Irving Charles Krauthammer (//; March 13, 1950 – June 21, 2018) was an American political columnist. A conservative political pundit, in 1987 Krauthammer won the Pulitzer Prize for his column in The Washington Post. His weekly column was syndicated to more than 400 publications worldwide.
Krauthammer at the White House in 1986
Irving Charles Krauthammer|
March 13, 1950
New York City, New York, U.S.
June 21, 2018 (aged 68)|
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
|Cause of death||Small intestine cancer|
Robyn Trethewey (m. 1974)
While in his first year studying medicine at Harvard Medical School, Krauthammer became permanently paralyzed from the waist down after a diving board accident that severed his spinal cord at cervical spinal nerve 5. After spending 14 months recovering in a hospital, he returned to medical school, graduating to become a psychiatrist involved in the creation of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III in 1980. He joined the Carter administration in 1978 as a director of psychiatric research, eventually becoming the speechwriter to Vice President Walter Mondale in 1980.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Krauthammer embarked on a career as a columnist and political commentator. In 1985, he began writing a weekly editorial for The Washington Post, which earned him the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary for his "witty and insightful columns on national issues." He was a weekly panelist on the PBS news program Inside Washington from 1990 until it ceased production in December 2013. Krauthammer had been a contributing editor to The Weekly Standard, a Fox News Channel contributor, and a nightly panelist on Fox News Channel's Special Report with Bret Baier.
Krauthammer received acclaim for his writing on foreign policy, among other matters. He was a leading neoconservative voice and proponent of United States military and political engagement on the global stage, coining the term Reagan Doctrine and advocating for the Gulf War, Iraq War, and enhanced interrogation techniques of suspected Islamist terrorists.
In August 2017, due to his battle with cancer, Krauthammer stopped writing his column and serving as a Fox News contributor. Krauthammer died on June 21, 2018.
Early life and careerEdit
Krauthammer was born on March 13, 1950, in the New York City borough of Manhattan. His father, Shulim Krauthammer (November 23, 1904 – June 1987), was from Bolekhiv, Ukraine (then the Austro-Hungarian Empire), and later became a naturalized citizen of France. His mother, Thea (Horowitz), was from Antwerp, Belgium. The Krauthammer family was a French-speaking household. When he was 5, the Krauthammers moved to Montreal. Through the school year, they resided in Montreal and spent the summers in Long Beach, New York. Both of his parents were Orthodox Jews, and he graduated from Herzliah High School.
Krauthammer attended McGill University in Montreal, graduating in 1970 with first-class honours in economics and political science. At the time, McGill University was a hotbed of radical sentiment, something that Krauthammer said influenced his dislike of political extremism. "I became very acutely aware of the dangers, the hypocrisies, and sort of the extremism of the political extremes. And it cleansed me very early in my political evolution of any romanticism." He later said: "I detested the extreme Left and extreme Right, and found myself somewhere in the middle." The following year, after graduating from McGill, he studied as a Commonwealth Scholar in politics at Balliol College, Oxford, before returning to the United States to attend medical school at Harvard.
Krauthammer was injured in a diving board accident during his first year of medical school. He sustained injuries that left him paralyzed from the waist down and required him to be hospitalized for 14 months. He remained with his Harvard Medical School class during his hospitalization, graduating in 1975. From 1975 through 1978, Krauthammer was a resident in psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital, serving as chief resident his final year. During his time as chief resident, he noted a variant of manic depression (bipolar disorder) that he identified and named secondary mania. He published his findings in the Archives of General Psychiatry. He also co-authored a path-finding study on the epidemiology of mania.
In 1978, Krauthammer relocated to Washington, DC, to direct planning in psychiatric research under the Carter administration. He began contributing articles about politics to The New Republic and, in 1980, served as a speechwriter to Vice President Walter Mondale. He contributed to the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. In 1984, he was board certified in psychiatry by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.
Career as columnist and political commentatorEdit
In 1979, Krauthammer joined The New Republic as both a writer and editor. In 1983, he began writing essays for Time magazine, including one on the Reagan Doctrine, which first brought him national acclaim as a writer. Krauthammer began writing regular editorials for The Washington Post in 1985 and became a nationally syndicated columnist. Krauthammer coined and developed the term Reagan Doctrine in 1985, and he defined the U.S. role as sole superpower in his essay "The Unipolar Moment", published shortly after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
In 1990, Krauthammer became a panelist for the weekly PBS political roundtable Inside Washington, remaining with the show until it ceased production in December 2013. Krauthammer also appeared on Fox News Channel as a contributor for many years.
