Equestrian at the 1956 Summer Olympics – Individual jumping

The individual show jumping at the 1956 Summer Olympics took place on 17 June, at the Stockholm Olympic Stadium. The event was open to men and women, with two women competing. It was the 10th appearance of the event.[1] There were 66 competitors from 24 nations, with each nation able to send a team of up to three riders and the team and individual events sharing results.[2] The event was won by Hans Günter Winkler of the United Team of Germany, a victory in the debut for that nation though Germany had won in 1936. Brothers Raimondo D'Inzeo and Piero D'Inzeo took silver and bronze, respectively, the first medals for Italy in individual jumping since 1924.

Individual jumping
at the Games of the XVI Olympiad
CSO Stockholm 1956.png
The course
VenueStockholm Olympic Stadium
Date17 June
Competitors66 from 24 nations
Winning total4
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Hans Günter Winkler
 United Team of Germany
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Raimondo D'Inzeo
 Italy
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Piero D'Inzeo
 Italy
← 1952
1960 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the 10th appearance of the event, which had first been held at the 1900 Summer Olympics and has been held at every Summer Olympics at which equestrian sports have been featured (that is, excluding 1896, 1904, and 1908). It is the oldest event on the current programme, the only one that was held in 1900.[2]

Five of the top 10 riders from the 1952 competition returned: gold medalist Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola of France, bronze medalist Fritz Thiedemann of Germany (now competing as the United Team of Germany), fourth-place finisher Eloy de Menezes of Brazil, fifth-place finisher Wilfred White of Great Britain, and seventh-place finisher Raimondo D'Inzeo of Italy. The first two World Champions in the event, Paco Goyoaga of Spain (1953) and Hans Günter Winkler of the United Team of Germany (1954 and 1955) were present, with Winkler favored in the competition.[2]

Australia, Cambodia, and Venezuela each made their debut in the event; East and West Germany competed together as the United Team of Germany for the first time. France and Sweden both competed for the ninth time, tied for the most of any nation; Sweden had missed only the inaugural 1900 competition, while France missed the individual jumping in 1932.

Competition formatEdit

The competition used the two-round format introduced in 1952. Scores from the two runs were added together for a total score.

The team and individual jumping competitions used the same results. The course had 13 obstacles. The time limit was 1 minute, 56.1 seconds. Penalty points were received for obstacle faults (3, 4, 6, or 8 points based on severity) or exceeding the time limit (0.25 points per second or fraction thereof over the limit). A third refusal or jumping an obstacle out of order resulted in elimination.

ScheduleEdit

All times are Central European Time (UTC+1)

Date Time Round
Sunday, 17 June 1956 9:00
16:00
Round 1
Round 2

ResultsEdit

66 riders competed.[3] For the first time since 1932, no jump-off was required to determine the medalists.

Winkler led after one round with 4 faults. In second was defending champion Jonquères d'Oriola at 7. There were five riders tied for third at 8, including both D'Inzeo brothers. Winkler suffered a pulled groin and would have withdrawn except that doing so would cost his teammates a chance at a team event medal (Germany led, but all three riders had to finish). He rode the second round dosed with (visibly insufficient) painkillers and coffee.[2]

Despite those impediments, Winkler was one of three riders to ride a clean second round (though one, López, had a .75 time penalty). He both took the individual gold and led Germany to the team gold. The other rider to come out of round 2 with no faults was the younger D'Inzeo, Raimondo. With Jonquères d'Oriola having a relatively poor second round (at 8 faults), the Frenchman fell to sixth—leaped over by 4 of the 5 men who had been tied for third after round 1. Raimondo's clean round earned him silver; his elder brother Piero's 3 second-round faults was good for bronze. Thiedemann and White each had 4 faults in the second round, tying for fourth.

The first two women to compete in the event, Pat Smythe and Brigitte Schockaert, finished 10th and 34th, respectively.

