Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces

The Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Tentara Nasional Indonesia, known as Panglima TNI) is the professional head and highest-ranking officer of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. Directly answerable to the president of Indonesia (the commander-in-chief), the position is held by any four-star officer who previously served as Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army (KSAD), Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy (KSAL) or Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Air Force (KSAU).[1]

Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces
Panglima TNI
Insignia of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.svg
Insignia of the Armed Forces
Jenderal TNI Andika Perkasa, Panglima TNI.jpg
Incumbent
General Andika Perkasa

since 17 November 2021
Indonesian National Armed Forces
StylePanglima
Reports toPresident of Indonesia
ResidenceRumah Dinas Panglima TNI, Menteng - Jakarta
SeatIndonesian Armed Forces Headquarters, Cilangkap - Jakarta
NominatorPresident of Indonesia
AppointerPresident of Indonesia with Legislative Board approval
Formation1945
First holderGeneral Soedirman
DeputyDeputy Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces

As the Commander, the officeholder has direct command and control over all of the TNI's principal operational commands such as Army Strategic Command, Kopassus, Indonesian Marine Corps, Fleet Commands, Air Ops Commands, etc. Per president's decree 66/2019, a four-star officer acting as Deputy Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces deputises for the Commander, but as of 2019, the office is still vacant.[2] The name of the office has evolved over the years, with the present name being finalized once the Indonesian National Police was separated from the Armed Forces in 1999.[a]

The present Commander is General Andika Perkasa, an Indonesian Army officer, who was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo on 17 December 2021.

ResponsibilitiesEdit

As per Presidential Decree no.66 of 2019, the responsibilities of the Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces are to: [2]

  • lead the Armed Forces
  • implement the national defense policy
  • exercise the military strategy & operations
  • develop the doctrinal policies
  • exercise TNI power projection for military operation matters
  • exercise TNI power development and maintain operational readiness
  • provide advisory to Minister of Defense on national defense policy
  • provide advisory to Minister of Defense on TNI's demand fulfillment and other defense components
  • provide advisory to Minister of Defense on development and execution of strategic planning of national resources for national defense matters
  • utilize reserve component after mobilized for military operation matters
  • utilize supporting component which has been prepared for military operation matters
  • exercise other roles and responsibilities entrusted to his office by the Constitution and laws of the Republic