Krauthammer's 2004 speech "Democratic Realism", which was delivered to the American Enterprise Institute when Krauthammer won the Irving Kristol Award, set out a framework for tackling the post-9/11 world, focusing on the promotion of democracy in the Middle East.
In 2013, Krauthammer published Things That Matter: Three Decades of Passions, Pastimes and Politics. An immediate bestseller, the book remained on The New York Times bestseller list for 38 weeks and spent 10 weeks in a row at number one.
Son Daniel is working on final edits for a book to be posthumously released, The Point of It All: A Lifetime of Great Loves and Endeavors, to be released in December 2018.
Awards and accoladesEdit
Krauthammer's New Republic essays won him the "National Magazine Award for Essays and Criticism". The weekly column he began writing for The Washington Post in 1985 won him the Pulitzer Prize for commentary in 1987. On June 14 1993, he was awarded the Honorary degree of Doctor of Letters from McGill University.
In 2009, Politico columnist Ben Smith wrote that Krauthammer had "emerged in the Age of Obama as a central conservative voice, the kind of leader of the opposition that economist and New York Times columnist Paul Krugman represented for the left during the Bush years: a coherent, sophisticated and implacable critic of the new president." In 2010, The New York Times columnist David Brooks said Krauthammer was "the most important conservative columnist." In 2011, former congressman and MSNBC host Joe Scarborough called him "without a doubt the most powerful force in American conservatism. He has [been] for two, three, four years."
In a December 2010, press conference, former president Bill Clinton – a Democrat – called Krauthammer "a brilliant man". Krauthammer responded, tongue-in-cheek, that "my career is done" and "I'm toast."
Krauthammer's other awards included the People for the American Way's First Amendment Award, the Champion Media Award for Economic Understanding from Amos Tuck School of Business Administration, the first annual Bradley Prize, the 2002 "Mightier Pen" award from the Center for Security Policy, the 2004 Irving Kristol Award, and the 2009 Eric Breindel Award for Excellence in Opinion Journalism, an annual award given by the Eric Breindel Foundation.
Views and perspectivesEdit
Bioethics and medicineEdit
Krauthammer was appointed to President George W. Bush's Council on Bioethics in 2002. He supported relaxing the Bush administration's limits on federal funding of discarded human embryonic stem cell research. Krauthammer supported embryonic stem cell research using embryos discarded by fertility clinics with restrictions in its applications. However, he opposed human cloning. He warned that scientists were beginning to develop the power of "creating a class of superhumans". A fellow member of the Council, Janet D. Rowley, insists that Krauthammer's vision was still an issue far in the future and not a topic to be discussed at the present time.
In March 2009, Krauthammer was invited to the signing of an executive order by President Barack Obama at the White House but declined to attend because of his fears about the cloning of human embryos and the creation of normal human embryos solely for purposes of research. He also contrasted the "moral seriousness" of Bush's stem cell address of August 9, 2001, with that of Obama's address on stem cells.
When my father was dying, my mother and brother and I had to decide how much treatment to pursue. What was a better way to ascertain my father's wishes: What he checked off on a form one fine summer's day years before being stricken; or what we, who had known him intimately for decades, thought he would want? The answer is obvious.
Energy and global warmingEdit
Krauthammer wrote in The Washington Post on February 20, 2014, "I'm not a global warming believer. I'm not a global warming denier." Objecting to declaring global warming settled science, he contended that much that is believed to be settled turns out not to be so.
Krauthammer first gained attention in the mid-1980s when he first used the phrase "Reagan Doctrine" in his Time magazine column. The phrase was a reference to the American foreign policy of supporting anti-communist insurgencies around the globe (most notably Nicaragua, Angola, and Afghanistan) as a response to the Brezhnev Doctrine and reflected a U.S. foreign policy that went beyond containment of the Soviet Union to rollback of recent Soviet influence in the Third World. The policy, which was strongly supported by Heritage Foundation foreign policy analysts and other conservatives, was ultimately embraced by Reagan's senior national security and foreign policy officials. Krauthammer's description of it as the "Reagan Doctrine" has since endured.
