Siilinjärvi (Finnish: [ˈsiːlinˌjærʋi]) is a municipality of Finland. It is located in Northern Savonia, 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the city of Kuopio, which largely surrounds Siilinjärvi. Another neighbour municipality with Kuopio is Lapinlahti. The name, in Finnish, apparently translates literally as "Hedgehog's Lake", although its etymology actually stems from a Sámi word meaning winter dwelling. Lakes are essential part of the geography of Siilinjärvi. There are 123 lakes, and the biggest of them are Kallavesi and Juurusvesi–Akonvesi. Water area is 106.85 km2, which is 21% of the whole area of Siilinjärvi.
Location of Siilinjärvi in Finland
|• Municipal manager||Vesa Lötjönen|
|• Total||507.81 km2 (196.07 sq mi)|
|• Land||400.96 km2 (154.81 sq mi)|
|• Water||106.85 km2 (41.26 sq mi)|
|Area rank||203rd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||48th largest in Finland|
|• Density||53.08/km2 (137.5/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||99.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||19.4%|
|• 15 to 64||59.3%|
|• 65 or older||21.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||22%|
The main sources of income are services and industry. One of the most important employers in Siilinjärvi is Siilinjärvi apatite mine owned by Yara International. The other largest companies in Siilinjärvi are Yara International's factory and apatite mine, Lujabetoni Oy, Hydroline Oy, Recreational Pool Fontanella and Spa Hotel Kunnonpaikka. 5% of jobs are in primary production, 29% in industry and construction and 66% in services. Unemployment figures are the lowest in North Savonia, averaging 9,4% in 2016, while at the same time the average unemployment rate in North Savonia was 13,4% and in the whole country 13,2%.
Energy production and water supplyEdit
The use of district heating has increased in recent years. Most of the district heat is produced from the Yara plant's process waste heat and from Savon Voima's Tiprusniemi bioheat plant. At the Tiprusniemi bioheat center, heat is produced with domestic wood fuel. In addition, Sulkavantie has a LPG back-up and peak heating center.
In Siilinjärvi, groundwater is used as raw water, which is obtained from three groundwater intakes, two of which are located in the church village and one in the Toivala-Vuorela area. In addition to the municipal water supply plant, there are 15 water cooperatives in the municipality's sparsely populated areas.
Fire and rescue servicesEdit
There are two fire stations in the Siilinjärvi municipality, the North Savonia Rescue Department station and the Yara TPK station. Siilinjärvi's main fire station is located in Simonsalo at Sulkavantie 6, a few minutes' drive from the center of Siilinjärvi. The station has a 24-hour on-call service. Station 15 houses an inspection car PS 020, a fire truck PS 151, a fire truck PS 1512, a tank truck PS 153, a crew transport, an off-road and boat tractor PS 157, and a snowmobile and boat. Yara TPK has a fire truck PS 191 and a boat. In addition, it has been proposed to build a third fire station in Siilinjärvi near the Vuorela residential area.
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Siilinjärvi is twinned with:
- Katri-Helena Eskelinen (1925–2014), Finnish politician
- Jessica Grabowsky (born 1980), Finnish actress
- Ilkka Herola (born 1995), Finnish skier
- Jyrki Katainen (born 1971), Finnish politician
- Antti Koivumäki (1976–2002), Finnish poet and musician
- MC Raaka Pee (born 1980), Finnish musician
- Topi Piipponen (born 1997), Finnish professional ice hockey player
- Kimmo Savolainen (born 1974), Finnish ski jumper
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "Siilinjärvi-nimen tausta" [Etymology of the name Siilinjärvi]. Kotus.fi (in Finnish). Institute for the Languages of Finland. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- Lakes of Siilinjärvi. Järviwiki Web Service. Retrieved 2014-03-16. (in English)
- "Yara kjøper gruveavfall – foredles til råstoff". Teknisk Ukeblad. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- "Tilinpäätös 2016, esittely" (PDF) (in Finnish). Municipality of Siilinjärvi. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Siilinjärven Sulkavantien uusi varalämpökeskus valmistui". Savon voima (in Finnish). Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Vesihuolto" (in Finnish). Municipality of Siilinjärvi. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Ehdotus: Kuopion pääpaloaseman voisi purkaa ja rakentaa kolme pienempää tilalle". YLE (in Finnish). 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- Uutis-Jousi (in Finnish)
- Siilinjärven kirjasto (in Finnish)
- "Savossa äänestettiin pitäjille nimikkoruoat". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). September 20, 1984. p. 19.
Media related to Siilinjärvi at Wikimedia Commons