Blansko (Czech pronunciation: [ˈblansko]; German: Blanz) is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 20,000 inhabitants. It lies on the Svitava River on the border of the Moravian Karst. It is mainly an industrial town.
|• Mayor||Jiří Crha (ODS)|
|• Total||44.97 km2 (17.36 sq mi)|
|Elevation||276 m (906 ft)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Villages of Češkovice, Dolní Lhota, Horní Lhota, Hořice, Klepačov, Lažánky, Obůrka, Olešná, Skalní mlýn, Těchov and Žižlavice are administrative parts of Blansko.
Blansko is situated in the valley of the river Svitava, the majority of the town situated on a slope above the left bank of the Svitava. The eastern part of the municipal territory lies in the Moravian Karst. The highest point is Bukovec hill with an altitude of 596 metres (1,955 ft).
Blansko was originally founded as a settlement on the right bank of the Svitava, today the local part called Staré Blansko ("Old Blansko"). It was located on an important trade route from Bohemia to the regions around Danube. The first written mention of Blansko is from 1136. It was the site of dispute between Jindřich Zdík, the bishop of Olomouc, and Prince Wratislaus of Brno regarding the rights to construct a church in the village.
From the end of the 14th century, a new settlement began to grow on the left bank, known as Nové Blansko ("New Blansko"), which later became the core of the modern town. Both parts developed administratively and economically independently until 1526, when they merged. In the late 16th century during the rule of the Žalkovský of Žalkovice family, Blansko was promoted to a market town. The family had rebuild the local Gothic fortress into a Renaissance residence.
From 1698 the Gellhorn family owned the manor and founded here the first foundry and ironworks. In 1766, Blansko was bought by the Salm-Reifferscheidt family. They owned it until 1945. In the first half of the 19th century, the ironworks prospered and developed and the expansion of the production of artistic cast iron occurred. In 1849, the railway from Brno to Česká Třebová was opened. In 1905, Franz Joseph I of Austria granted Blansko the status of the town.
In 1949, Blansko became the capital of Blansko District instead of Boskovice. From the 1960s to the 1980s, the town became the centre of the engineering industry and the population grew rapidly. As a result of new construction, most of the historic buildings disappeared.
|Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic|
The largest industrial employers based in the town are Pyrotek CZ (aluminum processor), ČKD Blansko (manufacturing of hydro machines, heavy-duty machining tools and mechanical engineering metallurgy, founded in 1950), and a branch of Synthon (producer of generic drugs).
The longest tradition has the still operating company Metra Blansko, manufacturer of electric measurement devices, which was founded in 1911.
The town's football club is FK Blansko. The club participated in the 2020–21 season of the Czech National Football League, but was immediately relegated.
The main sight is the Blansko Castle. The Renaissance castle was built in 1604–1605 by reconstruction of a Gothic fortress from the 14th century. Today it houses the Blansko Region Museum with exhibitions of Moravian Karst and its exploration, the tradition of the iron industry in Blansko and the production of artistic castings.
The Church of Saint Martin was built in 1672–1691. It replaced an original Romanesque and later Gothic church from the 12th century. In 1707–1708, the church was reconstructed and a new tower was added. The tower is open to the public and serves as a lookout tower. The church has one of the oldest bell still extant in Moravia.
The Klamovka Ironworks is the last preserved foundry and ironworks from the 1850s. It is a typical example of the industrial architecture of the mid-19th century.
The town hall from 1885 replaced an old wooden structure with a tower which originated from the 16th century. In 1904, the clock tower was completed.
- Carl Reichenbach (1788–1869), chemist and metallurgist; invented paraffin wax in Blansko
- Jindřich Wankel (1821–1897), archaeologist and speleologist; lived and worked here
- Ludvík Daněk (1937–1998), discus thrower, Olympic champion
- Pavel Řezníček (1942–2018), writer and poet
- Karel Jarůšek (born 1952), football player and manager
- Roman Meluzín (born 1972), ice hockey player
- Caroline von Linsingen (Meineke), first wife of king William_IV
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
- "Vznik a vývoj města Blanska" (in Czech). Město Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Blansko" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
- "History". ČKD Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "Company Metra Blansko". Metra Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "Chateau". Město Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "St. Martin's Church". Město Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "Wooden Church". Město Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "Other sights". Město Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
- "Blansko a jeho partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Blansko. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
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