In "The Poverty of Realism" (New Republic, February 17, 1986), he developed the underlying theory
that the end of American foreign policy is not just the security of the United States, but what John F. Kennedy called "the success of liberty." That means, first, defending the community of democratic nations (the repository of the liberal idea) and second, encouraging the establishment of new liberal policies at the frontier, most especially in the Third World.
The foreign policy, he argued, should be both "universal in aspiration" and "prudent in application", thus combining American idealism and realism. Over the next 20 years these ideas developed into what is now called "democratic realism."
Following the Cold War, Krauthammer penned an article entitled "The Unipolar Moment". Krauthammer coined the term unipolarity to describe the world structure that was emerging with the fall of the Soviet Union. Krauthammer predicted that the bipolar world of the Cold War would give way not to a multipolar world in which the U.S. was one of many centers of power, but a unipolar world dominated by the United States with a power gap between the most powerful state and the second most powerful state that would exceed any other in history. He also suggested that American hegemony would inevitably exist for only a historical "moment" lasting at most three or four decades.
Hegemony gave the United States the capacity and responsibility to act unilaterally if necessary, Krauthammer argued. Throughout the 1990s, however, he was circumspect about how that power ought to be used. He split from his neoconservative colleagues who were arguing for an interventionist policy of "American greatness". Krauthammer wrote that in the absence of a global existential threat, the United States should stay out of "teacup wars" in failed states, and instead adopt a "dry powder" foreign policy of nonintervention and readiness. Krauthammer opposed purely "humanitarian intervention" (with the exception of overt genocide). While he supported the 1991 Gulf War on the grounds of both humanitarianism and strategic necessity (preventing Saddam Hussein from gaining control of the Persian Gulf and its resources), he opposed American intervention in the Yugoslav Wars on the grounds that America should not be committing the lives of its soldiers to purely humanitarian missions in which there is no American national interest at stake.
Krauthammer's major 2004 monograph on foreign policy, "Democratic Realism: An American Foreign Policy for a Unipolar World", was critical both of the neoconservative Bush doctrine for being too expansive and utopian, and of foreign policy "realism" for being too narrow and immoral; instead, he proposed an alternative he called "Democratic Realism".
In a 2005 speech later published in Commentary magazine, Krauthammer called neoconservatism "a governing ideology whose time has come." He noted that the original "fathers of neoconservatism" were "former liberals or leftists." More recently, they have been joined by "realists, newly mugged by reality" such as Condoleezza Rice, Richard Cheney, and George W. Bush, who "have given weight to neoconservatism, making it more diverse and, given the newcomers' past experience, more mature."
In a 2008 column entitled "Charlie Gibson's Gaffe", Krauthammer elaborated on the changing meanings of the Bush Doctrine in light of Gibson's questioning of Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin regarding what exactly the Bush Doctrine was, which resulted in criticism of Palin's response. Krauthammer states that the phrase originally referred to "the unilateralism that characterized the pre-9/11 first year of the Bush administration," but elaborates, "There is no single meaning of the Bush doctrine. In fact, there have been four distinct meanings, each one succeeding another over the eight years of this administration."
Krauthammer strongly opposed the Oslo accords and said that Palestinian Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat would use the foothold it gave him in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to continue the war against Israel that he had ostensibly renounced in the Israel–Palestine Liberation Organization letters of recognition. In a July 2006 essay in Time, Krauthammer wrote that the Israeli–Palestinian conflict was fundamentally defined by the Palestinians' unwillingness to accept compromise.
During the 2006 Lebanon War, Krauthammer wrote a column, "Let Israel Win the War": "What other country, when attacked in an unprovoked aggression across a recognized international frontier, is then put on a countdown clock by the world, given a limited time window in which to fight back, regardless of whether it has restored its own security?" He later criticized Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert's conduct, arguing that Olmert "has provided unsteady and uncertain leadership. Foolishly relying on air power alone, he denied his generals the ground offensive they wanted, only to reverse himself later."
