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General elections were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 1 October 2006. They decided the makeup of Bosnia and Herzegovina's presidency as well as federal, entity, and cantonal governments. As of September 2006 there were 2,736,886 registered voters. Of the 2.7 million voters, 1.7 millions are in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 1 million in Republika Srpska.[1] Official voter turnout as reported by the Central Election Commission was 52.74% of the total number of registered voters.[2]

Bosnia and Herzegovina general election, 2006

← 2002 1 October 2006 2010 →
  First party Second party Third party
  Dodik, Milorad, 2010.jpg Sulejman Tihić.jpg Haris Silajdzic.jpg
Leader Milorad Dodik Sulejman Tihić Haris Silajdžić
Party SNSD SDA SBiH
Leader since 1996 2001 1996
Leader's seat Did not stand Presidency (Bosniaks) Presidency (Bosniaks)
(won)
Last election 3 10 6
Seats before 3 10 6
Seats won 7 9 8
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 1 Increase 2
Popular vote 269,648 238,475 219,487

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Zlatko Lagumdžija.jpg Dragan Čavić cropped.jpg Dragan Čović.jpg
Leader Zlatko Lagumdžija Dragan Čavić Dragan Čović
Party SDP BiH SDS HDZ BiH
Leader since 1997 2006 2005
Leader's seat FBiH-3 Did not stand Did not stand
Last election 5 5 5
Seats before 5 5 5
Seats won 5 3 3
Seat change Steady Decrease 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 143,272 108,616 69,333

Bosnia and Herzegovina, parliamentary election, 2006.png
Colours denote the party with the most votes by municipalities

Chairman before election

Adnan Terzić
SDA

Elected Chairman

Nikola Špirić
SNSD

Logo of the 2006 general election

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Analysts claimed that the 2006 election would be the most important since Bosnia's independence from Yugoslavia, and the subsequent Bosnian War. With the previous government failing to agree reforms to the constitution, and Bosnian Muslim politicians continuing to threaten the abolition of the Republika Srpska and officials in Republika Srpska continuing to speak of possible secession from the country in response, the election was seen as crucial in determining the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The results were tentatively welcomed by commentators, and described as bringing "small signs of change to a Bosnia where institutional fragmentation has cemented ethnic division", with the result suggesting "a certain retreat of nationalism among the Muslim and Croat communities".[3]

ControversyEdit

A controversy has emerged over the election of the Croatian member of presidency. Although Željko Komšić is an ethnic Croat, as a member of the SDP he was alleged by his political opponents to have received votes mainly from Bosniaks. He has been accused by his opponents that he was not the choice of Croats, but rather Bosniaks, citing that he did not win majority for Croatian representative in any of the counties/cantons with Croat majority. This is the result of the fact that in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, both Bosniak and Croat presidents are on one ballot, letting the voter choose to vote in either category regardless of their own ethnicity.

ResultsEdit

State PresidencyEdit

One President was elected from each of the country's three constitutional peoples: Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs.[4]

Community Candidate Party Votes %
Bosniaks Haris Silajdžić Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 350,520 62.8
Sulejman Tihić Party of Democratic Action 153,683 27.5
Mirnes Ajanović Patriotski Blok BOSS-SDU BiH 45,608 8.2
Muhamed Čengić People's Party Work for Betterment 4,466 0.8
Bešćo Alibegović Independent 2,670 0.5
Adil Žigić Independent 1,245 0.2
Croats Željko Komšić Social Democratic Party 116,062 40.0
Ivo Miro Jović Croatian Democratic Union 76,681 26.1
Božo Ljubić Croatian Democratic Union 1990 53,325 18.2
Mladen Ivanković Lijanović People's Party Work for Betterment 24,822 8.5
Zvonko Jurišić Croatian Party of Rights 20,350 6.9
Irena Korjenić Javor Independent 2,143 0.7
Serbs Nebojša Radmanović Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 287,675 53.3
Mladen Bosić Serbian Democratic Party 130,824 24.2
Zoran Tešanović Party of Social Progress 26,818 5.0
Jugoslav Jovičić Social Democratic Party 22,245 4.1
Radislav Kanjerić Serbian Radical Party 19,849 3.7
Ranko Bakić People's Party Work for Betterment 18,302 3.4
Nedo Durić Srpska Democratic Movement 16,307 3.0
Slavko Dragičević Patriotic Bloc (BOSSSDU) 10,410 2.0
Svjetlana Udovičić Independent 2,847 0.5
Snežana Avdalović Independent 2,753 0.5
Branislav Ristić Independent 2,143 0.4
Invalid/blank votes
Total 1,397,418 100
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

House of RepresentativesEdit

According to the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the representatives from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina are allocated 28 seats, while the representatives from the Republika Srpska have 14 seats. There are 42 seats in total.

