Aloha Stadium

Aloha Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Halawa, Hawaii, a western suburb of Honolulu (though with a Honolulu address). It is the largest stadium in the state of Hawaii. Aloha Stadium is home to the University of Hawaiʻi Rainbow Warriors football team (Mountain West Conference, NCAA Division I FBS).

Aloha Stadium
Aloha Stadium logo.svg
Alohastadium.jpg
Looking south in September 2005
Aloha Stadium is located in Oahu
Aloha Stadium
Aloha Stadium
Location on the island of Oahu
Aloha Stadium is located in Hawaii
Aloha Stadium
Aloha Stadium
Location in Hawaii
Address99–500 Salt Lake Boulevard
LocationHalawa, Hawaii, U.S.
Coordinates21°22′23″N 157°55′48″W / 21.373°N 157.93°W / 21.373; -157.93Coordinates: 21°22′23″N 157°55′48″W / 21.373°N 157.93°W / 21.373; -157.93
Public transitMainline rail interchange HART
at Aloha Stadium (planned 2020)
OwnerState of Hawaii
OperatorHawaii Stadium Authority
Capacity50,000[1]
Field sizeBaseball
Left Field – 325 ft (99 m)
Center Field – 420 ft (128 m)
Right Field – 325 ft (99 m)
SurfaceS5 (2011–present)
FieldTurf (2003–2011)[2]
AstroTurf (1975–2002)
Construction
OpenedSeptember 12, 1975[6][7]
Construction cost$37 million[3]
($176 million in 2019[4])
ArchitectLuckman Partnership, Inc.[5]
Tenants
Hawaii Rainbow Warriors (NCAA) (1975–present)
The Hawaiians (WFL) (1975)
Hula Bowl (NCAA) (1975–1997, 2006–2008, 2020–present)
Hawaii Islanders (PCL) (1976–1987)
Team Hawaii (NASL) (1977)
Aloha Bowl (NCAA) (1982–2000)
Oahu Bowl (NCAA) (1998–2000)
Hawaiʻi Bowl (NCAA) (2002–present)
St. Louis Crusaders (ILH)
Pro Bowl (NFL) (1980–2009, 2011–2014, 2016)
Kanaloa Hawai’i (MLR) (TBA)

It hosts the NCAA's Hawaiʻi Bowl (2002–present) and Hula Bowl (restarting in 2020,[8] previously hosted 1975–1997 and 2006–2008), and formerly was home to the National Football League's Pro Bowl from 1980 through 2016 (except in 2010 and 2015). It also hosts numerous high school football games during the season, and serves as a venue for large concerts and events, including high school graduation ceremonies. A swap meet in the stadium's parking lot every Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday draws large crowds.[9]

Aloha Stadium was home field for the AAA Hawaii Islanders of the Pacific Coast League (PCL) from 1975 to 1987, before the team moved to Colorado Springs.

HistoryEdit

 
Aerial view in baseball/soccer configuration

Before 1975, Honolulu's main outdoor stadium had been Honolulu Stadium, a wooden stadium on King Street. However, it had reached the end of its useful life by the 1960s, and was well below the standards for Triple-A baseball. The need for a new stadium was hastened by the Rainbows' move to NCAA Division I. Located west of downtown Honolulu and 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Honolulu International Airport, Aloha Stadium was constructed in 1975 at a cost of $37 million. The baseball field is aligned north-northwest (home plate to centerfield), as is the football field.

The first sporting event at Aloha Stadium was a college football game between Hawaii and Texas A&I (now Texas A&M-Kingsville) on September 13, 1975.[6] Played on Saturday night, the crowd was 32,247,[10] and the visitors prevailed, 43–9.[6]

The stadium was somewhat problematic for its initial primary tenant, the baseball Islanders. Located in west-central Oahu, it was far from the team's fan base, and many were unwilling to make the drive. Additionally, while TheBus stopped at the main gate of Honolulu Stadium, the stop for Aloha Stadium was located some distance from the gate. As a result, attendance plummeted and never really recovered—a major factor in the franchise's ultimate move to the mainland.[11]

Additionally, stadium management initially refused to allow the use of metal spikes on the AstroTurf in May 1976. When the Tacoma Twins complied with a parent-club directive to wear the spikes, stadium management turned off the center field lights. After 35 minutes, the umpires forfeited the game to the Twins. The Islanders protested, claiming they had no control over the lights. However, the PCL sided with the Twins, citing a league rule that the home team is responsible for providing acceptable playing facilities.[11][12] The teams ended the season in a tie for first in the Western Division and Hawaii won the one-game playoff in Tacoma.

As originally built, Aloha Stadium had various configurations for different sport venues and other purposes. Four movable 7,000-seat sections, each 3.5 million pounds (1,600,000 kg) [1] could move using air casters into a diamond configuration for baseball (also used for soccer), an oval for football, or a triangle for concerts. In January 2007, the stadium was permanently locked into its football configuration due to cost and maintenance issues.[13] An engineer from Rolair Systems, the NASA spin-off company that engineered the system,[14] claims that the problem was caused by a concrete contractor that ignored specifications for the concrete pads under the stadium.[15]

There have been numerous discussions with Hawaii lawmakers who are concerned with the physical condition of the stadium. There are several issues regarding rusting of the facility, several hundred seats that need to be replaced, and restroom facilities that need to be expanded to accommodate more patrons.[3] Much of the rust is due to building the stadium with weathering steel. It was intended to create a protective patina that would eliminate the need for painting. However, the designers reckoned without Honolulu's ocean-salt laden climate. As a result, the steel has never stopped rusting.

A 2005 study by Honolulu engineering firm Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc. determined that the stadium required $99 million to be completely restored and an additional $115 million for ongoing maintenance and refurbishment over the next 20 years to extend its useful life.[16] In early 2007, the state legislature proposed to spend $300 million to build a new facility as opposed to spending approximately $216 million to extend the life of Aloha Stadium for another 20–30 years. The new stadium may also be used to attempt to lure a Super Bowl to Hawaii in the future.[17]

One council member has said that if immediate repairs are not made within the next seven years, then the stadium will probably have to be demolished due to safety concerns. In May 2007, the state allotted $12.4 million to be used towards removing corrosion and rust from the structure.[18]

Expansion and improvementsEdit

In 2003, the stadium surface was changed from AstroTurf (which had been in place since the stadium opened) to FieldTurf.[2] In July 2011, the field was replaced with an Act Global UBU Sports Speed S5-M synthetic turf system.

In 2008, the state of Hawaii approved the bill of $185 million to refurbish the aging Aloha Stadium.[19] In 2010, Aloha Stadium completely retrofitted its scoreboard and video screen to be more up to date with its high definition capability. The Aloha Stadium Authority plans to add more luxury suites, replacing all seats, rusting treatments, parking lots, more restrooms, pedestrian bridge supports, enclosed lounge, and more. There is also a proposal that would close the 4 openings in the corners of the stadium to add more seats.

In 2011, the playing field was refurbished in part due to a naming rights sponsorship from Hawaiian Airlines. As a result of the sponsorship deal, the field was referred to as Hawaiian Airlines Field at Aloha Stadium.[20]

The airline did not renew sponsorship after the deal expired in 2016. As a result, the field went unnamed until late August, when Hawaiian Tel Federal Credit Union signed a 3-year/$275,000 agreement. As of 2016, the field is now known as Hawaiian Tel Federal Credit Union Field at Aloha Stadium.[21]

In early 2017, there was a study in the Honolulu Star-Advertiser about replacing Aloha Stadium due to safety concerns and a liability risk. The plan is to build a smaller 30,000 seat stadium on the existing property and also build commercial development around the stadium. In theory, it would save the state millions of dollars instead of renovating and keep the existing stadium as it is.[22][23]

In July 2019, Hawaii Gov. David Ige signed Act 268 into law, appropriating $350 million for an Aloha Stadium redevelopment project. The funds will go toward the construction of a new stadium and land development, including a mixed-use sports and entertainment complex.[24]

EventsEdit

 
A joint service color guard parades the colors at mid-field during the 2007 Pro Bowl game

American footballEdit

In 1975, Aloha Stadium was home to the World Football League's Hawaiians. The San Francisco 49ers and the San Diego Chargers played an NFL preseason game at Aloha Stadium on August 21, 1976.

In August 2019, the NFL returned to Aloha Stadium with a preseason game between the Los Angeles Rams and Dallas Cowboys.[25]

BaseballEdit

In 1997, a three-game regular season series between Major League Baseball's St. Louis Cardinals and San Diego Padres was held at the stadium.[26] The series was played as a doubleheader on April 19 and a nationally broadcast (ESPN) game on April 20. In 1975, the Padres had played an exhibition series against the Seibu Lions of Japan's Pacific League.

SoccerEdit

Aloha Stadium hosted the inaugural Pan-Pacific Championship (February 20–23, 2008), a knockout soccer tournament, involving four teams from Japan's J-League, North America's Major League Soccer (MLS) and Australia/New Zealand's A-League.[27] The 2012 Hawaiian Islands Invitational was also held at the venue.

