Assassination of Mahmoud Al-Mabhouh
The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. (February 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh (Arabic: محمود المبحوح, Maḥmūd al-Mabḥūḥ; 14 February 1961 – 19 January 2010) was an assassination that took place on 19 January 2010, in a hotel room in Dubai. Al-Mabhouh—a co-founder of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas—was wanted by the Israeli government for the kidnapping and murder of two Israeli soldiers in 1989 as well as purchasing arms from Iran for use in Gaza; these have been cited as a possible motive for the assassination. He also had other enemies, including Fatah. He had spent some time in prison in Egypt in 2003, and was sought by Jordanian intelligence.
|Assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh|
|Location||Dubai, United Arab Emirates|
|Date||19 January 2010|
|Weapons||Pillow, muscle relaxant|
|Perpetrators||33 people, using forged and fraudulently obtained passports|
His assassination attracted international attention in part due to allegations that it was ordered by the Israeli government and carried out by Mossad agents holding fake or fraudulently obtained passports from several European countries and Australia.
The photographs of the 26 suspects and their aliases were subsequently placed on Interpol's most-wanted list. The Dubai police found that 12 of the suspects used British passports, along with six Irish, four French, one German, and three Australian passports. Interpol and the Dubai police believed that the suspects stole the identities of real people, mostly Israeli dual citizens. Two Palestinians, believed by Hamas to be former Fatah security officers and current employees of a senior Fatah official, were taken into custody in Dubai, on suspicions that one of them provided logistical assistance to the hit team. Despite Hamas's claim, Dubai would not comment on the incident or identify the two Palestinian suspects.
According to initial reports, Al-Mabhouh was drugged, then electrocuted and suffocated. Lt. Gen. Dhahi Khalfan Tamim of the Dubai Police Force said the suspects tracked Al-Mabhouh to Dubai from Damascus, Syria. They arrived from different European destinations and stayed at different hotels, presumably to avoid being detected and, with the exception of three of its members suspected of "helping to facilitate" who had left on a ferry for Iran several months before the assassination, departed after the assassination to different countries. Dubai's police chief said that he was "99% certain" that the assassination was the work of Israel's Mossad. On 1 March 2010, he stated that he was "sure" that all of the suspects are hiding in Israel.
He said that Dubai would ask for an arrest warrant to be issued for Meir Dagan, the head of Mossad, if it is confirmed that the Mossad is involved and responsible for the assassination. The Hamas leadership also holds Israel responsible, and has vowed revenge. Hamas, which is itself on the U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations, European Union lists of terrorist organizations, and also considered a terrorist organization by the governments of Israel, and Japan, as is its military arm by the United Kingdom and Australia, requested that Israel be added by the EU to its list because of suspicions that Israel was involved in the assassination.
However, later in March, Dubai police chief said, "I am now completely sure that it was Mossad", and went on to say "I have presented the (Dubai) prosecutor with a request for the arrest of (Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu and the head of Mossad" for the assassination. Khalfan would also suggest that a Hamas associate fed information to Mossad. This was denied by Hamas which blamed Fatah for helping the Mossad hit team.
In March 2010, the British foreign secretary, David Miliband, expelled an Israeli diplomat after the UK's Serious Organised Crime Agency discovered that Israel had forged copies of British passports. On 24 May, the Australian government expelled an Israeli diplomat after concluding that there was "no doubt Israel was behind the forgery of four Australian passports" related to the assassination. Similar action was taken by Ireland. Israel has refused to comment on the accusations that its security forces were behind the assassination.
On 30 September 2010, Dubai's police chief Dahi Khalfan said he received death threats from Israel's spy agency Mossad linked to his role in uncovering details of the assassination of al-Mabhouh, but whether such calls existed remains unconfirmed.
Sequence of eventsEdit
This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Written like a high school essay (February 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|19 January 2010|
|02:29:||Team leader arrives in Dubai|
|15:25:||Mabhouh arrives at hotel|
|15:51:||Team reserves opposite room|
|16:23:||Mabhouh exits hotel|
|20:24:||Mabhouh comes back to hotel|
|Mabhouh is killed|
|20:46:||Team begins to leave hotel|
|20 January 2010|
|13:30:||Body of Mabhouh discovered|
On 19 January 2010, al-Mabhouh was assassinated in his room in a hotel in Dubai, after being tracked by at least 29 suspects (26 suspects whose passport photos have been released, two arrested Palestinians, and another unnamed suspect), 26 of whom carried forged or fraudulently-obtained passports from various European nations.
The Sunday Times reported that al-Mabhouh's departure from Damascus to Dubai on Emirates Flight no. 912 at 10:05 on 19 January 2010 was tracked by an agent on the ground in Damascus. Salah Bardawil, a Hamas legislator, said al-Mabhouh put himself at risk by booking his trip online and informing family in Gaza of the telephone number of the hotel at which he would be staying on his trip.
Despite reports that al-Mabhouh traveled under a false passport with the fake name "Mahmoud Abdul Raouf Mohammed", Hamas and Dubai officials maintain that al-Mabhouh entered the country under his own identity at 15:15. Normally al-Mabhouh would have been protected by bodyguards, but their arrival was delayed because the guards could not get tickets for the same flight, as "There was no room for them on the flight," said Talal Nasser, a spokesman for Hamas in Damascus. "Therefore, he traveled alone, and the security guards were slated to join him the next day."
According to a 2018 article by Le Monde citing senior French intelligence officials, the Mossad ran the operation to kill Mabhouh out of Paris. The Mossad allegedly set up a makeshift command and control center in a hotel in the Bercy neighborhood of Paris equipped with computers and secure phones. Dubai's police chief, Lt Gen Dahi Khalfan Tamim, stated that al-Mabhouh was transiting in Dubai before traveling to China. Upon arrival in Dubai, al-Mabhouh took a taxi to the Al Bustan Rotana Hotel and settled into room 230. He had asked for a room with no balcony and sealed windows, so no one could enter other than through the door. He left the hotel between 16:30 and 17:00, roughly an hour after checking in. What he did during the next three to four hours remains unclear. Dubai's police chief said he did not meet anyone in the emirate and that he went shopping. Meanwhile, the hit squad broke into his room. At 20:24 al-Mabhouh came back to the room, and subsequently failed to answer a call from his wife half an hour later.
