Aubergenville (French pronunciation: [obɛʁʒɑ̃vil]) is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located between Mantes-la-Jolie and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, in the valley of the Seine. This city is located near the Côteau de Montgardé on the road to Normandy.
The church in Aubergenville
|Intercommunality||CU Grand Paris Seine Oise|
|• Mayor (2020-2026)||Gilles Lécole|
|8.83 km2 (3.41 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||47–142 m (154–466 ft) |
(avg. 57 m or 187 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
At the time tradition, marked by the installation in Versailles of Monarchy (1672), three fields structured the commune: The field of Acosta, in 1661, was acquired by Mr. de Mannevillette, who build the castle as well as the two houses located on both sides of the town. In 1671, a great number of trees were planted in the park of the castle: charms, birches, elms, wild cherry trees, chestnuts and 400 fir trees. It is into 1758 that the property was acquired by Such of Acosta, which left the ground its name. The field of Garenne which extends close to the river was in the beginning a vast flanked middle-class house of an important farmer. Around 1766, it was transformed into a castle. Its new owner acquires a great number of pieces of historical information and items, unique to the field. The field of Montgardé of which, in 1416, was purchased by the chapter of Notre Dame de Paris. In the 15th century, the old farm was converted into a middle-class house and became the residence of the lords of Nézel after the destruction of their castle.
Evolution and changesEdit
The destiny of Aubergenville was marked by the French Revolution by law of 2 November 1789, which removes the monastic orders and declares property national all the goods of the clergy. With the passing of years, constructions became more consequent until the residents were able to build larger houses, suitable for starting larger families.
A rural world settled gradually and their life was changed by the great events which marked France from around 1400 AD to 1900 AD (Epidemic of Cholera, Wars, other disease outbreaks) and of the more pleasant events at the local level.
In 1780, the construction of the royal road between Mantes and Saint-Germain introduced the first and strongest lines to other villages, towns and cities. The removal of certain grounds to the profit of roads pushed the inhabitants to find a solution to reduce the damage. They proposed a modification of the layout and its recovery by complaining to the council. This would have had the advantage of generating an increase of people to the town. Instead of that, the village tended to move away from the road to avoid this happening.
In 1843, the railway from Paris to Rouen was constructed. With the origin, the station of Aubergenville was equipped only with one stop for travellers. Following these evolutions, the council then built a number of industrial buildings and houses to accommodate the great number of very varied industrial activities.
After the war there was an important transformation in the landscape and the local ways of life. Then the Renault factory was established in Flins in 1952 and Aubergenville saw its population multiplied by 5 in almost 20 years. Aubergenville then passed from the stage of borough to that of city. Located at 80% on the territory of Aubergenville, the factory bears the name of Flins all the same. The site was retained to share the ideal situation for the time. The barges could bring weighty materials, and later the motorway of the west was born and allowed faster connections with the head office of Boulogne-Billancourt. The colossal size of the Renault factory and the brief history which precedes made it possible to appreciate the extent of the repercussions which appear on the territory. It is necessary to place and build all the equipment necessary to the employees and their families. (employees' houses, etc.)
Aubergenville is twinned with:
- "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
- Daniel Carville. "Recherche de France-Crashes 39-45". Francecrashes39-45.net. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
- "Portal Bełchatów" [Bełchatów - Partnership Cities]. Miasto Bełchatów [Bełchatów town council] belchatow.pl (in Polish). 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
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