Farsund

About this soundFarsund  is a municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Lister. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Farsund. Farsund is a coastal municipality in the far southwestern part of Norway, bordering Kvinesdal municipality in the north and Lyngdal in the north and east.

Farsund kommune
View of the Farsund town harbour
View of the Farsund town harbour
Official logo of Farsund kommune
Agder within
Norway
Farsund within Agder
Farsund within Agder
Coordinates: 58°04′58″N 06°45′10″E / 58.08278°N 6.75278°E / 58.08278; 6.75278Coordinates: 58°04′58″N 06°45′10″E / 58.08278°N 6.75278°E / 58.08278; 6.75278
CountryNorway
CountyAgder
DistrictLister
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreFarsund
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Arnt Abrahamsen (Ap)
Area
 • Total262.56 km2 (101.37 sq mi)
 • Land251.85 km2 (97.24 sq mi)
 • Water10.71 km2 (4.14 sq mi)  4.1%
Area rank276 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,691
 • Rank115 in Norway
 • Density38.5/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
3%
Demonym(s)Farsunder or Farsundar
(also Listelending or Listring)[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-4206
Official language formBokmål[2]
Websitefarsund.kommune.no

The 263-square-kilometre (102 sq mi) municipality is the 276th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Farsund is the 115th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 9,691. The municipality's population density is 38.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (100/sq mi) and its population has increased by 3% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4] The inhabitants of Farsund are concentrated in three centres of population: the town of Farsund (population: 3,265), Vanse (population: 2,016), and Vestbygda (population: 1,123).[5] Loshavn with its wooden buildings is located outside the town of Farsund. Other villages in Farsund include Ore, Rødland, and Sande.

General informationEdit

 
Map of urban areas in Farsund
 
View of the town of Farsund
 
Historic Vanse Church

The town of Farsund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law), although it was already recognized as a trading center in 1795. The present municipality of Farsund was established on 1 January 1965 when the rural municipalities of Herad, Lista, and Spind were merged with the town of Farsund. On 1 January 1971, the Ytre og Indre Skarstein farms (population: 21) located along the western shore of the Rosfjorden were transferred from Lyngdal to Farsund.[6]

NameEdit

The municipality is named Farsund, after the small island of Farøy, which lies in the narrow strait through which the Lyngdalsfjorden passes as it goes by the town. The island's name comes from the Norwegian word far which means "travel" or "journey" (similar to the English word farewell meaning "good journey"). The last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound".[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms has been used since 1900 or 1901. It shows four green linden trees (Tilia) on a yellow background. This was chosen to represent the town since linden trees stood in the center of the town for many years.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Farsund. It is part of the Lister og Mandal prosti deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Farsund
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Farsund Frelserens Church Farsund 1905
Spind Church Rødland 1837
Herad Herad Church Sande 1957
Lista Vanse Church Vanse c. 1037
Vestbygda Chapel Vestbygd 1909

HistoryEdit

There is evidence of settlement in Farsund and Lista since the Stone Age.

Farsund held a strategic location in the Atlantic wall during World War II, with the Lundebanen and over 400 bunkers built in Farsund municipality, many that can be visited. Between 1940–1945, large Soviet prison camps were located at Lista, with prison camps at Kåde and Ore holding over 600 prisoners. The Soviet prisoners were used as forced labour to build Farsund Airport, bunkers, barracks, and fortifications .[9]

Farsund previously had a hospital, which was closed down in 2007.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Farsund, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Lister District Court and the Agder Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Farsund is made up of 29 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Farsund Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 2015–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)1
Total number of members:29
Farsund Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Non-party list (Upolitisk liste)1
Total number of members:45
Farsund Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)16
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Non-party list (Upolitisk liste)1
Total number of members:45
Farsund Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)18
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Non-party list (Upolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:45
Farsund Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)15
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Liberal Party and Non-party list
(Fellesliste: Venstre og Upolitisk List)
5
Total number of members:45
Farsund Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)12
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:45
Farsund Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)13
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)13
Total number of members:45
Farsund Bystyre 1964–1967 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:21
Farsund Bystyre 1960–1963 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:21
Farsund Bystyre 1956–1959 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:21
Farsund Bystyre 1952–1955 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:20
Farsund Bystyre 1948–1951 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:20
Farsund Bystyre 1945–1947 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:20
Farsund Bystyre 1938–1941* [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
Total number of members:20
Farsund Bystyre 1935–1937 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
Total number of members:20

EconomyEdit

The largest industries are Alcoa Lista, an aluminium plant, and Farsund Aluminium Casting AS, which makes auto parts out of aluminium. Historically, shipping and fisheries have also been important. Farsund is the largest agricultural district in the county of Vest-Agder, having 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi) productive land, 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi) of forest, and 11 square kilometres (4.2 sq mi) freshwater areas. Farsund was already organized as a trading centre in 1795, and in 1995 celebrated its 200-year jubilee.