Krauthammer supported a two-state solution to the conflict. Unlike many conservatives, he supported Israel's Gaza withdrawal as a step toward rationalizing the frontiers between Israel and a future Palestinian state. He believed a security barrier between the two states' final borders will be an important element of any lasting peace.
When Richard Goldstone retracted the claim 1 1/2 years after the issuance of the UN report on the 2008 Gaza war that Israel intentionally killed Palestinian civilians, including children, Krauthammer strongly criticized Goldstone, saying that "this weasel-y excuse-laden retraction is too little and too late" and called "the original report a blood libel ranking with the libels of the 19th century in which Jews were accused of ritually slaughtering children in order to use the blood in rituals." Krauthammer thought that Goldstone "should spend the rest of his life undoing the damage and changing and retracting that report."
9/11, Iraq, and the War on TerrorEdit
Krauthammer laid out the underlying principle of strategic necessity restraining democratic idealism in his controversial 2004 Kristol Award Lecture: "We will support democracy everywhere, but we will commit blood and treasure only in places where there is a strategic necessity—meaning, places central to the larger war against the existential enemy, the enemy that poses a global mortal threat to freedom."
The 9/11 attacks, Krauthammer wrote, made clear the new existential threat and the necessity for a new interventionism. On September 12, 2001, he wrote that, if the suspicion that bin Laden was behind the attack proved correct, the United States had no choice but to go to war in Afghanistan. He supported the Second Iraq War on the "realist" grounds of the strategic threat the Saddam regime posed to the region as UN sanctions were eroding and of his alleged weapons of mass destruction and on the "idealist" grounds that a self-sustaining democracy in Iraq would be a first step toward changing the poisonous political culture of tyranny, intolerance, and religious fanaticism in the Arab world that had incubated the anti-American extremism from which 9/11 emerged.
In October 2002, he presented what he believed were the primary arguments for and against the war, writing, "Hawks favor war on the grounds that Saddam Hussein is reckless, tyrannical, and instinctively aggressive, and that if he comes into possession of nuclear weapons in addition to the weapons of mass destruction he already has, he is likely to use them or share them with terrorists. The threat of mass death on a scale never before seen residing in the hands of an unstable madman is intolerable—and must be preempted. Doves oppose war on the grounds that the risks exceed the gains. War with Iraq could be very costly, possibly degenerating into urban warfare."
He continued: "I happen to believe that the preemption school is correct, that the risks of allowing Saddam Hussein to acquire his weapons will only grow with time. Nonetheless, I can both understand and respect those few Democrats who make the principled argument against war with Iraq on the grounds of deterrence, believing that safety lies in reliance on a proven (if perilous) balance of terror rather than the risky innovation of forcible disarmament by preemption."
On the eve of the invasion, Krauthammer wrote, "Reformation and reconstruction of an alien culture are a daunting task. Risky and, yes, arrogant." In February 2003, Krauthammer cautioned that "it may yet fail. But we cannot afford not to try. There is not a single, remotely plausible, alternative strategy for attacking the monster behind 9/11. It's not Osama bin Laden; it is the cauldron of political oppression, religious intolerance, and social ruin in the Arab-Islamic world—oppression transmuted and deflected by regimes with no legitimacy into virulent, murderous anti-Americanism." Krauthammer in 2003 wrote that the reconstruction of Iraq would provide many benefits for the Iraqi people, once the political and economic infrastructure destroyed by Saddam was restored: "With its oil, its urbanized middle class, its educated population, its essential modernity, Iraq has a future. In two decades Saddam Hussein reduced its GDP by 75 percent. Once its political and industrial infrastructures are reestablished, Iraq's potential for rebound, indeed for explosive growth, is unlimited."
On April 22, 2003, Krauthammer predicted that he would have a "credibility problem" if weapons of mass destruction were not found in Iraq within the next five months.
In a speech to the Foreign Policy Association in Philadelphia, he argued that the beginnings of democratization in the Arab world had been met in 2006 with a "fierce counterattack" by radical Islamist forces in Lebanon, Palestine, and especially Iraq, which witnessed a major intensification in sectarian warfare. In late 2006 and 2007, he was one of the few commentators to support the troop surge in Iraq.
