Mantes-la-Jolie (French pronunciation: [mɑ̃t la ʒɔli] , often informally called Mantes) is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region of north-central France. It is located to the west of Paris, 48.4 km (30.1 mi) from the centre of the capital. Mantes-la-Jolie is a subprefecture of Yvelines.

The Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame de Mantes
The Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame de Mantes
Coat of arms of Mantes-la-Jolie
Location of Mantes-la-Jolie
Mantes-la-Jolie is located in France
Mantes-la-Jolie is located in Île-de-France (region)
Coordinates: 48°59′27″N 1°43′02″E / 48.9908°N 1.7172°E / 48.9908; 1.7172
IntercommunalityCU Grand Paris Seine et Oise
 • Mayor (2022–2026) Raphaël Cognet[1]
9.38 km2 (3.62 sq mi)
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Mantais (masculine)
Mantaise (feminine)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
78361 /78200
Elevation17–41 m (56–135 ft)
(avg. 34 m or 112 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.



Mantes was halfway between the centres of power of the dukes of Normandy at Rouen and the Kings of France at Paris. Along with most of northern France, it changed hands frequently in the Hundred Years' War. Philip Augustus died at Mantes, 14 July 1223.

Louis XIV instituted the manufacture of musical instruments in Mantes, and it was chosen as the centre of brass and woodwind instrument manufacture. In the 19th century, painters were attracted to the town, particularly Corot, whose paintings of the bridge and the cathedral are celebrated. Prokofiev spent the summer of 1920 there orchestrating the ballet Chout.

Originally officially called Mantes-sur-Seine (meaning "Mantes upon Seine"), Mantes merged with the commune of Gassicourt in 1930 and the commune born of the merger was called Mantes-Gassicourt.

Mantes was the location of the first allied bridgehead across the Seine on 19 August 1944, by General Patton's 3rd Army. Major rebuilding was needed after the war.

On 7 May 1953, the commune of Mantes-Gassicourt was officially renamed Mantes-la-Jolie (meaning "Mantes the pretty"), allegedly in reference to a letter of King Henry IV addressed to his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées who resided in Mantes: "I am on my way to Mantes, my pretty" (French: je viens à Mantes, ma jolie).

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot - Le pont de Mantes

At the end of the 19th century, Impressionist painters like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Édouard Manet and Claude Monet came to paint the Seine River which crosses the town. Jean Batiste Corot painting of the Old Mantes bridge is shown at the Louvres



Inhabitants are called Mantais in French. The city had a total of 44,299 inhabitants in 2017. The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Mantes-la-Jolie proper, in its geography at the given years. The commune of Mantes-la-Jolie absorbed the former communes of Gassicourt in 1930.[3]

Mantes-la-Jolie has a significant Muslim population, consisting mainly of North Africans, Arabs, Turks, and Sub-Saharan Africans. Many Muslims in Mantes-la-Jolie experience disillusionment, high levels of poverty and unemployment. Val Fourré is a low-income housing estate occupied almost entirely by Arabs and African migrants.[4] Over one-in-three residents in the town is an immigrant, and 27% of the town does not have French citizenship as of 2019.[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 4,803—    
1800 3,800−3.29%
1806 3,976+0.76%
1821 3,811−0.28%
1831 4,148+0.85%
1836 3,818−1.64%
1841 4,280+2.31%
1846 4,400+0.55%
1851 4,374−0.12%
1856 5,046+2.90%
1861 5,372+1.26%
1866 5,345−0.10%
1872 5,697+1.07%
1876 5,649−0.21%
1881 6,056+1.40%
1886 6,607+1.76%
1891 7,032+1.25%
1896 8,015+2.65%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 8,034+0.05%
1906 8,329+0.72%
1911 8,821+1.15%
1921 9,329+0.56%
1926 9,944+1.29%
1931 13,865+6.87%
1936 13,978+0.16%
1946 13,181−0.59%
1954 15,155+1.76%
1962 18,905+2.80%
1968 26,062+5.50%
1975 42,465+7.22%
1982 43,564+0.37%
1990 45,087+0.43%
1999 43,672−0.35%
2007 42,916−0.22%
2012 43,515+0.28%
2017 44,299+0.36%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

The city is divided into four districts each with a characteristic urban form:

  • Centre-ville: city center, a dense and commercial area
  • Gassicourt: residential area
  • Val Fourré: large housing district
  • Hautes Garennes: a non-urbanized area


Notre Dame de Mantes

The main monument in Mantes is the church of Notre-Dame dating back to 12th century. A previous church was burnt down by William the Conqueror together with the rest of the town, at the capture of which he lost his life in 1087. Modern bridges link Mantes with the town of Limay on the other side of the river.



Mantes is home to small businesses working on concrete and chemical processing, but is inevitably drawn into the economic area of nearby Paris.

It is historically and at present a center of musical instrument manufacturing. The well known Buffet Crampon woodwind factory is located in the neighbourhood city of Mantes-la-Ville.



Mantes-la-Jolie is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris-Saint-Lazare and Transilien Paris-Montparnasse suburban rail lines: Mantes-Station and Mantes-la-Jolie. The Mantes-la-Jolie station is also served by TGV trains towards Le Havre, and Cherbourg.



The municipality has nineteen public preschools,[7] sixteen public elementary schools,[8] six public junior high schools, two public senior high schools/sixth form colleges, and a private secondary school.[9]

Public junior high schools:

Public senior high schools:

Private secondary schools:

Colleges and universities:

International relations


Mantes-la-Jolie is twinned with:[10]

Notable people


See also



  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French)., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021" (in French). The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ a b Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Mantes-la-Jolie, EHESS (in French).
  4. ^ Worth, Robert F. (2017-04-05). "The Professor and the Jihadi". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-07-03.
  5. ^ "Mantes-la-Jolie (Mantes-la-Jolie, Yvelines, France) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". Retrieved 2023-07-03.
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ "Écoles maternelles à Mantes-la-Jolie." Mantes-la-Jolie. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.
  8. ^ "Les écoles élémentaires à Mantes-la-Jolie." Mantes-la-Jolie. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.
  9. ^ "Collèges et lycées à Mantes-la-Jolie." Mantes-la-Jolie. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.
  10. ^ "Relations Internationales". (in French). Mantes-la-Jolie. Retrieved 2019-11-19.