Demolition Man (film)

Demolition Man is a 1993 American science fiction action film directed by Marco Brambilla in his directorial debut. It stars Sylvester Stallone, Wesley Snipes, Sandra Bullock, and Nigel Hawthorne. Stallone is John Spartan, a risk-taking police officer, who has a reputation for causing destruction while carrying out his work. After a failed attempt to rescue hostages from evil crime lord Simon Phoenix, they are both sentenced to be cryogenically frozen in 1996. Phoenix is thawed for a parole hearing in 2032, but escapes. Society has changed and all crime has seemingly been eliminated. Unable to deal with a criminal as dangerous as Phoenix, the authorities awaken Spartan to help capture him again. The story makes allusions to many other works including Aldous Huxley's 1932 dystopian novel Brave New World,[6] and H. G. Wells's The Sleeper Awakes.[7]

Demolition Man
Demolition man.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMarco Brambilla
Produced by
Screenplay by
Story by
  • Peter M. Lenkov
  • Robert Reneau
Starring
Music byElliot Goldenthal
CinematographyAlex Thomson
Edited byStuart Baird
Production
company
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
‹See TfM›
  • October 8, 1993 (1993-10-08)
Running time
115 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States
Budget$45–77 million[4]
Box office$159.1 million[5]

The film was released in the United States on October 8, 1993. It earned a worldwide total of $159 million, and was considered a successful film for Stallone.

PlotEdit

In 1996, psychopathic career criminal Simon Phoenix kidnaps a busload of hostages and takes refuge in an abandoned building. LAPD Sergeant John Spartan runs a thermal scan of the building; finding no trace of the hostages, he leads an unauthorized assault to capture Phoenix. Phoenix sets off explosives to destroy the building; the hostages' corpses are later found in the rubble, and Phoenix claims Spartan knew about them and attacked anyway. Both men are sentenced to lengthy terms in the city's new "California Cryo-Penitentiary", a prison in which convicts are cryogenically frozen and exposed to subliminal rehabilitation techniques.

In 2032, the city of San Angeles – a megalopolis formed from the merger of Los Angeles, San Diego, and Santa Barbara – is a seemingly peaceful utopia designed and run by Dr. Raymond Cocteau. Phoenix is thawed for a parole hearing and escapes from the cryo-prison by saying a secret password, without knowing how he had learned it. He subsequently murders his guards and the warden, making his way into the city where he easily overpowers and kills several Police officers who have never had to deal with violent crime. Lieutenant Lenina Huxley reasons that they will need a Police Officer with the experience and mindset necessary to anticipate Phoenix's actions, and recommends having Spartan paroled and reinstated to apprehend Phoenix again. Upon release, Spartan finds life in San Angeles to be depressing and oppressive, since all types of behavior deemed immoral or unhealthy have been declared illegal; conversely, many other members of the police force view Spartan as savage and uncivilized, with the exception of Huxley (who idolizes his exploits and the 20th century).

Anticipating that Phoenix will attempt to secure firearms, Spartan leads Huxley to a museum and finds him looting an exhibit of weapons. To Spartan's surprise, Phoenix is even deadlier than before, having acquired an impressive array of martial arts skills and is three times physically stronger than their last confrontation. Evenly matched, Phoenix escapes and holds Cocteau at gunpoint, but is unable to kill him, instead feeling an urge to go kill a man named, "Edgar Friendly."

Spartan and Huxley witness this exchange on security cameras and review the cryo-prison records. While all prisoners are subject to subliminal behavioral conditioning and skills training (resulting in Spartan having both the skills and an irresistible urge to knit and sow), Phoenix's "rehabilitation program" was altered to make him into a terrorist. Spartan and Huxley deduce that the target must be Edgar Friendly, the leader of the last non-conformists in San Angeles who live underground and periodically raid the surface for "scraps", which became their collective name. Phoenix convinces Cocteau to release additional cryo prisoners for his gang, and he leads them underground to pursue Friendly. Spartan and Huxley locate the Scraps and confront Friendly in the underground ruins, saving him from an assassination attempt by Phoenix in the process. Phoenix taunts Spartan with the revelation that he had framed Spartan for the deaths of the 1996 hostages, who were already dead when the building exploded. Phoenix escapes to the cryo-prison, and Spartan pursues him with weapons provided by the Scraps.