Meg Greenfield, editorial page editor for The Washington Post who edited Krauthammer's columns for 15 years, called his weekly column "independent and hard to peg politically. It's a very tough column. There's no 'trendy' in it. You never know what is going to happen next." Hendrik Hertzberg, also a former colleague of Krauthammer while they worked at The New Republic in the 1980s, said that when the two first met in 1978, Krauthammer was "70 percent Mondale liberal, 30 percent 'Scoop Jackson Democrat,' that is, hard-line on Israel and relations with the Soviet Union"; in the mid-1980s, he was still "50–50: fairly liberal on economic and social questions but a full-bore foreign-policy neoconservative." Hertzberg in 2009 called Krauthammer a "pretty solid 90–10 Republican." Krauthammer was described by some as having been a conservative.
A few days before the 2012 United States presidential election, Krauthammer predicted it would be "very close" with Republican candidate Mitt Romney winning the "popular [vote] by, I think, about half a point, Electoral College probably a very narrow margin." Although admitting his incorrect prediction, Krauthammer maintained, "Obama won but had no mandate. He won by going very small, very negative."
Krauthammer received a rigorous Jewish education. He attended a school where half the day was devoted to secular studies and half the day was devoted to religious education conducted in Hebrew. By the time he graduated from high school at the age of 16, Krauthammer was able to write philosophical essays in Hebrew. His father demanded that he learn Talmud; in addition to his school's required Talmud studies, Krauthammer took extra classes three days per week. This was not enough for his father who hired a rabbi to provide private instruction on the Talmud three nights per week.
Krauthammer's attachment to Judaism was strengthened through his study of Maimonides at McGill University under David Hartman. Krauthammer said, "I had discovered the world, and was going to leave all of this [Judaism] behind, because I was too sophisticated for it. And then in my third year I took Hartman’s course in Maimonides, and I’m thinking this is pretty serious stuff. It stands up to the Greeks, stands up to the philosophers of the age, and it gave me sort of a renewed commitment to and respect for my own tradition, which I already knew, but was ready to throw away. And I didn’t throw it away as a result of that encounter."
Krauthammer stated that "atheism is the least plausible of all theologies. I mean, there are a lot of wild ones out there, but the one that clearly runs so contrary to what is possible, is atheism".
Krauthammer opposed the Park51 project in Manhattan for "reasons of common decency and respect for the sacred. No commercial tower over Gettysburg, no convent at Auschwitz, and no mosque at Ground Zero. Build it anywhere but there."
Supreme Court nominationsEdit
Krauthammer criticized President George W. Bush's 2005 nomination of Harriet Miers to succeed Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. He called the nomination of Miers a "mistake" on several occasions. He noted her lack of constitutional experience as the main obstacle to her nomination.
On October 21, 2005, Krauthammer published "Miers: The Only Exit Strategy", in which he explained that all of Miers's relevant constitutional writings are protected by both attorney–client privilege and executive privilege, which presented a unique face-saving solution to the mistake: "Miers withdraws out of respect for both the Senate and the executive's prerogatives." Six days later, Miers withdrew, employing that argument:
As I stated in my acceptance remarks in the Oval Office, the strength and independence of our three branches of government are critical to the continued success of this great Nation. Repeatedly in the course of the process of confirmation for nominees for other positions, I have steadfastly maintained that the independence of the Executive Branch be preserved and its confidential documents and information not be released to further a confirmation process. I feel compelled to adhere to this position, especially related to my own nomination. Protection of the prerogatives of the Executive Branch and continued pursuit of my confirmation are in tension. I have decided that seeking my confirmation should yield.
The same day, NPR noted, "Krauthammer's scenario played out almost exactly as he wrote." Columnist E. J. Dionne wrote that the White House was following Krauthammer's strategy "almost to the letter". A few weeks later, The New York Times reported that Krauthammer's "exit strategy" was "exactly what happened" and that Krauthammer "had no prior inkling from the administration that they were taking that route; he was later given credit for giving the Bush administration a plan."
Krauthammer was an opponent of capital punishment;, a critic of the intelligent design movement, and an advocate for the scientific consensus on evolution, calling the religion-science controversy a "false conflict." In 2005, Krauthammer wrote several articles likening intelligent design to "tarted-up creationism."
