Bandung Institute of Technology

The Bandung Institute of Technology (Indonesian: Institut Teknologi Bandung, abbreviated as ITB) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia. Established in 1920, ITB is the oldest and first technology-oriented university in Indonesia.[4]

Bandung Institute of Technology
Institut Teknologi Bandung
Institut Teknologi Bandung logo.svg
Former name
Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng (Dutch)
MottoIn Harmonia Progressio
Motto in English
Progress in Harmony
TypePublic university
Established3 July 1920 (as Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng)
2 March 1959 (as Institut Teknologi Bandung)
RectorProf. Reini Wirahadikusumah, Ph.D.
Academic staff
1,207 (as of 2014):[1]
Undergraduate: 19 (1.57%)[1]
Graduate: 300 (24.85%)[1]
Doctorate: 888 (73.57%)[1]
Students19,747 (as of 2014)[1]
Undergrad : 14,320 (as of 2014)[1]
Postgrad : 4,776 (as of 2014)[1]
Doctoral : 651 (as of 2014)[1]
Location
Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung
,
6°53′27″S 107°36′37″E / 6.890903°S 107.610378°E / -6.890903; 107.610378Coordinates: 6°53′27″S 107°36′37″E / 6.890903°S 107.610378°E / -6.890903; 107.610378
CampusUrban
795,646 m2[1]
ColorsDeep Cobalt Blue  [2][3]
AffiliationsABET, ASAIHL, AUN, EBA Consortium, ASEA UNINET, Global E3, AOTULE, SEATUC
MascotGanesha
Websitewww.itb.ac.id
Institut Teknologi Bandung logo with namestyle.svg

ITB was considered the top choice among Indonesia's high school students in 2006 and has been credited as one of the most prestigious universities in Indonesia, together with Gadjah Mada University and University of Indonesia.[5][6] Sukarno, the first president of the Republic of Indonesia, earned his engineering degree in civil engineering from ITB. Furthermore, B. J. Habibie, the third president of Indonesia, also spent a year in the mechanical engineering department of ITB and is officially recognized as a graduate.

The university cultivates professional and social activities by supporting its students' unions, the student government councils that exist in every department. Each students' union has its own distinctly designed jacket that, among other traditions, serves as part of its member identity. There are also a number of student activity units/clubs supporting ITB student interests in rounding out their educational experience. It is not uncommon that the students and alumni are identified by the clubs to which they belong (or used to belong) at ITB, in addition to their class year and major.

As of 2020, ITB had thirteen undergraduate study programs been internationally accredited from an independent U.S.-based accrediting institution, Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. The thirteen study programs are Electrical Engineering, Informatics, Chemical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Industrial Engineering, Engineering Management, Ocean Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Mining Engineering, Electrical Power Engineering, and Telecommunication Engineering.[7]

ITB's march "Mars ITB" and hymn "Hymne ITB" were arranged by a former professor, Prof. Dr. Sudjoko Danoesoebrata.[8]

Historical BackgroundEdit

 
De Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng, circa 1924-1932
 
The East Hall of Tecnische Hogeschool in Bandung in 1929

ITB traces its origin to de Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng (THB) which was founded by the patronage of Karel Albert Rudolf Bosscha, a Bandung plantation owner, industrialist and philanthropist, and the support from the Dutch colonial administration, to meet the needs of technical resources in Dutch East Indies. The school building was designed in 1918 by a Dutch architect named Henri Maclaine Pont, who was inspired by Indonesian vernacular architecture and blending it with modern elements.[9] When the school opened its door for the first time on 3 July 1920, it only had one department namely 'de Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap' (Faculty of Technical Science) and one academic major of 'de afdeeling der Weg en Waterbouw' (the department of Road and Water resources engineering).