Hotel surveillance footage was released to the public showing the suspects, who had arrived on separate flights, meeting in the hotel. While the suspects apparently used personal encrypted communication devices among themselves to avoid surveillance, the suspects were alleged by Dubai police to have sent and received a number of SMS messages to telephone numbers in Austria. When al-Mabhouh arrived around 15:00, two suspects dressed in tennis attire followed him to determine which room he had checked into, as well as the number of the room immediately across the hall.
The information is alleged by the Dubai police to have been communicated to a third party, who then telephoned from a different hotel to book room 237. According to surveillance videos, the individual who checked into 237 did not enter the room, but appears to have given the room key to an accomplice in the lobby of the hotel, and immediately left Dubai, prior to the assassination. Al-Mabhouh, later, left the hotel and while several of the suspects kept watch, it is thought that (a) suspect(s) tried to gain entry to his room.
One of the lookout suspects could be seen on video delaying a tourist who exits the elevator on the second floor at this time, apparently to give other team members time to act. While another suspect distracted the tourist, it is claimed[by whom?] that four suspects entered the victim's hotel room and waited for him to return. The evidence for this is the fact that four men arrived by elevator and entered the hallway where the victim's room and the alleged perpetrator's rooms were located at this time, and the same four men immediately left after the assassination is supposed to have happened.
A readout of activity that took place on the hotel room's electronic door lock indicated that an attempt was made to reprogram al-Mabhouh's electronic door lock at this time. The investigators believe that the electronic lock on al-Mabhouh's door may have been reprogrammed and that the killers gained entry to his room this way. The locks in question, VingCard Locklink brand, can be accessed and reprogrammed directly at the hotel room door.
According to Dubai Police, he was dead by 21:00 that evening. On 20 January 2010, the following day, a hotel cleaner attempted to gain entry, but found that the door was latched from the inside. A member of hotel security was then called in to open the door. After the door was opened, al-Mabhouh's body was discovered on the bed. On the drawer next to the bed, the assassins had placed a small bottle of medicine to make it appear as if he had died of natural causes.
Cause of deathEdit
Initially, Dubai authorities believed al-Mabhouh had died of natural causes. Fawzi Benomran, the Dubai police coroner, said, "It was meant to look like death from natural causes during sleep." It took 10 days for the Dubai police to come to the conclusion that al-Mabhouh was assassinated. Benomran described the determination of the exact cause of death as "one of the most challenging cases" his department faced.
The Khaleej Times quoted an unnamed senior police official as saying that four masked assailants had shocked al-Mabhouh's legs before using a pillow to suffocate him. Another story reported by Uzi Mahnaimi stated that a hit team murdered al-Mabhouh with a heart-attack inducing drug, then proceeded to take photographs of his documents before leaving.
Al-Mabhouh's family said that medical teams that examined his body determined that he died in his hotel room after being strangled and receiving a massive electric shock to the head, and that blood samples examined by a French laboratory confirms that electrocution was the cause of death. According to Reuters news agency, traces of poison were found in al Mabhouh's autopsy. Dubai authorities stated they were ruling the death a homicide and were working with the International Criminal Police Organization to investigate the incident.
Other news reports gave varying causes of death, including suffocation with a pillow and poisoning. In an international press conference General Tamim, the head of the investigation, said that the exact cause of death is yet to be concluded.
Moreover, on 1 March 2010, the Dubai Police stated that he was first drugged.
Major General Khamis Mattar al-Mazeina as the deputy commander of Dubai's police gave details of the death of al-Mabhouh after forensic tests. Al-Mabhouh was injected in his leg with succinylcholine, a quick-acting, depolarizing paralytic muscle relaxant. It causes almost-instant loss of motor skills, but does not induce loss of consciousness or anaesthesia. Then al-Mabhouh was suffocated. Al-Mazeina said, "The assassins used this method so that it would seem that his death was natural."
Dubai's police chief, Lt. Gen. Dahi Khalfan Tamim, announced his preliminary conclusions on 18 February that, "Our investigations reveal that Mossad is involved in the murder of al-Mabhouh ... It is 99% if not 100% that Mossad is standing behind the murder." After identifying the assumed names and photographs of 11 suspects, on 20 February 2010, he said his force had evidence directly incriminating the Mossad in the murder, adding that among the new evidence available were telephone communications between the suspected killers. On 24 February 2010, Dubai police identified 15 additional persons suspected of being involved in al-Mabhouh's assassination. According to journalist Uzi Mahnaimi, the decision to kill al-Mabhouh was authorized by Israel's Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, after being suggested by Meir Dagan, the head of the Mossad, at a meeting in early January 2010. Later in March, Dubai police chief said "I am now completely sure that it was Mossad," and furthermore went on to say "I have presented the (Dubai) prosecutor with a request for the arrest of (Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu and the head of Mossad," for the murder of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh.
Dubai police said the assassins spent little time in the emirate, arriving less than a day before the assassination, killing al-Mabhouh between his arrival at 3:15 p.m. and 9 p.m. that night, and subsequently leaving the country before his discovery. The identities used by 11 of the suspects have been made public. The total number of suspects stands at 18, all of whom entered the country using fake or fraudulently obtained passports. Dubai police, who stated that their airport personnel were trained by Europeans to identify faked documents, said that the European passports used were not forgeries. British, Canadian, and Irish governments said the passports bearing their countries' names were, "either fraudulently obtained or [are] outright fakes." All the stolen passports are from countries that do not need visas for the UAE.
- United Kingdom: Six passports with the names Paul John Keely, Stephan Daniel Hodes, Melvyn Adam Mildiner, Jonathan Louis Graham, James Leonard Clarke, and Michael Lawrence Barney, and another six passports with the names Daniel Marc Schnur, Gabriella Barney, Roy Allan Cannon, Stephen Keith Drake, Mark Sklur, and Philip Carr. On 24 May 2010, another British suspect was publicized- Briton Christopher Lockwood. It was later discovered that this suspect had stolen the identity of an Israeli soldier who was killed in the Yom Kippur War.