On July 27, 2012, Krauthammer wrote a column that stated that President Barack Obama "started his presidency by returning to the British Embassy the bust of Winston Churchill that had graced the Oval Office." In 2010, White House curator William Allman noted that the bust had been on loan to President George W. Bush by British Prime Minister Tony Blair and "was already scheduled to go back" once Bush left office. However, Dan Pfeiffer, then Obama's communications director, called Krauthammer's claim "patently false" and "ridiculous", expounding: "The bust [is] still in the White House. In the Residence. Outside the Treaty Room." It quickly emerged that the bust Pfeiffer referred to was in fact a completely different bust of Churchill that had been given to President Lyndon B. Johnson decades earlier. On July 30, Krauthammer demanded a retraction and apology from the White House. He initially received a private apology, but, upon his request, the apology was made public in the White House Blog on July 31. Krauthammer later said that he was "the only entity on Earth, other than rogue states, that has received an apology from the White House."
Pfeiffer continued to maintain that returning the bust was "not something that President Obama or his administration chose to do," let alone "a symbol of President Obama's failure to appreciate the special relationship"—a charge that had gained currency after an Obama administration official told The Sunday Telegraph "There's nothing special about Britain. You're just the same as the other 190 countries in the world" in 2009. Finally, Obama recounted in 2016 that he made the decision to return the bust of Churchill to make room for a bust of Martin Luther King Jr., thus contradicting previous White House denials that he had been involved, and refuting contemporary news reports stating Churchill had been replaced with a bust of President Abraham Lincoln. Obama explained his reasoning: "As the first African American president, [I thought] it might be appropriate to have a bust of Dr. Martin Luther King in my office."
In 1974, Krauthammer married his wife, Robyn, a lawyer, who stopped practicing law to focus on her work as an artist, and is among his survivors. They had one child, Daniel, who is also among his survivors. Krauthammer's brother, Marcel, died in 2006.
Krauthammer was Jewish, but described himself as "not religious" and "a Jewish Shinto" who engages in "ancestor worship". He was influenced by his study of Maimonides at McGill with Rabbi David Hartman, head of Jerusalem's Shalom Hartman Institute and professor of philosophy at McGill during Krauthammer's student days.
Krauthammer was a member of the Chess Journalists of America and the Council on Foreign Relations. He was co-founder of Pro Musica Hebraica, a not-for-profit organization devoted to presenting Jewish classical music, much of it lost or forgotten, in a concert hall setting.
In August 2017, Krauthammer had a cancerous tumor removed from his abdomen. The surgery was thought to have been successful; however, on June 8, 2018, Krauthammer announced that his cancer had returned and that doctors had given him only weeks to live. On June 21, just thirteen days later, he died of small intestine cancer in an Atlanta, Georgia hospital. He was 68.
- Cutting Edges: Making Sense of the Eighties (1988)
- Democratic Realism: An American Foreign Policy for a Unipolar World, (2004 speech)
- Things That Matter: Three Decades of Passions, Pastimes and Politics (2013)
- The Point of It All: A Lifetime of Great Loves and Endeavors (2018, with Daniel Krauthammer)
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- Interview with Brian Lamb on C-SPAN, May 1, 2005.
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- Krauthammer, Charles (January 27, 2006). "Marcel, My Brother". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
- Charles Krauthammer bio Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. from The Washington Post Writers Group. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- Elizabeth A. Brennan; Elizabeth C. Clarage (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize Winners. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 63. ISBN 978-1-57356-111-2. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Charles Krauthammer on Conversations with Bill Kristol". Conversationswithbillkristol.org. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- "Trump Teases Critic for Being Paralyzed". Daily Beast. 2015. Archived from the original on 5 May 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- Krauthammer, C.; Klerman, G. L. (1978). "Secondary mania: manic syndromes associated with antecedent physical illness or drugs". Archives of General Psychiatry. 35 (11): 1333–1339. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1978.01770350059005.
- C. Krauthammer and G. L. Klerman. "The Epidemiology of Mania", in Manic Illness, ed. B. Shopsin, New York: Raven Press, 1979.
- Wood, Tom (Nov 21, 2008). "The College Backgrounds of America's Leading Newspaper Opinion Columnists". National Association of Scholars website.
- Barber, Lionel (May 20, 2006). "Views of the world". Financial Times. Archived from the original on June 29, 2009.
