Canada 3000 Inc. was a Canadian discount charter airline offering domestic and international flights. It was the largest charter airline in the world at the time of its operation, with over 90 destinations worldwide, although it changed to scheduled service in 2000 after the Canadian Airlines and Air Canada merger. Canada 3000 competed with Air Canada, WestJet, and fellow charter airline Air Transat. In November 2001, the airline went out of business after a sharp decline in revenues following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States. There have been several attempts to restart the airline since then. The airline was headquartered in Etobicoke in the west-end of Toronto, Ontario.
|Ceased operations||November 8, 2001|
|Hubs||Toronto Pearson International Airport|
Vancouver International Airport
|Focus cities||Calgary International Airport|
|Frequent-flyer program||AAdvantage (only for miles earning)|
|Key people||Angus Kinnear (CEO)|
Robert Deluce (CEO) (1988–1995)
The airline was created in 1988 by British airline Air 2000, initially for charter service to lease some of its airplanes for Canadian charter travel. The airline was denied license to operate by the National Transport Agency NTA because of the control and ownership of the UK firm. Air 2000 dropped out of an ownership position, and the airline started operations in December 1988. In May 1989, by order of the NTA, it changed its name to 'Canada 3000'. The next year the airline acquired Vacationair and a subsidiary was created in Mexico with the name Aerofiesta. The company's owners were the Deluce family (25%), chairman John Lecky (45%) and Adventure Tours (30%). Following the demise of Wardair, the company's goal was to become Canada's largest charter carrier, a position it attained in 1991.
The cover of the Canada 3000 summer of 1997 flight schedule stated the airline was serving destinations in Belgium, Denmark, England, Fiji, France, Germany, Iceland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scotland and the U.S. as well as Canada.
In 1998, co-founder and CEO Angus Kinnear was the recipient of the Tony Jannus Award for his contributions to commercial air transportation. As of 1998, the airline carried over 2.5 million passengers annually, and had destinations in 22 countries. In April 1998, Canada 3000 became the launch customer and first commercial operator of the Airbus A330-200.
In 1999, Canada 3000 purchased Holiday Travel Consultants based out of Vancouver from Richard and Shelley Carlin, which expanded to become Canada 3000's retail division under the name Canada 3000 Tickets. By the time it closed its doors, Canada 3000 had expanded its retail division to include 40 branch offices as well as three call centers in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver.
In 2000, Canada 3000 went public, raising $30 million in an IPO. In January 2001, Canada 3000 bought charter carrier Royal Aviation or Royal Airlines of Montreal, Quebec for $84 million. The company also acquired Royal Airlines' cargo operation, renaming it Canada 3000 Cargo. In March 2001 it also took over CanJet Airlines for $7.5 million in stock. In May 2001, following the merger of Canadian Airlines International with Air Canada, Canada 3000 also started operating scheduled flights. In October 2001, one month before its demise, Canada 3000 became the first airline to operate non-stop service from North America to India.
On November 8, 2001 the company suddenly collapsed with no warning for travelers or employees. The company filed for bankruptcy, citing a downturn in air travel during the weeks following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. The fleet was left grounded at various airports around the world, leaving 50,000 vacationers stranded. September 10, 2001 was a record booking day, but within a few days air traffic declined by 50%. The airline was offered a $75 million loan guarantee from the Canadian government under the condition of a 'viable business plan' being produced. By November 7, 2001, the airline had $260 million in debt, and only had $1.49 million in cash. In secret, it had applied to the Canada Labour Board for permission to cut labour costs by 30% by closing its Royal division immediately. The Board would not approve without union agreement. Union offers to cut 700 pilot and flight attendant positions did not provide enough savings immediately and the airline applied for bankruptcy protection on November 8, while it planned to continue flying. By the end of the day, airport authorities in Toronto and St. John's, Newfoundland has seized planes under court authority and the company directors decided to cease operations.
Out of bankruptcy, the Canada 3000 Cargo air cargo operation, which was still operating, was sold off and became Cargojet Airways, run by former Canada 3000 executive Ajay Virmani. In 2002, Michel Leblanc, the former owner of Royal Airlines and later a director with Canada 3000 went on to form another scheduled discount airline, Jetsgo, which lasted almost three years before it too collapsed and filed for bankruptcy protection on March 11, 2005. The CEO, Robert Deluce continued in the airline business with the successful Porter Airlines out of Toronto's Billy Bishop airport.
Canada 3000 operated the following fleet, with current allocations as of December, 2013:
|Airbus A310-300||2 scrapped, 2 remain in service with |
|Airbus A319-100||To Canadian airline SkyService|
|Airbus A320-200||To various other airlines, including |
Monarch Airlines & SkyService
|Airbus A330-200||3 sent to Volare Airlines|
|Airbus A340-300||To Air Tahiti Nui|
|Boeing 737-200||Most in service with other airlines|
|Boeing 757-200||To other airlines, mainly Air 2000|
- "Canada 3000 Airlines Worldwide Offices". Canada 3000. January 18, 2001. Archived from the original on January 18, 2001. Retrieved May 20, 2009. "CANADA 3000 Airlines Limited Head Office 27 Fasken Drive Toronto, Ontario M9W 1K6"
- World Business Directory: 1997. Company Listings : Afghanistan - Germany, Volume 1. Gale Research, 1996. 474. Retrieved from Google Books on February 13, 2011. "3000 Airlines Ltd. 27 Fasken Dr. Etobicoke, ON, Canada M9W 1K6" ISBN 0-8103-6189-2, ISBN 978-0-8103-6189-8.
- Foster, Cecil (May 10, 1989). "Air 2000 Airlines becomes Canada 3000 Airlines Ltd". The Globe and Mail. p. B3.
- Barrett, Tom (November 10, 2001). "Airline started in 1988 with 2 planes: After bumpy start, Canada 3000 soared with charter business". Vancouver Sun. p. F3.
- http://www.timetableimages.com, March 31, 1997 Canada 3000 timetable cover
- "List of recipients of the Tony Jannus Award". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- Fly the Most Modern Fleet in America ([brochure]. Canada 3000. 1998.
- Pigg, Susan (November 10, 2001). "Air sickness ; 50,000 passengers scramble as ailing carrier Canada 3000 is grounded". Toronto Star. p. E1.
- "Canada 3000 Flight Lands in India". The Tribune. October 11, 2001. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
- "Canada 3000 grounds planes". Guelph Daily Mercury. November 9, 2001. p. A1.
- Ward, Doug (November 10, 2001). "The Canada 3000 grounding: Travellers seek new ways to get home". Vancouver Sun. p. F1.
- Fitzpatrick, Peter (November 10, 2001). "Scramble to seize airplanes spelled end: Overnight talks were fruitless once airports moved in". National Post. Toronto, Ontario. p. A1.
- "Cargojet Airways buys Winnport Logistics". Calgary Herald. July 5, 2002. p. D5.
- Coates, Al (March 12, 2005). "How about a great big hmmm for Leblanc and Jetsgo?". The Record. Kitchener, Ontario. p. F1.
- Flight International, April 2005
- Canada 3000 Retired Fleet