Unable to harm Cocteau, Phoenix has one of his gang kill him instead and begins thawing out the cryo-prison's most dangerous convicts. Spartan incapacitates Huxley for her protection and fights Phoenix, breaking a vial of a cryogenic chemical that rapidly freezes Phoenix's body solid. Spartan kicks his head off, shattering it, and escapes as the uncontrolled quick-freezing effect triggers an explosion that destroys the cryo-prison. The police fear that the loss of Cocteau and the cryo-prison will end society as they know it, but Spartan suggests that they and the Scraps work together to combine the best aspects of order and personal freedom. He kisses Huxley and they leave together.

CastEdit

 
 

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

The original script was written by Peter Lenkov, who retained a story by credit.[1] Lenkov came to Hollywood straight out of college with no connections, and wrote seven different scripts, desperately hoping to break into Hollywood.[14] Selling the spec script of Demolition Man to Warner Bros. was his first big break.[15] Lenkov had been inspired by Lethal Weapon and wanted to do something about cops, and had also read about celebrities wanting to be cryogenically frozen. His initial pitch was rejected by an executive who didn't understand his "frozen cop" idea. The finished script, where a super cop has to battle the world's deadliest criminal, in a future where there is almost no crime, generated more interest.[16] Writer Daniel Waters (known for Heathers) said his version of the screenplay was essentially a rewrite, he changed the script so extensively that when the script went to arbitration he received first screenplay writing credit. In the early drafts the script was a regular action movie, with no attempt at comedy. Waters pitched it as an action movie version of Woody Allen's Sleeper. Waters had an idea about a small part of Universal City, a shopping and entertainment area called CityWalk, and wondered what it might be like if one day all of Los Angeles might be like that, and the idea grew from there.[17] Waters says his intention was to have fun, that he wasn't trying to be political or deeply examine Political correctness. He cited the conclusion of the film, where society will need to find a new balance and compromise, as representing his own position in the political middle ground.[17] Burger King was originally written as the winner of the restaurant wars, but they and also McDonald's were not interested in being part of the film, but Taco Bell were happy to be involved.[17][18] The "three seashells" concept originated when Waters was trying to come up with ideas for a futuristic restroom and called writer Larry Karaszewski for suggestions, and he happened to be using the restroom when he answered the call. He looked around his bathroom and said he had a bag of seashells on the toilet as decorations, so Waters decide to use that.[19] Waters wrote some of the script on index cards while waiting in line for Johnny Carson tickets. He said it was some of the fastest work he'd ever written,[19] and that he had only worked on it for two and a half weeks.[17] The film began with John Spartan being taken out of cryogenic freeze in the future of 2032, until Fred Dekker did uncredited rewrites on the script, adding the Los Angeles 1996 prologue, to showcase Spartan and Phoenix in their natural environment, and make the differences of the future more striking. Dekker explained "If you don't show Kansas, Oz isn't all that special."[13] Jonathan Lemkin, also did uncredited rewrites on the film.[18][20] The script had been in development for six years before filming finally began.[1]

Director Marco Brambilla had a background in shooting big-budget TV commercials, and this was his first feature film. Brambilla was working to make Richie Rich, starring Macaulay Culkin, but they couldn't get the budget they needed. Instead David Fincher recommended Brambilla to Joel Silver as director for Demolition Man.[21] Steven Seagal had originally been attached as leading actor, and Jean-Claude Van Damme had been offered the part of the villain.[22] Brambilla met Stallone a few days after getting attached to the project, and started re-writing the script with Daniel Waters. The film went into production approximately eight months after that.[21] Producer Joel Silver was able to get highly experienced crew for the film, such as editor Stuart Baird and cinematographer Alex Thomson. Brambilla brought costumer Bob Ringwood to the project because of his work on David Lynch's Dune, and wanted Alex Thomson because of his work with Fincher on Alien3.[21]