- Krauthammer, Charles (1991). "The Unipolar Moment". Foreign Affairs. Vol. 70 no. 1. New York: Council on Foreign Relations. pp. 23–33. doi:10.2307/20044692. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Menand, Louis (March 27, 2006). "Breaking Away". The New Yorker. Vol. 82 no. 6. p. 82. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- "The New York Times Best Sellers". Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- "The Pulitzer Prizes 1987 Winners and Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
- "Wayback Machine" (PDF). March 17, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- Doherty, Brian. "Obama's biggest critic: Krauthammer". Politico. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- "Barack Obama's biggest critic: Charles Krauthammer". politico.com. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- "Is GOP extremism is the problem with US politics?". MSNBC. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Balz, Dan (December 11, 2010). "Bill Clinton takes the White House stage, again". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 11, 2010.
- "Charles Krauthammer Responds To Clinton's "Brilliant" Praise: "I'm Toast"". mediaite.com. December 11, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Charles Krauthammer Accepts William F. Buckley Award for Media Excellence". CNS News. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
- A., Brennan, Elizabeth (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize winners. Clarage, Elizabeth C. Phoenix, Ariz.: Oryx Press. p. 63. ISBN 1573561118. OCLC 40126493.
- "2002 Mightier Pen Award: Charles Krauthammer". Center for Security Policy. September 5, 2002. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- Cox, Christopher (October 7, 2002). "Tribute to Dr. Charles Krauthammer" (PDF). Extensions of Remarks. Congressional Record. Washington: 107th Congress, 2nd session. 148 (130): e1769–e1770. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- "Charles Krauthammer to Receive 2004 Irving Kristol Award". AEI Newsletter. American Enterprise Institute. November 1, 2003. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- "The Washington Post Writers Group". Postwritersgroup.com. March 24, 2005. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- "Giuliani's Abortion 'Gaffe'" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, May 11, 2007.
- "Roe v. Roberts" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, September 16, 2005.
- "Federalism's New Friends" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, November 8, 1999.
- "Cell Lines, Moral Lines; Research Should Expand—With a Key Limit" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, Friday, August 5, 2005.
- "Stem Cell Miracle?" by Charles Krauthammer The Washington Post, January 12, 2007.
- "Cell Lines, Moral Lines" by Charles Krauthammer The Washington Post, August 5, 2005.
- "Research Cloning? No." by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, May 10, 2002.
- Krauthammer: "The Great Stem Cell Hoax" by Charles Krauthammer, The Weekly Standard, August 13, 2001.
- "Bush's Advisers on Ethics Discuss Human Cloning" by Sheryl Gay Stolberg, The New York Times, January 18, 2002.
- "Obama's 'Science' Fiction" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, March 13, 2009.
- Krauthammer, Charles (August 21, 2009). "The Truth About Death Counseling". Washington Post. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
- "The Oil-Bust Panic" by Charles Krauthammer, The New Republic, February 21, 1983.
- "Pump Some Seriousness Into Energy Policy" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, November 11, 2005.
- "Energy Independence?" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, January 26, 2007.
- "The Tax-Free Lunch" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, June 29, 2007.
- Krauthammer, Charles (February 20, 2014). "The myth of 'settled science'". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- The Reagan Doctrine by Charles Krauthammer, Time magazine, April 1, 1985.
- Democratic Realism by Charles Krauthammer, American Enterprise Institute, February 2004.
- The Path to Putin by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, April 3, 2000.
- "Charlie Gibson's Gaffe" By Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, September 13, 2008.
- Krauthammer, Charles (July 10, 2006). "Remember What Happened Here". Time. Vol. 168 no. 2. p. 76. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- "Let Israel Win the War" by Charles Krauthammer, www.realclearpolitics.com, July 28, 2006.
- Krauthammer, Charles (August 4, 2006). "Israel's Lost Moment". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Chester, Alexander (April 19, 2004; updated August 12, 2009) ""Yeshiva Students Attend Wexner Memorial Lecture, Krauthammer Draws Tremendous Crowd"". Archived from the original on December 6, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2013. . The Commentator. at web.archive.org.. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- Bronner, Ethan; Kershner, Isabel (April 2, 2011). "Richard Goldstone Regrets Saying Israel Purposely Killed Gazans". The New York Times.
