Quiet Cosmic Home Yields More Questions Than Answers". Scientific American. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
- Clery, Daniel (27 June 2019). "Baffling radio burst traced to a galaxy 3.6 billion light-years away". Science. doi:10.1126/science.aay5459.
- Staff (28 June 2019). "Search Fast Radio Burst at the frequency 111 MHz – News About Our Project". Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
- Ravi, V.; et al. (2 July 2019). "A fast radio burst localized to a massive galaxy". Nature. 572 (7769): 352–354. arXiv:1907.01542. Bibcode:2019Natur.572..352R. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1389-7. PMID 31266051. S2CID 195776411.
- Mack, Eric (2 July 2019). "Another mysterious deep space signal traced to the other side of the universe – Fast radio bursts suddenly seem to be everywhere in the news, but they're still coming from very far away". CNET. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
- Staff (2 August 2008). "Finding the constellation which contains given sky coordinates". DJM.cc. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- Gupta, V.; et al. (29 December 2019). "FRB191223 found at UTMOST – ATel #13363". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- Shannon, R. M.; et al. (31 December 2019). "ATel #13376 - ASKAP detection of FRB 191228". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Andreoni, Igor; et al. (27 May 2021). "ATel #14666: ZTF optical observations of FRB 20200120E in M81". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- Scholz, Paul; et al. (28 April 2020). "ATel #13681: A bright millisecond-timescale radio burst from the direction of the Galactic magnetar SGR 1935+2154". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- Zhang, S.-N.; et al. (29 April 2020). "ATel #13687: Insight-HXMT detection of a bright short x-ray counterpart of the Fast Radio Burst from SGR 1935+2154". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- Zhang, S.-N.; et al. (12 May 2020). "ATel #13729: Insight-HXMT's continued observation plan for SGR J1935+2154". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- Bochenek, Christopher D.; McKenna, Daniel L.; Belov, Konstantin V.; Kocz, Jonathon; Kulkarni, Shri R.; Lamb, James; Ravi, Vikram; Woody, David (2020-03-01). "STARE2: Detecting Fast Radio Bursts in the Milky Way". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 132 (1009): 034202. arXiv:2001.05077. Bibcode:2020PASP..132c4202B. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/ab63b3. ISSN 0004-6280. S2CID 210718502.
- "ATel #13729: Insight-HXMT's continued observation plan for SGR J1935+2154". ATel. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
- "Dead star emits never-before seen mix of radiation". ESA. 28 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
- Gupta, Vivek; et al. (24 September 2020). "ATel #14040: Two new FRBs in the FRB190711 field detected at Parkes". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
- Ung, D.; et al. (27 September 2020). "ATel #14044: Upper limits on low-frequency emission from FRBs 200914 and 200919 from SKA-Low prototype stations". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- CHIME/FRB Collaboration (31 March 2021). "ATel #14497:Recent high activity from a repeating Fast Radio Burst discovered by CHIME/FRB". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
- Kumar, Pravir; et al. (2 April 2021). "ATel #14502: ASKAP detection of a repeat burst from the FRB 20201124A source". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
- Kumar, Pravir (3 April 2021). "ATel #14508: A second fast radio burst from the source of FRB 201124A detected by ASKAP". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- Xu, Heng; et al. (6 April 2021). "ATel #145218: FAST detection and localization of FRB20201124A". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- Pearlman, Aaron B.; et al. (7 April 2021). "ATel #14519: High Frequency Radio Observations of FRB 20201124A at 2.26 GHz using the Deep Space Network". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- Campana, Sergio; et al. (7 April 2021). "ATel #14523: Swift observations of FRB20201124A". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- Ricci, Roberto; et al. (14 April 2021). "ATel #14549: Detection of a persistent radio source at the location of FRB20201124A with VLA". The Astronomers Telegram. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
- Herrmann, Wolfgang (16 April 2021). "ATel #14556: Extremely bright pulse from FRB20201124A observed with the 25-m Stockert Radio Telescope". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
- Day, C. K.; et al. (3 May 2021). "ATel #14592: ASKAP low-band interferometric localisation of the FRB 20201124A source". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
- Marcote, B.; et al. (5 May 2021). "ATel #14603: VLBI localization of FRB 20201124A and absence of persistent emission on milliarcsecond scales". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
- Kirsten, F.; et al. (6 May 2021). "ATel #14605: Two bright bursts from FRB 20201124A with the Onsala 25-m telescope at 1.4 GHz, with no simultaneous emission detected at 330 MHz with Westerbork 25-m". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
- Staff (3 June 2021). "FRB Discovered by SETI Institute's Allen Telescope Array". SETI Institute. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
- Farah, W.; et al. (4 June 2021). "ATel #14676: A bright double-peaked radio burst from FRB20201124A detected with the Allen Telescope Array". The Astronomer's Telegram. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- Keane, E. F.; Stappers, B. W.; Kramer, M.; Lyne, A. G. (September 2012). "On the origin of a highly dispersed coherent radio burst". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 425 (1): L71–L75. arXiv:1206.4135. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.425L..71K. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2012.01306.x. S2CID 118594059.
