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The Gulfstream V (Model GV, pronounced "G-five") is a long-range, large business jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, derived from the previous Gulfstream IV. It flies up to Mach 0.885, up to 51,000 feet (16,000 m) and has a 6,500 nautical miles (12,000 km) range. It typically accommodates four crew and 14 passengers. It first flew on November 28, 1995, and entered service in June 1997.[1] It is used by the US military under the designation C-37A.[4] It is followed by an improved version, the Gulfstream 550 (Model GV-SP).

Gulfstream V
C-37A
Gulfstream Aerospace G-V Gulfstream V AN0811210.jpg
Role Business jet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Gulfstream Aerospace
First flight November 28, 1995[1]
Introduction June 1997[1]
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Coast Guard
United States Navy
Number built 193[2]
Unit cost
$36 million (1998)[3]
Developed from Gulfstream IV
Variants Gulfstream G550

Contents

DevelopmentEdit

 
Model in wind tunnel

In the early 1990s, the Gulfstream V (GV) was developed as a response to the Bombardier Global Express.[5] It was certified on April 11, 1997.[6] Capable of flying up to 6,500 nmi (12,000 km), it rolled out in 1995 and was Gulfstream's first ultra-long range business jet. Total production of the Gulfstream V was 193 aircraft.[2] By 2018, 1997-1999 Gulfstream GVs were trading at $8.8-10.25 million.[7] By 2019, a GV was worth around $10 million: below $6 million for a fixer to less than $13 million for a late model low-time aircraft.[5]

DesignEdit

Compared to the Gulfstream IV, the engines are changed from Rolls-Royce Tay to Rolls-Royce BR700-710A1-10 with increased thrust, higher bypass ratio, and Full Authority Digital Engine Controls (FADEC). Operating ceiling is increased from 45,000 ft to 51,000 ft. It has thrust reversers and composite flight control surfaces. The horizontal tail area is 30% larger, wingspan is increased from 74.6 ft to 93.5 ft, the fuselage is lengthened by 5 foot forward of the main entry door, and by 2 foot aft of the wing. Maximum takeoff and landing weights are increased by 15%.[6]

It has a new semi supercritical wing for a fuel capacity of 41,000–12,000 lb (18.6–5.4 t) more than the G-IV. The three zone cabin is similar to the G-IV, smaller than the Global Express, while its dispatch reliability, cabin noise and fuel efficiency compare favourably against its competitors of the same era. Compared to the comparably priced Global Express, the GV offers more range and is more fuel efficient while the Bombardier offers better runway performance, a larger cabin and a softer ride. BR710 overhaul comes at 8,000 hour or 10 years if it comes earlier and costs $1.25 million per engine.[5]

U.S. Air Force C-37AEdit

 
USCG C-37A in flight

Designated C-37A in U.S. Air Force service, the Gulfstream V is used by United States government and Defense Department officials. The US Coast Guard operates two C-37A for transportation of the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Commandant of the Coast Guard. The US Navy operates one C-37A.

The aircraft has a flight management system with a GPS receiver. The C-37A is capable of cruising at 51,000 feet (16,000 m). Features include enhanced weather radar, autopilot and head-up display for the pilot. Safety features include Enhanced Vision Systems that allows increased visibility in adverse environments. The aircraft is also equipped with commercial and military communications equipment to provide secure voice and data capability. The U.S. Air Force equips the C-37A with a basic crew of two pilots, one flight engineer, one communications systems operator, and one flight attendant. It accommodates 5 crew and 12 passengers.[3]

OperatorsEdit

 
On ramp, Gulfstream V fuselage with six windows

Civil operatorsEdit

The majority of G-Vs are operated by corporate and individual owners. Mark Cuban paid $40 million for a Gulfstream V in October 1999, earning a Guinness Record of "largest single e-commerce transaction". Steve Jobs received a Gulfstream V as compensation from Apple in 2000.[8]

Government and military operatorsEdit

  Algeria

  Greece
 
Israeli SEMA Gulfstream G550 inflight
  Israel
  • A Special Electronic Mission Aircraft (SEMA), based on a highly modified Gulfstream G-V aircraft, was delivered to the Israeli Ministry of Defense in June 2005.[9]
  Japan
  • Japan Coast Guard received the first of two G-Vs on January 17, 2005.[10] Dubbed "Umi Washi" (Sea Eagle), the aircraft will be operated by the JCG for maritime surveillance search and rescue. The second aircraft was delivered in mid-2005.
  Kuwait
  Saudi Arabia
  • Saudi Arabia operates two GVs in a medevac configuration.[12]
  United States
 