List of CommandersEdit

No. Portrait Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref.
Soemoharjo, OeripLieutenant general
Oerip Soemohardjo
(1893–1948)
Acting
17 August 194512 November 194587 days 
Army
[3]
1SudirmanGeneral
Soedirman
(1916–1950)
[b]
12 November 194529 January 1950 †4 years, 78 days 
Army
[3]
2Simatupang, T.Major general
T. B. Simatupang
(1920–1990)
as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces
29 January 19504 November 19522 years, 280 days 
Army
[3]
Vacant
Position abolished by President Sukarno after the 17 October 1952 incident.
3Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Abdul Haris Nasution
(1918–2000)
as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[c]
December 1955July 19593 years, 7 months 
Army
[3]
4Soerjadarma, SoerjadiAir Chief Marshal
Soerjadi Soerjadarma
(1912–1975)
as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[d]
July 195919 January 19622 years, 6 months 
Air Force
[3]
(3)Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Abdul Haris Nasution
(1918–2000)
as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces[c]
January 1962March 19664 years, 1 month 
Army
[3]
Vacant
Position abolished by President Sukarno after the 30 September Movement incident.
5Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Soeharto
(1921–2008)
as Commander of the Armed Forces[e]
June 1968March 19734 years, 9 months 
Army
[3]
6Panggabean, MaradenGeneral
Maraden Panggabean
(1922–2000)
March 1973April 19785 years, 1 month 
Army
[3]
7Jusuf, MohammadGeneral
Mohammad Jusuf
(1928–2004)
April 197828 March 19834 years, 11 months 
Army
.
8Moerdani, Leonardus BenjaminGeneral
Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani
(1932–2004)
[f]
28 March 198327 February 19884 years, 336 days 
Army
.
9Sutrisno, TryGeneral
Try Sutrisno
(born 1935)
27 February 198819 February 19934 years, 358 days 
Army
.
10Sudradjat, EdiGeneral
Edi Sudradjat [id]
(1938–2006)
[g]
19 February 199321 May 199391 days 
Army
.
11Tanjung, FeisalGeneral
Feisal Tanjung
(1939–2013)
21 May 199312 February 19974 years, 267 days 
Army
.
12WirantoGeneral
Wiranto
(born 1947)
[h]
12 February 199726 October 19992 years, 256 days 
Army
.
13Sutjipto, Widodo AdiAdmiral
Widodo Adi Sutjipto
(born 1944)
26 October 19997 June 20022 years, 224 days 
Navy
.
14Sutarto, EndriartonoGeneral
Endriartono Sutarto
(born 1947)
7 June 200213 February 20063 years, 251 days 
Army
.
15Suyanto, DjokoAir Chief Marshal
Djoko Suyanto
(born 1950)
13 February 200628 December 20071 year, 318 days 
Air Force
[4]
16Santoso, DjokoGeneral
Djoko Santoso
(1952–2020)
28 December 200728 September 20102 years, 274 days 
Army
.
17Suhartono, AgusAdmiral
Agus Suhartono
(born 1955)
28 September 201030 August 20132 years, 336 days 
Navy
[5]
18MoeldokoGeneral
Moeldoko
(born 1957)
30 August 20138 July 20151 year, 312 days 
Army
[6]
19Nurmantyo, GatotGeneral
Gatot Nurmantyo
(born 1960)
8 July 20158 December 20172 years, 153 days 
Army
[7]
20Tjahjanto, HadiAir Chief Marshal
Hadi Tjahjanto
(born 1963)
[i]
8 December 201717 November 20213 years, 344 days 
Air Force
.
21Perkasa, AndikaGeneral
Andika Perkasa
(born 1964)
17 November 2021Incumbent260 days 
Army
.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Prior to its current name, the Panglima TNI, the position was known as Commanding General of the People's Security Forces (Panglima Besar Tentara Keamanan Rakyat), Commander of the Army of the Republic of Indonesia (Panglima Tentara Republik Indonesia), Commander of the Republic of Indonesia Military Forces (Panglima Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia), Chief of Staffs of the Armed Forces (Kepala Staf ABRI), Commander of the Armed Forces (Panglima ABRI), and finally Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (Panglima TNI).[3]
  2. ^ Position known as Grand Commander of the People's Security Armed Forces and later as Commanding General of the National Armed Forces (Panglima Besar Tentara Keamanan Rakyat until 1946, Panglima Besar TNI from 1948-1950 )
  3. ^ a b Also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Army.
  4. ^ Also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
  5. ^ Also served concurrently as President and Minister of Defence and Security.
  6. ^ Also served concurrently as Commander of the Operational Command for the Restoration of Security and Order (Kopkamtib). First Commander of the Armed Forces who was not also appointed as Minister of Defense.
  7. ^ Also served concurrently as Minister of Defence and Security (from 17 March 1993) and Chief of Staff of the Army (until 23 March 1993).
  8. ^ Also served concurrently as Minister of Defence and Security.
  9. ^ also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Air Force (until 17 January 2018).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 34 Tahun 2004 Tentang Tentara Nasional Indonesia" [Law No.34/2004 on Indonesian National Armed Forces]. Law No. 34 of 2004 (PDF) (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Peraturan Presiden Nomor 66 Tahun 2019 tentang Susunan Organisasi Tentara Nasional Indonesia". Presidential Decree No. 66 of 2019 (in Indonesian). President of Indonesia.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bartain, Simatupang (13 August 2005). "Kedudukan Panglima TNI". Pikiran Rakyat (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 9 October 2007.
  4. ^ "Indonesian Parliament Endorse Djoko Suyanto as Military Chief". Antara. 5 February 2006. Archived from the original on 5 February 2006.
  5. ^ "Adm. Agus Suhartono to be installed as new TNI chief Tuesday". The Jakarta Post. 28 September 2010. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010.
  6. ^ Rinaldo (30 August 2013). "Presiden SBY Lantik Panglima TNI dan KSAD Pagi Ini". liputan6dotcom. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Gatot Nurmantyo officially becomes TNI commander". The Jakarta Post. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.