Svitava (river)

The Svitava (German: Zwittawa) is a river in the Pardubice and South Moravian regions of the Czech Republic. The Svitava rises near Svitavy, passes through Blansko, and flows into the Svratka in Brno. It is 98 kilometres (61 mi) long, and its basin area is 1,149 square kilometres (444 sq mi).[1]

Svitava
Soutok Svratky a Svitavy za obvyklých podmínek.jpg
Confluence of Svratka and Svitava (right) rivers
Location
CountryCzech Republic
Physical characteristics
Mouth 
 • location
Svratka
 • coordinates
49°08′32″N 16°37′42″E / 49.1421°N 16.6282°E / 49.1421; 16.6282Coordinates: 49°08′32″N 16°37′42″E / 49.1421°N 16.6282°E / 49.1421; 16.6282
Length98.4 km (61.1 mi)
Basin size1,149 km2 (444 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionSvratkaThayaMoravaDanubeBlack Sea

EtymologyEdit

The river's name referred to its clear water and was derived from svítat, which meant "be clear" in Old Czech.[2] The river is first documented in 1125 in Chronica Boemorum.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Charakteristiky toků a povodí ČR - Svitava" (in Czech). VÚV TGM. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  2. ^ "Svitavy: městu dala jméno průzračná řeka" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 2014-09-17. Retrieved 2021-10-14.
  3. ^ "Historie" (in Czech). Město Svitavy. Retrieved 2021-10-14.