- Ireland : Three passports with the names Gail Folliard, Kevin Daveron, and Evan Dennings and another three with the names Ivy Brinton, Anna Shauna Clasby, and Chester Halvey. Ireland's Department of Foreign Affairs declared that the passports used by the suspects were counterfeit and stated that it was "unable to identify any of those three individuals as being genuine Irish". According to the department, Ireland has never issued passports in those names. While the names and signatures were fake, the numbers on the passports were genuine, and belong to Irish citizens. Four of the five citizens have been contacted by the Department of Foreign Affairs, all of whom live in Ireland; none of them have travelled to the Middle East, lost their passports or had them stolen.
- France: One passport with the name Peter Elvinger (suspected of being used by the hit squad leader, and logistical coordinator), plus another three passports with the names David Bernard LaPierre, Mélanie Heard, and Eric Rassineux. According to a spokesman of the French Foreign Affairs ministry, the passport in the name of Elvinger was counterfeit. The French government summoned the Israeli chargé d'affaires in Paris on 18 February and the French Foreign Ministry issued a statement expressing, "deep concern about the malicious and fraudulent use of these French administrative documents."
- Germany: One passport with the name Michael Bodenheimer. German officials initially said that the passport number which they received from the authorities in Dubai is either incomplete or does not exist. Later, it was revealed that the passport was genuine. According to German federal investigators, an Israeli man named Michael Bodenheimer acquired German citizenship in June 2008 after providing immigration officials in Cologne with the pre-World War II address of his grandparents and his parents' marriage certificate. He stated that he was an Israeli citizen and gave his address as a temporary "virtual office" that he had bought in Herzliya (as of 22 February the office does not exist anymore). A Michael Bodenheimer who lives in Israel and holds dual American and Israeli citizenships said he does not know how his identity was stolen. One person who has the passport name Uri Brodsky was arrested in Poland in early June 2010. He was in Cologne with Michael Bodenheimer and Germany is seeking his extradition. See sub-heading "Alexander Verin aka Uri Brodsky" below for more information.
- Australia: Three passports with the names Nicole Sandra Mccabe (who at the time was heavily pregnant according to her mother), Adam Korman and Joshua Aaron Krycer. Adam Marcus Korman, an Israeli-Australian citizen living in Israel, said that he was shocked and angry that his identity was stolen. In addition, the other three names are names of residents of Israel. A man named Joshua Krycer works in a hospital located in Jerusalem.
The names used on the UK passports belong to suspects who live in Israel and hold dual citizenships. An analysis of the assassination in The Jewish Chronicle noted that this, "is the first real piece of information that could link Israel to the operation." According to Palestine Chronicle Post, Mossad is known to use the identities of Israelis with dual citizenship. In 1997, two Mossad agents traveled with Canadian passports of dual citizenship Israelis to Amman in a botched attempt on the life of Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal. According to former katsa Victor Ostrovsky, a Canadian citizen, the Mossad formerly asked permission to use the passports of Israelis with dual nationality, but "I believe at some point, they stopped asking."
A Jerusalem-based British citizen whose name was used on one of the passports told Reuters news agency that he has never been to Dubai and had no connection with the Mossad or the killing. He said that he did not "know how this happened or who chose my name or why". In addition, three other Israelis whose names appeared on the passports reported to the Israeli Channel 2 news that they did not understand the coincidence, and were not related at all to the suspects. In the wake of the revelation that passports of British citizens had figured prominently in the operation, the United Kingdom's Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) launched its own investigation into the matter, and plans to interview the first round of British passport holders that had their identities stolen. The British Foreign Office also summoned the Israeli ambassador on 18 February to share information on the matter. The Daily Mail cited a previously reliable "British security source" as stating that Mossad had tipped off the UK that their passports would be used for an operation, but this was denied by the UK government.
The photographs of 11 of the suspected killers were added to Interpol's most wanted list on 18 February, with a note specifying that they had been published since the identities adopted by the suspects were faked. Dubai airport officials carried out routine retinal scans on 11 of the suspects sought in the assassination when they entered the country and Dubai police said they would publish the scans through INTERPOL.
Seventeen of the suspects used MasterCards branded by MetaBank of Storm Lake, Iowa but issued by Payoneer Inc which were used to buy their plane tickets in other countries before their arrival in Dubai. Other credit cards show ties to Britain's Nationwide Building Society, IDT Finance of Gilbraltar, and Germany's DZ Bank AG. Payoneer is an Israeli start-up now based in New York with R&D offices and a majority of its employees in Tel Aviv. CEO Yuval Tal, is a former member of the IDF Special Forces. Payoneer is held by three venture capital firms: Greylock Partners, Carmel Ventures, and Crossbar Capital. Greylock, which has offices in the U.S. and Herzliya, Israel, was established by Moshe Mor, a former military intelligence captain in the Israeli army. Carmel Ventures is an Israeli venture capital fund based in Herzliya. Crossbar Partners is run by Charlie Federman, who is also managing director of the BRM Group, a venture capital fund also in Herzliya that was co-founded by Nir Barkat, the mayor of Jerusalem. Mossad HQ are located in Herzliya.
The New York Post originally reported that Tal has disappeared since his company was identified as the issuer of some of the killers' credit cards, with his Brooklyn neighbors telling the NYPD that he left the country. He reappeared a day later, however.
The Dubai Police has found the DNA of one person and some fingerprints of other persons which are suspected. The chief of Dubai Police Lieutenant General Dhahi Khalfan Tamim said that there are 648 hours of video films in which the 27 suspected persons are appearing and announced that the police has found the DNA of four suspected agents.
Two Palestinians, Ahmad Hasnin, an intelligence operative of the Fatah-controlled Palestinian Authority (PA), and Anwar Shekhaiber, an employee of the PA in Ramallah, were arrested in Jordan and handed over to Dubai as suspected accomplices to the assassination, suspected of giving logistical assistance such as providing car rentals and hotel bookings. Hamas claimed that their arrest was evidence linking the Palestinian Authority to the killing, while the Palestinian Authority retorted by accusing the arrested Palestinians of being members of Hamas.
The two men are reported to be related to one another and to have lived in Gaza until Hamas took over full control of the Strip in 2006. One went straight to Dubai, while the other joined him after first going to Ramallah, where he was sentenced to death by a Palestinian Authority court, a punishment generally handed down to Israeli collaborators. The recruitment of Ahmad Hasnin by the Mossad could have been done when he was imprisoned by Israel for a month in June 2007 for his involvement with Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, the military wing for Fatah. He came to the UAE in 2008, according to a family source.
