Alliance Atlantis Communications Inc. (commonly known as Alliance Atlantis and commonly shortened to simply Alliance or Atlantis and formerly traded as TSX:AAC) was a Canadian media company that operated primarily as a specialty service operator in Canada. Alliance Atlantis also had offices in Halifax, Los Angeles, London, Dublin, Madrid, Barcelona, Shannon, and Sydney.
|Headquarters||121 Bloor Street East,|
|Subsidiaries||Alliance Atlantis Cinemas|
Alliance Atlantis was a merger of two companies founded in 1978 as Atlantis Communications and in 1985 as Alliance Communications. Both companies merged in 1998.
The company ceased to exist in 2007 as the broadcasting division acquired by Canwest Global Communications and an affiliate of Goldman Sachs in 2007, with the motion picture division was then spun off and operated independently as Alliance Films, headquartered in Montreal (subsequently sold to Entertainment One), and the international television distribution division is now owned by Echo Bridge Entertainment.
All of the former Alliance Atlantis specialty networks, except for the now-defunct BBC Kids, are now owned by Corus Entertainment. The films division was later acquired by Entertainment One group and folded into eOne on January 9, 2013.
Formation and historyEdit
Alliance Atlantis was formed in 1998 from the merger of two former production companies, Alliance Communications (founded in 1985) and Atlantis Communications (founded in 1978). As President and Board Director of the subsequent combined Alliance Atlantis, Lewis Rose was responsible for leading the teams which arranged the merger financing of $545 million and which achieved in excess of $20 million in savings and synergies from the combination of the two companies in the year following the merger. (The merger was also parodied on Made in Canada, when that show's Pyramid Productions merged with a company called Prodigy.)
At the time of the merger, both companies had launched various Canadian specialty television services; in 1995, Alliance launched Showcase Television while Atlantis launched Life Network (which has since been renamed "Slice"); in fall 1997 the companies launched History Television and HGTV Canada respectively. Earlier that year, Alliance Atlantis teamed up with Hallmark Cards to create Crayola Kids Adventures, a series of three direct-to-video adaptations of well-known children's novels. Atlantis had also been a major investor in YTV in its first few years before selling out to what is now Corus Entertainment.
In 2001, the company purchased Salter Street Films, which produced a number of television shows for both the Canadian and international market. However, soon after the acquisition, Salter Street was disbanded and its active projects were transferred to Alliance Atlantis' own television production/development division.
Citing lower profits, Alliance Atlantis has all but closed its production arm, aside from the highly profitable CSI: Crime Scene Investigation family of series, which it co-produces with CBS Television Studios. It briefly maintained Salter Street's long-running This Hour Has 22 Minutes before transferring the show to the Halifax Film Company, made up of former Salter Street employees.
Its primary business became its ownership of a number of Canadian specialty services, which, in addition to those listed above, now include Food Network, Discovery Health (now FYI Canada), BBC Canada, BBC Kids and more.
Sale to CanWest / Goldman SachsEdit
On December 20, 2006, the company announced that it was "exploring strategic alternatives", effectively putting the company up for sale. Expected bidders included Canwest Global, Corus Entertainment, Astral Media, and Rogers Communications. The rights to CSI were expected to be sold separately, with CBS Paramount Television as the most likely bidder. A similar announcement was made previously regarding the Motion Picture Distribution unit, which is also expected to be sold separately while finding a bidder to acquire most parts of the company.
- The Entertainment and Production division, consisting mainly of AAC's 50% stake in the lucrative CSI franchise, was acquired by GS Capital Partners. CBS Paramount TV gained Alliance Atlantis' international distribution rights to the programs.
- Motion Picture Distribution LP, including its publicly traded income fund, was acquired by Canada-based EdgeStone Capital Partners and GS Capital Partners. On January 15, 2008, Edgemont's 51% voting stake (and 38.5% equity stake) in the Alliance label was purchased by Société générale de financement du Québec, an investment agency of the provincial government. Since the breakup, the company's films have been distributed under the "Alliance" banner for English-language releases and "Alliance Vivafilm" for French-language releases until the sale of the company to E-One
- The Broadcasting division was jointly acquired by Canwest and GS Capital Partners, with the former owning a majority voting interest and the latter a majority of the equity. Canwest owns 66.67% and GS owns 33.32% of CW Media, the holding company for the former AAC channels. Initially, Canwest still managed the channels it owned before the merger separately. It was expected that the Canwest and CW Media broadcasting divisions would eventually be merged, potentially also giving GS a sizable interest in Global and other Canwest channels (these plans became moot after Canwest's creditor protection filings).
Following Canwest seeking creditor protection in late 2009, Shaw Communications subsequently took over most of Alliance Atlantis's former broadcasting assets as of October 27, 2010. after CRTC approval for the sale was announced on October 22. Alliance Atlantis (CW Media) became part of the Shaw Media division. Corus Entertainment acquired Shaw Media on April 1, 2016.
Entertainment One would later acquire Alliance Films on January 9, 2013 and all of their subsidiaries from Goldman Sachs Group, similar to the purchase of Maple Pictures a year prior. On November 20, 2014, Echo Bridge Entertainment sold Alliance Atlantis' children's programs, including the international distribution rights to the Degrassi franchise, to DHX Media while Sony Pictures Television holds syndication rights. eOne in turn was acquired by U.S. toy maker Hasbro in 2019.
