Cixi (Mandarin pronunciation (help·info)), alternately romanized as Tzeki, is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of the sub-provincial city of Ningbo, in the north of Zhejiang province, China. At the 2010 census, its population was 1,462,383. Its urban agglomeration built-up (or metro) area, largely contiguous with Cixi plus the county-level city of Yuyao, had 2,473,042 inhabitants.
Hangzhou Bay Bridge
Cixi City in Ningbo City
Ningbo City in Zhejiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• County-level city||1,360.63 km2 (525.34 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,360.63 km2 (525.34 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,861.43 km2 (1,104.80 sq mi)|
|• County-level city||1,462,383|
|• Urban density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Cixi is a city with a rich culture and a long history. It was part of the state of Yue in the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 B.C.). The county was set up in the Qin Dynasty. At first it was called “Gouzhang” and has been using the name of “Cixi” since the Kaiyuan reign of the Tang Dynasty (738 A.D.).
Cixi City is located on the south of the economic circle of Yangtze River Delta, and is 60 km (37 mi) from Ningbo in the east, 148 km (92 mi) from Shanghai in the north and 138 km (86 mi) from Hangzhou in the west.
Cixi has a subtropical monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 16℃.
Cixi has an effective public transportation system. Highway connections are provided to all major cities, typical travel times are 1.5 hours or less by car, including access to the four major airports, Ningbo Lishe International Airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Shanghai and Ningbo are also the closest sea ports.
Cixi is an important manufacturing city in northern Zhejiang province.The Hangzhou Bay New District is located in the city.
Cixi is accelerating the construction of a mid-scale modern city, covering a total land area of 1,361 km2 (525 sq mi) with a population of 2.04 million, including 1.04 million registered permanent residents and 1 million temporary residents. Fifteen towns and five subdistricts are under the jurisdiction of Cixi City and there are 325 administrative villages including committees and communities.
Cixi has the tradition of advocating culture and emphasizing education, with several thousand years of historical relics and profound cultural background which cultivated three regional cultures, i.e. “celadon, reclamation and immigration”. Shanglin Lake celadon has been sold overseas as a “Maritime Silk Road” to the world, historical tideland reclamation area has become one of the areas with the most abundant land reserve resources in Zhejiang Province, and the immigration culture has several years of history.
Cixi was listed as the "demonstration base for community digital learning in the national city and countryside" by the Ministry of Education in 2010 and 2011.
- Han Qide, medical scientist and Former President of the China Association for Science and Technology
- Han Zheng, member of Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau
- Ing Chang-ki, Taiwan industrial magnate
- Lu Yongxiang, Academician and Former President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Lu Zhangong, member of CPC 19th Central Committee
- Tan Jiazhen, founder of modern Chinese genetics
- Yang Xianjiang, educator
- Zhou Xinfang, Master of Beijing Opera
- Zhu Zuxiang, agricultural scientist