During the Japanese occupation in 1942-1945, the institute was renamed Kōgyō Daigaku (工業大学, 'Industrial University'). When Indonesia declared its independence the campus was renamed "Sekolah Tinggi Teknik" (STT) (Technical High School) in 1945.[10] However a year later the Netherlands returned to Indonesia and took directorship of the campus, it was used as "Nood-Universiteit van Nederlandsch Indië" (emergency university of Dutch East Indies). Later in 1947 the campus housed the Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap (faculty of engineering) and Faculteit van Exacte Wetenschap (faculty of science) which is under Universiteit van Indonesië (later University of Indonesia). In 1950 after the Netherlands left Indonesia, the university became faculty of engineering and faculty of natural sciences, under University of Indonesia.[11]

On 2 March 1959, the 2 faculty of University of Indonesia in Bandung was declared a separate academic entity. On Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah) No. 155/2000, ITB was declared a Legal Enterprise (Badan Hukum). Bandung Institute of Technology was founded for higher learning in natural sciences, technologies, and fine arts.[12]

CampusEdit

 
West Hall of ITB
 
ITB Library in 2007

The ITB main campus, to the north of the downtown Bandung, and its other campuses, cover a total area of about 770,000 square metres.[13]

Students and faculty housing, and administrative headquarters are not on the main campus, but are located within proximity. Facilities on the campus include book shops, a post office, student cafeteria and medical clinic.

In addition to lecture rooms, laboratories, workshops and studios, ITB has an art gallery, sports facilities and a student activities' centre. For implementation of academic and research activities there are seven academic support facilities, namely, the Central Library (with approximately 150,000 books and 1000 journal titles) on campus, Sports Centre, Language Centre and the Bosscha Observatory (a facility of the Department of Astronomy) in Lembang, 11 kilometres to the north of Bandung.[14]

AcademicsEdit

Quality and ReputationEdit

University rankings
Global – Overall
QS World[15]313 (2021)
QS Employability[16]301-500 (2021)
THE World[17]1001+ (2021)
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[18]66 (2021)
THE Asia[19]251-300 (2020)

ITB is ranked 313th at 2021 QS World University Rankings, and ranked 66th in QS Asian University Rankings.[20] ITB is considered to have the highest selectivity in the field of science and engineering in the SNMPTN (nationwide state university entrance test) in 2009 from 422,159 examinees competing for its limited 2,000 seats.[21]

The passing grades required to enter its top four favorite faculties i.e., Faculty of Industrial Technology (FTI), Faculty of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (FTMD), School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (STEI) and Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering (FTTM) are the highest in the nationwide state university entrance test (SNMPTN & SBMPTN). Its business school, School of Business and Management (SBM) is considered as the most prestigious and elite business school in Indonesia and regarded as the best business school in Indonesia by eduniversal ranking, global brand magazine and SWA Magazine, the most popular business magazine in Indonesia.[22]

ResearchEdit

According to the rector of ITB, ITB had built an eight-storey mining research centre for both national and international research such as research on oil reservoirs, production optimisation, geological exploitation and coal exploitation development worth Rp110 billion ($12.1 million).[23]

Faculties and ProgramsEdit

Consisting of 12 faculties and schools, ITB is not only focused on the fields of STEM but also arts and business management which have been recognized at national and international levels.[24]

Natural Sciences ClusterEdit

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMNS)

Indonesian: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA)

School of Life Sciences and Technology - Science Program (SLST-S)

Indonesian: Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati - Program Sains (SITH-S)

Pharmacy ClusterEdit

School of Pharmacy (SP)

Indonesian: Sekolah Farmasi (SF)

Engineering ClusterEdit

School of Life Sciences and Technology - Engineering Program (SLST-E)

Indonesian: Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati - Program Rekayasa (SITH-R)

Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology (FEST)

Indonesian: Fakultas Ilmu dan Teknologi Kebumian (FITB)

Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering (FMPE)

Indonesian: Fakultas Teknik Pertambangan dan Perminyakan (FTTM)

Faculty of Industrial Technology (FIT)

Indonesian: Fakultas Teknologi Industri (FTI)

School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (SEEI)

Indonesian: Sekolah Teknik Elektro dan Informatika (STEI)

Faculty of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (FMAE)

Indonesian: Fakultas Teknik Mesin dan Dirgantara (FTMD)

Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering (FCEE)

Indonesian: Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan (FTSL)

School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development (SAPPD)

Indonesian: Sekolah Arsitektur, Perancangan, dan Pengembangan Kebijakan (SAPPK)

Social Sciences, Arts, and Humanities ClusterEdit

Faculty of Art and Design (FAD)

Indonesian: Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain (FSRD)

School of Business and Management (SBM)

Indonesian: Sekolah Bisnis dan Manajemen (SBM)

Notable people and alumniEdit

ITB has produced more than 120,000 alumni who play a significant role in nation-building, among others are:[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Webmaster Team, Unit Sumber Daya Informasi ITB. "ITB - Fakta dan Angka". Archived from the original on 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Siskumdang - ITB - Document Details - SK Rektor No. 324/SK/K01/OT/2008". itb.ac.id. 18 December 2012. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  3. ^ CMYK 100,70,0,0 http://www.colorhexa.com/004dff
  4. ^ "Usia ITB Genap 100 Tahun, Begini Sejarah Singkatnya". Bandung Kita (in Indonesian). 2020-07-03. Retrieved 2020-08-01.
  5. ^ "707 Siswa Pandai Tapi Tak Mampu Lulus SPMB" (online archive in Indonesian). Sinar Indonesia Baru. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-02.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Mencermati Peringkat Nilai Hasil Seleksi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru (SPMB) 2004" (online archive in Indonesian). Harian Jawa Pos. 13 August 2004. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
  7. ^ "Status Akreditasi Internasional Prodi ITB – Satuan Penjaminan Mutu". Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  8. ^ "Hymne dan Mars ITB Itu Tiada". Tempo Interaktif. 26 August 2006. Archived from the original (online archive in Indonesian) on 28 January 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2006.
  9. ^ The quest for the ultimate architecture Indonesia in the late colonial period , pac-nl.org
  10. ^ "Usia ITB Genap 100 Tahun, Begini Sejarah Singkatnya". Bandung Kita (in Indonesian). 2020-07-03. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  11. ^ "About Institut Teknologi Bandung – Partnership Bureau". Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  12. ^ "PP 155-2000::Penetapan ITB sebagai BHMN". ngada.org (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  13. ^ ITB, Webmaster Team, Direktorat Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi. "Fakta dan Angka -". Institut Teknologi Bandung (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  14. ^ Bosscha, Observatorium. "Observatorium Bosscha". Observatorium Bosscha (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ [4]
  19. ^ [5]
  20. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/universities/bandung-institute-technology-itb#wurs
  21. ^ http://sosialbudaya.tvone.co.id/berita/view/19209/2009/07/31/sebanyak_92511_calon_mahasiswa_lolos_snmptn_2009/[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Peringkat Ranking Sekolah Bisnis Terbaik di Indonesia | blog strategi + manajemen
  23. ^ "ITB plans Rp 110b research center". December 2, 2011.
  24. ^ ITB, Webmaster Team, Direktorat Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi. "Fakultas dan Sekolah -". Institut Teknologi Bandung (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  25. ^ inspiraloka (2019-08-11). "100 Alumni ITB (Institut Teknologi Bandung) yang Paling Terkenal". Inspiraloka (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  26. ^ "ALBERT YONATHAN SETYAWAN". www.changeperformingarts.com. Retrieved 2020-06-21.
  27. ^ "Ignasius Jonan dan Arcandra Tahar diangkat jadi Menteri dan Wakil Menteri ESDM". BBC Indonesia. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  28. ^ "Vice President - President of Indonesia Collection Website". kepustakaan-presiden.perpusnas.go.id. Retrieved 2020-06-22.
  29. ^ Ketut Krisna Wijaya, This CEO left Acer to build a social network in Indonesia, and just raised $3M. Tech In Asia, 1 September 2015. Accessed 25 June 2018.
  30. ^ Prof. Samaun Samadikun Archived 2008-11-20 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ Wissema, J. G. (2009-01-01). Towards the Third Generation University: Managing the University in Transition. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84844-618-2.

External linksEdit