Open main menu

Crewe Alexandra F.C.

  (Redirected from Crewe Alexandra F.C)

Crewe Alexandra Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Crewe, Cheshire, England. The team compete in League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system. Nicknamed The Railwaymen because of the town's links with the rail industry, they have played at Gresty Road since 1906, when they moved from their original home at the Alexandra Recreation Ground. Supporters maintain rivalries with a number of nearby clubs, their fiercest rivals being Staffordshire-based side Port Vale.

Crewe Alexandra
Crewe Alexandra crest
Full nameCrewe Alexandra Football Club
Nickname(s)The Railwaymen, The Alex
Founded1877; 142 years ago (1877) (as Crewe)
GroundGresty Road
Capacity10,153
ChairmanJohn Bowler
ManagerDavid Artell
LeagueLeague Two
2018–19League Two, 12th of 24
WebsiteClub website
Current season

The club was formed in 1877 and named after Princess Alexandra. They entered the Football Alliance league in 1889, before becoming founding members of the Football League Second Division in 1892. However they failed to be re-elected into the Football League after finishing bottom of the division in 1895–96. They spent the next three seasons in the Lancashire League, before spending ten years competing in the Birmingham & District League. They spent the 1910s in The Central League, before they were invited to join the newly created Football League Third Division North in 1921, where they spent the following 37 years. After three consecutive last-place Third Division North finishes, they were placed in the newly formed Fourth Division, and went on to achieve their first promotion after securing a third-place finish in 1962–63. Immediately relegated, they were promoted again in 1967–68, but again lasted just one season in the Third Division.

Crewe spent 20 years struggling in the fourth tier, being forced to apply for re-election on seven occasions, before their fortunes were revived under manager Dario Gradi, who secured promotion at the end of the 1988–89 campaign. Relegated after two seasons, they were again promoted in 1993–94, and after two unsuccessful play-off campaigns, won the 1997 Second Division play-off final to win a place in the second tier after an absence of 101 years. They spent eight of the next nine seasons in the First Division / Championship, securing automatic promotion from the Second Division in 2002–03 after being relegated the previous season. Gradi resigned in July 2007, with the club in League One. During Gradi's 24-year tenure Crewe built a reputation for playing attractive, technical football and the Crewe Alexandra Academy forged a reputation for developing young players. Future England internationals David Platt, Danny Murphy and Dean Ashton began their professional careers at the club, whilst Nick Powell was sold for a club record £6 million in 2012.

Gradi returned first on a caretaker basis and then on a permanent basis from 2009 to 2011 following relegation into League Two at the end of the 2008–09 campaign. New manager Steve Davis led the club to promotion out of the play-offs in 2012 and then to the Football League Trophy title in 2013. They spent four seasons in League One, before being relegated in last place in 2015–16. The club was heavily implicated in the football sexual abuse scandal that came to public attention in 2016, facing criticism for their handling of youth coach Barry Bennell, who was gaoled in 2018 for child sexual abuse.[1]

HistoryEdit

Formation and early yearsEdit

Crewe Alexandra were formed in 1877 as Crewe Football Club, separate from the successful Crewe Cricket Club, and named after Princess Alexandra.[2][3] They were based at the Alexandra Recreation Ground and played their first match against North Staffs that same year, a match that ended 1–1. In 1883, Crewe Alexandra's first match in the FA Cup was against Scottish club Queen's Park of Glasgow, losing 10–0.[4] In 1888, the club reached the FA Cup semi-finals, defeating Derby County and Middlesbrough en route, before going out to Preston North End. Crewe were founding members of the Football League Second Division in 1892, having previously been members of the Football Alliance, but lost their league status in 1896 after only four seasons. The club left the Alexandra Recreation Ground shortly before the end of the 1895–96 season, and after playing at a number of different venues, including in nearby Sandbach, they moved to the first Gresty Road ground in 1897. In 1906 the current Gresty Road ground was rebuilt to the west of the original site.[5]

 
Chart of table positions of Crewe Alexandra in the Football League.

Crewe rejoined the Football League in 1921, during which season a record crowd of 15,102 packed into Gresty Road to watch Crewe entertain local rivals Stoke City, a game The Potters won 2–0. Crewe earned their first honours by winning the Welsh Cup in 1936 and 1937, before being barred from entering (not least since they were not in Wales). In 1936, Bert Swindells scored his 100th League goal for Crewe Alexandra.[6] He went on to score 126 goals for the club, a record that still stands today.[7]

Post World War IIEdit

1955 saw Crewe embark on a sequence where they did not win away from home for 56 matches. The dismal run ended with a 1–0 win at Southport.

One of Crewe's most famous matches took place against Spurs in the FA Cup in 1960. A new record attendance of 20,000 saw lowly Crewe hold Spurs to a 2–2 draw on 30 January, with Bert Llewellyn and Merfyn Jones scoring for the Railwaymen. On 3 February, Tottenham convincingly won the replay 13–2, which remains a record defeat for the club. Llewellyn and Nev Coleman scored for Crewe.[6]

1961 saw Crewe's most notable win in their history, Jimmy McGuigan's side defeated Chelsea 2–1 in the FA Cup at Stamford Bridge. That particular Chelsea side contained the former Crewe player Frank Blunstone as well as Jimmy Greaves, Peter Bonetti and Terry Venables. The Crewe goals were scored by Billy Stark and Barrie Wheatley. Spurs won by a more modest 5–1 in the Fourth Round. In 1963, Crewe gained promotion for the first time in their history with a 1–0 win over Exeter City. Frank Lord became the local hero, scoring the only goal in front a crowd of 9,807. Lord also holds the record for most hat-tricks for the club, eight during his time at Gresty Road.

In the 1964–65 season, Terry Harkin scored a record 35 league goals for Crewe. 1977 saw Tommy Lowry play his record-breaking 475th and last game for the Railwaymen. 1979 would see manager Warwick Rimmer's most notable signing when Bruce Grobbelaar joined Crewe and played his first match against Wigan Athletic. During the season he scored from the penalty spot against York City and kept eight clean-sheets in his 24 matches played. In the same year the club went a record 15 matches without winning at Gresty Road.

The period from the 1950s to the early 1980s was generally not a successful time for the club, and few would have argued with Michael Palin's comment, in the 1979 BBC Great Railway Journeys of the World documentary when, in a shot over Gresty Road filmed from the roof of the adjacent Rail House he described Crewe as "like those other railway towns, Swindon and Doncaster, possessed of a football team which is perpetually propping up the bottom of the Fourth Division". Indeed, between 1894 and 1982, Crewe finished in last place in the Football League eight times, more than any other league club.

The Gradi yearsEdit

In June 1983, Crewe appointed Milan-born Dario Gradi as manager. His first season signings included Mark Leonard from Tranmere, John Crabbe from Hereford and David Pullar from Exeter[8] as Gradi looked to build an academy structure to develop players that could be sold to help fund the player development programme. Among his first transfer successes were Dave Waller (sold to Shrewsbury in 1986) and Gary Blissett (sold to Brentford in 1987), plus Geoff Thomas and John Pemberton (both signed from Rochdale and sold to Crystal Palace, in 1987 and 1988 respectively).[9][10]

Gradi quickly gained a reputation for developing young talent, allowing Steve Walters to become the youngest ever player to pull on a Crewe shirt: aged just 16 years and 119 days he played against Peterborough United on 7 May 1988.[11] Gradi's efforts paid off in 1989 when Crewe won promotion to the Third Division. They went back down two years later, but were promoted again in 1994. In the same year, Neil Lennon became the first Crewe Alexandra player to gain an International cap for 60 years when he was selected to play for Northern Ireland against Mexico. Gradi then led his charges to Division One in 1997, after victory over Brentford in the Division Two play-off final, and kept his team there until 2002, despite a club income on which many more lowly clubs could not survive. Meanwhile, Gradi celebrated his 1,000th game in charge of Crewe on 20 November 2001 – an away fixture at Carrow Road, the home of Norwich City.

After one season in the Division Two the club were promoted back to Division One at the end of the 2002–03 season, having finished in second place; the first time the club had finished in the top two of any division, and the club prepared for life in Division 1.

Although managing to retain their place in the Division 1 in the 2003–04 season, at the start of the 2004–05 season they were rated one of the likeliest teams to be relegated from the newly renamed 'Championship'. In the event, they put in a good showing in the first half of the season; comfortably in the top half of the table, but after selling Dean Ashton to Norwich City for a record £3 million in the January 2005 transfer window, Crewe failed to win any more games until the final match of the season, when they defeated Coventry City 2–1 and narrowly escaped relegation on goal difference. The following year they were not so fortunate. Despite a good run towards the end of the 2005–06 season, they were relegated to League 1.

Crewe were named the "Most Admired Club" in the 2006 Football League Awards, sponsored by The League Paper and FourFourTwo Magazine.[12]

By the summer of 2007, Gradi was the longest-serving manager in English league football; he had completed 24 years in sole charge of the club, although assistant manager Neil Baker took temporary charge between 22 September and 17 October 2003 while Gradi underwent heart surgery (Crewe only managed one point while Baker was in charge). On 20 April 2007 Crewe Alexandra announced that, from 1 July 2007, Gradi would take up a new role as the club's Technical Director while gradually allowing newly appointed first-team coach Steve Holland control of the team.

Holland's first season in this role, 2007–08, was a disappointment as the club narrowly avoided relegation after finishing 20th with 50 points.[13] That summer Holland spent half a million pounds on new signings, including Calvin Zola, Anthony Elding and goalkeepers Steve Collis and Adam Legzdins, while striker Nicky Maynard joined Bristol City for a club record fee of £2.25 million. However, despite a positive pre-season, including a win over Premiership club Hull City, Crewe took only nine points from their first 16 games.

After pressure from fans, the board sacked Steve Holland as first team coach in November 2008, and re-appointed Gradi as caretaker manager. Gradi's first game back in charge was a 3–0 defeat at home to local rivals Stockport County. On 24 December 2008 the Icelandic former manager of Stoke City, Gudjon Thordarson, was appointed as Holland's successor, though Gradi remained in charge of the team for a further six days before resuming his Technical Director role. Thordarson's first game in charge was a 2–2 draw away at Millwall in the FA Cup 3rd round, but although Thordarson received the Manager of the Month award for February, the team suffered a poor end-of-season run, not winning for 10 games, and were relegated to League Two. On 18 June 2009, Steve Davis was appointed Assistant Manager to Gudjon Thordarson. Davis left his role as manager of Nantwich Town, where he spent five successful years, gaining two promotions. Davis replaced former assistant Neil Baker, who was moved to a new scouting role within the club.

On 2 October 2009, after nine months in charge, Thordarson was sacked after a run of poor results.[14] Dario Gradi was reinstated as caretaker manager in time for the following day's match against Rotherham. Despite lingering close to the playoff places for the majority of the season, another run of poor form saw the club finish in 18th place, only five places above the relegation zone. Gradi responded to this disappointment by refusing to take the team on a pre-season tour, stating that he "doesn't want to reward the players for what happened this season".

The club finished 10th in League Two in their 2010–11 season and also ended up with the League 2 golden boot winner: Clayton Donaldson scored 29 goals, but moved to Brentford in July 2011.

On 10 November 2011, the club announced that Dario Gradi had stepped down as manager and would return to his previous role as Director of Football focusing on youth development.[15]

2011 to present dayEdit

Steve Davis was appointed manager, and led the team to a 16-match unbeaten run in early 2012 up to 7th position, earning the club a play-off place.[16] Crewe defeated Southend United in the semi-final with a 1–0 win at home in the first leg and a 2–2 draw at Roots Hall, extending the unbeaten run to a club-record 18 matches[17] and securing a play-off final against Cheltenham Town at Wembley on 27 May 2012 which they won 2–0 and earned promotion.

