Elverum is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Østerdalen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Elverum. Other settlements in the municipality include Heradsbygd, Sørskogbygda, and Neverlia. Elverum lies at an important crossroads, with the town of Hamar to the west, the town of Kongsvinger to the south, and village of Innbygda and the Swedish border to the northeast. It is bordered on the north by Åmot municipality, in the northeast by Trysil municipality, in the southeast by Våler municipality, and in the west by Løten municipality.[4]

Elverum kommune
View of Elverum in August 2006
View of Elverum in August 2006
Coat of arms of Elverum kommune
Official logo of Elverum kommune
Elverum within Innlandet
Elverum within Innlandet
Coordinates: 60°55′39″N 11°42′55″E / 60.92750°N 11.71528°E / 60.92750; 11.71528Coordinates: 60°55′39″N 11°42′55″E / 60.92750°N 11.71528°E / 60.92750; 11.71528
CountryNorway
CountyInnlandet
DistrictØsterdalen
Established1 Jan 1838
 • Created asFormannskapsdistrikt
Administrative centreElverum
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Lillian Skjærvik[1] (Ap)
Area
 • Total1,229.28 km2 (474.63 sq mi)
 • Land1,209.14 km2 (466.85 sq mi)
 • Water20.14 km2 (7.78 sq mi)  1.6%
 • Rank#87 in Norway
Population
 (2021)
 • Total21,292
 • Rank#58 in Norway
 • Density17.6/km2 (46/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +6.6%
DemonymsElverumsing
Elverumsokning[2]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3420
WebsiteOfficial website

The 1,229-square-kilometre (475 sq mi) municipality is the 87th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Elverum is the 58th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 21,292. The municipality's population density is 17.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (46/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6.6% over the previous 10-year period.[5][6]

General informationEdit

The parish of Elverum was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). The borders have not changed since that time.[7]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Elverum farm (Old Norse: Alfarheim), since the first Elverum Church was built here. The first element is the genitive case of elfr which means "river" (here it is referring to the Glomma river) and the last element is heim which means "home/homestead" or "farm".[8]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 9 December 1988. The arms show a gold-colored owl on a red background. This was chosen as a symbol for wisdom since there are many schools in the municipality. The owl also seems somewhat aggressive, to represent the fighting spirit of Norwegians. In 1940, when Norway was under attack from the German forces, King Haakon VII received the power from the parliament (Elverum Authorization) to govern the country, in its best interests while he was in Elverum.[9][10]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has five parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Elverum. It is part of the Sør-Østerdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Hamar.

Churches in Elverum
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Elverum Elverum Church Elverum 1736
Heradsbygd Heradsbygd Church Heradsbygd 1895
Hernes Hernes Church Hernes 1935
Nordskogbygda Nordskogbygda Church Nordskogbygda 1873
Sørskogbygda Sørskogbygda Church Sørskogbygda 1873

GeographyEdit

 
Sagtjernet, as seen from above.

Sagtjernet is a lake in the northern parts of Elverum where lots of residents visit in the summer. It is a lake formed by the last ice age. Rokosjøen is another lake in the municipality. The rivers Julussa, Glomma, and Flisa flow through the municipality.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Elverum, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[11] The municipality falls under the Østre Innlandet District Court and the Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Elverum is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Elverum Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
Total number of members:35
Elverum Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [13][14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Team Elverum - Politics for town and country (Team Elverum - Politikk for by og bygd)1
Total number of members:35
Elverum Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)13
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Team Elverum - Politics for town and country (Team Elverum - Politikk for by og bygd)1
Total number of members:35
Elverum Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:35
Elverum Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:35
Elverum Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:41
Elverum Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:41
Elverum Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)26
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)26
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)22
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Cross-party local list (Tverrpolitisk Folkelist)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)25
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)26
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Socialist common list (Venstresosialistiske felleslister)5
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)26
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:49
Elverum Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)28
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)24
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Elverum Social Democratic Party (Elverum Sosialdemokratiske Parti)2
Total number of members:49
Elverum Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)22
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)10
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:49
Elverum Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)7
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
13
Total number of members:48
Elverum Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)23
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)12
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)5
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
2
Total number of members:48
Elverum Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)9
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
1
Total number of members:32
Elverum Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Nasjonal Samling Party (Nasjonal Samling)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:32
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

MayorsEdit

The mayors of Elverum municipality:

  • 1838–1841: Hans Øvergaard[31]
  • 1841–1845: Svend Stenersen[31]
  • 1845–1847: Gulbrand Øvergaard[31]
  • 1847–1851: John Koppang[31]
  • 1851–1855: Peter Mathias Bugge[31]
  • 1855–1857: Adolph Grüner Næser[31]
  • 1857–1859: Andreas Grøtting[31]
  • 1859–1861: Otto Gudmundsen Søberg[31]
  • 1861–1863: Adolph Grüner Næser[31]
  • 1863–1867: Andreas Grøtting[31]
  • 1867–1869: John Aakrann[31]
  • 1869–1871: Andreas Grøtting[31]
  • 1871–1873: John Aakrann[31]
  • 1873–1875: Nils Schøyen[31]
  • 1875–1879: Andreas Grøtting[31]
  • 1879–1881: Gunder Sætersmoen[31] (H)
  • 1881–1883: Henrik Opsahl[31] (V)
  • 1884–1890: Eivind Torp[31] (V)
  • 1890–1893: Anton Matheus Andreassen[31] (V)
  • 1893: Helge Væringsaasen[31] (V)
  • 1893–1895: Gunnar Skirbekk[31] (V / ArbDem)[32]
  • 1895–1897: Peder Christensen Løken (H)
  • 1897–1901: Peder Østmoe (V)[32]
  • 1902–1907: Olav Andreas Eftestøl (ArbDem)[32]
  • 1908–1916: Johan Peter Røkke (ArbDem)[32]
  • 1917–1919: Oluf Hansen Haugen (Ap)[33]
  • 1920–1922: Elias Johannesen Augestad (Ap)[33]
  • 1923–1931: Martinius Røkeberg (Ap)
  • 1932–1940: Olav Jørgen Sæter (Ap)
  • 1940–1945: Simon Grindalen (NS)
  • 1945: Olav Jørgen Sæter (Ap)
  • 1945: Enok Sletengen (Ap)
  • 1946–1947: Martin Trovåg (NKP)
  • 1948–1951: Otto Ødegaard (Ap)
  • 1952–1962: Enok Sletengen (Ap)
  • 1962–1979: Markvard Bækken (Ap)
  • 1980–1983: Kjersti Borgen (Sp)
  • 1984–1994: Olav Sæter (Ap)
  • 1994–2003: Per-Gunnar Sveen (Ap)
  • 2003–2011: Terje Røe (Ap)
  • 2011–2019: Erik Hanstad[34] (H)
  • 2019–present: Lillian Skjærvik[34] (Ap)

HistoryEdit

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Elverum by country of origin in 2018[35]
Ancestry Number
  Somalia 283
  Poland 238
  Sweden 112
  Russia 109
  Iraq 102
  Eritrea 99
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 98
  Syria 90
  Thailand 79
  Afghanistan 63
  Iran 56
  Denmark 55
  Philippines 52
  Lithuania 51

Military tiesEdit

During the Nordic Seven Years' War (1563–1570), Swedish troops invaded Norway in a number of locations, including a number of incursions into Østerdalen. In 1563, Norwegian troops stopped the Swedish advance at Elverum, which provided a strategic point since it lay on both north-south and east–west trade and travel routes.

The parishes of Idre and Särna originally belonged to the prestegjeld of Elverum, but they were occupied by Swedish troops in 1644, and since then they were lost to Sweden.

Construction of fortifications in Elverum started in 1673 during the Gyldenløve War as Hammersberg Skanse. It was renamed Christiansfjeld Fortress in 1685 by King Christian V of Denmark during his visit to Hammersberg Skanse on June 14. Although the fortress was manned through the Great Northern War, the village was spared major battles. In 1742, Christiansfjeld Fortress was closed.

A Norwegian infantry regiment, the Oppland Regiment, was formed in 1657 and Elverum became a garrison. The area of population east of the river called Leiret (literally the camp) adjacent to Christiansfjeld Fortress was built up by soldiers as well as the merchants and craftsmen who settled nearby. The central areas of the town of Elverum on the east side of the river is referred to as Leiret.

In 1878, Terningmoen at Elverum became the home base for the Oppland Regiment and an infantry school was founded here in 1896. The Oppland Regiment had a history which included courageous involvement in combat from the Swedish wars of the 17th century through the German invasion of Norway in 1940. As part of the general restructuring, the unit was disbanded in 2002.

