Česká Třebová

Česká Třebová (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈtr̝̊ɛbovaː]; German: Böhmisch Trübau) is a town in Ústí nad Orlicí District in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 15,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Česká Třebová
Staré Square
Staré Square
Flag of Česká Třebová
Coat of arms of Česká Třebová
Česká Třebová is located in Czech Republic
Česká Třebová
Česká Třebová
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°54′7″N 16°26′50″E / 49.90194°N 16.44722°E / 49.90194; 16.44722Coordinates: 49°54′7″N 16°26′50″E / 49.90194°N 16.44722°E / 49.90194; 16.44722
Country Czech Republic
RegionPardubice
DistrictÚstí nad Orlicí
First mentioned1278
Government
 • MayorMagdaléna Peterková
Area
 • Total41.01 km2 (15.83 sq mi)
Elevation
375 m (1,230 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total15,267
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
560 02
Websitewww.ceska-trebova.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Kozlov, Lhotka, Parník, Skuhrov and Svinná are administrative parts of Česká Třebová.

EtymologyEdit

The name Třebová is derived from the old Czech verb triebiti, which meant "chop down, clear". The name refers to the founding of settlements on the site of forest that had to be cut down first. First the name of the river Třebovka. was created, then it was transferred to the settlements settlements along the river. The attribute Česká (meaning Bohemian) was added to distinguish from Moravská Třebová.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Church of Saint James the Great

The first written mention of Česká Třebová is from 1278. It was founded during the reign of King Ottokar II of Bohemia as a town with regular ground plan and rectangular square in its centre.[2]

In 1304, King Wenceslaus II gave it to the Zbraslav Monastery and later, in the 14th century, the town belonged to the bishops of Litomyšl. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the town prospered. It was owned by various noble families, including the Pernštejn family and the Bohdanecký of Hodkov family, which supported textile crafts and had a Renaissance bell tower built.[3]

Due to the Thirty Years' War, plagues and fires, it became poor and insignificant. This state lasted until the middle of the 19th century. In 1845, the railway from Prague to Olomouc via Česká Třebová was built and in 1849, the railway from Brno to Česká Třebová was built. This greatly aided the town development, helped to create new jobs and attract new people.[3]

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18698,288—    
18807,607−8.2%
18908,205+7.9%
19009,725+18.5%
191013,028+34.0%
YearPop.±%
192113,256+1.8%
193014,587+10.0%
195013,676−6.2%
196114,470+5.8%
197015,488+7.0%
YearPop.±%
198016,107+4.0%
199117,091+6.1%
200117,036−0.3%
201115,653−8.1%
202115,267−2.5%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[4]

TransportEdit

 
Jana Pernera Square with the bus and railway stations

Česká Třebová railway station is a major railway junction linking Prague with two pan-European corridors.

SportEdit

The town is home to a 4th league ice hockey club, HC Kohouti Česká Třebová, which plays at the "Na Skále" arena with a capacity of 1,200.

SightsEdit

 
Staré Square
 
Chapel of Saint Catherine with the wooden bell tower

The historic centre is located around the Staré Square. The landmark of the square is the town hall, probably built in 1547. In the middle of the square is the Marian column from 1706. The Church of Saint James the Great was built in the Neoclassical style in 1794–1801. There are several valuable late Baroque statues from 1712–1719 around the church. The deanery next to the church is from 1783–1786. The church is connected to the square by two parallel streets, Klácelova and Hýblova. In Klácelova street is the Neoclassical house no. 11 built in 1804 that houses the town museum and the tourist information centre.[5]

The Chapel of Saint Catherine was built in the early 13th century and is older than the town. The originally Romanesque rotunda was mixed with other styles during several reconstructions.[6]

Kozlov is known for the cottage which Max Švabinský often visited and painted here. Today there is an exposition of the town museum. In Kozlov there is also the wooden Chapel of the Virgin mary from 1753. Above Kozlov on the Kozlovský hill with an altitude of 601 metres (1,972 ft) is a 55 metres (180 ft)-high observation tower.[5][7]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Česká Třebová is twinned with:[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b "The Mirror of History". Město Česká Třebová. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  3. ^ a b "Z historie České Třebové" (in Czech). Město Česká Třebová. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Ústí nad Orlicí" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  5. ^ a b "Městská památková zóna" (in Czech). Město Česká Třebová. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  6. ^ "Rotunda sv. Kateřiny v České Třebové" (in Czech). Kudy z nudy. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  7. ^ "Turistické zajímavosti" (in Czech). Město Česká Třebová. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  8. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Česká Třebová. Retrieved 2021-10-05.

External linksEdit