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The Mayor of the City of Jerusalem is head of the executive branch of the political system in Jerusalem, Israel. The Jerusalem Municipality. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within Jerusalem.

Mayor of the City of Jerusalem
Emblem of Jerusalem.svg
משה ליאון.JPG
Incumbent
Moshe Lion

since December 4, 2018
Residence1 Safra Square, Jerusalem, Israel
Term length5 years
Formation1867
WebsiteOffice of the Mayor

The mayor's office is located in Safra Square; it has jurisdiction over all the city's neighborhoods. The mayor appoints a large number of officials, including Directors who head city departments, and his or her deputy mayors.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Jerusalem City Council was established in 1863 during the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From 1948 to 1967 two municipalities operated in the city: an Israeli municipality provided services to the western neighborhoods of the city and a Jordanian municipality to its eastern parts.

By 1840, the Jewish community constituted the largest single religious group in the city.[1] From the 1880s onward, the Jews constituted the majority within the city.[2] However, it was only in 1937, under the British Mandate, that the first Jewish mayor was appointed. Since 1948 every mayor has been Jewish.

List of Mayors of Jerusalem (1848–present)Edit

This is a list of mayors of Jerusalem in chronological order.

Ottoman Empire (1848–1920)Edit

  1. 1848–1863 — Ahmad Agha Duzdar Al-Asali (official title: Governor of Jerusalem)
  2. 1863–1867 — Abdelrahman al-Dajani[3][4]
  3. 1867 — Rafadulo Astiriyadis Effendi[3] (acting)
  4. 1867–1869 — Abdelrahman al-Dajani[3]
  5. 1869 — Mūsā Faydī al-'Alamī[3]
  6. 1869–1870 — Abd al-Salām Paşa al Ḥusaynī[3]
  7. 1870–1876 — Yusuf Ziya Paşa al-Khālīdī[3]
  8. Triumvirate 1876–1877 — Abd al-Qādir al-Khalīlī Abū l-Hudā/'Umar 'Abd al-Salām Paşa al Ḥusaynī/Salīm Shākir al-Ḥusaynī.[3]
  9. 1877 — Shaḥāda Faydallāh al-'Alamī[3]
  10. 1877–1878 — Rafadulo Astiriyadis Effendi[3] (acting)
  11. 1878–1879 — Yusuf Ziya Paşa al-Khālīdī[3]
  12. 1879–1881 — Mūsā Faydī al-'Alamī[3]
  13. 1882–1897 — Ḥusayn Salīm Paşa al Ḥusaynī[3]
  14. 1897–1899 — Yaseen al-Khalidi[5]
  15. 1899–1906 — Yousef Al-Khalidi[6]
  16. 1906–1909 — Faidi al-Alami[6]
  17. 1909–1917 — Hussein al-Husayni
  18. 1917–1918 — Aref al-Dajani[4]
  19. 1918–1920 — Musa Kazim al-Husayni

Mandatory Palestine (1920–1948)Edit

Name Term start Term end Party
20 Raghib al-Nashashibi 1920 1934 National Defence Party
21 Husayn al-Khalidi 1934 1937 Reform Party
22 Daniel Auster 1937 1938 General Zionists
23 Mustafa al-Khalidi 1938 1944 National Defence Party
(22) Daniel Auster[7] 1944 1945 General Zionists
N/A City Council's committee 1945 1948 Various

Divided Jerusalem (1948–1967)Edit

Mayors of West Jerusalem (Israel)Edit


Mayor of Jerusalem Took office Left office Party Coalition
1   Daniel Auster 1948 1950 General Zionists General Zionists
1948 – 1950
2   Zalman Shragai 1950 1952 Hapoel HaMizrachi United Religious Front
1950 – 1952
3   Yitzhak Kariv 1952 1955 Mizrachi United Religious Front
1952 – 1955
4   Gershon Agron 1955 1959 Mapai Mapai - Ahdut HaAvoda
1955 – 1959
5   Mordechai Ish-Shalom 1959 1965 Mapai Mapai - Ahdut HaAvoda
1959 – 1965
6   Teddy Kollek 1965 1967 Rafi Alignment Coalition
1965 – 1967

Mayors of East Jerusalem (Jordan)Edit


Mayor of East Jerusalem Took office Left office Party
1   Anwar Khatib 1948 1950 Independent
2   Aref al-Aref 1950 1951 Independent
3   Hannah Atallah 1951 1952 Independent
4   Omar Wa'ari 1952 1955 Independent
N/A   City Council's committee 1955 1957 Independents
5   Ruhi al-Khatib 1957 1967[8] Independent

Reunited Jerusalem (1967–present)Edit


Mayor of Jerusalem Took office Left office Party Coalition
24   Teddy Kollek 1967 1993 Rafi then
Labor Party
Alignment Coalition
1967 – 1969
Labor - Alignment - Mapam
1969 – 1993
25   Ehud Olmert 1993 2003 Likud Likud
1993 – 2003
26   Uri Lupolianski 2003 2008 Degel HaTorah United Torah Judaism - Degel HaTorah - Agudat Yisrael
2003 – 2008
27   Nir Barkat 2008 2018 Independent Likud - Independents
2008 - 2018
28   Moshe Lion 2018 Incumbent Independent Independent
Incumbent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grenville, John Ashley Soames. A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century; Routledge, 2005. pg. 456. ISBN 0-415-28955-6
  2. ^ Weiner, Justus Reid. Is Jerusalem Being "Judaized"?, Jewish Political Studies Review 15:1–2 (Spring 2003), citing Schmelz, U.O. "Modern Jerusalem's Demographic Evolution," Jewish Population Studies 20 (1987):9
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Johann Büssow,Hamidian Palestine: Politics and Society in the District of Jerusalem 1872–1908, Brill, 2011 p. 554.
  4. ^ a b Lauren Gelfond Feldinger, 'The next Palestinian revolution, as seen through the eyes of a moderate scholar,' at Haaretz 14 June 2013
  5. ^ Lydia Mamreov-Mountford, The Kaiser in Jerusalem, New York Times, 27 November 1898
  6. ^ a b According to Bernard Wasserstein (1977): "MUSA AL-'ALAMI was born in Jerusalem in 1897. His father, Faidi. Effendi al-'Alami, was a large landowner, Mayor of Jerusalem (1906-9)" Published in: Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (May, 1977), pp. 171-194, Publisher:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/4282641
  7. ^ He was Acting Mayor of Jerusalem, after Mustafa al-Khalidi's death in 1944.
  8. ^ The office of Mayor of East Jerusalem was dissolved in 1967 after the Six-Day War and it has been titular since then. When al-Khatib died in 1994, he was succeeded by Amin al-Majaj (1994-1998), who was succeeded by Zaki al-Ghul (1999-present).

External linksEdit