Vanse Church (Norwegian: Vanse kirke; historic: Lista kirke) is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Farsund Municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Vanse. It is the main church for the Lista parish which is part of the Lister og Mandal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, stone church was built in a cruciform design around the year 1037 using plans drawn up by an unknown architect. The medieval church was rebuilt and expanded in the 12th century and then again in the mid-19th century. The church currently seats about 850 people.[1][2]

Vanse Church
Vanse kirke
View of the church
58°06′02″N 6°41′37″E / 58.1006°N 06.6936°E / 58.1006; 06.6936
LocationFarsund Municipality,
DenominationChurch of Norway
Previous denominationCatholic Church
ChurchmanshipEvangelical Lutheran
Former name(s)Lista kirke
StatusParish church
EventsRebuilt in 13th century
Rebuilt in 1849
Functional statusActive
Architectural typeCruciform
Completed1037; 987 years ago (1037)
DioceseAgder og Telemark
DeaneryLister og Mandal prosti
StatusAutomatically protected

History edit

View of the church (c. 1900)
View of the church area (c. 1950)

Given that Lista apparently was a more populous area than Oddernes parish, and that these churches seem to be built by the same teams, Vanse Church has been dated to around the year 1037.[3][4] The first church may have been built in wood and then replaced by a stone church at a later stage.[5]

The stone church may originally have been in the Romanesque style. The church still has pointed arches in early Gothic style. The western part of the nave is the oldest remaining part of the church.[6] Originally, the church had two windows high up on the south wall, and two windows at the choir wall.[7] Other literature indicates that the creation of the church was begun around 1200, and designed with pointed arches in early Gothic architecture.[8] However, this may indicate the dating of some of the oldest parts of the church are derived from the 13th century.

In 1814, this church served as an election church (Norwegian: valgkirke).[9] Together with more than 300 other parish churches across Norway, it was a polling station for elections to the 1814 Norwegian Constituent Assembly which wrote the Constitution of Norway. This was Norway's first national elections. Each church parish was a constituency that elected people called "electors" who later met together in each county to elect the representatives for the assembly that was to meet in Eidsvoll later that year.[9][10]

The church was rebuilt again and expanded in 1848, because of an accident in the church where eight people were killed and several were injured. The accident occurred when there arose panic in the crowded church and several people were trampled to death.[11]

The choir and the east wall were demolished in 1848 and they were replaced by a large cross-shaped extension.[6] It was during the restoration that a small box of lead with a piece of cloth was found. They also found some limestone and a piece of bone from an unknown saint (possibly St. Olaf). It was found under the church floor in Vanse Church, just in front of the former altar.

In 1872, the church was struck by lightning and the subsequent fire in the building caused some damage to the roof which had to be rebuilt.[6]

The church has also subsequently undergone some restoration work. The church is listed as a protected site by the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage, pursuant to Norwegian law.[6]

Media gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Vanse kirke". Kirkesøk: Kirkebyggdatabasen. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Oversikt over Nåværende Kirker" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Vanse kirke bygget i 1037" (in Norwegian). Farsund kirkelege fellesråd.
  4. ^ Muri, Sigurd (1971). Norske kyrkjer (in Norwegian). Oslo. p. 114.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  5. ^ Brekne, Peder, ed. (1987). Vanse kirkejubileum 950 år (in Norwegian). Vanse, Norway: Lista menighetsråd.
  6. ^ a b c d "Vanse kirkested" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Vanse kirkes historie gjennom 1000 år" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  8. ^ Ekroll, Øystein (1997). Med kleber og kalk, Norsk steinbygging i mellomalderen (in Norwegian). Oslo: Samlaget. p. 246. ISBN 8252147542.
  9. ^ a b "Valgkirkene". (in Norwegian). Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Om valgene". Valgene i 1814 (in Norwegian). Arkivverket. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Vanse kirkes historie gjennom 1000 år". "Den store forstyrrelsen" i Vanse kirke 1848 (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2016.

External links edit