Connecticut Route 15

Route 15 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Connecticut that runs 83.53 miles (134.43 km) from a connection with New York's Hutchinson River Parkway in Greenwich, Connecticut to its northern terminus intersecting with Interstate 84 in East Hartford, Connecticut. Route 15 consists of four distinct sections: the Merritt Parkway, the Wilbur Cross Parkway, the Berlin Turnpike, and part of the Wilbur Cross Highway. The unified designation was applied to these separate highways in 1948 to provide a continuous through route from New York to Massachusetts.

Route 15 marker

Route 15
Route information
Maintained by ConnDOT
Length83.53 mi[1] (134.43 km)
Existed1932[2] (relocated 1948)–present
RestrictionsNo commercial vehicles, trailers, towed vehicles, buses, or hearses on Merritt and Wilbur Cross Parkways[3]
Major junctions
South end Hutchinson River Parkway in Rye Brook, NY
 
North end I-84 / US 6 in East Hartford
Location
CountiesFairfield, New Haven, Hartford
Highway system
  • Routes in Connecticut
Route 14Route 16

Route descriptionEdit

Route 15 begins at the New York border as the Hutchinson River Parkway becomes the Merritt Parkway, a 37.27 mile landscaped limited-access road with many sharp curves and low overpasses. The parkway proceeds in a mostly east-northeasterly direction. Major junctions along the parkway include US 7 in Norwalk, and the Route 8 expressway in Trumbull. As Route 15 crosses the Housatonic River on the Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge from Fairfield County into New Haven County, it becomes the 29.46 mile Wilbur Cross Parkway, which continues in the same east-northeasterly direction before turning more northeasterly in North Haven. Major junctions include the Milford Parkway (SR 796), a connector providing access to Interstate 95 and US 1 beginning just east of the Sikorsky Bridge; US 5 in Wallingford; and a complex set of interchanges in Meriden providing access to I-91, I-691, and the Route 66 expressway. The parkway ends about a mile north of I-691 as US 5 joins Route 15 and the road becomes a four-lane divided highway with signalized and at-grade intersections known as the Berlin Turnpike. After entering Hartford County, it meets the Route 9 expressway at a complex interchange in Berlin. After 11.21 miles on the turnpike, Route 15 and US 5 become the Wilbur Cross Highway in Wethersfield as the Berlin Turnpike becomes Route 314. After another complex interchange with I-91, it crosses the Connecticut River on the Charter Oak Bridge between Hartford and East Hartford. US 5 leaves the expressway just after the bridge in an interchange that also provides access to the Route 2 expressway. After 5.64 miles on the Wilbur Cross Highway, Route 15 ends as it merges into I-84 east. [4]

There are vehicle restrictions on the Merritt and Wilbur Cross Parkways (e.g., no trucks).[3]

HistoryEdit

The Route 15 designation was created as part of the 1932 state highway renumbering and originally ran from New Haven through Middletown, East Hartford and Stafford Springs to the Massachusetts state line in Union.[2] The original route used the pre-expressway alignment of modern Route 17 to Glastonbury, Main Street to East Hartford center, U.S. Route 5 to the junction with Route 30, then modern Route 30 to Stafford, then modern Route 190 to Union, and modern Route 171 to the Massachusetts state line.[5]

In 1943, a newly constructed two-lane highway (now the Wilbur Cross Highway) between Tolland and Union was opened to traffic. Route 15 was relocated on this new highway and the former Route 15 between Route 74 and Route 190 (then part of Route 20) was redesignated as Route 30. By 1948, the rest of the old two-lane Wilbur Cross Highway to East Hartford had also opened, connecting to the Charter Oak Bridge and the Hartford Bypass. In 1948, the State Highway Department decided to relocate Route 15 to a series of roadways, namely the Merritt Parkway, Wilbur Cross Parkway, Berlin Turnpike, Hartford Bypass, Charter Oak Bridge, and the new Wilbur Cross Highway, creating a modern, high-speed throughway from the New York state line to the Massachusetts state line. The Route 15 designation was applied to the previously unnumbered parkways from Greenwich to Meriden, then overlaid with U.S. Route 5 through East Hartford, then designated on the southern half of the Wilbur Cross Highway to Tolland, connecting with the portion previously designated as Route 15 five years before. The former Route 15 between South Windsor and Tolland was reassigned as an extension of Route 30, and the former Route 15 between New Haven and Glastonbury became redesignated as Route 17.[5][6]