Before the 2012–13 season started, Crewe sold Nick Powell to Manchester United, and on transfer deadline day (31 August 2012) captain Ashley Westwood was sold to Aston Villa. However, with new players coming into the first team, Crewe won the Football League Trophy, beating Southend United 2–0 in the final at Wembley in April 2013.[18] The team finished 13th in League One, ending the season by fielding a team whose starting 11 were all Crewe Academy graduates.[19][20]

On 22 February 2014, for 33 minutes of a match at Port Vale, two brothers played on opposite sides against each other – Crewe's Harry Davis and Joe Davis of Port Vale – while their father, Steve Davis, was manager of one of the teams (Crewe Alexandra).[21][22]

In March 2014, Crewe chairman John Bowler (elected chairman in 1987) was honoured with the Contribution to League Football Award at The Football League Awards 2014.[23] Dario Gradi had earlier won the same award, in 2011. In December 2014, it was announced that Bowler had, like Gradi (in January 1998),[24] been awarded an MBE for services to football.[25]

On 3 May 2014 Crewe ensured their place in League One with a 2–1 home victory over Preston North End ending the 2013–14 Season in 19th place four points above relegation. Although the season had not been successful for the first team, the Under-21s won the Professional Development League Two title with a 1–0 win over QPR on 30 April 2014; Max Clayton scored the goal.[26] The under-18s were runners-up in their Development League.

Crewe started the 2014–15 season poorly, accumulating just four points from the first 11 League games. Some sustained runs of better results pulled the club out of the relegation places, but, needing a home draw against Bradford City to secure safety, Crewe lost 0–1 and had to rely on favourable results elsewhere to ensure League One football for another year, finishing two points above the bottom four in 20th position.[27]

The following season started in a similar pattern, with the team winning just two of their first 15 league games, and crashing out of the FA Cup in the first round, defeated at Gresty Road by non-league Eastleigh,[28] forcing Davis to defend his position as the 'right man' for the job.[29] Crewe's relegation to League Two was confirmed following a 3–0 defeat at Port Vale on 9 April 2016, with five games remaining.[30] After an initially promising start to the following season, Crewe's form slumped during the final months of 2016, and on 8 January 2017, Davis was sacked as Crewe manager, with former Crewe defender David Artell appointed his replacement.[31][32] Under Artell, Crewe finished 17th, improving slightly to 15th position at the end of the 2017–18 season (on 5 May 2018 again fielding a starting 11 who were all Crewe Academy graduates),[33] and then 12th at the end of the 2018–19 season.

After 36 years involvement with the club, Gradi, 78, announced his retirement from all positions at Crewe Alexandra on 7 October 2019.[34]

StadiumEdit

Until 1896 Crewe played at the Alexandra Recreation Ground, located just to the north of the modern-day Gresty Road. After playing at a variety of venues in 1896 and 1897, including in nearby Sandbach, the club returned to the same area of Crewe to play at the first Gresty Road ground, located to the south-east of the original stadium. In 1906 the ground was demolished to make way for some new railway lines, and a new Gresty Road stadium was built on a site directly to the west.[5][35]

The ground is composed of four stands:

  • The Air Products Stand (formerly the Railtrack Stand, before a change in sponsors), built in 2000 at a cost of £5.2 million. It accommodates 6,809 spectators, together with the club's office accommodation.
  • The Absolute Recruitment Stand (formerly The Mark Price Stand, before a change in sponsors)[36] – also known as the Gresty Road End, accommodates 982 spectators and 4 disabled spectators.
  • The Blue Bell Family Stand, also known as the Railway End, accommodates 682 spectators.
  • The Whitby Morrison Ice Cream Van Stand, formerly the Pop Side, accommodates 1,680 away spectators.

Supporters and rivalriesEdit

Crewe's fans were the first to sing the famous football song "Blue Moon" (with lyrics that do not quite match the Rodgers and Hart original).[37] The song was a response to the gloomy days at Gresty Road during the mid-1900s, and reflects the colour of the Alex away strip, which only the more steadfast and determined fans would travel to see. The song has since been sung by fans of Manchester City, although their rendition was highlighting the colour of their strips as opposed to simply copying Crewe's supporters which has been a trending ideology amongst Crewe followers.

Crewe's main rivals are fellow English Football League team Port Vale. The clubs have been involved in 73 games since 1892 (8 games against Burslem Port Vale); overall, Crewe have won 19 games, Port Vale have won 33, with the teams drawing 21 games.[38][39] The rivalry (known by some since the 1980s as the A500 Derby) intensified after the millennium, when both clubs were in League One and Two. Close encounters between the two clubs since 2010 have resulted in violence and arrests.[40][41][42][43] On 22 February 2014, Crewe beat Vale 3–1, at Vale Park and there was trouble before, during and after the game, with several arrests made, flares thrown on the pitch,[44] and a scuffle between rival supporters in the executive boxes.[45] The first meeting of the 2014–15 season saw Crewe beat Port Vale 2–1; again trouble flared with Cheshire Police confirming five arrests were made.[46] The sides met again in January 2015, at Vale Park. Crewe won the game 1–0 to seal their first league double over Port Vale. Two arrests were made at the game, with minor disturbances between rival fans after the match.[47] Six arrests were made at Gresty Road during the 22 September 2018 meeting between the two sides.[48] One study in 2019 ranked the Port Vale-Crewe Alexandra rivalry as the 14th biggest rivalry in English professional football.[49]

Crewe also maintain smaller rivalries with Wrexham, Shrewsbury Town, Stoke City and traditional local Cheshire derbies with Macclesfield Town, Chester City, Stockport County and Tranmere Rovers. The Railwaymen's rivalry with Stockport intensified somewhat in 2009 when Stockport all but relegated Crewe from League One, after beating them 4–3 at Edgeley Park.[50] Crewe then returned the favour in 2011, when they beat County 2–0 at Gresty Road on 30 April.[51] This confirmed County's relegation to non-League football.

