Askeran

Askeran (Armenian: Ասկերան, Azerbaijani: Əsgəran) is a town de jure in the Khojaly District of Azerbaijan, de facto in the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh as the administrative centre of its Askeran Province. The town has an ethnic Armenian-majority population, and also had an Armenian majority in 1989.[2]

Askeran

Ասկերան
Əsgəran
On the road north of Stepanakert. Askeran, Nagorno Karabakh (28008083240).jpg
Askeran is located in Azerbaijan
Askeran
Askeran
Askeran is located in Republic of Artsakh
Askeran
Askeran
Coordinates: 39°56′12″N 46°49′58″E / 39.93667°N 46.83278°E / 39.93667; 46.83278Coordinates: 39°56′12″N 46°49′58″E / 39.93667°N 46.83278°E / 39.93667; 46.83278
Country Azerbaijan (de jure)
 Artsakh (de facto)
DistrictKhojaly (de jure)
ProvinceAskeran (de facto)
Elevation
512 m (1,680 ft)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total2,300
Time zoneUTC+4 (UTC)

HistoryEdit

 
View of the Askeran Fortress

The Askeran Fortress (Mayraberd), built by the Karabakh Khanate ruler Panah Ali Khan in 1751,[3] is situated in the southern part of the town. During the Russo-Persian War of 1804–1813 the Russian encampment was near the fortress. In 1810 the peace talks between the Russians and Persians were conducted at the fortress.[4][5] Restoration works on the fortress began in 2018.[6][7]

In the Russian Empire, Askeran was part of the Shusha Uyezd in the Elisabethpol Governorate. During the Soviet period, the city was the administrative center of the Askeran District, which was a part of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast in the Azerbaijan SSR.

In 1991, it became the center of the Askeran Province of the Republic of Artsakh following the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.

EconomyEdit

The population is engaged in agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry. The city is home to factories producing wine, brandy and non-alcoholic drinks, as well as architectural enterprises, secondary and musical schools, a House of Culture, and a hospital.

PopulationEdit

In 1970 the population of Askeran was estimated to be around 700 people, mostly ethnic Armenians[citation needed]. Per the 2005 census, the population was 1,967 citizens.[8]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://stat-nkr.am/files/publications/2015/LXH_tverov_2015.pdf
  2. ^ Андрей Зубов. "Андрей Зубов. Карабах: Мир и Война". drugoivzgliad.com.
  3. ^ Carney, James. "Former Soviet Union: Carnage in Karabakh." TIME Magazine. April 13, 1992.
  4. ^ Azerbaijan Soviet Encyclopedia (1980), vol. 4, p. 233.
  5. ^ John Noble, Michael Kohn, Danielle Systermans. Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, Lonely Planet, 2008, p. 306
  6. ^ ArtsakhPress (4 March 2019). "Reconstruction works are being conducted in Askeran fortress". artsakhpress.am.
  7. ^ "Askeran Fortress-News Ministry of Culture of the republic of Azerbaijan". 24 November 2020. A few years ago, Armenia began illegal "restoration" work in the fortress of Askeran.
  8. ^ 2005 թվականի Արցախի Հանրապետության մարդահաշիվ

External linksEdit