Trade and shipping laid the foundation for prosperity, and "the city of the strait" was a period one of the world's largest shipping towns in relation to the size of population.

GeographyEdit

The municipality sits in southwestern Norway along the North Sea. The Fedafjorden and Listafjorden lie along the northwestern side of the municipality and the Lyngdalsfjorden lies in the eastern part of Farsund. The coastal municipality has two lighthouses: Lista Lighthouse in the west and Søndre Katland Lighthouse in the south.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Lista Lighthouse
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
2.6
(36.7)
4.2
(39.6)
7.5
(45.5)
12.0
(53.6)
14.9
(58.8)
16.3
(61.3)
16.9
(62.4)
14.3
(57.7)
11.2
(52.2)
7.4
(45.3)
4.7
(40.5)
9.6
(49.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
0.5
(32.9)
2.2
(36.0)
4.9
(40.8)
9.2
(48.6)
12.4
(54.3)
13.9
(57.0)
14.6
(58.3)
12.2
(54.0)
9.4
(48.9)
5.5
(41.9)
2.7
(36.9)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.1
(32.2)
2.5
(36.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50.0)
11.8
(53.2)
12.3
(54.1)
10.2
(50.4)
7.3
(45.1)
3.3
(37.9)
0.4
(32.7)
5.2
(41.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 94
(3.7)
61
(2.4)
74
(2.9)
58
(2.3)
72
(2.8)
67
(2.6)
78
(3.1)
107
(4.2)
134
(5.3)
151
(5.9)
150
(5.9)
101
(4.0)
1,147
(45.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.2 8.8 11.1 9.1 9.7 9.0 9.2 11.5 14.8 15.7 16.9 13.6 142.6
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[30]

Farsund AirportEdit

Farsund Airport, Lista (FAN) was closed in 2002. The airport had from 1955 to 2002 scheduled traffic to Stavanger, Bergen and Oslo. Airlines which have frequented at Lista are among others Braathens SAFE, Norving and Air Stord.

The Airport was built by Luftwaffe in 1940, and they operated the airport with several fighter squadrons during World War II.[31] After the war, the Royal Norwegian Air Force took over the airport, and for a period it was used as training camp for conscripts.

Today, the airport is privatized and is an industrial area with only minor GA-traffic.

EducationEdit

Farsund has 3 primary schools, located in Farsund, Vanse, and Borhaug. Furthermore, there are two junior high schools, in Farsund and Vanse, and two high schools also located in Farsund and Vanse.

Outdoor ActivitiesEdit

  • Farsund is a town linked to the fjords. Its guest harbour was considered one of the best in Norway, and is full of boats in summer months.
  • Every year, Strandmila (5k / 10k run) takes place in Husenby Park. The course covers countryside trails, forest paths and sand beaches.
  • The annual Kaperdagene (Pirate Town) festival takes place in July and depicts a battle between British and Norwegian ships who were fighting a war against pirates in the 1800s. It has been running since 1996.
  • The American Festival (Last weekend in June) is considered one of the most popular festivals in the region. It takes place, as mention in their name, in the last weekend in June in Vanse. And it celebrates the American heritage that many families from Lista brought home with them from the United States in the late 60s and early 70s. It is celebrated with an American inspired parade and also an old Am-Car Parade.

Twin townsEdit

Farsund is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

 
Abraham Theodor Berge, 1912
 
Toril Moi, 2005

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2015). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 182.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Sovjetiske krigsfanger" (PDF).
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Agder". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Vest-Agder". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1934" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1935. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  30. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.
  31. ^ "Norske Flyplasser". Archived from the original on 13 October 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2012.

External linksEdit