Dubai authorities said that one of the two Palestinians held in custody met a suspect in a suspicious place, time and manner, while the second is closely related to him and was found to have already been sentenced to death by one of the Palestinian parties. The second suspect is wanted by Hamas. They are both being held to ensure that no one comes to execute them.
A Haaretz report based on information from an unnamed Arab diplomatic source said that Dubai police had asked Syria to detain Mohammed Nasser and other Hamas men for questioning. According to media reports, Nasser was in Dubai in the days before al-Mabhouh's killing and was intimately familiar with his schedule and whereabouts.
Dubai Police chief Dahi Khalfan said on 3 March 2010 he requested for the Dubai prosecutor to issue arrest warrants for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the head of Mossad, Meir Dagan for the murder.
He also announced Canada had arrested a suspect who "was among the preparatory group which arrived in the country and left it before the crime was committed." The suspect was reported to be one amongst a number of suspects for whom Interpol has issued red corner notices on behalf of the UAE. The following day, however, the Canadian embassy in the UAE denied this but said they were liaising with authorities back in Canada to verify the status of the arrest.
Alexander Varin aka Alexander Verin aka Uri BrodskyEdit
|Wikinews has related news: Polish authorities arrest Israeli agent|
On 4 June 2010, Polish police arrested a man at Warsaw airport carrying a false passport with the name Uri Brodsky, who was wanted by German authorities. A European Arrest Warrant from Germany specified that Brodsky, aka Alexander Verin (or Varin), was "suspected of being involved in illegally obtaining a [German] passport" for another man known as Michael Bodenheimer, who is alleged to have taken part in Mahmoud al-Mabhouh's murder. A Polish court approved Brodsky's extradition to Germany on 7 July, pending appeal. However, the extradition was approved on the basis that Brodsky would not face German charges of espionage – instead he would only face the lesser charge of falsely-obtaining documents. Brodsky was transferred to German custody on 12 August, released on €100,000 bail on 13 August, and flown back to Israel on 14 August. The German prosecutor indicated that Brodsky would not have to face trial after all, but instead that "the matter can now be dealt with by written proceedings," most likely resulting in a fine. At the end of 2010, Germany suspended the case of falsifying documents in lieu of a €60,000 fine; however, a German arrest warrant on the espionage charges remains in effect.
Arrest of a top suspectEdit
On 11 October 2010, The National of Abu Dhabi published an interview with Dubai's police chief Lt. Gen. Dahi Khalfan Tamim, in which he claims that a western country had arrested a top suspect of killing al-Mabhouh about two months ago. The ambassador of the western country does not want to name the country and the name of the arrested suspect. Tamim expressed frustration at the lack of detail: "Why is it that every time an Israeli is involved in a crime, everyone goes mute? We want anyone who is dealing with this case to deal with it as a security case, and not to pay attention to any other consideration."
- United Arab Emirates – Sheik Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) said, "The abuse of passports poses a global threat, affecting both countries' national security as well as the personal security of travelers." He also said that those responsible would be brought to account, noting that, "The UAE firmly believes that relations among nations should be conducted on the basis of respect for sovereignty, mutual trust and within the framework of international norms. Like all civilised nations, we abide by these principles and we will deal with this criminal act within the international framework expected of civilised nations." Anwar Gargash, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, expressed the country's deep concern that expertly doctored passports from nations that do not require advance visas were used by the suspected killers. UAE officials said they remained in "close contact with the concerned European governments," listing the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany and Austria. Lieutenant General Dahi Khalfan Tamim said on 1 March 2010, during the International Security National Resilience Exhibition & Conference at Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre, that the police of the UAE will develop the skills to identify persons who are Israelis. So the police will deny the entry of any person as a suspected Israeli.
- United Kingdom – Britain's Foreign Office believes that the passports used were fraudulent; one report indicated that they had issued the passports in January, 2010, the only difference between the actual identities being the photographs. The Telegraph reported on 20 February that diplomatic sources say that the passport fraud was carried out by Israeli immigration officials. It is claimed that the dual Israeli-British citizens had their passports taken from them as they passed through the airport in Tel Aviv – the details on the documents were recorded (and they were most likely photocopied), and then used to create new documents. These new documents sported the pictures of the suspects, but used the names and numbers of those whose identities were stolen. As a result of an investigation by the British Serious Organised Crime Agency, the government concluded that there were "compelling evidence to believe that Israel was responsible for the misuse of the British passports." The British Foreign Secretary David Miliband expelled a senior Israeli diplomat, who was thought to be the Mossad's station commander in the country. Britain also issued a warning to UK passport holders traveling to Israel to "only hand your passport over to third parties including Israeli officials when absolutely necessary". Israel had already used fake British passports to conduct an operation in 1987.
- France – François Fillon, the French Prime Minister, said that though it remained unclear as to who was responsible, "France condemns assassination. Assassination is not a means of action in international relations." The Israeli chargé d'affaires in Paris was summoned on 18 February and the French Foreign Ministry issued a statement expressing, "deep concern about the malicious and fraudulent use of these French administrative documents." The French counterintelligence agency DCRI is believed to have protested to Mossad after finding it had used a Paris hotel as a base to stage the assassination. According to a Le Monde report, France was concerned that Hamas would suspect French involvement in the assassination due to the operation having been run out of Paris and the use of forged French passports, and suspended intelligence sharing with Israel.
- Austria – The spokesman for the Austrian Interior Ministry confirmed that Austria is investigating the use of Austrian mobile phones by the suspected killers.
- Germany – Germany confirmed that it is actively pursuing information on the identity of the killers of al-Mabhouh. The German federal prosecutor's office in Karlsruhe began investigations about foreign spy activities in connection with the German passport used by one suspect in Dubai. The German Federal Intelligence Service told members of the German parliament that apparently the Mossad executed the operation in Dubai. According to Der Spiegel, the Mossad operation could be considered as an affront to the Germans since the current head of German intelligence, Ernst Uhrlau has been acting at the behest of the Israeli government as a liaison between Jerusalem and Hamas. He sought the release of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, who was abducted by Palestinian militants in 2006 in exchange for Palestinian prisoners held by the Israelis. Urhrlau was in Israel just a few days before 19 January. By then the Dubai operation was certainly under way.
- Ireland – Investigations by Ireland's Department of Foreign Affairs Passport Service and by the Garda Síochána concluded that eight Irish passports were used in the assassination, and all were forgeries (but based on information from valid passports). Irish citizens whose information had been used were issued with new passports. Dubai Police had Interpol issue red notices (arrest warrants) for Jael Foliard, Kevien Daverone, Ivy Broton, Evan Denengz and Anna Shauna Clasby, all of whom entered Dubai on forged Irish passports. Ireland's Minister for Foreign Affairs Micheal Martin in a statement issued on 15 June 2010 said the Irish government had come to the "inescapable conclusion" that Israel was responsible for the forged passports used in the al-Mabhouh assassination, noting Israel did not assist in his country's investigations and did not deny involvement. Martin stated Ireland as a matter of principle opposed extrajudicial killings. He advised the Irish Cabinet had agreed to expel an Israeli diplomat in protest, and described Israel's conduct as "profoundly disturbing."
- Iran – On 2 February, the Iranian foreign ministry blamed Israel for the incident, stating, "This is another indication of the existence of state terrorism by the Zionist regime".
- Australia – On 25 February, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, said that any country that so abused Australian passports held Australia in contempt, stating, "we will not let the matter lie." In a meeting with Israeli Ambassador Yuval Rotem, Foreign Affairs Minister, Stephen Smith, made it "crystal clear" that if it was concluded that Israeli officials had condoned or sponsored the abuse of the Australian passports, "Australia would not regard that as the act of a friend". Soon after this occurred, Australia abstained on a UN motion to investigate alleged Israeli war crimes committed during the Gaza War, a motion that Australia had previously opposed. In the Australian press there was widespread speculation that the move was retaliation for the passport affair, although this was denied by the Australian government. In response the incident, Australia expelled a Mossad agent who had been working in the Israeli embassy in Canberra on 24 May 2010. Foreign Minister Stephen Smith was quoted as saying that Australian passports had been misused by Israel on previous occasions, and the decision to expel the Mossad agent "was made much more in sorrow than in anger".
- Lebanon – Key Hezbollah members became nervous after the killing in Dubai. Since foreign passports were seemingly used for the attack, Hezbollah asked the Lebanese government for additional screening of foreigners entering Lebanon.
- Sweden – Foreign Minister Carl Bildt stated that "misuse of European passports is not to be tolerated".
- Luxembourg – Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn stated that "political assassinations have no place in the 21st century".
- Spain – Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Angel Moratinos stated that his country was "extremely concerned".
- Israel – The Israeli government initially did not comment on claims that it was involved in al-Mabhouh's death. On 17 February, Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman refused to confirm or deny any Israeli involvement, and noted a lack of solid evidence for Israeli involvement. On 24 February, The Jerusalem Post quoted the Israeli Opposition leader Tzipi Livni as saying, "Every terrorist must know that no one will support him when a soldier, and it doesn’t matter what soldier, tries to kill him." Israeli media and public opinion has generally accepted Mossad's responsibility for the operation. Due to Israel's military censorship laws the Israeli media at first were careful to use the phrase "according to foreign media reports" to avoid directly accusing Mossad, however the phrase was abandoned and Mossad's culpability was openly assumed after the first week of the scandal. Opinions of the Israeli media were divided between approving of the success of al-Mabhouh's killing and disapproving the sloppiness of the operation and the resultant exposure and media scandal. Haaretz's Amir Oren called Dagan to be fired due to what he considered a sloppy job, while the newspaper's Yossi Melman predicted Israel would emerge from the incident "unblemished". After the United Kingdom expelled an Israeli diplomat over the use of British passports, Israeli right wing politicians commented against Britain's "disloyal" action. Knesset member Michael Ben-Ari stated that "This is anti-Semitism disguised as anti-Zionism". Israeli politician Aryeh Eldad stated that "Britain's behavior is hypocritical. Who are they to judge us in the war on terror?" Other than non-official comments made by right wing politicians, Israel has not officially responded.
- United States – On 28 December 2010, secret cables leaked by WikiLeaks showed that Dubai considered keeping the assassination secret, and asked the United States to help track down information on credit card numbers suspected of having been used by the assassins. The United States did not cooperate with the investigation.
On 29 January, Hamas' deputy politburo chief Moussa Abu Marzouk said, "Mossad agents are those who assassinated al-Mabhouh". Top Hamas official Mahmoud al-Zahar speculated that same day that it was possible that members of the entourage of Israeli infrastructure minister Uzi Landau, who were in the United Arab Emirates at the time for a renewable energy conference, were involved in his killing. Landau dismissed the claim, stating that his delegation was in Abu Dhabi, some 120 km from Dubai, and was escorted by an eight-man UAE security team at all times.
On 2 February, Hamas' representative in Lebanon Osama Hamdan said that Palestinian Authority security forces might have been involved in the death, stating that, "The Palestinian Authority security forces are pursuing [our] fighters and they have killed dozens of them since 1994." Haaretz reported that details from a preliminary Hamas investigation procured by the newspaper suggested that al-Mabhouh was assassinated by agents of an Arab government, and that al-Mabhouh was wanted by Egypt and Jordan. On 12 February, senior Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal rejected reports that Hamas blamed Arab states for al-Mabhouh's death, and said the Israeli Mossad was solely responsible.
On 19 February, Hamas representatives said that the two Palestinians arrested in Dubai, Ahmad Hassanain and Anwar Shheibar, are former members of Fatah's security forces and work at a construction company in Dubai owned by Mohammed Dahlan, a senior Fatah security official. A senior Hamas official told Al-Hayat newspaper that the two provided logistical aid to the Mossad hit team alleged to have carried out the murder, renting them cars and hotel rooms. The two were linked to a Gaza death cell under Dahlan's command, which worked to suppress dissidence among Palestinians. Dahlan and Fatah denied the charges.
Philip Alston, the UN special rapporteur on extrajudicial killings was quoted by the Los Angeles Times as stating, "If a foreign intelligence agency was responsible for the killing of al-Mabhouh, the matter should clearly be classified as an extrajudicial execution. There is no legal justification for the cold-blooded murder of a man who, if alleged to have committed crimes, could have been arrested and charged."
