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Trøndelag (Urban East Norwegian pronunciation: [²trønːdəˌlɑːɡ])[2][3] is a county in the central part of Norway. It was created on 1 January 2018 with the merger of the former counties of Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag, which had been separated into two counties in 1804. Trøndelag county and the neighboring Møre og Romsdal county together form what is known as Central Norway.

Trøndelag fylke
Trööndelagen fylhkenttjïelte
County
Seierstad in July 2007
Seierstad in July 2007
Coat of arms of Trøndelag fylke
Coat of arms
Trøndelag within Norway
Trøndelag within Norway
Coordinates: 63°25′37″N 10°23′35″E / 63.42694°N 10.39306°E / 63.42694; 10.39306Coordinates: 63°25′37″N 10°23′35″E / 63.42694°N 10.39306°E / 63.42694; 10.39306
Country Norway
County Trøndelag
Region Central Norway
County ID NO-50
Administrative centre Steinkjer
Government
 • Governor Frank Jenssen
  H
  (2018–present)
 • County mayor Tore O. Sandvik
  Ap
  (2018–present)
Area
 • Total 41,260 km2 (15,930 sq mi)
Area rank #2 in Norway, % of Norway's land area
Population (2017[1])
 • Total 454,596
 • Rank 5 (8.6% of country)
 • Density 11/km2 (29/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 0 %
Demonym(s) Trønder
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02 (CEST)
Website www.trondelagfylke.no
Data from Statistics Norway

A person from Trøndelag is called a trønder. The largest city in Trøndelag is the city of Trondheim. The administrative centre of the county is Steinkjer, but Trondheim functions as a secondary administrative centre. This is to make the county more efficient and not too centralized, as Trøndelag is the second largest county in Norway.

The old Trondhjems amt county was divided into two administrative counties in 1804 by the King of Denmark-Norway. In 2016, the two county councils voted to merge into a single county in 2018.[4][5]

The dialect spoken in the area, trøndersk, is characterized by dropping out most vowel endings; see apocope.

Trøndelag is one of the most fertile regions of Norway, with large agricultural output. The majority of the production ends up in the Norwegian cooperative system for meat and milk, but farm produce is a steadily growing business.

Contents

NameEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was Þrǿndalǫg. The first element is the genitive plural of þrǿndr which means "person from Trøndelag", while the second is lǫg (plural of lag which means "law; district/people with a common law" (compare Danelaw, Gulaþingslǫg and Njarðarlǫg). A parallel name for the same district was Þróndheimr which means "the homeland (heim) of the þrǿndr".[6] Þróndheimr may be older since the first element has a stem form without umlaut.

HistoryEdit

People have lived in this region for thousands of years. In the early iron-age Trøndelag was divided into several petty kingdoms called fylki. The different fylki had a common law, and an early parliament or thing. It was called Frostating and was held at the Frosta-peninsula. By some this is regarded as the first real democracy.

In the time after Håkon Grjotgardsson (838-900), Trøndelag was ruled by the Jarl of Lade. Lade is located in the eastern part of Trondheim, bordering the Trondheimsfjord. The powerful Jarls of Lade continued to play a very significant political role in Norway up to 1030.

YearPop.±%
176978,274—    
1951307,635+293.0%
1960327,127+6.3%
1970350,297+7.1%
1980368,942+5.3%
1990377,202+2.2%
2000389,960+3.4%
2010422,102+8.2%
2017454,596+7.7%
Source: Statistics Norway [1][2][3][4]. 2017 data[1]
Religion in Trøndelag[7][8]
religion percent
Christianity
88.17%
Islam
0.75%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other
10.84%

Jarls of Lade (Ladejarl) were:

 
Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim

Trøndelag (together with parts of Møre og Romsdal) was briefly ceded in 1658 to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde and was ruled by king Charles X until it was returned to Denmark-Norway after the Treaty of Copenhagen in 1660. During that time, the Swedes conscripted 2,000 men in Trøndelag, forcing young boys down to 15 years of age to join the Swedish armies fighting against Poland and Brandenburg. Charles X feared the Trønders would rise against their Swedish occupiers, and thought it wise to keep a large part of the men away. Only about one third of the men ever returned to their homes; some of them were forced to settle in the then Swedish province of Estonia, as the Swedes thought it would be easier to rule the Trønders there, utilising the ancient maxim of divide and rule.[9]

In the fall of 1718, during the Great Northern War, General Carl Gustaf Armfeldt was ordered by king Charles XII of Sweden to lead a Swedish army of 10,000 men into Trøndelag and take Trondheim. Because of his poor supply lines back to Sweden, Armfeldt's army had to live off the land, causing great suffering to the people of the region. Armfeldt's campaign failed: the defenders of Trondheim succeeded in repelling his siege. After Charles XII was killed in the siege of Fredriksten in Norway's southeast, Armfeldt was ordered back into Sweden. During the ensuing retreat, his 6,000 surviving threadbare and starving Caroleans were caught in a fierce blizzard. Thousands of Caroleans froze to death in the Norwegian mountains, and hundreds more were crippled for life.[10]

 
Traditional Trøndelag house

GovernmentEdit

The county is governed by the Trøndelag County Municipality. The town of Steinkjer is the seat of the county governor and county administration. Both the county governor and Trøndelag County Municipality, however, also have offices in Trondheim.

The county oversees the 41 upper secondary schools, including nine private schools. Six of the schools have more than 1000 students: four in Trondheim plus the Steinkjer Upper Secondary School and the Ole Vig Upper Secondary Schoo in Stjørdalshalsen. The county has ten Folk high schools, with an eleventh folk high school being possibly being opened in Røros, with a possible start in 2019.[11]

DistrictsEdit

The county is often sub-divided into several geographical regions:

Towns and citiesEdit

There are nine towns/cities in Trøndelag, plus the "mining town" of Røros.

