Channel 2 (Israel)
Channel 2 (Hebrew: ערוץ שתיים - Arutz Shtaim), also called "The Second Channel" (הערוץ השני - HaArutz HaSheni) is an Israeli commercial television channel. Its production studios are located in Neve Ilan, near Jerusalem.
|Launched||4 November 1993|
|Owned by||The Second Authority for Television and Radio|
|Picture format||16:9 (576i, SDTV)|
|Amos-3 FTA||11658 H / 8520 / 2/3|
In 1990, after 13 years of deliberations, the Knesset passed a law that paved the way for the establishment of commercial television in Israel. The goal was to enhance pluralism and create competition. Channel 2 began broadcasting on 4 November 1993. Three concessionaires were chosen: Keshet, Telad and Reshet. The concessionaires received a broadcasting contract for one decade and worked out a rotation agreement amongst themselves.
In 2005, the Ministry of Communications announced that two concessionaires would receive broadcasting contracts for the following decade. Of the four competitors (the fourth being Kan), Keshet and Reshet were chosen. Telad, which lost the bid, stopped broadcasting on Channel 2 in October 2005. Keshet and Reshet broadcast 4 days a week, rotating every two years. In 2011, Channel 2 installed a new digital system to preserve news content that was stored on aging videotapes and manage its archive library.
The broadcasts of Channel 2 are controlled by the Second Authority for Television and Radio. The channel currently has two concessionaires: Keshet and Reshet. Other content providers for Channel 2 include the Israeli News Company and Israeli Educational Television. The latter has been broadcasting its programs on the channel in the afternoon since 1995.
In November 2017, both Keshet and Reshet will become two separate channels. Channel 2, also identified under "22" in both cable and satellite ("Yes - DBS Israel") receivers will disappear and all three commercial channels (including "Channel 10") will be move to new positions on the STBs' : Keshet will move to channel 12, Reshet will move to channel 13 and Channel 10 will move to channel 14. Also new from November 2017 - all three channels will be available in High Definition under their renewed licenses.
- "Channel 2 Israel deploys Masstech’s TOPAZ+XT MAM system to support digital workflow" (Press release). Masstech. 3 August 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Kamin, Debra (2 October 2013). "Keshet: Two Decades of Evolution". Variety. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- "The Establishment of Channel 2". The Second Authority for Television and Radio. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Channel 2". Ynetnews. 26 January 2005. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Kamin, Debra (22 January 2015). "Keshet’s Cachet Draws Top TV Execs to Innovation Confab in Jerusalem". Variety. Retrieved 12 June 2015.