Rank Rider Nation Horse Round 1 Round 2 Total
Faults Time Total Faults Time Total
  Hans Günter Winkler Halla   United Team of Germany 4 0 4 0 0 0 4
  Raimondo D'Inzeo Merano   Italy 8 0 8 0 0 0 8
  Piero D'Inzeo Uruguay   Italy 8 0 8 3 0 3 11
4 Fritz Thiedemann Meteor   United Team of Germany 8 0 8 4 0 4 12
Wilfred White Nizefela   Great Britain 8 0 8 4 0 4 12
6 Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola Voulette   France 7 0 7 7 1 8 15
7 Henrique Callado Martingil   Portugal 12 0 12 4 0 4 16
8 Carlos César Delía Discutido   Argentina 15 0 15 4 0 4 19
9 Mohamed Selim Zaki Insh' Allah   Egypt 16 0 16 4 0 4 20
10 Pat Smythe Flanagan   Great Britain 8 0 8 11 2 13 21
11 Albert Szatola Aranyos   Hungary 16 0 16 8 0 8 24
Hugh Wiley Trail Guide   United States 16 0 16 8 0 8 24
Alfons Lütke Westhues Ala   United Team of Germany 16 0 16 8 0 8 24
14 Carlos López Tapatío   Spain 27 0 27 0 0.75 0.75 27.75
15 Paco Goyoaga Fahnenkönig   Spain 20 0 20 8 0 8 28
William Steinkraus Night Owl   United States 20 0 20 8 0 8 28
17 Pedro Mayorga Coriolano   Argentina 16 0 16 16 0 16 32
18 Kevin Barry Ballyneety   Ireland 23 0 23 12 0 12 35
19 William de Rham Va-Vite   Switzerland 20 0 20 16 0 16 36
Peter Robeson Scorchin   Great Britain 16 0 16 20 0 20 36
21 Andrey Favorsky Maneuvr   Soviet Union 20 0 20 20 0 20 40
Gamal Haress Nefertity II   Egypt 20 0 20 20 0 20 40
23 Billy Ringrose Liffey Vale   Ireland 24 0 24 20 0 20 44
24 Salvatore Oppes Pagoro   Italy 19 4 23 24 0 24 47
25 Naldo Dasso Ramito   Argentina 16 0 16 19 13.5 32.5 48.5
26 Koichi Kawaguchi Fuji   Japan 28 0 28 24 0 24 52
27 Frank Chapot Belair   United States 35 1.25 36.25 16 0 16 52.25
Patrick Kiernan Ballynonty   Ireland 19 0 19 29 4.25 33.25 52.25
29 Bernard de Fombelle Doria   France 12 0 12 39 1.75 40.75 52.75
30 Salih Koç Basak   Turkey 24 0 24 28 1.25 29.25 53.25
31 Kunihiro Ohta Eforegiot   Japan 20 0 20 32 2.25 34.25 54.25
32 Anders Gernandt Röhäll   Sweden 32 0 32 19 4 23 55
33 Nelson Pessoa Filho Relincho   Brazil 32 0 32 23 3 26 58
34 Brigitte Schockaert Muscadin   Belgium 32 0 32 27 0 27 59
Alexander Stoffel Bricole   Switzerland 27 0 27 32 0 32 59
36 Carlos Figueroa Gracieux   Spain 21 12.5 33.5 28 0 28 61.5
37 Marc Büchler Duroc   Switzerland 25 3.5 28.5 36 0 36 64.5
38 Alpaslan Günes Esmer Altin   Turkey 29 4.25 33.25 32 0 32 65.25
39 Vladimir Raspopov Kodex   Soviet Union 32 0 32 27 17.5 44.5 76.5
40 Wilhelm Stewen Lojal   Finland 47 0 47 36 0 36 83
41 Eloy de Menezes Biguá   Brazil 31 25.25 56.25 25 3.75 28.75 85
42 Renyldo Ferreira Bibelot   Brazil 21 8.25 29.25 41 15.25 56.25 85.5
43 Raymond Lombard Dandy   Belgium 39 11.5 50.5 36 0 36 86.5
44 Georges Calmon Virtuoso   France 41 13.75 54.75 32 0 32 86.75
45 Tor Burman Rouquade   Sweden 35 8.25 43.25 39 18.75 57.75 101
Georges Poffé Hicamboy   Belgium 12 0 12 Eliminated Eliminated
Omar El-Hadary Auer   Egypt 69 19.5 88.5 Eliminated Eliminated
Kauko Paananen Lassi   Finland 37 7.5 44.5 Eliminated Eliminated
Lajos Somlay Dobos   Hungary Eliminated 47 4.25 51.25 Eliminated
Arvi Tervalampi Marras   Finland Eliminated Eliminated Eliminated
Boris Lilov Boston   Soviet Union Eliminated Eliminated Eliminated
Bedri Böke Domino   Turkey Eliminated Eliminated Eliminated
István Szondy Higany   Hungary Eliminated Eliminated Eliminated
Rodrigo da Silveira Limerick   Portugal Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
João Azevedo Licorne   Portugal Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Víctor Molina Tamanaco   Venezuela Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Jesús Rivas Murachi   Venezuela Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Roberto Moll Sorocaima   Venezuela Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Peter Lichtner-Hoyer Rienzi   Austria Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Adolf Lauda Schönbrunn   Austria Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Romuald Halm Bianka   Austria Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Birck Elgaaen Osira   Norway Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Douglas Wijkander Bimbo   Sweden Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Bert Jacobs Dumbell   Australia Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Saing Pen Pompon   Cambodia Eliminated Did not start Eliminated
Isoup Ganthy Flatteur II   Cambodia Eliminated Did not start Eliminated

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Equestrianism at the 1956 Stockholm Equestrian Games: Mixed Jumping, Individual". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Jumping, Individual, Open". Olympedia. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ Official Report, pp. 246–51.