In 1948, a portion of the Wilbur Cross Parkway between Route 34 and Whitney Avenue had still been under construction. Route 15 was temporarily routed along Route 34, Sherman Avenue (former Routes 5 and 10), Henry Street/Munson Street/Hillside Place/Edwards Street (former Route 5), and Whitney Avenue (former Route 10A). By 1949, the Wilbur Cross Parkway was completed and the temporary Route 15 designation was removed from the surface streets. Further improvements in the Wilbur Cross Highway took place over the next several years and the road became a four-lane divided highway by 1954. In 1968, most of the Wilbur Cross Highway was designated as I-86 and further upgrades to the road were implemented. Route 15 and I-86 overlapped from the current 15/84 junction in East Hartford to the Massachusetts state line. In 1984, the overlap was removed, truncating Route 15 to its current northern end, while at the same time I-86 was redesignated as I-84.[6]

Exit listEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
FairfieldGreenwich0.000.00  Hutchinson River Parkway south – New York CityContinuation into New York; exit numbers continue south along Hutchinson Parkway
0.050.08027  NY 120A north (King Street) – Armonk, NYAccess to NY 120A south via Hutchinson Parkway exit 30
3.395.4628Round Hill RoadTo Greenwich Business District
4.166.6929Lake Avenue
5.719.1931North StreetTo Greenwich Business District
Stamford8.8914.3133Den RoadRight-in/right-out interchange
9.2214.8434  Route 104 (Long Ridge Road)To Downtown Stamford and University of Connecticut Stamford Campus
10.4016.7435  Route 137 (High Ridge Road)
New Canaan13.1521.1636  Route 106 (Old Stamford Road)
13.89–
14.10
22.35–
22.69
37  Route 124 – New Canaan, Darien
Norwalk16.0125.7738  Route 123 (New Canaan Avenue)To Norwalk Community College
16.87–
17.31
27.15–
27.86
39  US 7 – Norwalk, DanburyNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; signed as exits 39A (south) and 39B (north); redesign in proposal stage[7]
17.53–
17.63
28.21–
28.37
40  Main Avenue to US 7 – Norwalk, DanburySigned as exits 40A (south) and 40B (north)
Westport20.7333.3641  Route 33 – Westport, Wilton
21.5934.7542  Route 57 – Westport, Weston
Fairfield26.9543.3744  Route 58 – Fairfield, ReddingTo Fairfield Business District and Fairfield University
28.5846.0046  Route 59 – Fairfield, EastonTo General Electric Headquarters
Trumbull29.3147.1747Park AvenueTo University of Bridgeport and Sacred Heart University
30.3748.8848  Route 111 (Main Street) – Long Hill, MonroeSingle-point urban interchange
31.6450.9249S   Route 25 south to Route 8 south – BridgeportNo southbound exit; exit 7 on Route 25
32.6952.6149N  Route 25 north – DanburySigned as exit 49 southbound; exit 7 on Route 25
32.9953.0950  Route 127 – TrumbullSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
33.5153.9351  Route 108 (Nichols Avenue) – Trumbull, StratfordNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
33.77–
34.57
54.35–
55.64
52   Route 8 to Route 108 – Bridgeport, WaterburyNo northbound exit to Route 8 south; exits 9-10 on Route 8
Stratford36.5458.8153  Route 110 – Stratford, Shelton
Housatonic River37.5360.40Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge
New HavenMilford37.6760.6254   To I-95 / US 1 – Milford, New LondonAccess via Milford Parkway
Transition between Merritt and Wilbur Cross Parkways
38.14–
38.66
61.38–
62.22
55AWheelers Farms RoadSigned as exit 55 southbound
55BWolf Harbor RoadNorthbound exit only
Orange41.3266.5056  Route 121 – Orange
42.69–
43.00
68.70–
69.20
57-58  Route 34 – New Haven, DerbyCloverleaf interchange; signed as exits 57 (east) and 58 (west)
New Haven46.57–
46.70
74.95–
75.16
59   Route 69 / Route 63 – New Haven, Woodbridge
Woodbridge47.20–
47.43
75.96–
76.33
Heroes Tunnel (formerly West Rock Tunnel)
