Economic regions of Russia

Russia is divided into twelve economic regions (Russian: экономи́ческие райо́ны, ekonomicheskiye rayony, sing. ekonomichesky rayon)—groups of federal subjects sharing the following characteristics:

  • Common economic and social goals and participation in development programs;
  • Relatively similar economic conditions and potential;
  • Similar climatic, ecological, and geological conditions;
  • Similar methods of technical inspection of new construction;
  • Similar methods of conducting customs oversight;
  • Overall similar living conditions of the population.

No federal subject can belong to more than one economic region.

Economic regions are also grouped into economic zones (also called "macrozones"). An economic region or its parts can belong to more than one economic zone.

Establishment and abolition of economic regions and economic zones or any changes in their composition are decided upon by the federal government of Russia.

This division into economic regions is different from the division into federal districts. The former are solely for economic and statistical purposes, and the latter exist solely to uphold the federal laws on the territory of the country.

Table edit

Economic region Population (2020)
[citation needed]
Area (km2)
[citation needed]
Central 32,310,000 482,300
Central Black Earth 7,123,000 167,900
East Siberian 6,119,000 3,371,800
Far Eastern 6,122,000 6,952,600
Kaliningrad 1,013,000 15,100
North Caucasus 22,629,000 381,600
Northern 4,473,000 1,476,600
Northwestern 8,497,000 195,200
Ural 18,699,000 823,300
Volga 15,807,000 539,800
Volga-Vyatka 7,153,000 264,800
West Siberian 14,756,000 2,454,000

List and composition of the economic regions edit

The following is the list and composition[1] of the economic regions, sorted by population.

  1. Belgorod Oblast
  2. Kursk Oblast
  3. Lipetsk Oblast
  4. Tambov Oblast
  5. Voronezh Oblast
  • Central (Центральный, Tsentralny)
  1. Bryansk Oblast
  2. Ivanovo Oblast
  3. Kaluga Oblast
  4. Kostroma Oblast
  5. Moscow (federal city)
  6. Moscow Oblast
  7. Oryol Oblast
  8. Ryazan Oblast
  9. Smolensk Oblast
  10. Tula Oblast
  11. Tver Oblast
  12. Vladimir Oblast
  13. Yaroslavl Oblast
  • East Siberian (Восточно-Сибирский, Vostochno-Sibirsky)
  1. Irkutsk Oblast
  2. Khakassia
  3. Krasnoyarsk Krai
  4. Tuva Republic
  • Far Eastern (Дальневосточный, Dalnevostochny)
  1. Amur Oblast
  2. Buryat Republic
  3. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
  4. Jewish Autonomous Oblast
  5. Kamchatka Krai
  6. Khabarovsk Krai
  7. Magadan Oblast
  8. Primorsky Krai
  9. Sakha
  10. Sakhalin Oblast
  11. Zabaykalsky Krai
  • Kaliningrad (Калининградский, Kaliningradsky)
  1. Kaliningrad Oblast
  1. Adygea
  2. Chechen Republic
  3. Crimea
  4. Dagestan
  5. Ingushetia
  6. Kabardino-Balkar Republic
  7. Karachay–Cherkess Republic
  8. Krasnodar Krai
  9. North Ossetia–Alania
  10. Rostov Oblast
  11. Sevastopol (federal city)
  12. Stavropol Krai
  1. Arkhangelsk Oblast
  2. Karelia
  3. Komi Republic
  4. Murmansk Oblast
  5. Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  6. Vologda Oblast
  • Northwestern (Северо-Западный, Severo-Zapadny)
  1. Leningrad Oblast
  2. Novgorod Oblast
  3. Pskov Oblast
  4. Saint Petersburg (federal city)
  • Ural (Уральский, Uralsky)
  1. Bashkortostan
  2. Chelyabinsk Oblast
  3. Kurgan Oblast
  4. Orenburg Oblast
  5. Perm Krai
  6. Sverdlovsk Oblast
  7. Udmurt Republic
  • Volga (Поволжский, Povolzhsky), the traditional name of the region, meaning "the area by the Volga River"
  1. Astrakhan Oblast
  2. Kalmykia
  3. Penza Oblast
  4. Samara Oblast
  5. Saratov Oblast
  6. Tatarstan
  7. Ulyanovsk Oblast
  8. Volgograd Oblast
  1. Chuvash Republic
  2. Kirov Oblast
  3. Mari El Republic
  4. Mordovia
  5. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  • West Siberian (Западно-Сибирский, Zapadno-Sibirsky)
  1. Altai Krai
  2. Altai Republic
  3. Kemerovo Oblast
  4. Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
  5. Novosibirsk Oblast
  6. Omsk Oblast
  7. Tomsk Oblast
  8. Tyumen Oblast
  9. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Russian Classification of Economic Regions (OK 024-95) as amended by #5-2001