Equestrian at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Individual jumping

The individual show jumping or "Prix des Nations" at the 1952 Summer Olympics took place on 3 August, at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. It was the ninth appearance of the event. For the first time, the event featured two rounds.[1] There were 51 competitors from 20 nations, with each nation able to send a team of up to three riders with the results shared between team and individual events.[2] The event was won by Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola of France, the nation's first victory in individual jumping since 1912 and second overall (the first nation to win a second gold medal in the event; the previous eight editions were all won by riders of different nationalities). Óscar Cristi of Chile took silver for that nation's first medal in the event. German rider Fritz Thiedemann earned bronze.

Individual jumping
at the Games of the XV Olympiad
1952OG-Jonqueres d'Oriola-Ali Baba.jpg
Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola and Ali Baba
VenueHelsinki Olympic Stadium
Date3 August
Competitors51 from 20 nations
Winning total8
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola
 France
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Óscar Cristi
 Chile
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Fritz Thiedemann
 Germany
← 1948
1956 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the ninth appearance of the event, which had first been held at the 1900 Summer Olympics and has been held at every Summer Olympics at which equestrian sports have been featured (that is, excluding 1896, 1904, and 1908). It is the oldest event on the current programme, the only one that was held in 1900.[2]

Three of the top 12 riders from the 1948 competition returned: gold medalist Humberto Mariles of Mexico, fifth-place finisher Jaime García of Spain, and seventh-place finisher Harry Llewellyn of Great Britain.

Egypt, South Korea, and the Soviet Union each made their debut in the event. France and Sweden both competed for the eighth time, tied for the most of any nation; Sweden had missed only the inaugural 1900 competition, while France missed the individual jumping in 1932.

Competition formatEdit

The team and individual jumping competitions used the same results. The course was 786 metres long with 13 obstacles, including a triple jump obstacle (fence, water jump, horizontal wall). The time limit was 1 minute, 57.2 seconds (400 m/min). Penalty points were received for obstacle faults (3, 4, 6, or 8 points based on severity) or exceeding the time limit (0.25 points per second or fraction thereof over the limit). A third refusal or jumping an obstacle out of order resulted in elimination. Scores from the two runs were added together for a total score.[2]

ScheduleEdit

All times are Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)

Date Time Round
Sunday, 3 August 1952 Round 1
Round 2

ResultsEdit

A five-way tie for first resulted in a need for a barrage.