The Macclesfield Town rivalry intensified on 9 February 2019. After a 97th minute equaliser by Reece Cole to make it 3–3, some Crewe fans invaded the pitch and brawled with a section of the Macclesfield fans, with bottles and other objects thrown. Crewe, Macclesfield and Cheshire Police led an enquiry into the incident.[citation needed]

ReputationEdit

Player developmentEdit

During Gradi's tenure the club gained a reputation for its youth policy, and earned official status as an FA Youth Academy. By concentrating on developing its own players the club remained profitable (a rarity in lower division football at the time) by selling them on after they have gained experience with Crewe. The Academy is known to stress technical excellence, which accords with Gradi's aim to have his sides play attractive, passing football.

Players who passed through the ranks at Crewe include the England international players Geoff Thomas and David Platt, Welsh international Robbie Savage, and Northern Ireland internationals Neil Lennon and Steve Jones (Platt was the most successful, totalling more than £20 million in transfers and captaining the England team). All these were youngsters signed from other clubs, but Gradi also had considerable success in nurturing Crewe's own trainees – most notably full England internationals Rob Jones, Danny Murphy, Seth Johnson and Dean Ashton and Wales international David Vaughan.

In 2004 the BBC's Football Focus asked fans of all professional football clubs in England and Scotland to vote for their cult hero. For Crewe, Seth Johnson won with 59% of the vote; Danny Murphy came second with 33%, and Craig Hignett third with 8%.[52]

Full international playersEdit

1John Pearson is the only player to represent England at full international level (i.e.: not at schoolboy, under-17, under 21, etc.) while on the books of Crewe Alexandra.

Sexual abuse scandalEdit

On 16 November 2016, former Crewe defender Andy Woodward revealed that he had been the victim of child sexual abuse by former football coach Barry Bennell (convicted as a paedophile in 1998) at the club in the 1980s.[53][54][55] The club was criticised for its lack of response to the Woodward revelations:

"Yet there are so many questions that have never been satisfactorily answered. ... What a cop-out, what a dereliction of duty, for the club, the directors and their media department to think this can be swatted away like a bothersome fly."[56]

Club chairman John Bowler finally responded to the revelations on Monday 21 November, by which time it was reported that six other individuals had contacted the police, and that the Football Association was setting up a helpline.[57] On 22 November, The Guardian reported that Crewe team mate Steve Walters had been another of Bennell's victims,[58] while Woodward criticised Crewe for failing to apologise:

"... not one person from Crewe Alexandra has ever contact [sic] me to see if I was OK or to say they were really sorry this happened at their football club. Even now, they’re still failing to say they are really sorry this happened. I need them to say sorry. Everyone who was involved – and there are people coming forward every day – will want them to say sorry but unfortunately this statement doesn’t surprise me and it feels like to me there is almost an air of arrogance on their part."[59]

As two players from other clubs made similar sex abuse revelations about Bennell[60] and an unnamed coach,[61] Dario Gradi was pressed by The Independent[62] and The Guardian "to say more about what he knew and when."[63] On 24 November, Gradi released a statement saying he knew nothing of Bennell's crimes:

I would like to express sympathy to the victims of Barry Bennell not only at Crewe Alexandra, but at other clubs in the North West. The first I knew of Barry Bennell’s crimes was when he was arrested in the United States in 1994. I knew nothing of his crimes before this time when he was employed by us. No-one at the Football Club knew of Bennell’s crimes until his arrest in 1994 and his subsequent prosecution in the United Kingdom. The football club also co-operated fully with the authorities in 2003. The club are in the process of a review and I won’t be making any further comment until this is finalised."[64]

On 25 November, Hamilton Smith, a director at Crewe Alexandra from 1986 to 1990 told the Guardian that the club heard an allegation that Bennell had sexually abused a junior footballer. However, Bennell was allowed to stay at the club, despite the then chairman, Norman Rowlinson, recommending that the club "get him out", so long as Bennell was not left alone with boys and was stopped from arranging overnight stays;[65] it was later (February 2018) reported that Rowlinson had sought police advice about Bennell and had been advised to "move him on".[66] Smith said: "I'm incredibly angry the club continue to refute that they knew anything about suspicions of Bennell’s activities. This was discussed at the club’s top level."[65]

Smith said fellow directors did not want to rely on hearsay evidence and local gossip. Smith later met Tony Pickerin, the FA’s head of education and child protection and requested an investigation into the care of children at Gresty Road. However, he only received a three-line letter from Pickerin saying the FA had “investigated the issues and is satisfied that there is no case to answer.”[65] Smith's allegations were considered in a statement from the club in March 2018; the club expressed concern that, despite Smith apparently being aware of Bennell's offending in 1988, he did not report this to the police until 2016 or the FA until 2001; Smith was also interviewed by the police who, according to the club, concluded "there was no evidence to corroborate that the club was aware of Mr Bennell's offending".[67]

On 27 November 2016, another former Crewe player, Anthony Hughes, revealed that he too had been abused by Bennell.[68] Wales and Manchester United youth player Matthew Monaghan[69][70] and Crewe trainee, later Wimbledon and Northern Ireland international Mark Williams also alleged abuse by Bennell.[71][72]

Bennell was tried at Liverpool Crown Court in early 2018, and convicted of 50 offences of sexual abuse against 12 boys.[73] After the guilty verdicts on 15 February, victims including Andy Woodward and Steve Walters read statements outside court.[73] Crewe Alexandra expressed its "deepest sympathies" to Bennell's victims, saying it was not aware of any sexual abuse by Bennell nor had it received any complaint about sexual abuse by him before or during his employment with the club.[74][73] This has been disputed: the Guardian said Bennell had to leave Crewe following a complaint against him, having been identified as a risk long before joining Crewe, amid a cover-up at Manchester City.[75] Lord Carlile, the barrister who prosecuted Bennell in 1998, accused Crewe of 'brushing the scandal under the carpet'.[76]