- Burke-Spolaor, Sarah; Bannister, Keith W. (11 August 2014). "The Galactic Position Dependence of Fast Radio Bursts and the Discovery of FRB011025". The Astrophysical Journal. 792 (1): 19. arXiv:1407.0400. Bibcode:2014ApJ...792...19B. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/19. S2CID 118545823.
- Dan Thornton (September 2013). The High Time Resolution Radio Sky (PDF) (Thesis). Manchester. pp. 140–147.
- Spitler, L. G.; Cordes, J. M.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Lorimer, D. R.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Chatterjee, S.; Crawford, F.; Deneva, J. S.; Kaspi, V. M.; Wharton, R. S.; et al. (1 August 2014). "Fast Radio Burst Discovered in the Arecibo Pulsar Alfa Survey". The Astrophysical Journal. 790 (2): 101. arXiv:1404.2934. Bibcode:2014ApJ...790..101S. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/790/2/101. S2CID 8812299.
- Ravi, V.; Shannon, R. M.; Jameson, A. (14 January 2015). "A Fast Radio Burst in the Direction of the Carina Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy". The Astrophysical Journal. 799 (1): L5. arXiv:1412.1599. Bibcode:2015ApJ...799L...5R. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/799/1/L5. S2CID 53708003.
- Petroff, E.; Bailes, M.; Barr, E. D.; Barsdell, B. R.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Bian, F.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Caleb, M.; Champion, D.; Chandra, P.; Da Costa, G.; Delvaux, C.; Flynn, C.; Gehrels, N.; Greiner, J.; Jameson, A.; Johnston, S.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Keane, E. F.; Keller, S.; Kocz, J.; Kramer, M.; Leloudas, G.; Malesani, D.; Mulchaey, J. S.; Ng, C.; Ofek, E. O.; Perley, D. A.; Possenti, A.; et al. (19 January 2015). "A real-time fast radio burst: polarization detection and multiwavelength follow-up". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 447 (1): 246–255. arXiv:1412.0342. Bibcode:2015MNRAS.447..246P. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu2419. S2CID 27470464.
- Petroff, E; Burke-Spolaor, S; Keane, E. F; McLaughlin, M. A; Miller, R; Andreoni, I; Bailes, M; Barr, E. D; Bernard, S. R; Bhandari, S; Bhat, N. D. R; Burgay, M; Caleb, M; Champion, D; Chandra, P; Cooke, J; Dhillon, V. S; Farnes, J. S; Hardy, L. K; Jaroenjittichai, P; Johnston, S; Kasliwal, M; Kramer, M; Littlefair, S. P; MacQuart, J. P; Mickaliger, M; Possenti, A; Pritchard, T; Ravi, V; et al. (2017). "A polarized fast radio burst at low Galactic latitude". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 469 (4): 4465. arXiv:1705.02911. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.469.4465P. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx1098. S2CID 211141701.
- FRBs: New Mystery Space Signal from Unknown Cosmic Source Leaves Scientists Baffled. Hannah Osbourne, Newsweek. 11 May 2017.
- Ravi, V.; Shannon, R. M.; Bailes, M.; Bannister, K.; Bhandari, S.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Caleb, M.; Flynn, C.; Jameson, A.; Johnston, S.; Keane, E. F.; Kerr, M.; Tiburzi, C.; Tuntsov, A. V.; Vedantham, H. K. (2016). "The magnetic field and turbulence of the cosmic web measured using a brilliant fast radio burst". Science. 354 (6317): 1249–1252. arXiv:1611.05758. Bibcode:2016Sci...354.1249R. doi:10.1126/science.aaf6807. PMID 27856844. S2CID 9478149.
- Farah, W. (2 September 2017). "ATel #10697: Real-time detection of a Fast Radio Burst at the Molonglo Radio Telescope". ATel.
- Farah, W. "ATel #10867: Detection of a highly scattered Fast Radio Burst at the Molonglo Radio Telescope". ATel.
- Shannon, R. M. "ATel #11046: Real-time detection of a low-latitude Fast Radio Burst during observations of PSR J1545-4550". ATel. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- Price, Danny C. "ATel #11376: Detection of a new fast radio burst during Breakthrough Listen observations". ATel.
- Oslowski, S. "ATel #11385: Real-time detection of an extremely high signal-to-noise ratio fast radio burst during observations of PSR J2124-3358". ATel. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- Oslowski (11 March 2018). "ATel #11396: A second fast radio burst discovered with Parkes Telescope within 50 hours: FRB180311 in the direction of PSR J2129-5721". ATel. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- First detection of fast radio bursts between 400 and 800 MHz by CHIME/FRB. (PDF). CHIME/FRB Collaboration. 1 August 2018. Accessed: 19 August 2018.
- "AA-ALERT". www.frbcat.org. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- 08, 2021 "Fast Radio Burst Galaxies" Check
- "FRB Catalogue". Swinburne University of Technology.