Bry-sur-Marne (French pronunciation: [bʁi syʁ maʁn] (listen), literally Bry on Marne) is a commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.6 km (7.8 mi) from the center of Paris.
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Charles Aslangul|
|3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,200/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||36–100 m (118–328 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Prehistory and early historyEdit
Bry's name comes from the Celtic word Briw, which means a bridge or a river crossing. The area has been inhabited since Neolithic times. The town's motto, which features on its coat of arms, is "Moult viel que Paris" - old French for "Much older than Paris".
In 1903, archeologist Adrien Mentienne uncovered the bones of a large bovine which died 15,000 years ago. In 1982, the skeleton of a woman who died in the 5th century BC was uncovered beneath the playground of a school in Bry. It is now housed in the town's museum.
From that century onwards, there was a permanent human presence where Bry now stands. In 1886, a necropolis was found which contained pottery, Gaul and Frankish weaponry, silver and gold jewelry, and coins, dating from the Gaul era to the Merovingian. The first known written mention of the town named Bry was in a charter signed by King Charles the Bald in 861.
The first church was built in 1130.
From the feudal era to modern timesEdit
In 1404, Robert de Châtillon, cousin of King Charles VI, was Bry's feudal lord. His castle no longer stands, and its exact location is uncertain. Bry's current château was built in the 1690s. It became the town hall in 1866. It was rebuilt after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870.
|Source: EHESS and INSEE (1968-2017)|
The commune has one public preschool, Maternelle Jules Ferry; three combined public preschools and elementary schools, La Pépinière, Paul Barilliet, and Louis Daguerre; as well as one public elementary school, Henri Cahn. The commune has a public junior high school, Collège Henri Cahn.
The commune also has a private elementary through junior high school, Institut Saint Thomas de Villeneuve.
There are multiple public senior high schools in surrounding communes:
- Photographer Louis Daguerre died in Bry-sur-Marne in 1851 and a monument marks his grave there.
- Laurel Zuckerman, author
- Hervé Bazin, author
Bry's most treasured artwork is a diorama painted by Louis Daguerre. The painting changes as each day wears on, mimicking daylight and night-time; the painted candlesticks light up at night. It is kept in the local church.
- "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
- "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
- (in French) Official town web page on the town's history
- (in French) Official town web page on the coat of arms
- see reference note n°1
- Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Bry-sur-Marne, EHESS. (in French)
- Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- "Les écoles." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Collège Henri Cahn." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Institut Saint Thomas de Villeneuve." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Louis ARMAND." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016. The "Hôtel de Ville" is not the school address, but the address of the Bry-sur-Marne town hall.
- "Lycée Hector Berlioz." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016. The "Hôtel de Ville" is not the school address, but the address of the Bry-sur-Marne town hall.
- "Lycée Edouard Branly." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Paul Doumer." Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Évarist Galois" [sic]. Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Lycée Pablo Picasso" [sic]. Bry-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- (in French) All about Daguerre's diorama
- (in French) About the diorama on the town's website[permanent dead link]
- "Mentions légales Archived 2011-05-01 at the Wayback Machine." Institut national de l'audiovisuel. Retrieved on 5 May 2011. "Siège social et adresse postale : 4 avenue de l'Europe - 94366 Bry-sur-Marne cedex "