In popular cultureEdit
A 2010 Hebrew language novel titled Dubai and written by Yomi 'Eyni is set around the assassination. A 2013 film titled Kidon also revolves around the assassination. Kidon was shown at the 2014 Atlanta Jewish Film Festival in the state of Georgia. The 2015 Israeli TV series False Flag is also loosely based on the story of the assassination.
- List of unsolved deaths
- Israel – United Arab Emirates relations
- 2004 Israel – New Zealand spy scandal, arising from attempt by Mossad operatives to get false passports from New Zealand in the name of a disabled man
- Lillehammer affair, killing of Moroccan waiter in Norway mistaken by Mossad for one of the Black September operatives who killed Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics
- "Al Mabhouh killed hours after arrival". The National. 1 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Dubai assassination spotlights top cop skills in a modern-day Casablanca". CS Monitor. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- Jason Koutsoukis (2 March 2010). "AFP on forged passports trail to Israel". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Pictures of '11 Europeans' sought for Hamas killing". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Dubai names suspects wanted for killing of Hamas man BBC news.
- "Search still on for fifth passport holder". Irish Times. 20 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Australians' passports stolen for Dubai hit". ABC News. 25 February 2010. Archived from the original on 26 February 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
- 11 'Mabhouh killers’ on Interpol list. jpost.com
- Mabhouh was sedated before killed Dubai Police
- "suspects in Mabhouh killing hiding in Israel". Khaleej Times. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Report:Alleged Dubai Assassins entered US". JTA. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Dubai police chief in Mossad arrest call". BBC News. 19 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Analysis: So did the Mossad do it? jpost.com
- The Financial Sources of the Hamas Terror Organization Archived 24 May 2012 at Archive.today (Israel MFA), 28 May 2010
- "Japan's Diplomatic Bluebook 2005" (PDF). 2005.
- Proscribed terrorist groups Archived 18 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine United Kingdom Home Office
- Listing of Terrorist Organisations Archived 4 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Australian Government Attorney-General's Department, 27 January 2006. Retrieved 28 May 2010
- "Middle East Online". Middle East Online. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- From correspondents in Dubai (3 March 2010). "Israeli PM's arrest sought over murder". News. Archived from the original on 3 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Dubai Police Chief insists al-Mabhouh was betrayed from within Hamas". al Bawaba. 4 March 2010. Archived from the original on 12 March 2010. Retrieved 7 March 2010.[dead link]
- Bowen, Jeremy (23 March 2010). "Expulsion of diplomat sends a strong signal to Israel". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Israeli diplomat to be kicked out of Australia over passport forgery row". Herald Sun. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- "Forged passport inquiry urges expulsion of Israeli". The Irish Times. 6 June 2010. Archived from the original on 10 February 2011.
- "Dubai police chief says Mossad threatened him over Hamas killing". FRANCE 24. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- 'Dubai police chief claims Mossad threatened to kill him' - Middle East - Jerusalem Post
- "Dubai police chief says Mossad behind death threats". Haaretz. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- Issa, Wafa (17 February 2010). "The movements of the Dubai hit team suspects". The National. Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "New suspect in Al Mabhouh murder in Dubai". Gulf News. 28 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Mahnaimi, Uzi (31 January 2010). "Israel 'poisoned Hamas leader'". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- Waked, Ali (20 February 2010). "Report: German passport used by Dubai hit squad not forged". Ynetnews. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Report: Dubai suspects had fake passports". Al Jazeera. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- Sands, Phil; Issa, Wafa (31 January 2010). "Assassinated al Mabhouh travelled to UAE without bodyguards". The National. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- Issa, Wafa. "Al Mabhouh killed hours after arrival". The National. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- Mahmias, Roee (31 January 2010). "Report: Mabhouh's bodyguards couldn't get plane tickets". Ynetnews. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- Lappin, Yaakov (19 February 2010). "Dubai police wants Dagan arrested". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Dubai police identify 11 suspects in Hamas official's death". CNN. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Issacharoff, Avi (2 February 2010). "Who killed Mahmoud al-Mabhouh?". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
- "UAE: The Assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh". Strategic Forecasting Inc. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Alleged Assassins Caught on Dubai Surveillance Tape Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine The Muslim Observer 18 February 2010
- Dubai police video, 21:42
- "Hamas military commander 'assassinated in Dubai'". BBC News. 29 January 2010.
- Jason Koutsoukis (19 February 2010). "Dubai adds more suspects to hit squad". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Borzou Daragahi (18 February 2010). "Dubai's police chief accuses Mossad in killing of Hamas commander". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Agarib, Amira (31 January 2010). "4 suspects behind Mabhouh's murder identified". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- "Hamas says top commander killed by Israel in Dubai". Reuters. 29 January 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- "Hamas vows to retaliate for assassination of top Hamas militant". Xinhuanet. 30 January 2010.
- "Hamas claims Israeli agents assassinated one of group's top operatives in Dubai hotel room". The Baltimore Sun. 29 January 2010. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011.
- "Hamas man was 'suffocated with hotel pillow', says Dubai Police chief". Gulf News. 30 January 2010.
- "Suspects in Hamas man's killing identified". Tehran Times. 31 January 2010.
- "Full Video-Part2 The assassination of Mahmoud al Mabhouh in Dubai". YouTube. 31 January 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- McGreegor-Wood, Simon (1 March 2010). "Dubai Hit: Police Say They Know How Mahmoud al-Mabhouh Was Killed". Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved March 2010. Check date values in:
- http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article7044326.ece?print=yes&randnum=1151003209000. Retrieved 28 May 2010. Missing or empty
- "Hamas man 'drugged and suffocated' in Dubai". BBC News. 28 February 2010. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Dubai assassination spotlights top cop skills in a modern-day Casablanca". CS Monitor. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- "Dubai has proof Mossad killed Hamas man". Al Arabiya news channel. 20 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Dubai Police name new suspects in al Mabhouh murder". The National. 24 February 2010. Archived from the original on 26 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "Dubai names 15 more suspects in Hamas murder". Al Arabiya. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Uzi Mahnaimi (21 February 2010). "Mastermind of Mossad's secret war". London: The Sunday Times.