Following complaints from other former players, mostly from Manchester City and Crewe, Bennell was reported to be likely to face a further trial.[75] In September 2018, it was reported that the police and Crown Prosecution Service regarded some of allegations, particularly the rape of minors, as serious enough to warrant criminal action, potentially in 2019.[77]

On 25 February 2019, The Guardian reported on a nine-page statement from Gradi about what he knew regarding Bennell. Gradi admitted to encouraging a close player-coach culture and to not making detailed background checks about Bennell because Crewe was trying to poach him from Manchester City "on the quiet". Club chairman John Bowler said Crewe had not appreciated the dangers of football being used as a means for a paedophile to prey on young boys ("documented procedures that are now in place for the protection of minors were not in place at that time"), while Gradi had not made detailed inquiries into Bennell's background ("He did not have any specific coaching qualifications but none were required and at the time the FA did not publish any guidance on child protection”). However, former club secretary Gill Palin had been uncomfortable about Bennell.[78] Three days later, Steve Walters accused Crewe of showing "no humanity" and "victim blaming" in a bid to avoid compensation payouts, and of claiming Walters had waited too long to report abuse. The club said Walters's claims included (unspecified) "fundamental inaccuracies".[79] Walters and at least one other former Crewe player have each launched High Court damages claims of upwards of £200,000 against the club.[80]

On 19 March 2019, the Guardian reported Crewe Alexandra planned to contest victims' claims, using specialist lawyers – appointed for the club by Football League insurers – with experience of defending child sex abuse allegations involving the Roman Catholic church. The lawyers argued the club should not be liable for alleged incidents from the 1980s and 1990s that were not committed as part of Bennell's official club duties (Bennell allegedly also ran a feeder team, Railway Juniors, set up by parents) and also argued that, under the Limitation Act 1980, the incidents should be disregarded as victims has not reported them years earlier.[81] However, on 27 March 2019, the Guardian reported an apparent U-turn in Crewe's approach; it had agreed an out-of-court financial settlement with one of Bennell's victims.[82] Andy Woodward had unsuccessfully sued Crewe for damages in 2004.[83]

Crewe enquiryEdit

On 26 November 2016 the club announced it would be holding an independent review into how they dealt with historical child sex abuse allegations: "an independent review, to be conducted via the appointment of external legal counsel, is the correct way forward".[84]

Fifteen months later, in February 2018, the club had not started this review, claiming an unnamed authority told them to hold off until the criminal case was over.[75] On 2 March 2018, the club issued a statement saying that, as it had fully supported and co-operated with the police's detailed and comprehensive investigations, it did "not intend to commission a further independent investigation to duplicate the thorough enquiries that have already been undertaken," and the police's report had also been supplied to the FA review headed by Clive Sheldon.[67]

Crewe's decision to shelve its own investigation was criticised by local MP Laura Smith (daughter of former club director Hamilton Smith) who said victims deserved nothing less than a thorough investigation which "should be transparent and leave no stone unturned."[85] The club was also excluded from the NorthWest Football Awards, was criticised by MP Damian Collins, chair of the DCMS select committee,[86] and by Crewe Town Council,[87] and was called to reconsider its decision by the Professional Footballers Association's Gordon Taylor.[88] In March 2018, Clive Sheldon warned clubs they must hold their own investigations into abuse claims or he will do it, putting pressure on Crewe to reconsider its decision not to hold an inquiry.[89]

Additional allegationsEdit

Dario Gradi was also the subject of allegations that, as Chelsea's assistant manager, he tried to "smooth over" a youth player's complaint of sexual assault against Chelsea chief scout Eddie Heath in 1974.[90] On 6 December 2016, the Football Association announced Gradi would be among the first to be targeted by its inquiry over the 'smoothing over' allegation.[91] In connection with these allegations, on 11 December 2016, the FA announced that it had suspended Gradi.[92][93] Gradi subsequently said he had been notified by the FA of his interim suspension from football on 25 November, and reiterated "that I will do everything within my power to assist all investigatory authorities."[94][95] In February 2017, it was reported that Gradi planned to appeal against his FA suspension from football, feeling he had been left "in limbo".[96] In August 2019, Chelsea's board apologised "unreservedly" for allowing Heath, a "prolific and manipulative sexual abuser", to operate "unchallenged". The apology followed an inquiry led by barrister Charles Geekie QC, who was also critical of former assistant manager Gradi. He was accused of failing to tell senior club staff about a sexual conduct allegation concerning Heath made by the parent of a young player.[97]

On 5 January 2017, the FA suspended former youth coach Paul McCann, who volunteered at Crewe in the 1980s and 1990s and was an assistant coach of the club's youth team.[98] Almost a year later, on 2 January 2018, McCann, 57, was charged with non-recent sexual offences[99] including indecent assaults.[100] At Chester Crown Court on 31 January[101] McCann denied the charges and was released on unconditional bail ahead of an October 2018 trial;[102] on 18 October 2018 McCann was found not guilty of all charges against him.[103]

In October 2018, The Guardian reported that a Crewe coach, Carl Everall, had been suspended because of a safeguarding issue, and was subject to an FA investigation.[104] After pleading guilty to grooming a teenage girl, in May 2019 at Chester Crown Court, Everall was ordered to go on a sexual offenders treatment programme, given a three-year community order, a 35-day rehabilitation activity requirement and a sexual harm prevention order, and was ordered to sign the sex offenders register for five years.[105]

Honours and achievementsEdit

Football League Second Division (3rd tier)

Football League Fourth Division / League Two (4th tier)

