Degrassi is a Canadian teen drama television franchise created by Kit Hood and Linda Schuyler.[1] Spanning five main series from 1979 to 2017, it follows the lives of youths in Toronto. With the exception of the first series, the franchise takes place in the same fictional timeline, with the titular school as the central setting. Outside of television, the franchise comprises companion novels, graphic novels, documentaries, soundtracks, and non-fiction works.

Degrassi
The Degrassi logo used from 2013 to 2017. A variation of this logo was used for Degrassi: Next Class (with the subtitle below the long "g") from 2016 to 2017.
Created by
Original work"Ida Makes a Movie" (The Kids of Degrassi Street)
OwnerWildBrain
Years1979–2017
Print publications
Novel(s)
Graphic novel(s)Degrassi: Extra Credit
Films and television
Television series
Web seriesDegrassi Minis (2005–2016)
Television special(s)Degrassi Talks (1992)
Television film(s)
Audio
Soundtrack(s)Degrassi soundtracks
Miscellaneous
Production companies
Official website
http://www.degrassi.tv

From 1979 to 1992, Degrassi was a non-union production by the independent company Playing With Time and was broadcast on the CBC. This period was marked by the use of non-professional actors and entirely on-location shooting. The first entry, The Kids of Degrassi Street (1979–86), focuses on the lives of children living on the namesake Toronto street, but is unrelated to all other entries. Degrassi Junior High (1987–89) and its sequel series Degrassi High (1989–91) followed the lives of students attending the fictional titular schools and gained widespread acclaim for their portrayal of adolescence and social issues. Degrassi's original run officially ended with the controversial television film School's Out (1992), which received a mixed reception from fans and critics alike and also featured the first use of the word "fuck" on Canadian television. Hood was not involved in future Degrassi series, which were produced by Schuyler and Stephen Stohn through their new company Epitome Pictures.

Throughout the 1990s, Degrassi maintained a cult following through re-runs and syndication, and following a successful televised cast reunion, the franchise was revived and continued with Degrassi: The Next Generation (2001–15), which originally aired on CTV in Canada and The N in the United States. Marked by higher production values and the use of studio sets, it focused on a new generation of teenagers, including the daughter of original character Spike (Amanda Stepto), while featuring Spike and other previous characters as adults. It received rave reviews and was particularly successful in the United States. The Next Generation notably launched the careers of musician Drake and actress Nina Dobrev. After a brief cancellation in 2009, The Next Generation returned on TeenNick simply as Degrassi and with a telenovela-style format. After five more seasons, it was cancelled in 2015. Degrassi: Next Class, a direct follow-up and soft reboot aimed at Generation Z, released on Netflix in early 2016 and ran until 2017, with its cancellation only confirmed in 2019. In January 2022, a new series was announced for HBO Max in which Schuyler would not be involved. Following months of silence and speculation, it was confirmed to be cancelled in November 2022. WildBrain, the current owner of the property, later indicated that there are still plans to develop the new series.[2]

Degrassi is regarded as one of Canada's greatest television achievements and is one of the most successful media franchises in Canadian history, receiving numerous awards and honours over its timespan,[3] including numerous Gemini Awards, an International Emmy in 1987, and a Peabody Award in 2010. Each entry has received widespread critical acclaim for its approach to controversial topics and age-appropriate casting. The franchise has courted controversy on several occasions for episodes depicting teenage pregnancy, abortion, and LGBT issues, with episodes from nearly every entry facing some form of editing or censorship outside of Canada. The franchise was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in December 2023.[4]

History edit

The Kids of Degrassi Street (1979–1986) edit

In 1976, Linda Schuyler, a Grade 7 and Grade 8 media teacher at Earl Grey Senior Public School in Toronto,[5] founded Playing With Time Inc. with her partner Kit Hood. Schuyler had met Hood, who had a career in editing television commercials, when she needed help from an experienced editor to save the "muddled footage" of one of her projects.[6] As a media teacher, Schuyler encouraged her students to use video as a narrative tool.[5] Bruce Mackey, Earl Grey's librarian and a friend of Schuyler, ordered several books about filmmaking, one being Ida Makes a Movie, by the American author Kay Chorao.[5] Mackey did not realize that it was a children's book and discarded it, but Schuyler developed an interest in adapting the book into a film.[7] Before leaving, Schuyler sought legal advice from Stephen Stohn, a young entertainment lawyer who had recently graduated from law school,[8] and who would eventually become her producing partner and husband.[9][10]