The United States women's national soccer team was scheduled play a game against Trinidad and Tobago as part of their World Cup Winning Victory Tour at the stadium on December 6, 2015; however, the game was canceled the day before gameday due to concerns over the turf being unsafe to play on.[28]

Date Score Competition Attendance
February 20, 2008 Gamba Osaka   1-0   Los Angeles Galaxy 2008 Pan-Pacific Championship 15,128
Sydney FC   0-3   Houston Dynamo
February 20, 2008 Sydney FC   1-2   Los Angeles Galaxy 2008 Pan-Pacific Championship
Third-place Match
23,087
Gamba Osaka   6-1   Houston Dynamo 2008 Pan-Pacific Championship
Final

Rugby leagueEdit

On June 2, 2013, the stadium played host to a rugby league test match where Samoa defeated the USA 34–10.[29]

In June, the Brisbane Broncos from the Australasian-based National Rugby League (NRL) competition organized for a rugby league match to be played at Aloha Stadium against NRL rivals Penrith Panthers later in 2015.[30] However, in September the NRL blocked the idea and the game didn't go ahead.[31]

Date Visiting Score Home Competition Attendance
June 2, 2013   Samoa 34–10   United States International Friendly -

Major League RugbyEdit

A proposed Major League Rugby team, Kanaloa Hawai’i is planned to be based at Aloha Stadium.[32][33]

Graduation ceremoniesEdit

Aloha Stadium is also the venue for five public high school graduation ceremonies: Radford High School, Mililani High School, Aiea High School, James Campbell High School, and Pearl City High School.

ConcertsEdit

Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / Concert name Attendance Revenue Notes
February 25, 1984 The Police Synchronicity Tour
November 6, 1995 The Eagles Hell Freezes Over Tour
January 3, 1997 Michael Jackson HIStory World Tour 35,000 These were his only US shows that decade. Also, the first person to sell out the stadium.[34]
January 4, 1997 35,000
May 3, 1997 Gloria Estefan Evolution World Tour
May 29, 1997 Whitney Houston Bobby Brown Pacific Rim Tour 29,118 / 29,118 $1,634,370 Bobby Brown opened up the show singing his hit tunes. Whitney was in disguise singing background vocals for Bobby. According to audience members, "when she came out, the crowd went wild. She sang very well even though she had a cold. She closed the show with "Step by Step".[35]
January 23, 1998 The Rolling Stones Jonny Lang Bridges To Babylon Tour 54,006 / 60,000 $3,317,190
January 24, 1998
February 21, 1998 Mariah Carey Butterfly World Tour 30,415 / 30,415 $1,744,210 [36]
January 30, 1999 Janet Jackson 98 Degrees The Velvet Rope Tour 38,224 / 38,224 $2,664,000 The capacity for this show was expanded from the original capacity of 35,000 to 38,000 to meet the high ticket demand.[37][38]
February 12, 1999 Celine Dion Let's Talk About Love World Tour
December 31, 1999 Michael Jackson - Millennium Concert   Cancelled   Cancelled   Cancelled
February 16, 2002 Janet Jackson Ginuwine All for You Tour 32,211 / 33,511 $1,472,935 This concert was aired on HBO the following night and was later released on DVD and VHS, titled Janet: Live in Hawaii.[39][40] Missy Elliott also made a surprise appearance.
December 9, 2006 U2 Pearl Jam
Rocco and the Devils
Vertigo Tour 45,815 / 45,815 $4,486,532 The band's first concert in Hawaii since 1985. Billie Joe Armstrong of Green Day was the special guest.[41]
November 8, 2018 Bruno Mars The Green
Common Kings
24K Magic World Tour 113,751 / 113,751 $12,394,580
November 10, 2018
November 11, 2018
December 7, 2018 The Eagles Jack Johnson All the Light Above it Too World Tour
December 8, 2018 Guns N' Roses Not in This Lifetime... Tour 22,485 / 23,000
February 15, 2019 Eminem 31,621 / 31,621 $3,089,448