Football League Trophy

Club recordsEdit

Best FA Cup finish 1887–88, semi-finalists
Highest home attendance 20,000: vs Tottenham Hotspur, 30 January 1960, FA Cup
Largest league victory 8–0: vs Rotherham United, 1 October 1932, Third Division North
Heaviest league defeat 1–11: vs Lincoln City, 29 September 1951, Third Division North
Most capped player Clayton Ince: 31, Trinidad and Tobago
Most appearances in all competitions Tommy Lowry: 482, 1965–77
Most goals in all competitions Bert Swindells: 137, 1927–37
Most goals in a season Terry Harkin: 35, 1964–65
Highest transfer fee paid £650,000: Rodney Jack from Torquay United, August 1998
Highest transfer fee received £6,000,000: Nick Powell to Manchester United, 2 July 2012[106]

PlayersEdit

As of 15 November 2019[107]

Current squadEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Will Jääskeläinen
2   DF Perry Ng
3   MF Harry Pickering
4   MF Ryan Wintle
5   DF Olly Lancashire
6   DF Eddie Nolan
7   FW Daniel Powell
8   MF James Jones
9   FW Chris Porter
10   FW Charlie Kirk
11   MF Callum Ainley
12   MF Paul Green
13   GK Dave Richards
No. Position Player
14   MF Oliver Finney
15   DF Nicky Hunt
16   MF Tom Lowery
17   FW Chuma Anene (on loan from FC Midtjylland)
18   MF Regan Griffiths
19   MF Owen Dale
21   MF Luke Offord
22   DF Billy Sass-Davies
23   DF Travis Johnson
24   FW Lewis Reilly
25   DF Rio Adebisi
26   MF Connor Heath
30   DF Christian Mbulu

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
21   MF Josh Lundstram (on loan at Kidsgrove Athletic)
  MF Shaun Miller (on loan at Morecambe)

ManagementEdit

Coaching positionsEdit

As of 31 March 2019.[108]
Name Nationality Role
David Artell   Gibraltar Manager
Kenny Lunt   England Assistant Manager
James Collins   England Head Of Coaching
Lee Bell   England U18 Manager

Managerial historyEdit

As of 7 September 2019. Only competitive matches are counted.

Name Nat From To Record
P W D L Win %
W.C. McNeill
(Secretary-Manager)
  August 1892 May 1894 50 12 10 28 024.00
J.G. Hall
(Secretary-Manager)
  August 1895 May 1896 31 5 3 23 016.13
R. Roberts
(Secretary-Manager)
  January 1897 December 1897 0 0 0 0 !
J.B. Bloomley
(Secretary-Manager to 1911
Honorary Secretary to 1925)
  January 1898 May 1925 169 56 44 69 033.14
Tom Bailey   August 1925 May 1938 578 223 113 242 038.58
George Lillycrop   August 1938 July 1944 45 20 7 18 044.44
Frank Hill   July 1944 October 1948 102 45 19 38 044.12
Arthur Turner   October 1948 December 1951 149 56 39 54 037.58
Harry Catterick   December 1951 June 1953 74 31 11 32 041.89
Ralph Ward   June 1953 May 1955 96 25 28 43 026.04
Maurice Lindley   August 1955 May 1958 143 23 28 92 016.08
Harry Ware   August 1958 May 1960 100 36 22 42 036.00
Jimmy McGuigan   June 1960 November 1964 222 87 85 50 039.19
Ernie Tagg   November 1964 October 1970 273 105 69 99 038.46
Tom McAnearney   October 1970 July 1971 34 14 7 13 041.18
Dennis Viollet   August 1971 November 1971 15 4 2 9 026.67
Jimmy Melia   May 1972 December 1973 70 16 23 31 022.86
Ernie Tagg   January 1974 December 1974 48 13 12 23 027.08
Harry Gregg   January 1975 May 1978 163 53 53 57 032.52
Warwick Rimmer   August 1978 May 1979 46 6 14 26 013.04
Tony Waddington   June 1979 July 1981 93 24 27 42 025.81
Arfon Griffiths   August 1981 October 1982 59 9 10 40 015.25
Peter Morris   November 1982 June 1983 33 8 7 18 024.24
Dario Gradi1[109]    June 1983 July 2007 1,251 464 301 486 037.09
Dario Gradi2 / Steve Holland3    /   July 2007 November 2008 72 19 16 37 026.39
Dario Gradi4[109]    November 2008 December 2008 8 3 1 4 037.50
Gudjon Thordarson   December 2008 October 2009 37 12 7 18 032.43
Dario Gradi4[109]    October 2009 November 2011 110 38 23 49 034.55
Steve Davis[110]   November 2011 January 2017 272 84 71 117 030.88
David Artell[111]   January 2017 current 135 51 19 65 037.78

1As sole Manager. Between 22 September and 17 October 2003, Gradi underwent heart surgery. Assistant Manager Neil Baker took charge of the team for this period (P6, W0, D1, L5).
2As Technical Director
3As First Team Coach
4As Caretaker Manager

