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Baranya (Hungarian: Baranya megye, pronounced [ˈbɒrɒɲɒ]) is a county (Hungarian: megye) in southern Hungary. It is part of the Southern Transdanubia statistical region and the historical Baranya region, which was a county (comitatus) in the Kingdom of Hungary dating back to the 11th century. Its current status as one of the 19 counties of Hungary was established in 1950 as part of wider Soviet administrative territorial reform following World War II. It is bordered by Somogy County to the northwest, Tolna County to the north, Bács-Kiskun County and the Danube to the east, and the border with Croatia (part of which is formed by the Drava River) to the south.
Baranya County within Hungary
|• President of the General Assembly||Csaba Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)|
|• Total||4,429.6 km2 (1,710.3 sq mi)|
|Area rank||10th in Hungary|
(1 Jan 2019)
|• Rank||10th in Hungary|
|• Density||81/km2 (210/sq mi)|
73xx, 75xx – 79xx
|Area code(s)||(+36) 69, 72, 73|
|ISO 3166 code||HU-BA|
As of the 2011 census, it had a population of 386,441 residents. Of the 19 counties of Hungary (excluding Budapest), it is ranked 10th by both geographic area and population. Its county seat and largest city is Pécs.
The county is name after the Slavic word 'bara', which means 'marsh', 'bog', thus the name of Baranya means 'marshland'. Even today large parts of the region are swamps, such as the natural reservation Kopački Rit in its southeast. Another theory states that the name of the region come from the Slavic and Hungarian word 'bárány', which means 'lamb'.
This county has a total area of 4,430 km2 (1,710 sq mi) – 4.76% of Hungary.
The northern part of the county is a mountain area with large forests, the Mecsek Mountains. The central areas are shared between the Baranya Hills and Villány Mountains. The very eastern and southern parts are flat.
The highest point in the county is Zengő in the Mecsek Mountains, at 682 metres. This is also the highest point of the mountain range.
Baranya is rich in mineral and thermal water, and also in other resources. 98% of Hungary's coal resources are found here.
- Tolna County in the North.
- Bács-Kiskun County in the East. (across the Danube river)
- Croatia in the south (across the Drava river) – Osijek-Baranja County and Virovitica-Podravina County
- Somogy County in the Northwest.
The climate of Baranya is a mix of continental and temperate, which makes it unique in Hungary, as the rest of the country is primarily continental. Its milder climate is due to its southern location and relative proximity to the Mediterranean Sea in comparison to other parts of the country, leaving it with warmer winters. It has the highest average annual rainfall of the Hungarian counties and a high amount of sunshine hours.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Before the Hungarian tribes conquered the area, it was inhabited by Slavs and Avars. Stephen I founded an episcopal seat here.
In 1526, the county was occupied by Ottomans and was freed in 1689. Its medieval borders remained unchanged until 1919. According to the peace treaty of Trianon, the southern part of the county (1163 km²) reverted to Slavic rule (present-day Croatia). The re-organizing of the counties (1950) brought only minor changes (town of Szigetvár got there).
Baranya has the largest number of minorities in Hungary (more than twice the country average), providing home to 34% of the German minority and 32% of the Southern Slav minorities in Hungary.
|Hungarian Socialist Party||40,532||21,07||1||-|
|Politics Can Be Different||7,119||8,9||0||-|
|Hungarian Democratic Forum||5,436||2,83||0||-|
|Source: Hungarian Central Statistical Office|
In 2015, it had a population of 371,110 and the population density was 84/km².
As of the census of 2011, there were 386,441 residents, 160,040 households, and 105,646 families living in the county. The population density was 226 inhabitants per square mile (87/km2). There were 167,453 housing units at an average density of 98 per square mile (38/km2).
There were 160,040 households, of which 63.2% were one-family households, 1.4% were multi-family households, 32.1% were one-person households, and 3.4% were other non-family households. Elderly individuals living alone were 15.9% of all households. The average household size was 2.34.
There were 105,646 families, of which 44.1% were married couples or consensual unions living together with children, 36.4% were couples without children, 16.7% were single females with children, and 2.8% were single males with children. The average family size was 2.82.
The age breakdown of the county was 20.1% under the age of 20, 7.0% between ages 20 and 24, 27.4% aged 25 to 44, 28.3% aged 45 to 64, and 17.2% aged 65 or older. The gender makeup of the county was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.
Religious adherence in the county was 46.8% Roman Catholic, 6.4% Reformed (Calvinist), 1.2% Evangelical (Lutheran), 0.3% Greek Catholic, 0.1% Orthodox, and 1.5% other religions. The non-religious were 16.2% and atheists were 1.5%, with 26.0% declining to answer.
As of the census of 2001, there were 407,448 residents, 151,956 households, and 115,946 families living in the county. The population density was 238 inhabitants per square mile (92/km2). There were 156,632 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile (35/km2). There were 151,956 households, of which 68.5% were one-family households, 3.8% were multi-family households, 24.9% were one-person households, and 2.7% were other non-family households. Elderly individuals living alone were 13.1% of all households. The average household size was 2.60.
There were 115,946 families, of which 48.7% were married couples or consensual unions living together with children, 35.4% were couples without children, 13.7% were single females with children, and 2.1% were single males with children. The average family size was 2.87.
The age breakdown of the county was 23.0% under the age of 20, 8.1% between ages 20 and 24, 28.0% aged 25 to 44, 26.0% aged 45 to 64, and 14.9% aged 65 or older. The gender makeup of the county was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
Religious adherence in the county was 64.2% Roman Catholic, 8.7% Reformed (Calvinist), 1.5% Evangelical (Lutheran), 0.5% Greek Catholic, 0.1% Orthodox, and 0.8% other religions. The non-religious were 13.4%, with 10.8% declining to answer.
Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Germans (approx. 22,000), Roma (17,000), Croats (6,000), and Serbs (500).
Total population (2011 census): 386,441
Ethnic groups (2011 census): Identified themselves: 364,801 persons:
- Hungarians: 315,713 (86.54%)
- Germans: 22,150 (6.07%)
- Gypsies: 16,995 (4.66%)
- Croats: 6,343 (1.74%)
- Others and indefinable: 3,600 (0.99%)
Approx. 58,000 persons in Baranya County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.
|Party||Seats||Current County Assembly|
|Democratic Coalition (DK)||2|
|Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik)||2|
|Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)||1|
Presidents of the General AssemblyEdit
|List of Presidents, from 1990|
|Csaba Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)||2014–|
Like Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Baranya is a county of extremes when it comes to regional structure. The county seat is one of the five largest cities (and three largest agglomerations) of Hungary, but more than 2/3 of the municipalities are small hamlets with a population under 500. Half of the county's population lives in the county seat or in its immediate vicinity, while 22% of the population lives in villages that have less than 1000 inhabitants.
- Cities with county rights
(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)
- Pécs (156,049) – county seat
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baranya County.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baranya County.|
- "Gazetteer of Hungary, 1 January 2019" (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Population Census 2011: National Data". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "PÉCS CLIMATE (HUNGARY)". climate-data.org. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
- "Regional information - Baranya County". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "National and county data – Baranya county". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 1 February 2001. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
- "Listákra leadott érvényes szavazatok összesen (Baranya megye)" (in Hungarian). valasztas.hu. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)
- "Baranya (Hungary): County, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
- Jimenez, Suzanne Somodi. "BARANYA County - Megye - Varmegye - Placenames". www.hungarianvillagefinder.com. Retrieved 2016-08-04.