Bombardier Global Express
The Bombardier Global Express is a large cabin, ultra long range business jet manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. There are currently three variants in active service — the original Global Express, Global 5000 & Global 6000 — and two more under development — the Global 7000 & Global 8000. The Global Express has been modified for military missions, such as the Royal Air Force Raytheon Sentinel, the United States Air Force E-11A and United Arab Emirates Air Force GlobalEye Swing Role Surveillance System. The Global Express can fly intercontinental ranges without refuelling (e.g. New York City–Tokyo) or between most two points in the world with only one stop. In this class the Global Express competes with the Airbus Corporate Jet, Boeing Business Jet and Gulfstream G550/650.
|Global Express / Global 5000/6000|
|A Global Express of Tyrolean Jet Services landing at Frankfurt Airport|
|First flight||13 October 1996|
|Status||In Service, In production|
|Developed into||Global 7000/8000|
Design and developmentEdit
Bombardier Aerospace began studies in 1991 and the aircraft was officially launched in 1993. The first flight occurred on October 13, 1996. The Global Express shares the Canadair / Bombardier Regional Jet's fuselage cross section and is similar in length, but despite the size similarities the two aircraft are very different due to the nature of their roles. The Global Express features an advanced all new supercritical airfoil with a 35° sweep and winglets, plus a new T-tail. The aircraft is powered by two BMW RollsRoyce BR-710 turbofans with FADEC. The advanced flightdeck features a six screen Honeywell Primus 2000 XP EFIS suite and is offered with optional heads-up displays.
The Global Express was announced on 28 October 1991 at the NBAA convention. Full-scale cabin mockup was exhibited at the NBAA convention in September 1992. Conceptual design started early 1993 and the programme was officially launched on 20 December 1993. The aircraft high-speed configuration was frozen in June 1994 and the low-speed configuration was established in August 1994.
Bombardier subsidiaries have three specific roles in the project: Canadair is the design leader and manufactures the nose; Short Brothers, Belfast, is responsible for the design and manufacture of the engine nacelles, horizontal stabiliser and forward fuselage; and de Havilland Canada builds the rear fuselage and vertical tail and carries out final assembly. The major external supplier is Japan's Mitsubishi Heavy Industries which builds the wing and centre fuselage sections. In 2015, Bombardier announced to reduce production because of lower demand caused by slowing economy and geopolitics in markets such as Latin America, Russia and China.
The Global 5000 (model designation BD-700-1A11) is a derivative based on Global Express, with 813 mm (32 in) reduction in forward fuselage length, and 1,200 nmi reduction in maximum range. Seating capacity ranges from 16 to 19 passengers. The aircraft was announced on 25 October 2001 with the official launch on 5 February 2002, after a positive market assessment with letters of intent for 15 aircraft.
The Global 5000 is built on the same production line as the Global Express XRS, and the two types' serial numbers are intermingled.
The first Global 5000 aircraft (s/n 9127) flew on 7 March 2003. The flight was dedicated to testing basic system functionality and assessing the aircraft's handling and flying qualities. The aircraft completed its preliminary testing at Bombardier's Downsview facility, before it moved to Bombardier's Wichita facility to begin the flight test program. The Global 5000 made its first appearance at the Paris Air Show in June 2003.
Typical configuration features 18 passenger seats including fully berthable seats and an aft lounge/bedroom. The aircraft has a full galley and two lavatories. The crew rest area was removed, but is being considered on newer versions.
Originally, the maximum takeoff weight was 88,700 lb (40,200 kg). With typical equipment and passenger accoutrements, the empty weight was 52,000–55,000 pounds (22,600–25,000 kg). In April 2008, Bombardier announced that the certified gross weight had been increased to 92,500 lb (41954 kg), which permitted an increased fuel load—projected maximum range increased to 5,200 nmi (9637 km).
The maximum certified altitude is 51,000 ft (16,000 m) The typical approach speed is 108 kn (200 km/h) requiring approximately 2,600 ft (790 m) of runway for landing.
Global 5000 changes compared to the Global Express are:
- Fuselage shortened by 813 mm (32 in).
- Removal of the fuel tank in the tail and limiting fuel in the wings.
- Reduction in MTOW by 5,500 lb (2,500 kg).
- Reduction in maximum range by 1,200 nmi.
- Rearrangement of some avionics to gain usable cabin length.
- Allowance for interior completions (3,200 kg).
The Global 6000 (formerly marketed as the Global Express XRS) is an improved version of the original aircraft, (announced on October 6, 2003 during the NBAA Convention at Orlando, Florida) offering higher cruise speed, increased range, improved cabin layout and lighting. Bombardier’s Vision flight deck, powered by Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics, is perhaps the biggest upgrade from the XRS to the 6000 and compared to its predecessor, the Global XRS, it has improved acoustical insulation.