U.S. Air Force C-37A in VIP livery

The 89th Airlift Wing's 99th Airlift Squadron, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, operates four C-37As. The 6th Air Mobility Wing's 310th Airlift Squadron, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida operates three C-37As. The 15th Airlift Wing's 65th Airlift Squadron, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A.[13] The 86th Airlift Wing's 76th Airlift Squadron, Ramstein Air Base, Germany has two C-37As. The Executive Transport Detachment Pacific, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A. The United States Army Priority Air Transport Det. (USAPAT), Andrews AFB, MD, operates two C-37As.[citation needed]

On March 11, 2005, Gulfstream delivered an ultra-long-range G-V to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The aircraft—known as the High-performance, Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER), based in Boulder, Colorado, is being used by environmental and atmospheric scientists from both public and private research facilities.[14] The GV was chosen by NCAR for its exceptionally high cruising altitude, long range, endurance, payload, reliability, and low operating costs, as well as worldwide product support.[15] The HIAPER Gulfstream V is modified to accept wing/pylon mounted instrumentation.

  UAE

SpecificationsEdit

 
Viewed from below
 
front view

Data from HIAPER GV Brochure[18]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 15–19[19]
  • Length: 96.4 ft (29.4 m)
  • Wingspan: 93.45 ft (28.48 m)
  • Height: 26.85 ft (8.18 m)
  • Wing area: 1,137 sq ft (105.6 m2) [19]
  • Aspect ratio: 7.68
  • Empty weight: 46,200 lb (20,956 kg) , Basic Operating Weight with 4 crew : 46,800 pounds (21,228 kg)[19]
  • Max takeoff weight: 90,500 lb (41,050 kg)
  • Maximum Landing Weight : 75,300 pounds (34,200 kg)
  • Maximum Zero Fuel Weight : 54,500 pounds (24,700 kg)
  • Maximum Fuel Load : 41,300 pounds (18,700 kg)
  • Maximum Payload : 8,300 pounds (3,800 kg)
  • Payload w/ Max Fuel : 3,400 pounds (1,500 kg)
  • Cabin Length : 43.92 feet (13.39 m)
  • Cabin floor Width : 5.25 feet (1.60 m)
  • Cabin Height : 6.17 feet (1.88 m)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce BR710A1-10 turbofan, 14,750 lbf (65.6 kN) thrust each [6]

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.88
  • Endurance: 14hr 28min[19]
  • Cruise speed : Mach 0.83 (882 km/h)
  • Normal cruise range : 5,500 nautical miles (10,186 km), with 5 crew, 12 passengers[3]
  • Takeoff MTOW, ISA, SL : 6,100 feet (1,900 m)
  • Climb rate : 4,188 feet per minute (21.28 m/s)[19]

See alsoEdit

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Gulfstream History". Gulfstream.
  2. ^ a b "Gulfstream V Fleet Achieves 1 Million Flight Hours" (Press release). gulfstream. May 13, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "C-37A". US Air Force. May 12, 2003.
  4. ^ "Model Designation of Military Aerospace Vehicles" (PDF). DoD. 12 May 2004.
  5. ^ a b c Fred George (Dec 24, 2018). "Gulfstream V: Tokyo To New York Range For $10 Million". Business & Commercial Aviation.
  6. ^ a b c "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A12EA, revision 46" (PDF). FAA. February 22, 2016.
  7. ^ Mark Huber (December 2018). "For many models, market hitting the apex" (PDF). Aviation International News. pp. 20–21, 24.
  8. ^ "Apple Board of Directors Announces CEO Compensation" (Press release). Apple. January 19, 2000.
  9. ^ "Gulfstream Special Electronic Mission Aircraft Delivered to Israeli Ministry of Defense" (Press release). Gulfstream. 14 June 2005.
  10. ^ "Gulfstream Delivers Four Special Mission Aircraft And Receives Order For One More In 1Q05" (Press release). Gulfstream. April 21, 2005.
  11. ^ "Gulfstream Aerospace G-V Gulfstream V - State of Kuwait". Airliners.net.
  12. ^ "Gulfstream Aerospace G-V Gulfstream V - Saudi Medevac". Airliners.net.
  13. ^ "C-37A arrives at Hickam AFB". U.S. Air Force. November 29, 2006.
  14. ^ "HIAPER Gulfstream GV". National Center for Atmospheric Research.
  15. ^ "Gulfstream Delivers Four Special Mission Aircraft And Receives Order For One More In 1Q05" (Press release). Gulfstream. April 21, 2005.
  16. ^ "C-37A (Gulfstream V) and C-37B (Gulfstream 550)". U.S. Navy.
  17. ^ "C-37A: Gulfstream V". Office of Aviation Forces. United States Coast Guard. January 26, 2012.
  18. ^ "Gulfstream GV Brochure" (PDF). HIAPER.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Gulfstream aerospace G-V Gulfstream V". Airliners.net.

External linksEdit