Hamden50.0080.4760  Route 10 – Hamden, New HavenNo northbound signage for New Haven
51.7283.2461Whitney Avenue – Hamden, New HavenSigned for Hamden northbound, New Haven southbound
51.82–
52.15
83.40–
83.93
62Dixwell AvenueNorthbound exit and entrance
North Haven53.4586.0263  Route 22 – North Haven
Wallingford58.1793.6264WallingfordAccess via South Turnpike Road / Quinnipiac Street
58.5594.2365  Route 150 – Yalesville
61.12–
61.26
98.36–
98.59
66  US 5 – Wallingford, Meriden
Meriden63.02101.42ConnDOT Maintenance FacilityAlso serves Miller Avenue
64.05103.0867S  I-91 south – New Haven, New York CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance; exit 17 on I-91
64.33103.5367WEast Main StreetSigned as exit 67 northbound
64.63104.0168N-E   I-91 north to Route 66 east – Hartford, MiddletownNorthbound exit and southbound entrance, signed as exits 68N (I-91) and 68E (Route 66)
64.95104.5368W  I-691 west – Meriden, WaterburyNo southbound exit; exits 9-10 on I-691
66.89107.65Transition between Wilbur Cross Parkway and Berlin Turnpike
    US 5 south (North Broad Street) to Route 66 / I-691 – MeridenSouthern terminus of US 5 concurrency; southbound exit and northbound entrance
HartfordBerlin71.38114.87  Route 9 south – MiddletownInterchange; exits 21-22 on Route 9
71.63115.28   Route 372 to Route 9 north – New Britain, East Berlin, KensingtonInterchange; southbound access via Worthington Ridge Road (SR 572)
72.76117.10  Route 160 east – Rocky HillWestern terminus of Route 160
Newington74.26119.51  Route 173 north – West HartfordSouthern terminus of Route 173
74.88120.51  Route 176 north – NewingtonSouthern terminus of Route 176
76.27122.74  Route 287 west – NewingtonWestern terminus of Route 287 concurrency
76.34122.86  Route 287 east – WethersfieldEastern terminus of Route 287 concurrency
Wethersfield76.87123.71  Route 175 – Newington, New Britain, WethersfieldInterchange
77.89125.35  Route 314 east (Berlin Turnpike) to Maple AvenueNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Route transition between Berlin Turnpike and Wilbur Cross Highway
79.65128.1885  Route 99 south – Wethersfield, Rocky Hill
Hartford80.05–
80.22
128.83–
129.10
86  I-91 south – New Haven, New York CityExits 28-29 on I-91
80.50129.5587   Brainard Road / Airport Road / I-95 south – Brainard AirportNo northbound signage for I-91; exit 27 on I-91
81.31130.8689   I-91 north to I-84 west – Hartford, SpringfieldNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; exit 28 on I-91
Connecticut River81.90131.81Charter Oak Bridge
East Hartford81.95131.8990   US 5 north (Main Street) to Route 2 / East River Drive – NorwichNorthern terminus of US 5 concurrency; no southbound signage for Route 2
82.74133.1691Silver Lane (SR 502)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
83.53134.43   I-84 east / US 6 east – BostonExit 57 on I-84 west; Wilbur Cross Highway continues east
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b State of Connecticut Department of Transportation (2012). "2012 Traffic Volumes, State Maintained Highway Network" (PDF). Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Road Conditions in Connecticut". The Hartford Daily Courant. May 27, 1932. p. 14. Retrieved December 24, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.  
  3. ^ a b Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles: Registering a Pick-up Truck with Passenger Plates
  4. ^ "Connecticut State Highway Log (2006)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
  5. ^ a b kurumi.com - Route 15
  6. ^ a b Larry Larned, "Route 15: The Road to Hartford", (Arcadia Publishing, 2002)
  7. ^ "Route 7/15 Norwalk Project". Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2019.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata