Batla House encounter case

The Batla House encounter officially known as Operation Batla House, took place on 19 September 2008, against terrorists hiding in Batla House locality in Jamia Nagar, Delhi, in which two terrorists, Atif Ameen and Mohammad Sajid, were killed while two others, Mohammad Saif and Zeeshan, were arrested and Ariz Khan managed to escape. Encounter specialist and Delhi Police inspector Mohan Chand Sharma was martyred during the incident. The encounter led to the arrest of a number of local people, leading to widespread allegations and protests by political parties, civil society groups and activists,[1] especially teachers and students of the Jamia Millia Islamia University. Several political organizations like Rashtriya Ulama Council which brought a full train of protestors from Azamgarh to Jantar Mantar, Delhi demanding an independent Judicial Enquiry whereas the Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) demanded a judicial inquiry into the encounter, in the Parliament, as "new versions" of the encounter, started appearing in the newspapers.[2][3] Subsequently, on the Delhi High Court's directive on 21 May 2009, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in its 22 July report cleared the police of any violations of rights.[4] Public speculations and debate however continued.[5]

Batla encounter
L-18 Zakir Nagar, Jamia Nagar, Delhi,India
Planned byDelhi Police
TargetIndian Mujahideen
Date19 September 2008
Executed bySpecial cell, Delhi Police
OutcomeEncounter of two terrorist and arrest of various others
Casualties3 (1 Police Inspector and 2 terrorists) killed

The incident took place a week after five serial blasts on 13 September 2008 that hit Delhi in which at least 30 people were killed and over 100 injured.[6][7] The killing of Atif Amin, who was the chief bomber of the Indian Mujahideen, had dealt a severe blow to the group, which earlier been blamed for terror attacks between 2007 and 2009, in Delhi, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Surat and Faizabad, according to investigating agencies. On the second anniversary of the encounter, a shooting took place at the gates of historic Jama Masjid, Delhi, in which two foreign tourists were injured, apart from that a car bomb with failed timer was also found in the vicinity.[8][9] The police had filed the chargesheet against Shahzad, Ariz Khan (absconding), Atif Ameen and Mohammed Sajid on 28 April 2010, accusing them of killing Inspector Sharma on 19 September 2008. On 15 February 2011, Additional Sessions Judge Ajay Kumar Kuhar framed charges against accused Shahzad Ahmed alias Pappu for the offences of murder (Section 302), attempt to murder (Section 307), section 333 (causing hurt to public servant), 353 (assault to deter a public servant from discharge of his duty), 186 (obstructing public servant in discharge of his public functions) and 201 (causing disappearance of evidence) of the Indian Penal Code, besides section 27 of the Arms Act for his role in the 'encounter'.[10]

The case was referred to T D Dogra of AIIMS New Delhi for expert opinion, subsequently he appeared in court of law as an expert witness, he had explained the event through animation.[11] On 25 Jul 2013, the Saket sessions court in its judgement convicted one of the suspects, Shahzad Ahmad, for murder of police inspector Mohan Chand Sharma and attempted murder of Head Constables Balwant Singh and Rajbir Singh. The court also found Ahmad guilty of obstructing and assaulting public servants, and grievously injuring the police officers to deter them from performing their duty.[12][13][14][15][16]

After the verdict, Shahzad's defense counsel Satish Tamta accused that the court had proposed its own theory while arriving at the conclusion that Shahzad had escaped after shooting at police officers.[17] And court came to the conclusion after 70 witnesses, including six eyewitnesses of the raiding team of Delhi police special cell[18] On 28 August 2013, Yasin Bhatkal, the Chief of Indian Mujahideen was arrested from India-Nepal Border. Yasin had allegedly fled the Batla House, minutes before the encounter took place.[19]

The encounterEdit

The encounter took place only after a seven-member Delhi Police team led by Mohan Chand Sharma Inspector in the Special Cell of Delhi police, stumbled upon IM commander Atif Amin and his companions in their rented address at L-18, Batla House in the morning of 19 September 2008. The team had received specific information that a suspected person wanted in connection with the serial bomb blasts in Delhi was hiding in a flat in Batla House area of Jamia Nagar.

Upon reaching the four-storied house the police's attempt to storm the flat on the second floor at around 10:30 AM (IST) led to a heavy exchange of fire. Sharma received the first burst of fire from the terrorists holed up inside. After the ensuing exchange of fire two terrorists, Atif Amin and Mohammad Sajid were killed, two other Mohammad Saif and Zeeshan were arrested, while one managed to escape.[20][21] Also two Delhi police personnel were injured, among which, Sharma who led the operation, later succumbed to the injuries. Later, the intelligence team said that the arrested had links with Dubai and further questioned if they had any link with Dawood Ibrahim.[22]

It is now learnt that Mohammad Sajid was not killed and he later surfaced in Syria as an ISIS recruiter.[23]


Protest rally against Batla House encounter, 24 October 2008, Delhi, by teachers and students of Jamia Millia Islamia University.

After the incident accusations were raise against the Police by various other politicians, media and civil society outfits of carrying out a encounter.[24] Upon the plea filed by an NGO, "Act Now For Harmony and Democracy", the Delhi High Court on 21 May 2009 asked the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) to enquire into the police version of the encounter, and submit its report in complete within two months. Subsequently, on 22 July, NHRC after its investigations, in 30-page report submitted its report which gave a clean chit to Delhi Police in the case.[25] The inquiry ruled out the conspiracy theory suggestion that it was "inter-departmental rivalry" which might have led to the death of Inspector M C Sharma on the basis of postmortem report that he had a gunshot wound on the "hypochondriac region of the abdomen", which ruled out an attack from behind. In August 2009, the Delhi high court accepted the findings of NHRC and declined to institute a judicial probe.[26]

Sharma was a much decorated police officer and had won seven gallantry medals including the President of India's Medal in 2009. He was posthumously awarded India's highest peacetime military decoration the Ashoka Chakra on 26 January 2009.[27]

Shahzad's sister said that her brother was falsely implicated, and vowed to fight for justice by appealing to the supreme court.[28]

Finally the court made the decision in favour of Delhi police and the officers.

Jama Masjid shootingEdit

On 19 September 2010, the second anniversary of the encounter, two gunmen on a motorcycle fired at a foreign tourist bus near Gate 3 of the historic Jama Masjid in Delhi and injured two Taiwanese tourists. Subsequently, police investigations revealed that one of the timers of the cooker bomb planted in a car was timed at exactly 11.37 am, the time when the Batla encounter had taken place. The e-mail, sent to the BBC and Mumbai ATS, claiming responsibility for the attack mentions two terrorists as Shaheed or martyrs.[29] The attack gains significance from the fact that it took place on the second anniversary of the Batla House encounter in which Atif Amin, the chief bomber of the Indian Mujahideen was killed, this had dealt a severe blow to the group, which earlier been blamed for terror attacks between 2007 and 2009, in Delhi, Ahmadabad, Jaipur Surat and Faizabad, according to investigating agencies, the blast announced the revival of the group, in an email to the media, with the intention of avenging the killed terrorists.[8][9]

2010 Varanasi bombingEdit

Mumbai Police investigations after the 2010 Varanasi bombing, indicated that Pakistan-based Bhatkal brothers, Riyaz and Iqbal, the chiefs of the Indian Mujahideen (IM) being the brains behind the explosion, which was carried out by Shahnawaz presently based both in Dubai and Pakistan. He is the brother of IM Root terrorist Mohammed Saif, who was arrested in the Batla House encounter. Shahnawaz along with Khalid, Abu Rashid and Bada Sajid or Mohammed Sajid had fled to Nepal after the encounter. Shahnawaz was formerly a physician in a Lucknow Hospital and all four now hold Nepalese passports.[30][31]

In April 2017, the Ahmedabad Crime Branch stated that Bada Sajid was killed while fighting for ISIS in Syria.[32]

In popular cultureEdit

[33] The 2019 action thriller film Batla House starring John Abraham playing the role of ACP Sanjay Kumar directed by Nikhil Advani is based on the incident.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Batla House Encounter: Unanswered Questions". Outlook. 23 July 2009.
  2. ^ "SP for judicial inquiry into Jamia encounter". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 8 October 2008.
  3. ^ "Attack on north Indians, Jamia encounter rocks LS". Indian Express. 20 October 2008.
  4. ^ "Batla House encounter: NHRC gives clean chit to cops". CNN-IBN. 22 July 2009.
  5. ^ "Batla encounter: Digvijay for speedy trial". The Times of India. 22 September 2010.
  6. ^ Tripathi, Rahul (14 September 2008). "Serial blasts rock Delhi; 30 dead, 90 injured". Times of India.
  7. ^ "Delhi terror mail traced to Mumbai, death toll 22". September 2008.
  8. ^ a b "LeT proxy strikes on anniv of Batla House encounter". The Times of India. 20 September 2010.
  9. ^ a b Mohan, Vishwa; Tripathi, Rahul (21 September 2010). "Attackers chose to avoid heavy casualties". The Times of India.
  10. ^ "Court frames charges in Batla encounter case". rediff. 15 February 2011.
  11. ^ "Questions Galore on the Death of MC Sharma in Batla House Encounter | Beyond Headlines". 22 September 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
  12. ^ Mohammad Ali (19 September 2008). "Batla House: IM operative convicted". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Correction". The Hindu. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  14. ^ "Batla a genuine encounter; glad police could prove: Chidambaram". The Hindu.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "State Vs. Shahzad Ahmad @ Pappu". Archived from the original on 15 May 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  17. ^ post, first (1 August 2013). "Batla House: Court gave own theory in convicting Shahzad, says counsel". firstpost. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Bihar Police arrests Indian Mujahideen Founder Yasin Bhatkal". Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  20. ^ "Saif, Zeeshan sent to 14-day police custody". NDTV. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
  21. ^ "Braveheart Inspector's death a huge loss". NDTV. September 2008. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008.
  22. ^ "Saif, other militants have Dawood links: Intl agencies". Express India. September 2008. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011.
  23. ^ "Indian in IS recruitment video from Ajamgarh?: Intl agencies". Express India. May 2016.
  24. ^ "Behind the Batla House shootout". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 October 2008.
  25. ^ "Batla House encounter: NHRC gives clean chit to Delhi police". The Times of India. 22 July 2009.
  26. ^ "HC rejects judicial probe into Batla House encounter". Economic Times. 27 August 2009.
  27. ^ "11 security personnel to get Ashok Chakra". CNN-IBN. 26 January 2009.
  28. ^ "Batla House case: Shehzad falsely implicated, will move SC, says sister". hindustan times. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  29. ^ "Was Batla encounter real?". MiD DAY. 21 September 2010.
  30. ^ "Varanasi blast: Dr awaz, Bhatkal brothers emerge as main suspects after mail traced to Vashi". Indian Express. 8 December 2010.
  31. ^ "Varanasi blast: re-emergence of IM worries govt". CNN-IBN. 9 December 2010.
  32. ^ "Yasin Bhatkal brought to city - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  33. ^

External linksEdit