Rank Rider Nation Horse Round 1 Round 2 Total Notes
Faults Time Total Faults Time Total
1 Óscar Cristi   Chile Bambi 4 0 4 4 0 4 8 Jump-off
Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola   France Ali Baba 8 0 8 0 0 0 8 Jump-off
Eloy de Menezes   Brazil Biguá 4 0 4 4 0 4 8 Jump-off
Fritz Thiedemann   Germany Meteor 0 0 0 8 0 8 8 Jump-off
Wilfred White   Great Britain Nizefela 4 0 4 4 0 4 8 Jump-off
6 Humberto Mariles   Mexico Petrolero 4 0 4 4 0.75 4.75 8.75
7 Raimondo D'Inzeo   Italy Litargirio 4 0 4 8 0 8 12
Sergio Dellachá   Argentina Santa Fe 8 0 8 4 0 4 12
César Mendoza   Chile Pollan 12 0 12 0 0 0 12
Argentino Molinuevo Sr.   Argentina Discutido 4 0 4 8 0 8 12
11 William Steinkraus   United States Hollandia 4 0 4 8 1.25 9.25 13.25
12 Mohamed Khairy   Egypt Inch'Allah 8 0 8 8 0 8 16
Arthur McCashin   United States Miss Budweiser 12 0 12 4 0 4 16
Douglas Stewart   Great Britain Aherlow 12 0 12 4 0 4 16
15 Harry Llewellyn   Great Britain Foxhunter 15 1.75 16.75 0 0 0 16.75
16 Henrique Callado   Portugal Caramulo 8 0 8 12 0 12 20
Jaime García   Spain Quorom 12 0 12 8 0 8 20
Georg Höltig   Germany Fink 8 0 8 12 0 12 20
João Lopes   Portugal Raso 12 0 12 8 0 8 20
Manuel Ordovas   Spain Bohemio 8 0 8 12 0 12 20
Gunnar Palm   Sweden Lurifax 12 0 12 8 0 8 20
Bertrand Pernot du Breuil   France Tourbillon 12 0 12 8 0 8 20
23 Renyldo Ferreira   Brazil Bibelot 11 1.5 12.5 8 0 8 20.5
24 John Russell   United States Democrat 7 0 7 16 0 16 23
25 José Carvalhosa   Portugal Mondina 4 0 4 20 0 20 24
Gamal Haress   Egypt Sakr 8 0 8 16 0 16 24
Víctor Saucedo   Mexico Resorte II 12 0 12 12 0 12 24
28 Ricardo Echeverría   Chile Lindo Peal 17 0.75 17.75 8 0 8 25.75
29 Bjart Ording   Norway Fram II 4 0 4 23 0 23 27
30 Marcelino Gavilán   Spain Quoniam 15 5.25 20.25 7 0 7 27.25
31 Alvaro de Toledo   Brazil Eldorado 12 0 12 16 0 16 28
Börje Jeppson   Sweden Spitfire 12 0 12 16 0 16 28
Salvatore Oppes   Italy Macezio 8 0 8 20 0 20 28
34 Jean, Marquis d'Orgeix   France Arlequin D 16 0 16 15 0 15 31
35 Hans-Hermann Evers   Germany Baden 24 0 24 8 0 8 32
Carl-Jan Hamilton   Sweden Halali 12 0 12 20 0 20 32
Roberto Viñals   Mexico Alteño 20 0 20 12 0 12 32
38 Julio César Sagasta   Argentina Don Juan 16 0 16 20 0.75 20.75 36.75
39 Gheorghe Antohi   Romania Haimana 16 0 16 20 2.25 22.25 38.25
40 Ion Jipa   Romania Troika 8 0 8 17 14 31 39
41 Mohamed Selim Zaki   Egypt Sali al Nabi 27 1.25 28.25 12 0 12 40.25
42 Alexander Stoffel   Switzerland Vol au Vent 28 12.25 40.25 4 0 4 44.25
43 Mikhail Vlasov   Soviet Union Rota 40 0 40 16 0 16 56
44 Min Byeong-seon   South Korea Parcifal 32 3.75 35.75 24 0 24 59.75
45 Toshiaki Kitai   Japan Ulysse 31 19 50 12 0 12 62
46 Nikolay Shelenkov   Soviet Union Atiger 27 14.75 41.75 20 0.75 20.75 62.5
47 Gavriil Budyonny   Soviet Union Yeger 23 0 23 43 17.25 60.25 83.25
48 Ion Constantin   Romania Vagabond 70 0 70 27 6 33 103
Mauno Roiha   Finland Roa 20 19 39 DNS DNF
Viktor Jansson   Finland Jessa DSQ DNS DNF
Henrik Lavonius   Finland Lassi DSQ DNS DNF
Jump-off
 
Cristi, Jonquères d'Oriola and Thiedemann

The five-way tie for first was resolved through a jump-off barrage. The course for the jump-off featured 6 obstacles. The same faults scoring was used. No time penalties were awarded, but the fastest time broke ties (based on faults) within the jump-off.

Rank Rider Nation Horse Faults Time
  Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola   France Ali Baba 0 40.0
  Óscar Cristi   Chile Bambi 4 44.0
  Fritz Thiedemann   Germany Meteor 8 38.5
4 Eloy de Menezes   Brazil Biguá 8 45.0
5 Wilfred White   Great Britain Nizefela 12 43.0

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Equestrianism at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Jumping, Individual". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Jumping, Individual, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 22 February 2021.

SourcesEdit