Bjarkøy

Bjarkøy is a former municipality in Troms county, Norway. The 73.6-square-kilometre (28.4 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until it was merged with Harstad Municipality on 1 January 2013. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Nergården on the island of Bjarkøya. The island municipality was spread across several islands: Bjarkøya, Sandsøya, Grytøya (northern half), Krøttøya, and many smaller ones. Originally, the municipality also included the southwestern part of the large island of Senja.

Bjarkøy kommune

Bjarkedjo suohkan
Official logo of Bjarkøy kommune
Troms within
Norway
Bjarkøy within Troms
Bjarkøy within Troms
Coordinates: 68°59′55″N 16°29′53″E / 68.99861°N 16.49806°E / 68.99861; 16.49806Coordinates: 68°59′55″N 16°29′53″E / 68.99861°N 16.49806°E / 68.99861; 16.49806
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictCentral Hålogaland
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2013
Administrative centreNergården
Area
 • Total73.61 km2 (28.42 sq mi)
 • Land73.44 km2 (28.36 sq mi)
 • Water0.17 km2 (0.07 sq mi)  0.2%
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2013)
 • Total455
 • Density6.2/km2 (16/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bjarkøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1915
Official language formNeutral[2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byHarstad in 2013

One of the reasons why Bjarkøy merged with Harstad in 2013 was due to the promised funding of the Bjarkøy Fixed Link project. It would link the main islands of Bjarkøy together with a bridge and undersea road tunnel enabling residents to drive further which would drastically shorten the ferry ride to Harstad.

General informationEdit

 
View of Grytøya island

The prestegjeld (church parish) of Sand was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The name was later changed to Bjarkøy. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the southernmost part of the island of Senja (the Senjehesten peninsula) and the Lemmingsvær island (total population of the two locations: 480) was transferred from Bjarkøy to Tranøy Municipality.[3] On 1 January 2013, Bjarkøy Municipality was merged with Harstad Municipality to the south, forming a new, larger municipality called Harstad.

NameEdit

The municipality was named after the island of Bjarkøya (Old Norse: Bjarkarey). The first element is the genitive case of bjørk which means "birch" and the last element is øy which means "island". (The name of the island, since it is an old trading place, is perhaps inspired by the name of the old and well-known town of Birka in Sweden, which has the same meaning).[4][5]

Prior to 1887, the municipality was called Sand after the name of the church site on the nearby island of Sandsøya. In 1887, the church was moved to the island of Bjarkøya, so the municipal name was changed to Bjarkø (an older spelling). More recent spelling reforms have it spelled Bjarkøy.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms were from modern times; they were granted on 11 April 1986. The arms showed a golden griffin on a blue background. They were derived from the arms of the Bjarkøy dynasty, one of the most influential families in the northern part of Norway. The griffin was already used in the seal and arms of the family in the late 13th century.[6] The arms of Bjarkøy were retired after the merger in 2013 since Harstad retained its old coat of arms after the merger.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Bjarkøy. It was part of the Trondenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Bjarkøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bjarkøy og Sandsøy Bjarkøy Church Nergården 1766
Sandsøy Church Sandsøya 1888

HistoryEdit

This is old Viking territory, and it was a chieftain seat during the Viking Age and the Middle Ages. Among the more famous chieftains you find Thorir Hund, who killed Norway's Patron Saint, Saint Olav in the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030. In 1323, the chieftain seat was raided and burned by Karelian warriors.

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Bjarkøy was located entirely on islands. The largest island, Grytøya, was shared with the municipality of Harstad. Other islands included Bjarkøya, Sandsøya, Helløya, Flatøya, and Meløyvær. The Andfjorden flowed along the northern and western side of the municipality and the Vågsfjorden flowed on the eastern and southern sides of the municipality.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bjarkøya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.4
(34.5)
5.7
(42.3)
9.3
(48.7)
11.8
(53.2)
11.5
(52.7)
7.9
(46.2)
4.2
(39.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.7
(38.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 93
(3.7)
79
(3.1)
68
(2.7)
54
(2.1)
41
(1.6)
45
(1.8)
73
(2.9)
69
(2.7)
88
(3.5)
118
(4.6)
90
(3.5)
107
(4.2)
925
(36.4)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[8]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Bjarkøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[9]

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bjarkøy was made up of 13 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 2012 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik common list
(Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik fellesliste)
4
 Bjarkøy List (Bjarkøylista)3
Total number of members:13
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik common list
(Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik fellesliste)
6
 Bjarkøy List (Bjarkøylista)7
Total number of members:13
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik common list
(Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik fellesliste)
7
 Bjarkøy List (Bjarkøylista)6
Total number of members:13
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik common list
(Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik fellesliste)
4
 Bjarkøy List (Bjarkøylista)9
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik common list
(Sandsøy/Fenes/Skjellesvik fellesliste)
6
 Bjarkøy List (Bjarkøylista)8
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Fenes/Skjellesvik common list
(Fenes/Skjellesvik fellesliste)
1
 Sandsøy local list (Sandsøy bygdeliste)3
 Non-socialist list (Borgelig liste)5
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Centre Party (Senterpartiet)
3
 Fenes and Skjellesvik Common List
(Fenes og Skjellesvik fellesliste)
1
 Bjarkøy and Øyenes List
(Bjarkøy og Øyenes liste)
5
 Sandsøy local list (Sandsøy bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet),
Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti),
and Liberal Party (Venstre)
5
 Fenes and Skjellesvik Local List
(Fenes og Skjellesvik Bygdeliste)
1
 Bjarkøy/Sandsøy and Øyenes List
(Bjarkøy/Sandsøy og Øyenes liste)
3
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet),
Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti),
and Liberal Party (Venstre)
6
 Fenes and Skjellesvik Common List
(Fenes og Skjellesvik Fellesliste)
1
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Øyenes Common List (Øyenes Fellesliste)1
 Bjarkøy List (Bjarkøy Liste)6
 Fenes and Skjellesvik Common List
(Fenes og Skjellesvik Fellesliste)
1
 Sandsøy and Fenes Common List
(Sandsøy og Fenes Fellesliste)
1
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Bjarkøy Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)16
Total number of members:16
Bjarkøy Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:12
Bjarkøy Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:16
Bjarkøy Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:16

Media galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 30.
  5. ^ Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-02-14). "Bjarkøy". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  7. ^ Tøhaug, Pia (2013-02-01). "Harstad beholder bølgesymbolet". NRK Troms (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  8. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-03-24.
  11. ^ a b c "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.

External linksEdit