- For pictures and passport information, see Details of the prime suspects from Gulf News
- Chris Hughes (19 February 2010). "Israeli secret service Mossad to blame for killing of Hamas commander in Dubai, says police chief". Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "EU passports of Hamas murder suspects not fake: Dubai police". Arab Times Online. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "Instant briefing: 'Dubai Hit Squad'". The Week. 18 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- 'Mossad' hit snares Australians The Sydney Morning Herald 26 February 2010
- Blomfield, Adrian; Hough, Andrew (16 February 2010). "Dubai accuses British passport holders of killing Hamas chief". London: The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- "Dubai police press statement". Financial Times. 25 February 2010. Archived from the original on 6 December 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Cummins, Chip (24 May 2010). "U.A.E. Seeks Briton in Hamas Official's Death". The Wall Street Journal.
- Harman, Danna (10 October 2010). "Suspect in Dubai assassination used identity of fallen IDF soldier". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "Ireland says passports used in Dubai fake". Ynetnews. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "Ireland confirms 'Irish' Dubai killers don't exist". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- From correspondents in Dubai. "'Hit squad' named in Dubai hotel murder of Hamas figure Mahmud al-Mabhuh". News. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Issa, Wafa (16 February 2010). "They came, they killed, and in hours they were gone". The National. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- 2 – ASSASSINAT D'UN CADRE DU HAMAS A DUBAI Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Point de Presse, 18 February 2010
- "Paris summons Israeli envoy over Mabhouh". The Jerusalem Post. Associated Press. 18 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Brian Murphy & Barbara Surk. "Dubai seeks global dragnet for Hamas slaying". AP. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Yossi Melman (20 February 2010). "German passport tied to Dubai hit wasn`t forged". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Christoph Schult & Holger Stark (22 February 2010). "The Dubai Assassins: Alleged Killer Left Traces in Cologne and Israel". Spiegel Online. Archived from the original on 24 February 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Israeli wanted over Dubai killing 'held in Poland',Source: BBC News Online, 12 June 2010
- Cuneo, Clementine (25 February 2010). "Parents of Aussies named as suspects in the assassination of a Hamas militant fear their children's lives are in danger". Herald Sun. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Fourth Australian passport used in Dubai hit". ABC. 9 March 2010. Archived from the original on 12 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Kill squad passport link: it's not my son, says Aussie mother". SMH. 25 February 2010. Archived from the original on 10 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110605011604/http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article7054855.ece. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2010. Missing or empty
- "ה"ה'מחסל' מדובאי בשדרות רוטשילד 'אני בהלם' - חדשות". Ynet. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "In fallout from Mabhouh killing, Australia says passport abuse is 'not the act of a friend'". Los Angeles Times. 25 February 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Fourth Australian named by Dubai in Hamas killings". BBC. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- John Lyons, Middle East correspondent (9 March 2010). "Passport in name of Joshua Aaron Krycer linked to Hamas assassination". The Australian. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Stuart Rintoul; John Lyons (10 March 2010). "Fourth Aussie in Dubai passport rort". The Australian. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Rory McCarthy (17 February 2010). "Dubai murder: The British-Israelis who had their identities stolen". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Anshel Pfeffer (18 February 2010). "Analysis: If it was Mossad, then was it a success?". Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
- Obeidallah, Tammy (11 February 2010). "Israel Gets Away with Murder ... Again". Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Daragahi, Borzou (19 February 2010). "A bumbling Mossad hand suspected in Dubai assassination". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- ""It's not me," man in Israel says in hit-squad saga". Reuters. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "חדשות 2 – מחסלי המוסד בישראל מגיבים". Israel News 2. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Evans, Michael; Booth, Jenny; Tomlinson, Hugh (17 February 2010). "Ex-MI5 boss heads UK inquiry into Dubai assassination". London: The Times. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Blomfield, Adrian; Malkin, Bonnie (26 February 2010). "SOCA to interview passport holders in Israel". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- "UK 'invites' Israeli envoy for talk". The Jerusalem Post. 18 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Borger, Julian (17 February 2010). "Britain summons Israeli ambassador over Dubai murder". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Did Britain know about Mossad hit? Israeli agent claims MI6 was tipped off". London: Daily Mail. 19 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Black, Ian (19 February 2010). "Britain denies advance knowledge of Dubai killing". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Avi Issacharoff, Haaretz Correspondent, Haaretz Service and News Agencies (18 February 2010). "Interpol adds suspected Dubai assassins to most wanted list". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- "Dubai says identified 15 new suspects in Mabhouh killing; some fled to Iran". Ynetnews. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Agence France Presse (20 February 2010). "Dubai police say Mossad killed Hamas man". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Reuters (20 February 2010). "Dubai says new evidence links Israel to hit". Ynet. Archived from the original on 22 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Dubai: Number of suspects in Mabouh killing rises to 26". Albawaba. 14 February 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article7039272.ece. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010. Missing or empty
- "Dubai murder suspects climb to 26". CNN. 25 February 2010. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Abi, Maria (24 February 2010). "Dubai Names 15 More Suspects in Hamas Leader's Death". WSJ. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "No US help requested in Al Mabhouh case — police". Gulf News. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- NYer linked to Dubai hit disappears New York Post 10 March 2010
- "Yuval Tal Reappears! Payoneer's CEO Hasn't Vanished, Just 'on a Business Trip in Israel'". Observer. 11 March 2010. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Dubai police: We have '100 percent' DNA proof of one assassin". Haaretz. 26 February 2010. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- 648 hours of video films with the 27 suspected persons YnetNews March, 3rd 2010
- Ahmed al Sharif (11 March 2010). "Says police has DNA of four Mossad agents". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Interpol adds suspected Dubai assassins to most wanted list". Haaretz. 18 February 2010. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Waked, Ali (16 February 2010). "PA says won't reveal identity of Dubai assassin suspects". Ynet News. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- Sheera Frankel (19 February 2010). "'Collaborators' could link Mossad with Dubai killing". The Times. London. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Al Mabhouh suspects' credit cards were in fake names". The National. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Siham Al Najami (20 February 2010). "Al Mabhouh was easy target for assassins, says Dubai Police chief". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 22 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Iran: Dubai hit is an act of state terrorism by Israel". 23 February 2010. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- "Israeli PM's arrest sought over murder". AFP. 3 March 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- "New Details". Al Manar. Retrieved 17 November 2012.[dead link]
