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Party of Democratic Action

HistoryEdit

The Party of Democratic Action (SDA) was founded on 26 May 1990 in Sarajevo, as a "party of Muslim cultural-historic circle". It was a realisation of Alija Izetbegović's idea of an Islamic religious and national party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many members of the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including imams, took part in the party's foundation. Alija who was chosen as its chairman tried to resolve disputes between the Muslim nationalist-Islamists led by Omer Behmen and the left-wing Muslims led by Adil Zulfikarpašić.[24] The party has its roots in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, a conservative Bosniak party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Yugoslav Muslim Organization was a successor of Muslimanska Narodna Organizacija (Muslim National Organization), a conservative Bosniak party founded in 1906 during the Austro-Hungarian era. The Muslim National Organization was itself a successor of the conservative Bosniak "Movement for waqf and educational autonomy" (Pokret za vakufsko-mearifsku autonomiju) that goes back to 1887.

The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in opposition for the first time since its creation.[25][clarification needed]

The party has branches in Slovenia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Croatia and the Sandžak region of Serbia. One of the goals of the party, outside Bosnia and Herzegovina, is to represent and defend the interests of Bosniaks and other Muslim South Slavs in the entire Balkan region. In Montenegro the party merged with smaller Bosniak and Slavic Muslim parties to create the Bosniak Party.

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

After the 2018 elections, SDA became once again the largest party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

List of presidentsEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Took office Left office Time in office
1Radovanović, NikolaAlija Izetbegović
(1925–2003)
26 May 199013 October 200111 years, 140 days
2Tihić, SulejmanSulejman Tihić
(1951–2014)
13 October 200125 September 2014 †12 years, 347 days
3Izetbegović, BakirBakir Izetbegović
(born 1956)
25 September 2014Incumbent5 years, 49 days

ElectionsEdit

Parliamentary electionsEdit

Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Year # Popular vote HoR Seat change HoP Seat change Government
1996 1st 899,970
19 / 42
 
5 / 15
  government
1998 1st 583,895
13 / 42
  6
3 / 15
  2 government
2000 1st 279,548
8 / 42
  5
2 / 15
  1 opposition
2002 1st 269,427
10 / 42
  2
4 / 15
  2 government
2006 2nd 238,475
9 / 42
  1
3 / 15
  1 government
2010 3rd 214,300
7 / 42
  2
3 / 15
  government (until 2012)
opposition (from 2012)
2014 1st 305,715
10 / 42
  3
3 / 15
  government
2018 1st 281,754
9 / 42
  1
3 / 15
  government

Presidency electionsEdit

Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Election year # Candidate Votes % Representing Elected?
1996 1st Alija Izetbegović 730,592 80.0% Bosniaks Yes
1998 1st Alija Izetbegović 511,541 86.8% Bosniaks Yes
2002 1st Sulejman Tihić 192,661 37.2% Bosniaks Yes
2006 2nd Sulejman Tihić 153,683 27.5% Bosniaks No
2010 1st Bakir Izetbegović 162,831 34.8% Bosniaks Yes
2014 1st Bakir Izetbegović 247,235 32.8% Bosniaks Yes
2018 1st Šefik Džaferović 212,581 36.6 Bosniaks Yes

Cantonal election resultsEdit

Cantonal election Cantonal Assembly
Una-Sana Posavina Tuzla Zenica-Doboj Bosnian Podrinje Goražde Central Bosnia Herzegovina-Neretva West Herzegovina Sarajevo Canton 10 Total won / Total contested
1996
39 / 50
3 / 20
33 / 50
40 / 59
26 / 31
29 / 55
19 / 50
0 / 31
28 / 45
2 / 15
219 / 406
1998
33 / 50
5 / 30
26 / 50
29 / 50
21 / 31
22 / 50
18 / 50
0 / 31
25 / 45
4 / 30
181 / 417
2000
13 / 30
2 / 21
12 / 35
13 / 35
8 / 25
8 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
8 / 35
2 / 25
71 / 289
2002
14 / 30
2 / 21
16 / 35
20 / 35
12 / 25
10 / 30
7 / 30
0 / 23
15 / 35
2 / 25
98 / 289
2006
12 / 30
2 / 21
12 / 35
13 / 35
9 / 25
8 / 30
6 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
74 / 289
2010
7 / 30
2 / 21
10 / 35
10 / 35
6 / 25
6 / 30
5 / 30
0 / 23
7 / 35
2 / 25
55 / 289
2014
10 / 30
3 / 21
13 / 35
11 / 35
6 / 25
8 / 30
7 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
70 / 289
2018
9 / 30
2 / 21
9 / 35
11 / 35
5 / 25
10 / 30
8 / 30
0 / 23
10 / 35
2 / 25
66 / 289

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "Bakir Izetbegović is the new president of the Party of Democratic Action". klix.ba. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  2. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 31.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Bosnia-Herzegovina". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b Eralp 2012, p. 28.
  5. ^ a b Babić 2014, p. 128.
  6. ^ a b Farmer 2010, p. 126.
  7. ^ a b Krieger 2012, p. 102.
  8. ^ a b Tottoli 2014, p. 81.
  9. ^ a b Filipović & 28 July 2000.
  10. ^ Babić 2014, p. 128.
  11. ^ Farmer 2010, p. 126.
  12. ^ Krieger 2012, p. 102.
  13. ^ Tottoli 2014, p. 81.
  14. ^ Filipović 28 July 2000
  15. ^ Tom Gallagher, "The Balkans After the Cold War: From Tyranny to Tragedy", Routledge
  16. ^ a b "Party Politics in the Western Balkans" edited by Vera Stojarová, Peter Emerson
  17. ^ "Yugoslavia and After: A Study in Fragmentation, Despair and Rebirth" By David A. Dyker, Ivan Vejvoda
  18. ^ a b Xavier Bougarel. "Bosnian Islam since 1990: Cultural Identity or Political Ideology?", Convention annuelle de l’Association for the Study of Nationalities (ASN), p. 3
  19. ^ "Innocence and Victimhood: Gender, Nation, and Women’s Activism in Postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina", Elizabeth Helms, University of Wisconsin Press
  20. ^ "Islam and Bosnia: Conflict Resolution and Foreign Policy in Multi-ethnic States", edited by Maya Shatzmiller, McGill-Queen's University Press
  21. ^ Xavier Bougarel, "Islam and Nationhood in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Surviving Empires", Bloomsbury
  22. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 92.
  23. ^ James, Ron (2003). Frontiers and ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel. University of California Press. p. 218. ISBN 9780520236578. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
  24. ^ Perica 2004, p. 87.
  25. ^ Al-Azmeh, Aziz (2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity, and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 9780521860116. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
Books
  • Babić, Marko (2014). Milosevic, Marko; Rekawek, Kacper (eds.). Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders. Amsterdam: IOS Press. ISBN 9781614993872.
  • Eralp, Doğa Ulaş (2012). Politics of the European Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Between Conflict and Democracy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739149478.
  • Farmer, Brian R. (2010). Radical Islam in the West: Ideology and Challenge. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 9780786462100.
  • Krieger, Joel (2012). The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199738595.
  • Perica, Vjekoslav (2004). Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195174298.
  • Šedo, Jakub (2013). "The party system of Bosnia and Herzegovina". In Stojarová, Vera; Emerson, Peter (eds.). Party Politics in the Western Balkans. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781135235857.
  • Tottili, Roberto (2014). Routledge Handbook of Islam in the West. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781317744023.
Other sources

External linksEdit