The range increase is achieved by addition of a 1,486 lb (674 kg) fuel tank at the wing root. Bombardier claims it takes 15 minutes less to fuel the Global 6000 than the original model thanks to improved computer systems and mechanical refinements. The Global 6000 entered service in early 2012. The unit price is estimated to be $US45.5 million.
On May 27, 2018, Bombardier unveiled the Global 5500 and 6500 developments expected to enter service at the end of 2019 with an optimized wing for a Mach 0.90 top speed, a revamped cabin inspired from the Global 7000 with its Nuage seat and new Rolls-Royce Pearl engines replacing the previous BR710s with up to 13% lower fuel burn for better operating costs, better hot and high performance and 500 and 600 nmi (930 and 1,110 km) of additional range for 5,700 and 6,600 nmi (10,600 and 12,200 km), respectively. The engines have 9% more thrust, their certification was announced and are already test flying. The Global 5500 lists for $46 million while the Global 6500 lists for $56 million.
- BD-700-1A10: Global Express and Global 6000 (or Global Express XRS)
- BD-700-1A11: Global 5000
- Military variants:
- GlobalEye multi-role AEW&C, a Global 6000 with the SAAB Erieye's ER AESA radar
- Raytheon Sentinel R, Surveillance aircraft using Bombardier airframe supplied to Raytheon
- Saab Swordfish maritime patrol aircraft
- E-11A, United States Air Force designation for four Global Express being used as a platform for the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node. A BD-700 has also carried the High-Altitude Lidar Operational Experiment (HALOE) payload, deploying to Africa and Afghanistan to survey large areas rapidly.
The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies, executive charter operators and government agencies, including:
- ACM AIR CHARTER Gmbh Baden-Baden
- Başaran Holding
- Crystal Luxury Air
- HBD Venture Capital, Canonical One
- Qatar Airways through Qatar Amiri Flight
- One Global 5000 registered D2-ANG.
- German Air Force (Luftwaffe) - 4 Global 5000 for VIP transport operated by the Special Air Mission Wing MoD in Cologne
- Indian Air Force - 2 Delivered
- Royal Malaysian Air Force
- 1st Division - 2 Squadron - 1 for VIP transport
- Mexican Air Force - 1 ordered
- Three GlobalEye aircraft ordered
- Royal Air Force
|Model||Global 5000 ||5500||Global 6000 ||6500|
|Length||96 ft 10 in / 29.5 m||99 ft 5 in / 30.3 m|
|Wing||94 ft 0 in / 28.7 m span, 1,021 ft² / 94.8 m² area (8.7 AR)|
|Height||25 ft 6 in / 7.8 m|
|Cabin length||40 ft 9 in / 12.41 m||43 ft 3 in / 13.18 m|
|cabin section||7 ft 11 in / 2.41 m max width, 6 ft 6 in / 1.98 m floor width, 6 ft 2 in / 1.88 m height|
|Max. takeoff||92,500 lb / 41,957 kg||99,500 lb / 45,132 kg|
|Basic operating||50,861 lb / 23,070 kg||52,230 lb / 23,691 kg|
|Max. fuel||39,250 lb / 17,804 kg||45,050 lb / 20,434 kg|
|Max. payload||7,139 lb / 3,238 kg||5,770 lb / 2,617 kg|
|Engines||BR710A2-20||R-R Pearl||BR710A2-20||R-R Pearl|
|Thrust||14,750 lb (65.6kN)||15,125 lbf (67.3 kN)||14,750 lb (65.6kN)||15,125 lbf (67.3 kN)|
|Top speed||Mach 0.89||Mach 0.90||Mach 0.89||Mach 0.90|
|cruise||Mach 0.88 (504 kt / 934 km/h) high-speed, Mach 0.85 (487 kt / 902 km/h) typical|
|M 0.85 Range[a]||5,200 nm / 9,630 km||5,700 nm 10,556 km||6,000 nm / 11,112 km||6,600 nm / 12,223 km|
|Takeoff[b]||5,540 ft / 1,689 m||5,490 ft / 1,674 m||6,476 ft / 1,974 m||6,370 ft / 1,942 m|
|Landing[c]||2,207 ft / 673 m||2,236 ft / 682 m|
|altitude||Max. 51,000 ft / 15,545 m, Initial cruise 41,000 ft / 12,497 m (MTOW)|
- NBAA IFR Reserves, ISA, 8 pax
- SL, ISA, MTOW
- SL, ISA, MLW
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
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- "İran'da Türk jeti düştü" (in Turkish). Fortune Turkey. 11 March 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- Ubuntu News #16: Akademy 2006
- Ask Slashdot: Mark Shuttleworth "Canonical One doesn't *actually* belong to Canonical"
- "12 Things You Didn't Know About South African Millionaire Mark Shuttleworth". AFKInsider. 2016-08-25. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
- "Botswana - Government Bombardier BD-700 Global Express photo by Malcolm Reid". airplane-pictures.net. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
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