- BBC Canada (80%)
- BBC Kids (80%) (Now owned by Knowledge BC, now defunct)
- Discovery Health Canada (80%) (Now FYI Canada)
- Fine Living Canada (80.24%) (Now DIY Network Canada)
- Food Network Canada (57.58%)
- HGTV Canada (80.24%)
- History Television (Now History Canada)
- IFC Canada
- National Geographic Channel Canada (80%)
- Showcase Action (Now Action) (Now Adult Swim (Canada))
- Showcase Diva (Now Lifetime Canada)
- Historia (50%)
- One (37.77%) (Now owned by ZoomerMedia)
- SCREAM (49%) (now defunct; last known as Dusk)
- Séries+ (50%)
- Score Media Inc. (25.93%)
NOTE: Channels marked in BOLD lettering indicates Alliance Atlantis was the managing partner.
This division of Alliance Atlantis developed and distributed various television programmes to Canadian, American and International broadcasters. The programs ranged from series, lifestyle and documentaries. Some documentaries were produced through the AAC Fact unit. Children's programs were produced through the AAC Kids unit; most of the AAC Kids library (with some exceptions) is now owned by WildBrain. They include:
- Max Glick (1990)
- The Adventures of the Black Stallion (1990-1992)
- Maniac Mansion (1990-1993)
- Kelly (1991)
- Wildside (1992-1993)
- The Odyssey (1992-1995)
- White Fang (1993-1994)
- The Mighty Jungle (1994)
- Squawk Box (1994)
- ReBoot (1994–2001)
- Mirror, Mirror (1995)
- Flash Forward (1995-1997)
- Straight Up (1996-1998)
- Beast Wars: Transformers (1996–1999)
- Monster by Mistake (1996–2003)
- My Life as a Dog (1997)
- Crayola Kids Adventures (1997) (co-production with Hallmark Studios)
- Captain Star (1997-1998)
- Mirror, Mirror II (1997-1998)
- Mowgli: The New Adventures of the Jungle Book (1998)
- Legacy (1998-1999)
- The Famous Jett Jackson (1998-2001)
- Pumper Pups (1999)
- I Was a Sixth Grade Alien (1999-2001)
- Hoze Houndz (1999-2002)
- Yvon of the Yukon (1999–2005)
- In a Heartbeat (2000–2001)
- A Fish Tale (2000)
- Oscar Charlie (2001)
- Sail Away (2001–2007)
- Old Tom (2001-2002)
- Degrassi: The Next Generation (2001–2007)
- Ace Lightning (2002-2004)
- Connie the Cow (2003-2007)
- Henry's World (2003–2005)
- Mental Block (2004-2006)
- Peep and the Big Wide World (2004–2009)
- Poko (2004–2009)
- Dragon Booster (2004–2006)
- Instant Star (2004–2007)
- Lunar Jim (2006–2011)
Comedy and Drama ProgramsEdit
- Airwaves (1985)
- The Ray Bradbury Theater (1985-1992)
- Mount Royal (1987)
- Bordertown (1989-1991)
- E.N.G. (1989-1994)
- Mom P.I. (1990-1991)
- Neon Rider (1990-1995)
- Counterstrike (1991-1993)
- African Skies (1991-1994)
- Destiny Ridge (1993-1994)
- This Hour Has 22 Minutes (1993–present) (Produced by Salter Street Films until 2003, now owned and produced by DHX Media)
- Due South (1994–1999)
- Mysterious Island (1995)
- Adventures of Sinbad (1996-1997)
- Psi Factor: Chronicles of the Paranormal (1996-2000)
- Fast Track (1997-1998)
- Night Man (1997–1999)
- Earth: Final Conflict (1997–2002)
- Welcome to Paradox (1998)
- Total Recall: 2070 (1998-1999)
- Power Play (1998–2000)
- Cold Squad (1998–2005)
- Da Vinci's Inquest (1998-2005)
- Little Men (1998–1999)
- Nothing Too Good for a Cowboy (1999-2000)
- Peter Benchley's Amazon (1999-2000)
- BeastMaster (1999-2002)
- Drop the Beat (2000-2001)
- Starhunter (2000-2004)
- 2gether: The Series (2000)
- CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (2000–2015) (Now owned by CBS Television Studios)
- Trailer Park Boys (2001–present) (Distribution rights to TV and DVD, now distributed by Entertainment One worldwide)
- Haven (2001)
- The Associates (2001–2002)
- CSI: Miami (2002–2012) (Now owned by CBS Television Studios)
- The Eleventh Hour (2002–2005)
- CSI: NY (2004–2013) (Now owned by CBS Television Studios)
- Rent-a-Goalie (2006-2008)
- Overdrawn at the Memory Bank (1984)
- Black Robe (1991)
- The Sweet Hereafter (1997)
- Existenz (1998)
- Last Night (1998)
- The 51st State (2001)
- Bowling for Columbine (2002)
- Men with Brooms (2002)
- Munich (2005) (Credit only, produced by Universal Studios and DreamWorks)
- Bon Cop, Bad Cop (2006)
- Trailer Park Boys: The Movie (2006)
- Boys and Girls (1983)
Alliance Films was a major motion picture distribution/production company which serves Canada, the United Kingdom, and Spain. Formally known as Motion Picture Distribution LP, it was re branded and relaunched in 2007 due to the break-up of its preceding company, Alliance Atlantis, which was sold off piece by piece to Canwest Global, GS Capital Partners, along with several other smaller companies. Alliance Atlantis and Vivafilm home video releases were manufactured and distributed by NBCUniversal's Universal Pictures Home Entertainment.
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- DHX Media acquires library of children's and family TV content
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