MunicipalitiesEdit

There are 47 municipalities (in 2018) in Trøndelag county.

Name Map Adm. Center Population
(2017)[1]
District Number [12]
  Trondheim   Trondheim 190,464 Trondheim Region 5001
  Steinkjer   Steinkjer 21,972 Innherred 5004
  Namsos   Namsos 13,051 Namdalen 5005
  Hemne   Kyrksæterøra 4,259 Orkdalen 5011
  Snillfjord   Krokstadøra 982 Orkdalen 5012
  Hitra   Fillan 4,659 Orkdalen 5013
  Frøya   Sistranda 4,937 Orkdalen 5014
  Ørland   Brekstad 5,291 Fosen 5015
  Agdenes   Lensvik 1,711 Orkdalen 5016
  Bjugn   Botngård 4,822 Fosen 5017
  Åfjord   Årnes 3,263 Fosen 5018
  Roan   Roan 959 Fosen 5019
  Osen   Steinsdalen 978 Fosen 5020
  Oppdal   Oppdal 6,973 Orkdalen 5021
  Rennebu   Berkåk 2,556 Gauldalen 5022
  Meldal   Meldal 3,960 Gauldalen 5023
  Orkdal   Orkanger 11,981 Trondheim Region 5024
  Røros   Røros 5,623 Gauldalen 5025
  Holtålen   Renbygda 2,046 Gauldalen 5026
  Midtre Gauldal   Støren 6,319 Gauldalen 5027
  Melhus   Melhus 16,213 Orkdalen 5028
  Skaun   Børsa 8,000 Trondheim Region 5029
  Klæbu   Klæbu 6,050 Trondheim Region 5030
  Malvik   Hommelvik 13,820 Trondheim Region 5031
  Selbu   Mebonden 4,098 Stjørdalen 5032
  Tydal   Ås 861 Stjørdalen 5033
  Meråker   Midtbygda 2,509 Stjørdalen 5034
  Stjørdal   Stjørdalshalsen 23,625 Stjørdalen 5035
  Frosta   Frosta 2,630 Stjørdalen 5036
  Levanger   Levanger 19,892 Innherred 5037
  Verdal   Verdalsøra 14,849 Innherred 5038
  Verran   Malm 2,515 Innherred 5039
  Namdalseid   Namdalseid 1,593 Namdalen 5040
  Snåsa   Snåsa 2,159 Namdalen 5041
  Lierne   Sandvika 1,389 Namdalen 5042
  Røyrvik   Røyrvik 469 Namdalen 5043
  Namsskogan   Namsskogan 872 Namdalen 5044
  Grong   Medjå 2,467 Namdalen 5045
  Høylandet   Høylandet 1,264 Namdalen 5046
  Overhalla   Ranemsletta 3,840 Namdalen 5047
  Fosnes   Dun 628 Namdalen 5048
  Flatanger   Lauvsnes 1,090 Namdalen 5049
  Vikna   Rørvik 4,418 Namdalen 5050
  Nærøy   Kolvereid 5,138 Namdalen 5051
  Leka   Leknes 584 Namdalen 5052
  Inderøy   Straumen 6,800 Innherred 5053
  Indre Fosen   Årnset 10,108 Fosen 5054
  Trøndelag   Steinkjer 454,596 Trøndelag 50

CultureEdit

ArtsEdit

The region's official theatre is the Trøndelag Teater in Trondheim.[13] At Stiklestad in Verdal, the historical play called The Saint Olav Drama has been played each year since 1954. It depicts the last days of Saint Olaf.

Jazz on a very high level is frequently heard in Trondheim, due to the high-level jazz education in Trondheim. Trondheim is also the national centre of rock music; the popular music museum Rockheim opened there in 2010. Trøndelag is also known for its local variety of rock music, often performed in local dialect, called "trønderrock".

Food and drinkEdit

The region is popularly known for its moonshine homebrew, called karsk. Although officially prohibited, the art of producing as pure home-made spirits as possible still has a strong following in parts of Trøndelag. Traditionally served mixed with coffee, local variations apply. In southern regions, people tend to use normal filter coffee, while in the north they choose to serve karsk with as weak coffee as possible.

The "official dish" of the region is sodd which is made from sheep or beef meat and meatballs in boiled stock. The Norwegian Grey Troender sheep is an endangered breed of domesticated sheep that originated from Trøndelag in the late 19th century. There are currently approximately 50 individual animals remaining and efforts are being made to revive the breed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-02. 
  2. ^ Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 336. 
  3. ^ Vanvik, Arne (1985). Norsk Uttaleordbok: A Norwegian pronouncing dictionary (in Norwegian and English). Oslo: Fonetisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. p. 311. ISBN 978-8299058414. 
  4. ^ Hofstad, Sigrun (2016-04-27). "Her bankes det for et samlet Trøndelag". NRK (in Norwegian). 
  5. ^ "Trøndelag fylke: English". Trøndelag fylke. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  6. ^ Sandnes, Jørn; Stemshaug, Ola (1980). Norsk stadnamnleksikon. pp. 322–323. 
  7. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.is
  8. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  9. ^ Gjerset, Knut (1915). History of the Norwegian People, Volumes II. The MacMillan Company. pp. 318–320. 
  10. ^ "Historien" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  11. ^ Olsen Haugen, Morten, ed. (2018-03-10). "Trøndelag". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-05-05. 
  12. ^ "Nye fylkes- og kommunenummer - Trøndelag fylke" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Det kongelige kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartement. 
  13. ^ Haugan, Trond E (2008). Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim kino. Tapir Akademisk Forlag. ISBN 9788251922425. )

External linksEdit