CastingEdit

Stallone passed on the project at first, but came back around to it. He liked the idea of two equal opponents in Spartan and Phoenix, and decided to take a chance on doing something he had not done before.[23] Stallone wanted Jackie Chan for the role of Simon Phoenix. Chan turned it down, not wanting to play a villain.[12][24]Wesley Snipes turned down the role several times, so Joel Silver and Marco Brambilla went to the set of the film Rising Sun to try and convince him in person. Brambilla explained how he thought the film could be and his passion for the script they were writing, and the next day they received a call and Snipes agreed to do the film. Brambilla said of Snipes "he works without rehearsing too much, and he improvises a lot. The two of them, that combination of energies and the way they interact, really did the movie a lot of favors. They completely respected each other and were really professional, and they did get along. There was no ego or any competition between the actors."[21]Lori Petty was originally cast as Huxley, but was fired after two days of filming due to what producer Joel Silver described as "creative differences".[25] Petty attributed it to personality differences, as she and Stallone did not get along, and said "Sly and I were like oil and water."[26]

FilmingEdit

General Motors provided the production team with 18 concept vehicles, including the Ultralite. More than 20 fiberglass replicas of the Ultralite were produced to portray civilian and SAPD patrol vehicles in the film. After filming had completed, the remaining Ultralites were returned to Michigan as part of GM's concept vehicle fleet.[27][28]

The film featured the actual demolition of one of the buildings of the no longer operative Belknap Hardware and Manufacturing Company in Louisville, Kentucky.[citation needed] The City of L.A. allowed the filmmakers to use and demolish an old Department of Water & Power building in downtown Los Angeles. This enabled them to have more control over the explosion, instead of having to cut straight to the building being gone and rubble as they had been forced to do with other projects. "We actually created a crater in the middle of the building. And have the explosion and rubble more designed, so to speak. It's fun to do that, because those big pyrotechnics always look great", Silver noted.[29]

The film suffered repeated delays, and the original 72-day production schedule ran to 112 days.[1] Stallone was out for a week due to injury. Heavy rains in Los Angeles delayed filming. A soundstage was also damaged in a fire.[30] The production went through five assistant directors, and many crew had to leave to work on other projects. Insiders at Warner Bros. were critical of Silver for hiring a director without previous feature film experience. Silver rejected this view, saying, "Marco's done a brilliant job. We're over-schedule because this is a very hard movie to make, not because Marco is inexperienced."[1]

Demolition Man was the first production to film at the Los Angeles Convention Center after it was rebuilt in the 1990s, it was used as the Cocteau Center.[13] "San Angeles" was filmed in Orange County, California. Several locations in Irvine were also used.[13][31][32] The S.A.P.D. police station in the background was the GTE Corporate Headquarters in Westlake Village, California (which later became the Baxter Healthcare building, and was used in the first episode of The Orville). The Pacific Design Center, in West Hollywood was used for the exterior shot of Lenina Huxley's apartment building. The cryo-prison used the exterior of the Metropolitan Detention Center in downtown Los Angeles.[33][34] Filming also took place at Wilshire Courtyard, 5700 and 5750 Wilshire Boulevard.[35] A power station in Eagle Rock, Los Angeles, was used as the underground dwellings of Edgar Friendly and the Scraps.[36]

The helicopter bungee jump at the start of the film was coordinated by Charles Picerni, and performed by stuntman Ken Bates. For safety, and due to the danger of recoil back into the helicopter blades, a decelerator was used instead of a real bungee, and Bates jumped 300 feet from a Chinook helicopter.[37] According to Picerni it was a first: "We've done that off of buildings before, but never out of a helicopter."[1]

The film mentions Arnold Schwarzenegger having served as President of the United States, after a Constitutional amendment was passed allowing him to run for the office due to his popularity. Coincidentally, a day short of ten years after the film's release, the California gubernatorial recall election was scheduled. The election saw Schwarzenegger actually begin a political career as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 until 2011. Shortly after he was elected, an "Arnold Amendment" did get proposed.[38]

One of the film's focal points is Taco Bell being the sole surviving restaurant chain after "the franchise wars." The European version of the film substitutes Taco Bell with Pizza Hut, because Taco Bell is not as well known in outside the U.S.; both restaurant chains are owned by Yum! Brands. Lines were re-dubbed and logos changed during post-production.[39][18][40] According to The Wall Street Journal, this kind of localization of product placement was a first.[41][2]

A subplot involving Spartan's daughter was cut for pacing reasons. This led to some confusion at test screenings, where audiences thought Sandra Bullock was the daughter, and reacted negatively to the scene where they were about to have sex.[17] Originally Spartan's daughter was one of the Scraps living underground with Edgar Friendly's resistance.[13] A scene where Stallone fights Jesse Ventura was cut from the film.[42]

The film had a production budget of $45 million, but sources told the Los Angeles Times that the cost increased to $77 million after the shooting schedule was extended from 72 to 112 days for the first unit of principal photography, plus an additional 75 days for work done by a second unit.[4] The combined cost of production and marketing was estimated at nearly $97 million.[4]

Plagiarism accusationEdit

Hungarian science fiction writer István Nemere says that most of Demolition Man is based on his novel Holtak harca (Fight of the Dead), published in 1986. In the novel, a terrorist and his enemy, a counter-terrorism soldier, are cryogenically frozen and awakened in the 22nd century to find violence has been purged from society. Nemere claimed that a copyright office committee judged that the film was a 75% match to the book. He did not file a lawsuit, as it would have been too expensive for him to hire a lawyer and fight against major Hollywood forces in the United States. He also claimed that Hollywood has plagiarized works of many Eastern European writers after the fall of the Iron Curtain, and that he knows the person he claims to be responsible for illegally selling his idea to the filmmakers.[43]

MusicEdit

The title theme is a heavier remix of the song originally recorded by Grace Jones and written by Sting during his time as frontman for The Police. The song was first released in March 1981, as an advance single from Jones's fifth album, Nightclubbing. Sting released an EP featuring this song and other live tracks, entitled Demolition Man.

Elliot Goldenthal composed the score for the film. It was his second big Hollywood project after the Alien³ score.[44]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

The film debuted at No. 1 at the box office.[4][45][46][47] Demolition Man grossed $58,055,768 by the end of its box office run in North America and $159,055,768 worldwide.[5]

Film critic Roger Ebert was asked why this film was considered a success, but Last Action Hero was considered a flop, despite similar budgets and box office grosses. Ebert concluded it was due to expectations, and that the film was seen as a comeback for Stallone whose career had been flagging, whereas Schwarzenegger failed to live up to his previous record breaking successes.[48]

In 2017, Sylvester Stallone's loan-out company filed a lawsuit against Warner Bros. over the disbursement of profits from the film.[49][50] The lawsuit was settled in 2019.[51]

Critical responseEdit

On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 60% based on 42 reviews, with an average rating of 5.43/10. The site's consensus reads: "A better-than-average sci-fi shoot-em-up with a satirical undercurrent, Demolition Man is bolstered by strong performances by Sylvester Stallone, Wesley Snipes, and Sandra Bullock."[52] On Metacritic the film has a weighted average scored a 34 out of 100, based on 9 reviews, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews".[53] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.[54]

Siskel and Ebert At The Movies reviewed the film: Siskel found the film amusing but didn't care for the action sequences and gave it "thumbs down", whereas Ebert enjoyed both the satirical edge this film had over other films of this genre and thought the action sequences were good for this type of film, and gave it a "thumbs up".[55] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times wrote that the film fails to give action fans what they desire, instead substituting out-of-place satirical commentary.[56] Vincent Canby of The New York Times called it "a significant artifact of our time or, at least, of this week".[57] Richard Schickel of Time wrote, "Some sharp social satire is almost undermined by excessive explosions and careless casting."[58] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone criticized the film calling it "sleek and empty as well as brutal and pointless."[59] Emanuel Levy of Variety called it "A noisy, soulless, self-conscious pastiche that mixes elements of sci-fi, action-adventure and romance, then pours on a layer of comedy replete with Hollywood in-jokes." Levy says it "works better as a comic-book adventure than did "Last Action Hero", but reserves his praise for the technical merits of the film, complimenting "the high-tech, metallic look created by production designer David L. Snyder and his accomplished team" as well as the cinematography of Alex Thomson. He concludes "what's badly missing is a guiding intelligence to lift this disjointed pic from its derivative status."[60]

Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave it a "B-". Despite his low expectations of a Joel Silver production and "the everything-goes-boom school of high-tech action overkill", he found it "an intermittently amusing sci-fi satire" before it switches to full-tilt destruction mode. Gleiberman says "if it's the promise of overwrought violence that lures people into theaters, I suspect it will be the quieter scenes—the ones with a pretense of wit—that keep them satisfied."[61] Hal Hinson of the Washington Post wrote: "Basically, Demolition Man is a futuristic cop picture with slightly more imagination and wit than the typical example of the slash-and-burn genre."[62]TV Guide praised the film and wrote: "The pleasant surprise about Demolition Man is that both the script, and Stallone, are funny; the film blends big-budget action and tongue-in-cheek humor in the way that 'Last Action Hero' tried, and failed, to do."[63] Phillipa Bloom of Empire magazine gave it 4 out of 5, and compared it to a one-night stand "not necessarily something you'll remember next day but fast, furious and damn good fun while it lasts." Bloom was critical of the thin plot but called Stallone and Snipes "a dynamite screen combination".[64]

AccoladesEdit

The film was nominated for three Saturn Awards, Best Costumes (Bob Ringwood), Best Special Effects (Michael J. McAlister, Kimberly Nelson LoCascio) and Best Science Fiction Film.[65] The MTV Movie Awards nominated Wesley Snipes in the Best Villain category.[66]

Sandra Bullock was nominated for a Golden Raspberry Award in the Worst Supporting Actress category.[67]

Home mediaEdit

Warner Bros. released it on VHS in March 1994,[68] on DVD in October 1997 and 2014,[69] and on Blu-ray in August 2011.[70]

AdaptationsEdit

ToysEdit

 
The Oldsmobile 442 was used in the car chase and also included in the Hot Wheels toys from the film.[71][72]

Demolition Man action figures and vehicles were released in 1993. Produced by Mattel the toys were based on their "New Adventures of He-Man" style of figures. In addition to seven action figure, the set included a car, a red convertible called the "Fast Blast 442", an airplane "Bolajet" , and a "Missile Shooter" toy gun.[73] Lenina Huxley was not included in the toy line.[74][75]

Hot Wheels released a set of 9 cars from Demolition Man.[76][77]

Video gamesEdit

Acclaim Entertainment and Virgin Interactive released Demolition Man on various home video game systems. The 16-bit versions were shooting games distributed by Acclaim. The 3DO version is a multi-genre game that incorporates Full Motion Video scenes, with both Sylvester Stallone and Wesley Snipes reprising their roles as their characters in scenes that were filmed exclusively for the game.[78]

PinballEdit

In April 1994, Williams released a widebody pinball machine, Demolition Man based on the film. It was designed by Dennis Nordman. The game features sound clips from the film, as well as original speech by Stallone and Snipes.

Comic booksEdit

A four-part limited-series comic adaptation was published by DC Comics starting in November 1993.[79]

NovelizationEdit

A novelization, written by Robert Tine, was published in November 1993.[80]

LegacyEdit

Inspired by the film, Dennis Rodman had his hair dyed and styled the same way the character of Simon Phoenix played by Snipes, for his San Antonio Spurs debut, which was the start of Rodman dyeing his hair in different colors.[81] Snipes hated this hairdo and shaved it off as soon as filming had wrapped.[82][21]

The development of erotic games for the Oculus Rift virtual reality headset has been compared to the "virtual sex" scene from the film.[83]

To celebrate the film's 25th anniversary, Taco Bell recreated the 2032 San Angeles version of their restaurant at the 2018 San Diego Comic-Con.[84][85]

The film has been described as a cultural touchpoint, and the restrictive future society has been used as an example of government overreach,[17] and called a "Libertarian manifesto".[86] Demolition Man has been referred to as "the only plausible dystopian vision for our time".[87]

The film found renewed relevance during the COVID-19 pandemic, the film was seen as predictive when there were calls to end the practice of shaking hands, and shortages of toilet paper.[17][88][89][90][91]

SequelEdit

In 1993, US Magazine reported a sequel was planned for 1995.[2] In 2006, Stallone was asked about a sequel and he said, "I'd like to make a sequel to DEMOLITION MAN, but I believe that ship has sailed and maybe there are more challenges waiting on the horizon."[92] On May 4, 2020, Stallone said a sequel is in development.[93][89]

ReferencesEdit

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