Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces

The Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Tentara Nasional Indonesia, currently known as Panglima TNI) is the highest position in the Indonesian National Armed Forces. The position is held by the four-star General/Admiral/Air Marshall appointed by and reporting directly to the President of Indonesia.

Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces
Panglima TNI
Flag of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.png
Flag of the Indonesian National Armed Forces
Panglima TNI Hadi Tjahjanto.jpg
Incumbent
ACM Hadi Tjahjanto

since 8 December 2017
Indonesian National Armed Forces
Reports toPresident of Indonesia
Formation1945
First holderGeneral Soedirman

First official Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces is General Soedirman, at the time the position is known as Commanding General of the People's Security Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Besar Tentara Keamanan Rakyat), which later will be called Commander of the Army of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Panglima Tentara Republik Indonesia) and Commander of the Republic of Indonesia Military Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia). As the first commander, General Sudirman is not appointed by the President of Indonesia, instead elected by People's Security Armed Forces personnel during a meeting knownly as People's Security Armed Forces Conference on 12 November 1945. Prior to appointment of General Soedirman, the position is held by Lt. Gen. Oerip Soemohardjo on an interim basis[1]

Currently, the office is held by ACM Hadi Tjahjanto, an Indonesian Air Force officer, who was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo on 8 December 2017.[2]

List of CommandersEdit

No. Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
Soemoharjo, OeripLieutenant general
Oerip Soemohardjo
(1893–1948)
Acting
17 August 194512 November 194587 days 
Army
[1]
1SudirmanGeneral
Soedirman
(1916–1950)
[a]
12 November 194529 January 1950 †4 years, 78 days 
Army
[1]
2Simatupang, T.Major general
T. B. Simatupang
(1920–1990)
as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces
29 January 19504 November 19522 years, 280 days 
Army
[1]
Vacant
Position abolished by President Soekarno after the 17 October 1952 incident.
3Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Abdul Haris Nasution
(1918–2000)
as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[b]
December 1955July 19593 years, 7 months 
Army
[1]
4Soerjadarma, SoerjadiAir Chief Marshal
Soerjadi Soerjadarma [id]
(1912–1975)
as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[c]
July 195919 January 19622 years, 6 months 
Air Force
[1]
(3)Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Abdul Haris Nasution
(1918–2000)
as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces[b]
January 1962March 19664 years, 1 month 
Army
[1]
Vacant
Position abolished by President Soekarno after the 30 September Movement incident.
5Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Soeharto
(1921–2008)
as Commander of the Armed Forces[d]
June 1968March 19734 years, 9 months 
Army
[1]
6Panggabean, MaradenGeneral
Maraden Panggabean
(1922–2000)
March 1973April 19785 years, 1 month 
Army
[1]
7Jusuf, MohammadGeneral
Mohammad Jusuf
(1928–2004)
April 197828 March 19834 years, 11 months 
Army
.
8Moerdani, Leonardus BenjaminGeneral
Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani
(1932–2004)
[e]
28 March 198327 February 19884 years, 336 days 
Army
.
9Sutrisno, TryGeneral
Try Sutrisno
(born 1935)
27 February 198819 February 19934 years, 358 days 
Army
.
10Sudradjat, EdiGeneral
Edi Sudradjat [id]
(1938–2006)
[f]
19 February 199321 May 199391 days 
Army
.
11Tanjung, FeisalGeneral
Feisal Tanjung
(1939–2013)
21 May 199312 February 19984 years, 267 days 
Army
.
12WirantoGeneral
Wiranto
(born 1947)
[g]
16 February 199826 October 19991 year, 256 days 
Army
.
13Sutjipto, Widodo AdiAdmiral
Widodo Adi Sutjipto
(born 1944)
26 October 19997 June 20022 years, 224 days 
Navy
.
14Sutarto, EndriartonoGeneral
Endriartono Sutarto
(born 1947)
7 June 200213 February 20063 years, 251 days 
Army
.
15Suyanto, DjokoAir Chief Marshal
Djoko Suyanto
(born 1950)
13 February 200628 December 20071 year, 318 days 
Air Force
[3]
16Santoso, DjokoGeneral
Djoko Santoso
(born 1952)
28 December 200728 September 20102 years, 274 days 
Army
[4]
17Suhartono, AgusAdmiral
Agus Suhartono
(born 1955)
28 September 201030 August 20132 years, 336 days 
Navy
[5]
18MoeldokoGeneral
Moeldoko
(born 1957)
30 August 20138 July 20151 year, 312 days 
Army
[6]
19Nurmantyo, GatotGeneral
Gatot Nurmantyo
(born 1960)
8 July 20158 December 20172 years, 153 days 
Army
[7]
20Tjahjanto, HadiAir Chief Marshal
Hadi Tjahjanto
(born 1963)
[h]
8 December 2017Incumbent2 years, 170 days 
Air Force
[2]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Position known as Grand Commander of the People's Security Armed Forces and later as Commanding General of the National Armed Forces (Panglima Besar Tentara Keamanan Rakyat until 1946, Panglima Besar TNI from 1948-1950 )
  2. ^ a b Also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Army.
  3. ^ Also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
  4. ^ Also served concurrently as President and Minister of Defence and Security.
  5. ^ Also served concurrently as Commander of the Operational Command for the Restoration of Security and Order (Kopkamtib). First Commander of the Armed Forces who was not also appointed as Minister of Defense.
  6. ^ Also served concurrently as Minister of Defence and Security (from 17 March 1993) and Chief of Staff of the Army (until 23 March 1993).
  7. ^ Also served concurrently as Minister of Defence and Security.
  8. ^ also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Air Force (until 17 January 2018).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i [1] Archived 9 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "Marsekal Hadi Tjahjanto Resmi Jabat Panglima TNI".
  3. ^ Indonesian Parliament Endorse Djoko Suyanto as Military Chief Archived February 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Biografi di tokohindonesia.com
  5. ^ Adm. Agus Suhartono to be installed as new TNI chief Tuesday Archived December 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Post. September 28, 2010.
  6. ^ Rinaldo (30 August 2013). "Presiden SBY Lantik Panglima TNI dan KSAD Pagi Ini". liputan6dotcom. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Gatot Nurmantyo officially becomes TNI commander". The Jakarta Post. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.