ResultsEdit

Party Federation Republika Srpska Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Party of Democratic Action 217,961 25.5 8 20,514 3.7 1 9
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 196,230 23.0 7 23,257 4.2 1 8
Social Democratic Party 131,450 15.4 5 11,822 2.1 0 5
HDZ-HK-HNZ 68,188 8.0 3 1,145 0.2 0 3
Croats Together 52,095 6.1 2 591 0.1 0 2
Bosnian Patriotic Party 37,608 4.4 1 866 0.2 0 1
People's Party Work for Betterment 27,487 3.2 1 5,533 1.0 0 1
Patriotic Bloc (BOSSSDU) 23,605 2.8 0 162 0.0 0 0
Croatian Party of Rights 19,486 2.3 0 4,929 0.9 0 0
Democratic People's Union 16,221 1.9 1 321 0.1 0 1
Pensioners' Party 11,790 1.4 0 0
Liberal Democratic Party 8,337 1.0 0 0
Youth Political Movement 7,713 0.9 0 800 0.1 0 0
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 7,265 0.9 0 262,203 46.9 7 7
Movement for Change 6,091 0.7 0 0
European Ecological Party E5 5,053 0.6 0 519 0.1 0 0
Civic Democratic Party 4,322 0.5 0 400 0.1 0 0
People's Bosniak Party 3,848 0.4 0 0
Democratic Party of Invalids 3,475 0.4 0 0
BH Free Democrats 1,657 0.2 0 0
Socialist Party 1,752 0.2 0 12,579 2.3 0 0
KNSZPBG-PMBiH 1,013 0.1 0 369 0.1 0 0
Bosansko Podrinjska Narodna Stranka 493 0.0 0 73 0.0 0 0
Democratic People's Alliance 232 0.0 0 19,868 3.6 1 1
Serbian Democratic Party 108,616 19.4 3 3
Party of Democratic Progress 28,410 5.1 1 1
Serbian Radical Party 15,806 2.8 0 0
SRS "Dr. Vojislav Šešelj" 14,714 2.6 0 0
PSNDS 12,340 2.2 0 0
Serbian Democratic Movement 7,807 1.4 0 0
Serbian New Power 2,712 0.5 0 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance 2,350 0.4 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 68,492 33,027
Total 921,864 100 28 591,733 100 14 42
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, IPU

House of PeoplesEdit

The 15 members of the House of Peoples will be elected in entities' Parliaments - 10 members by the House of Representatives of the Parliament of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (5 Bosniaks and 5 Croats); and 5 members by the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.

Entity ParliamentsEdit

On the entity level, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska will elect new governments.

Federation of Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit

In the Federation this includes:

House of Representatives of the Federation of Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit

Only parties which have won mandates are listed:

Party Votes Reg. Com. Total
  Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 218,365 23 5 28
  Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Za BiH) 190,148 19 5 24
  Social Democratic Party (SDP) 130,204 13 4 17
  Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ/HNZ/HSP) 64,906 7 1 8
  Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ1990) 54,210 5 2 7
  Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party-Sefer Halilović (BPS) 35,223 1 3 4
  Bosnian Party/Social Democratic Union (BOSS/SDU) 27,200 1 2 3
  People's Party Work for Betterment 27,132 - 3 3
  Croatian Party of Right/New Croatian Initiative 21,152 1 - 1
  Democratic People's Community 16,014 2 - 2
  Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 12,564 1 - 1

Reg. - Mandates from regional electoral units; Com. - Mandates from compensation lists
Source - Central Electoral Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Republika SrpskaEdit

In the Republika Srpska, the government is made up of:

National Assembly of the Republika SrpskaEdit

Seat allocation:

  • SNSD 41
  • SDS 17
  • PDP RS 8
  • DNS 4
  • SBiH 4
  • SP 3
  • SDA 3
  • SRS RS 2
  • SDP 1

Canton ParliamentsEdit

All 289 mandates in the assemblies of the Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina were up for election; the same parties elected into the Federal Parliament were elected onto cantonal assemblies (skupština kantona/скупштина кантона in Bosnian and Serbian, sabor županije in Croatian).

Party  
USK
 
PK
 
TK
 
ZDK
 
BPK
 
SBK
 
HNK
 
ZHK
 
KS
 
K10
Total
  Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 12 2 12 13 9 8 6 - 10 2 74
  Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Za BiH) 6 1 7 11 8 7 5 - 13 1 59
  Social Democratic Party (SDP) 6 2 11 5 6 3 2 - 7 1 43
  Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ/HNZ/HSP) - 7 - 2 - 6 7 9 - 5 36
  Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ1990) - 5 - - - 3 7 8 - 6 29
  Croatian Party of Right/New Croatian Initiative - 2 - - - 2 2 4 - 4 14
  People's Party Work for Betterment - 2 2 1 1 1 - 2 - 1 10
  Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party-Sefer Halilović (BPS) - - 1 3 1 - 1 - 2 - 8
  Democratic People's Community 6 - - - - - - - - - 6
  Bosnian Party/Social Democratic Union (BOSS/SDU) - - 2 - - - - - 3 - 5
  Alliance of Independent Social Democrats - - - - - - - - - 5 5

Source - Central Electoral Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IFES Election Guide - Election Profile for Bosnia and Herzegovina
  2. ^ http://www.ihf-hr.org/viewbinary/viewdocument.php?doc_id=7395
  3. ^ Nicholas Walton, A house divided: Bosnia after the elections, openDemocracy, 3 October 2006, accessed 25 November 2006
  4. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p345 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

External linksEdit