- "New Details". Almanar. Retrieved 17 November 2012.[dead link]
- Arrest Made In Mossad Passport Scandal The Right Perspective, 13 Jun 2010
- Arrest of Suspected Mossad Agent Strains German-Israeli Relations Der Spiegel, 21 June 2010
- Alleged Mossad spy appears in Polish court[dead link] The Washington Post, 5 July 2010
- Poland to extradite alleged Mossad agent The Jerusalem Post, 7 July 2010
- Poland to extradite alleged Mossad agent Haaretz, 7 July 2010
- German judge sets 'Uri Brodsky' free on bail ynetnews, 13 August 2010
- Suspected Mossad agent lands in Israel after released in Germany Haaretz, 16 August 2010
- Germany releases suspected Israeli spy Reuters, 13 August 2010
- The Anatomy of Mossad's Dubai Operation Der Spiegel, 15 January 2011
- Chip Cummins, Dubai Police Report Arrest in Hamas Murder Case, Wall Street Journal, 11 October 2010
- Festnahme im Fall Mabhuh, (engl. Arrest in case Mabbuh), Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 12 October 2010 (in German)
- Dubai police: Suspect in Hamas assassination arrested abroad[dead link] 'Haaretz', 11 October 2010
- "United Arab Emirates Demand Passport Probe in Hamas Murder". Fox News Channel. 21 February 2010. Archived from the original on 24 February 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- "Killers of Hamas leader used diplomatic passports: Dubai Police". DNA. 21 February 2010. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- "UAE on alert for Israeli dual citizens". The National. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Borger, Julian (17 February 2010). "Dubai assassins stole identities of six UK citizens". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Melissa Kite (20 February 2010). "Israeli immigration officials copied British passports used by hit squad, ministers told". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Rosa Prince (24 March 2010). "Mossad spy expelled over passport cloning row". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- Rosa Prince & Adrian Blomfield (23 March 2010). "David Miliband: Israeli cloning of British passports was 'intolerable'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- Bowen, Jeremy (23 March 2010). "Expulsion of diplomat sends a strong signal to Israel". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Britain expels Israeli diplomat over Dubai passport row". BBC News. 23 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Israel behind passport forgery in Dubai killing". CNN. 23 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories travel advice". FCO. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "French PM condemns Dubai assassination of Hamas man". Ynet. 20 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Comment Paris a soupçonné la NSA d'avoir piraté l'Elysée (Le Monde, 25 October 2013)
- Siham Al Najami (20 February 2010). "Al Mabhouh was easy target for killers, says Dubai Police chief". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 22 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Activities of the German federal prosecutor's office in Karlsruhe". Arab Times online. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "An Israeli Affront Against Germany". Spiegel. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Dubai Police and Interpol continue hunt for Irish assassins". Daily Mail. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Iran: Assassination was Zionist terror". Ynetnews. Reuters. 2 February 2010. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
- Australian passports in Hamas hit duplicated or altered, Stephen Smith says The Sydney Herald 25 February 2010
- Pearlman, Jonathan; Koutsoukis, Jason (1 March 2010). "Australia abandons Israel in UN vote". Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Expelled diplomat 'a Mossad agent'". The Australian. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Australia expels Israeli diplomat over Dubai killing". BBC News. 24 May 2010.
- "Hezbollah claims Israel changed rhetoric". United Press International. 2 March 2010.
- "Mossad Under Suspicion: EU Demands Israeli Cooperation over Dubai Killing". Der Spiegel.
- "Israel says no proof it carried out Hamas Dubai killing". BBC News. 17 February 2010. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Hoffman, Gil. "Livni: Int'l community must back Dubai hit". Jeursalem Post. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- John, Lyons (27 February 2010). "Locals accept Dubai assassination was Mossad operation". The Australian.
- John, Lyons (20 February 2010). "My life as a very secret agent for Mossad". The Australian.
- "Israel pressured over Mabhouh death". Al Jazeera. 18 February 2010.
- "Israel has nothing to worry about over Dubai killing". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article7073250.ece. Retrieved 12 April 2010. Missing or empty
- "UAE considered keeping Mabhouh hit under wraps, WikiLeaks cables reveal". Haaretz. 28 December 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- Pfeffer, Anshel (28 December 2010). "U.S. declined to cooperate in Dubai probe of Mabhouh killing, WikiLeaks shows". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- Hamas brigades founder dies in exile, Ma'an News Agency 20-01-2010
- Abu Marzouk: Mossad behind Hamas official's assassination, Ynet News 29-01-2010
- Jack Khoury (30 January 2010). "Report: Dubai has lead in assassination of top Hamas man". Haaretz.
- Melman, Yossi (31 January 2010). "Dubai narrows down seven suspects in murder of Hamas official". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- Melman, Yossi; Ravid, Barak (1 February 2010). "Dubai police: Seven Europeans linked to assassination of senior Hamas militant". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- "Landau denies links to Hamas terrorist's death". The Jerusalem Post. 31 January 2010. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- Hamas rep in Lebanon suggests PA helped assassinate Mabhouh, Jerusalem Post 02-02-2010
- Issacharoff, Avi (2 February 2010). "Hamas: Dubai assassins were likely Arabs, not Israelis". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
- http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=168546 'Next war with Israel will be regional'], Jerusalem Post 12-02-2010
- Baroud, Ramzy (27 March 2014). "Mahmoud Abbas vs Mohammed Dahlan". Counterpunch. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "Hamas: Palestinians linked to Dubai hit employed by Fatah strongman Dahlan". Haaretz. Associated Press. 19 February 2010. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "EU condemns passport use in Dubai killing". BBC News. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Foreign Affairs" (PDF). Consilium. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "Targeted for death". Los Angeles Times. 21 February 2010. Archived from the original on 23 February 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Reel Georgia - Georgia's film guide: What to see at the 2014 Atlanta Jewish Film Festival
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mahmoud al-Mabhouh.|
- Video released by the Dubai Police documenting the assassination: on YouTube on YouTube on YouTube
- The Dubai Job by Ronen Bergman
- Dubai assassination spotlights top cop skills in a modern-day Casablanca By Danna Harman
- Using Intelligence from the al-Mabhouh Hit By Fred Burton and Ben West
- Chronology of the killing team from The National
- Travel movements of suspects in 2009, 2010, and a summary
- Passport pictures of the suspects Passport pictures with details
- How the suspects are connected 2010