- Poor, Jeff (April 6, 2011). "Krauthammer blasts Goldstone retraction: Ranks with the 19th century 'blood libel' against Jews". The Daily Caller.
- "This Is Not a Crime, This is War" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, September 12, 2001.
- "What Good Is Delay?" by Charles Krauthammer, Jewish World Review, October 7, 2002.
- Krauthammer, Charles (February 17, 2003). "Coming Ashore". Time. Vol. 161 no. 7. p. 37. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- Krauthammer, Charles (September 19, 2003). "Democrats and Nation-Building". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2007.
- Chapman, Steve (October 26, 2003). "Bush faces credibility showdown". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune Company, LLC. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Past the Apogee by Charles Krauthammer, Foreign Policy Research Institute, December 2006.
- "In Baker's Blunder, a Chance for Bush" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, December 5, 2006.
- "The Surge: First Fruits" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, April 13, 2007.
- Herzberg, Hendrik (March 2, 2009). "Krauthammer Then and Now". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
- Beinart, Peter (April 30, 2006). "The Rehabilitation of the Cold-War Liberal". The New York Times. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
- Bill, Steigerwald (May 29, 2004). "So, what is a 'neocon'?". Pittsburgh Tribune. Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
- "Hannity (segment)". FNC Video. Foxnews.com. November 3, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Krauthammer: Obama Won, But Has No Mandate | 2012 Presidential Election | Fox Nation". Nation.foxnews.com. November 7, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "My vote, explained". The Washington Post. October 20, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Krauthammer calls it 'collusion'". CNN Money. July 14, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Bungled collusion is still collusion". The Washington Post. July 13, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- Burk, Denny. "The Theology of Charles Krauthammer". Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- Krauthammer, Charles (August 12, 2010). "Build the mosque anywhere but Ground Zero". New York Daily News.
- "Miers: The Only Exit Strategy" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, October 12, 2006.
- "Commentary – An Exit Strategy for the Miers Debacle by Charles Krauthammer". RealClearPolitics. October 21, 2005. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- "Text of Miers's Letter to President Bush" White House.
- "Conservative Columnist's Miers Plan Played Out" NPR.
- "Conservatives Will Regret the Miers Withdrawal" E.J. Dionne.
- Kornblut, Anne E. (December 11, 2005). "He Says Yes to Legalized Torture". The New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "Silent Executions", by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, June 14, 1985.
- "The Court is Just Doing its Job" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, June 30, 1989.
- "Without the Noose, Without the Gag" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, April 24, 1992.
- "Sparing Moussaoui for the wrong reasons" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, May 12, 2006.
- "Phony Theory, False Conflict" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, November 18, 2005.
- Krauthammer, Charles (August 8, 2005). "Let's Have No More Monkey Trials". Time. Vol. 166 no. 6. p. 78. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- "Phony Theory, False Conflict; 'Intelligent Design' Foolishly Pits Evolution Against Faith" by Charles Krauthammer, The Washington Post, November 18, 2005.
- "Why he's going where he's going", Opinions, The Washington Post.
- Shear, Michael D. (April 24, 2016). "No Need for Holmes. Obama Sheds Light on a Winston Churchill Mystery". The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Dan Pfeiffer, "Fact Check: The Bust of Winston Churchill", White House Blog, July 27, 2012.
- "Busted: Mr. Pfeiffer and the White House blog", Opinions, The Washington Post.
- Dan Pfeiffer, "The Churchill Bust & Charles Krauthammer", White House Blog, July 31, 2012.
- Krauthammer: "I'm The Only Entity On Earth, Other Than Rogue States, That Has Received An Apology From The White House" Real Clear politics Video, August 1, 2012.
- Shipman, Tim (March 7, 2009). "Barack Obama 'too tired' to give proper welcome to Gordon Brown". The Telegraph. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Q&A with Charles Krauthammer". C-SPAN. April 22, 2005. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "The unfashionable Charles Krauthammer". The Jerusalem Post. October 6, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Washington Post News Media Services". Postwritersgroup.com. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Membership Roster – Council on Foreign Relations". cfr.org. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Charles Krauthammer, Pro Musica Hebraica". Promusicahebraica.org. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- Krauthammer, Charles (June 8, 2018). "Opinion | A note to readers". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Charles Krauthammer|
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