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Taylor, Daniel (20 February 2018). "Barry Bennell branded 'sheer evil' as he is sentenced to 30 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  2. ^ "1877 – A Football Club is formed in Crewe, as a separate organisation from the successful Crewe Cricket Club. They take the name 'Alexandra' after Princess Alexandra": from the club's official website Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Seddon, Peter (2004), Football Talk: The language and folklore of the world's greatest game, Chrysalis Books, London (ISBN 1-86105-683-4), p.174.
  4. ^ "English Challenge Cup. Queen's Park (Glasgow) v. Crewe". Sheffield Daily Telegraph. 8 October 1883. Retrieved 5 February 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ a b Paul Smith & Shirley Smith (2005) The Ultimate Directory of English & Scottish Football League Grounds Second Edition 1888–2005, Yore Publications, p62, ISBN 0-9547830-4-2
  6. ^ a b Crisp, Marco (1998). Crewe Alexandra Match by Match (2nd ed.). Nottingham: Tony Brown. ISBN 1-899468-81-1.
  7. ^ "Potted History". Crewe Alexandra. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  8. ^ Hornbrook, Jules (2000). The Gradi Years. Crewe: Jules Hornbrook. p. 14. ISBN 0953887707.
  9. ^ McGarry, Graham (2 July 2009). "Dario Gradi – Crewe's longest serving manager". BBC Radio Stoke. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  10. ^ Thomas, Geoff (2008). Riding Through The Storm: My Fight Back to Fitness on the Tour de France. London: Hachette.
  11. ^ Crisp, Marco (1998). Crewe Alexandra Match by Match. Nottingham: Tony Brown. p. 119. ISBN 1 899468 81 1.
  12. ^ "Crewe Alexandra | News | Latest News | Latest News | Crewe Delighted With Award". www.crewealex.co.uk.p.preprod.performgroup.com. 6 March 2006. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2006.
  13. ^ "Coca-Cola Football League One: Table". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  14. ^ Thordarson sacked as Crewe boss BBC Sport; 2 October 2009
  15. ^ Dario Gradi steps down as Crewe Alexandra manager BBC Sport; 10 October 2011
  16. ^ Alex secure play-offs spot, Sporting Life[permanent dead link] (retrieved: 6 May 2012)
  17. ^ "Go and finish the job, says Crewe Alexandra boss Steve Davis". BBC News. 17 May 2012.
  18. ^ Osborne, Chris. "Crewe 2 – Southend 0". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  19. ^ "Crewe 2–0 Walsall". BBC Sport. 27 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  20. ^ Scott, Ged (24 April 2013). "Crewe Alexandra: Dario Gradi's academy dream set to come true". BBC Sport. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  21. ^ "Port Vale v Crewe: Steve Davis plays down family pride". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  22. ^ "Port Vale 1 Crewe Alexandra 3". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  23. ^ "John Bowler honoured with Contribution to League Football Award". The Football League. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  24. ^ Dario Gradi MBE, League Managers Association. Retrieved: 17 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Crewe Alexandra: Chairman John Bowler 'humbled' by MBE award". BBC Sport. BBC. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  26. ^ "Crewe Alexandra crowned Professional Development League Two champions". QPR. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  27. ^ "Crewe 0 – 1 Bradford". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  28. ^ Crewe 0–1 Eastleigh, BBC Sport, 7 November 2015. Retrieved: 12 November 2015.
  29. ^ "Steve Davis: Crewe boss insists he is 'right man' for the job". BBC Sport. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  30. ^ "Port Vale 3–0 Crewe Alexandra". BBC Sport. BBC. 9 April 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Club Part Company With Steve Davis" (Press release). Crewe Alexandra F.C. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  32. ^ "Crewe Alexandra: David Artell named manager after sacking of Steve Davis". BBC Sport. BBC. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Crewe Alexandra 2–1 Cheltenham Town". BBC Sport. BBC. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  34. ^ Morse, Peter (7 October 2019). "Dario Gradi retires from positions at Crewe Alex". Cheshire Live. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  35. ^ Smith & Smith, p13
  36. ^ Official Announcement Archived 23 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Crewe Alexandra
  37. ^ "Blue Moon, the significance of the song to Man City fans – Manchester City FC". Manchester City FC.
  38. ^ "Crewe Alexandra football club: record v Port Vale". 11v11.com.
  39. ^ "Crewe Alexandra football club: record v Burslem Port Vale". 11v11.com.
  40. ^ Belinda Ryan (19 January 2011). "Police arrest 15 football fans as rival supporters clash at Crewe Alexandra v Port Vale match". crewechronicle.
  41. ^ "Football fans charged after Crewe and Port Vale match". BBC News. 16 January 2011.
  42. ^ "13 arrests made following Port Vale and Crewe Alex game". Stoke Sentinel. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  43. ^ "Trouble at derby – Stoke Sentinel". Stoke Sentinel. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  44. ^ "Trouble flared at Port Vale and Crewe Alex derby match". Stoke Sentinel. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  45. ^ "Port Vale and Crewe Alex fans clash in executive boxes at derby match". Stoke Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  46. ^ "Police make five arrests at Crewe-Vale derby". Stoke Sentinel. Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ Wise, Lauren (24 September 2018). "Six arrested at Crewe Alex v Port Vale match". Cheshire Live. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  49. ^ Smith, Peter (9 September 2019). "Stoke v Port Vale named in top 30 English football rivalries, below Vale v Crewe". Stoke Sentinel. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  50. ^ "Stockport 4–3 Crewe". BBC Sport.
  51. ^ "Stockport County relegated: Crewe 2 Stockport 0". Manchester Evening News. 30 April 2011.
  52. ^ Crewe's Cult Heroes. Accessed 5 March 2014.
  53. ^ Taylor, Daniel (16 November 2016). "Andy Woodward: 'It was the softer, weaker boys he targeted'". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  54. ^ Taylor, Daniel; James, Stuart (17 November 2016). "Associate of Barry Bennell also preyed on boys, two former footballers reveal". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  55. ^ "Former footballer Andy Woodward tells of sexual abuse". BBC News. 17 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  56. ^ Taylor, Daniel (19 November 2016). "Andy Woodward showed great courage – but is his story just the tip of the iceberg?". The Observer. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  57. ^ Taylor, Daniel (21 November 2016). "Six come forward after Andy Woodward's story of abuse at Crewe". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  58. ^ Taylor, Daniel (22 November 2016). "Second footballer reveals abuse by serial paedophile Barry Bennell". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  59. ^ Taylor, Daniel (22 November 2016). "Andy Woodward criticises Crewe over lack of apology in Barry Bennell case". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  60. ^ "Football sex abuse claims: David White latest ex-player to come forward". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  61. ^ "Paul Stewart: I was sexually abused by my football coach for four years". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  62. ^ Herbert, Ian (23 November 2016). "As the Crewe sexual abuse scandal develops, it is time for Dario Gradi to tell us what he knows". The Independent. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  63. ^ Gibson, Owen (24 November 2016). "Crewe Alexandra: how a football talent factory has been thrown into turmoil". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  64. ^ "Crewe Alex director of football Dario Gradi: Statement". Crewe Chronicle. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  65. ^ a b c Taylor, Daniel (25 November 2016). "Crewe were warned about Barry Bennell but he stayed on, says former board member". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  66. ^ Taylor, Daniel (27 February 2018). "Crewe ignored police advice in late 1980s to 'move on' Barry Bennell". Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  67. ^ a b "Club Statement: Barry Bennell (2)". CreweAlex.net. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  68. ^ "Football sex abuse: Crewe launch child abuse investigation". BBC News. BBC. 27 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  69. ^ "Matthew Monaghan 'quit football after abuse by coach'". BBC News. BBC. 1 December 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  70. ^ Ashenden, Mark (29 November 2016). "Probe into abuse claims widens as more footballers reveal experiences with coach Barry Bennell". Sky Sports. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  71. ^ Parveen, Nazia (29 November 2016). "Former Northern Ireland player Mark Williams was 'victim of sexual abuse'". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  72. ^ Austin, Jack (29 November 2016). "Football abuse scandal: Former Premier League player becomes fifth footballer to reveal sexual abuse". Independent. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  73. ^ a b c "Ex-football coach Barry Bennell guilty of further sex abuse". BBC News. BBC. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  74. ^ "Club Statement: Barry Bennell". CreweAlex.net. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  75. ^ a b c Taylor, Daniel (15 February 2018). "Manchester City 'ignored warnings' and kept Barry Bennell in youth set-up". Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  76. ^ Roan, Dan (15 February 2018). "Barry Bennell: Crewe 'brushed scandal under carpet' says Lord Carlile". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  77. ^ Taylor, Daniel (6 September 2018). "Jailed football coach Barry Bennell may face further abuse charges". Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  78. ^ Taylor, Daniel (25 February 2019). "Revealed: the evidence Crewe supplied on Barry Bennell scandal". Guardian. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  79. ^ Morgan, Tom (28 February 2019). "Barry Bennell victim 'disgusted' by Crewe Alexandra 'denying any responsibility' for abuse". Telegraph. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  80. ^ "Duo sue the Alex over their ordeal at hands of abuser Bennell". Crewe Chronicle. 13 March 2019.
  81. ^ Daniel, Taylor (19 March 2019). "Crewe claim they did not arrange for boys to stay with Barry Bennell". Guardian. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  82. ^ Taylor, Daniel (26 March 2019). "Crewe agree first settlement with Barry Bennell victim after U-turn". Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  83. ^ Woodward, Andy (4 June 2019). "Andy Woodward extract: 'Telling my story stopped a young guy ending his life'". Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  84. ^ Townsend, Mark (26 November 2016). "Crewe to launch independent review into handling of child abuse allegations". The Observer. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  85. ^ Ryan, Belinda (9 March 2018). "MP urges Crewe Alex to hold independent investigation into historic handling of child sex predator Barry Bennell". Crewe Chronicle. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  86. ^ Drucker, James (14 March 2018). "Crewe's refusal to conduct internal Barry Bennell inquiry is 'totally unacceptable', says Damian Collins". Telegraph. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  87. ^ Ryan, Belinda (13 March 2018). "Crewe Alex refusal to hold inquiry 'demonstrates a disregard for Bennell's victims' town council leader says". Crewe Chronicle. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  88. ^ Taylor, Daniel (10 March 2018). "Crewe excluded from regional awards for handling of Barry Bennell scandal". Observer. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  89. ^ "Clive Sheldon tells clubs he will investigate abuse claims if they fail to do so". Eurosport News. PA. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  90. ^ Herbert, Ian; Williams, Richard A L; Pitt-Brooke, Jack (3 December 2016). "Dario Gradi covered up sex abuse complaint, ex-Chelsea youth player claims". The Independent. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  91. ^ Taylor, Daniel (6 December 2016). "FA to question Dario Gradi over claims he 'smoothed over' sex abuse at Chelsea". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  92. ^ "Dario Gradi suspended by FA pending investigation into sexual abuse scandal". The Guardian. 11 December 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  93. ^ "Dario Gradi: Crewe Alexandra director suspended pending FA investigation". BBC News. BBC. 11 December 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  94. ^ Ryan, Belinda (12 December 2016). "Dario Gradi issues statement about his suspension by FA". Crewe Chronicle. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  95. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (12 December 2016). "Dario Gradi offers to help in football child abuse investigation". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  96. ^ Conway, Richard (27 February 2017). "Dario Gradi: Crewe director of football to appeal against FA suspension". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  97. ^ Roan, Dan; Skelton, Jack (6 August 2019). "Chelsea apology over ex-chief scout Eddie Heath's 'unchallenged' sex abuse". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  98. ^ Taylor, Daniel; Parveen, Nazia (5 January 2017). "Former Crewe youth coach suspended by Football Association". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  99. ^ Cain, Andrew (2 January 2018). "Former Crewe Alex coach charged with sexual offences". Crewe Chronicle. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  100. ^ "Former Crewe Alexandra coach Paul McCann facing indecent assault charges". Nantwich News. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  101. ^ "Former Crewe coach charged with indecently assaulting boy". BBC Sport. BBC. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  102. ^ "Former Crewe Alexandra coach denies sex offences". BBC News. BBC. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  103. ^ Taylor, Daniel (18 October 2018). "Former Crewe coach Paul McCann found not guilty of sexually abusing player". Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  104. ^ Taylor, Daniel (17 October 2018). "Crewe suspend academy coach over safeguarding issue and spark FA inquiry". Guardian. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  105. ^ "Crewe Alexandra FC's youth coach tried to groom girl". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  106. ^ "Manchester United sign Nick Powell from Crewe Alexandra". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  107. ^ "Crewe Alexandra Retained List 2018". Crewe Alexandra F.C. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  108. ^ "Who's Who – Crewe Alexandra". www.crewealex.net. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  109. ^ a b c "Managers: Dario Gradi". Soccerbase. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  110. ^ Source: Soccerbase – accessed 11 January 2014
  111. ^ "Managers: David Artell". Soccerbase. Retrieved 27 January 2019.

External linksEdit