Today, Terningmoen hosts several sub units within the Norwegian army and the Home guard.

Regional townEdit

 
View of the west side of the river Glomma from Gammelbrua

In the Danish-Norwegian period, Elverum was the location for a bailiff (fogd), a judge (sorenskriver), a head pastor (prost), and numerous military officers.

It became important as a market town as well. In 1570 Hamar Cathedral in Hamar was burned and Hamarhus castle was destroyed by the Swedish armies during the Seven Years' War with Sweden. Hamar lost its city status, leaving no kjøpstad, or official market city, between Christiania and Trondheim. Eastern Norway needed an organized market for trading goods. The Grundset market (Grundsetmart'n) in Elverum municipality grew to meet the need. It is recorded as existing in the 17th century, and in 1765 the owner of Gaarder obtained special market privileges from the king, to take place six miles north of the population center of Elverum on his estate. By 1767, it was described as Norway's largest and most famous market. In the first week of March, for almost 300 years, the folks of the district met to trade and to celebrate. People from Gudbrandsdal, Oslo, Trøndelag, and Sweden also regularly came to Grundsetmart'n. The Grundset market was finally abandoned in 1901, when pressures of the railroad and other markets made it superfluous.

The railway connecting Oslo and Trondheim passed through Elverum in 1877.

World War IIEdit

Elverum municipality served as a temporary capital of Norway during the World War II German invasion. On 9 April 1940 Norwegian troops prevented German parachute troops from capturing Norway's King Haakon, Crown Prince, and Parliament while the Parliament was meeting to issue the Elverum Authorization, authorizing the exiled government until the Parliament could again convene. On April 11, shortly after the government's refusal to submit to German terms, the central part of the town of Elverum was reduced to ashes.

MuseumsEdit

Norwegian Forest MuseumEdit

 
Glomdal Museum

The Norwegian Forest Museum is a national museum recognizing the importance of forestry, hunting, and fishing to the Norwegian history and economy.

Glomdal MuseumEdit

From the eastern side of Glomma (the Museum of Norwegian Forestry – Skogmuseet), a pedestrian bridge across the Klokkerfoss waterfall to Prestøya, and then a bridge across the Prestfossen falls leads to the Glomdal Museum, one of the largest Norwegian outdoor museums, with numerous houses from the mountain parishes of Østerdalen and the lowland districts of Solør on the Glomma river valley. The exhibition includes a library with numerous books, including handwritten medieval manuscripts.

Notable residentsEdit

 
Olav Jørgen Sæter

Public service & public thinkingEdit

 
Gunnar Sønstevold

The ArtsEdit

 
Camilla Granlien, 2008

SportEdit

 
Bjørn Dæhlie, 2011

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Elverum has sister city agreements with the following places:[38]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "(+) Ordførerskifte i Elverum: – Det blir harde tak, men gleden overgår det vanskelige". Østlendingen (in Norwegian). 16 October 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  3. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  4. ^ Olsen Haugen, Morten, ed. (3 March 2022). "Elverum". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2021). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2021). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  7. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Hedmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (3 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 306.
  9. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Kommunevåpnet" (in Norwegian). Elverum kommune. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Innlandet". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2015 - Hedmark". Valg Direktoratet.
  14. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Hedmark". Valg Direktoratet.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Finne-Grønn, Stian Herlofsen (1921). Elverum : en bygdebeskrivelse (in Norwegian). Vol. 2 : Bygdens almindelige historie, institutioner og embedsmænd. Kristiania, Norge: Cammermeyer. pp. 353–357.
  32. ^ a b c d Skrede, Magne (1958). Elverum : en bygdebeskrivelse (in Norwegian). Vol. 4 : Tillegg til Finne-Grønns bok om Elverum. Elverum, Norge: Elverum kommune. pp. 237–257.
  33. ^ a b Solbakken, Evald O. (1951). Det røde fylke gjennom 100 år (in Norwegian). Hedmark fylkes arbeiderparti. p. 48.
  34. ^ a b "Ordførerskifte i Elverum: – Det blir harde tak, men gleden overgår det vanskelige". Østlendingen (in Norwegian). 16 October 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  35. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  36. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 22 October 2020
  37. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 22 October 2020
  38. ^ "Vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Elverum kommune. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2008.

External linksEdit