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Hawaii Athletics – Aloha Stadium". Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Masuoka, Brandon (April 29, 2003). "Aloha Stadium surface will be of NFL quality". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Gima, Craig (January 27, 2006). "Stadium corrosion creates a $129M safety concern". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  4. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Muschamp, Herbert (January 28, 1999). "Charles Luckman, Architect Who Designed Penn Station's Replacement, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  6. ^ a b c "Texas A and I crushes Hawaii". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. September 15, 1975. p. 15.
  7. ^ "Aloha Stadium – Trivia". Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  8. ^ "Hula Bowl returning to Aloha Stadium after 11-year hiatus". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  9. ^ "Hawaii's premier Aloha Stadium Swap Meet an Outdoor Market in Hawaii|Aloha Outdoor Market, Flea Markets and Swap meet for shopping in Honolulu". Alohastadiumswapmeet.net. September 12, 1975. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2009.
  10. ^ "Aloha Stadium Swap Meet "About Us" page". alohastadiumswapmeet.net. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009.
  11. ^ a b Kaneshiro, Stacy (July 4, 2009). "Islanders a fan hit during 27-year run". The Honolulu Advertiser.
  12. ^ Stewart, Chuck (September 1, 1976). "Sport Stew". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Spokane, Washington. p. 35 – via Google News.
  13. ^ Masuoka, Brandon (July 28, 2006). "Aloha Stadium losing baseball configuration". The Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  14. ^ "Convertible Stadium". NASA. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  15. ^ Kieding, Bob (2012). "Moving Seats". Popular Science. Wright's Media (October): 8.
  16. ^ "Stadium rust to get $12.4M treatment". The Honolulu Advertiser. May 11, 2007. Retrieved July 16, 2009.
  17. ^ Reardon, Dave (April 3, 2006). "Super Dreams: Bringing the 50th Super Bowl to the 50th state would be costly". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  18. ^ Arakawa, Lynda (May 11, 2007). "Stadium rust to get $12.4M treatment". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  19. ^ Masuoka, Brandon (June 27, 2008). "Hawaii stadium to get $185M overhaul; UH expands pay-per-view package". Honolulu Advertiser. ISSN 1072-7191. OCLC 8807414. Archived from the original on November 25, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
  20. ^ Hawaiian Airlines Grabs Naming Rights To Aloha Stadium Field; SponsorPitch; 08-04-2011 Archived 2011-11-17 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Credit union buys naming rights for Aloha Stadium field". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. August 26, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  22. ^ "Study recommends smaller venue to replace Aloha Stadium". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  23. ^ "Report: Aloha Stadium now a 'liability,' cheaper to build new stadium". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  24. ^ Peterkin, Olivia (May 11, 2019). "Gov. Ige signs bill appropriating $350M to Aloha Stadium redevelopment project". Pacific Business News. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
  25. ^ Klein, Gary (March 21, 2019). "Rams to play Cowboys in Hawaii in Aug. 17 preseason game". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  26. ^ Arnett, Paul; Yuen, Mike (February 25, 1997). "Padres, Cardinals to play in Hawaii". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  27. ^ Carlos Alvarez-Galloso, Roberto (December 26, 2007). "2008 Pan-Pacific Championship: Make it more inclusive". MeriNews. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  28. ^ "U.S. Soccer Cancels Dec. 6 Match against T&T in Hawaii Due to Field Conditions". US Soccer. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
  29. ^ "Tomahawks get ready for match-up with Na Toa Samoa at Aloha Stadium". KHON2. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  30. ^ "Broncos Panthers To Play Match In Hawaii". triplem.com.au. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  31. ^ "Exhibition matches are a bad idea in the USA – just look at the Wallabies!". theroar.com.au. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  32. ^ "Professional rugby reaches Hawaii - Rugby World magazine".
  33. ^ "Pacific-owned Kanaloa Hawaii set to join Major League Rugby | RNZ News".
  34. ^ "King of Pop ends Hawaiian tour". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. (South Carolina). January 7, 1997. p. A2.
  35. ^ "The Pacific Rim Tour info". allwhitney.com. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  36. ^ Events. Travel Hawaii for Smartphones and Mobile Devices – Illustrated Travel Guide. January 1, 2007. ISBN 978-1-60501-043-4. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  37. ^ "Tickets still available for Janet concert". The Honolulu Advertiser. February 8, 2002. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  38. ^ "Hawai'i-born dancer has Janet moving to his beat". Hawaii Advertiser. February 15, 2002. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  39. ^ "Janet Heads To Hawaii For HBO Live Special". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
  40. ^ "Music DVD Review: Janet Jackson – Live in Hawaii (Re-Release)". Blog Critics. March 31, 2008. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  41. ^ "U2 Honolulu, 2006-12-09, Aloha Stadium, Vertigo Tour - U2 on tour". U2gigs.com. Retrieved August 27, 2017.

External linksEdit

Events and tenants
Preceded by
first stadium
Host of the
Hawaiʻi Bowl

2002–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Sun Life Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
Host of the NFL Pro Bowl
1980–2009
2011–2014
2016
Succeeded by
Sun Life Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
Camping World Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Host of the
Pan-Pacific Championship

2008
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center