Stohn recalled in his 2018 memoir Whatever It Takes that he advised Schuyler that being out of print, buying the rights to the book on her own would be "relatively straightforward", and that involving lawyers would make the process "unnecessarily complicated."[9] Stohn instead gave Schuyler a boilerplate form for permission to take with her to New York.[9][11] Schuyler purchased the rights for $200.[11][10] The feline characters were changed into human children, and the story was also largely repurposed.[11] The film featured production techniques that Schuyler and Kit Hood felt were missing from children's programming: it was shot in a cinéma vérité style, with handheld camera work and entirely on-location shooting.[12] Mackey offered his home, 98 De Grassi Street, as a filming location.[12]

Ida Makes A Movie premiered on CBC Television on December 8, 1979.[13] Over the next couple of years, the network ordered two more short films. By 1982, they ordered five more episodes, developing the series of short films into a television series named The Kids Of Degrassi Street.[14][15] In 1985, the episode Griff Gets A Hand (which starred future "Wheels" actor Neil Hope as Griff) received an International Emmy for Best Program for Children and Young People.[14]

Degrassi Junior High, Degrassi High, and international success (1986–1990) edit

The locations depicted as the titular school throughout the years. Left to right: Vincent Massey Public School (Degrassi Junior High), Centennial College Story Arts Centre (Degrassi High) and the Epitome Pictures studio set (Degrassi: The Next Generation/Next Class).

A new Degrassi series began development in 1986,[14] this time with new characters and centered around the fictional eponymous school near the same street. The first actor to audition for the new Degrassi series was Pat Mastroianni, who would later win the role of Joey Jeremiah.[14] Several of the actors from The Kids Of Degrassi Street would return with new roles, including Neil Hope, Stacie Mistysyn, Anais Granofsky, and Sarah Charlesworth. It was at this time that Playing With Time Inc. started a repertory company,[16] with fifty children selected from auditions.[16] The workshops would be repeated at the beginning of production for each season, as new cast members joined, and existing cast members underwent more advanced workshops.[16] The repertory company also meant that even major characters could be relegated to the background if not the main focus of the episode, which according to Kathryn Ellis, was "nearly unheard-of on other television shows."[17] Conversely, a background character could later be given more lines or a full role.[17]

The cast would have significant input into the writing of their characters, with Schuyler seeking opinions during every read-through,[16] and cast members often talking about their experiences to writer Yan Moore, who would eventually adapt said experiences to their characters.[18] The resulting series, Degrassi Junior High, premiered on CBC on January 18, 1987. The series marked the beginning of the franchise's canon, as characters from this series would appear as adults in later installments.[19] The show also aired on PBS in the United States starting from September 1987.[20] The show would feature one of the franchise's most well-known and influential storylines, in which 14 year old Christine "Spike" Nelson, portrayed by Amanda Stepto, becomes pregnant. The episode in which she discovers her pregnancy, "It's Late", the eleventh episode of the show's first season, would win an International Emmy,[21] for which Emma Nelson, Spike's daughter and central character of the later series, was named. The popularity of the show led to international publicity tours by members of the cast throughout North America and parts of Europe.[22]

Upon its debut, it immediately garnered critical acclaim in Canada, where it was considered to be an alternative to the American sitcoms of the era that were perceived as unrealistic and heavy-handed in their portrayal of societal issues.[23] Although not as well known in the United States,[24] it drew similar praise from the American media.[25] Initially aired on Sundays at 5:00pm,[26] Canadian critics believed the show deserved a better timeslot;[25] Ivan Fecan, then the programming chief for CBC, was also a champion of the series,[27] and had the series moved to primetime on Mondays at 8:30pm, in between Kate & Allie and Newhart.[28] When Fecan called Schuyler to inform her of the move, she reportedly disagreed,[29] feeling that the series wasn't ready for prime time.[29] She eventually agreed to the decision,[29] under the condition that if the move was unsuccessful, the series wouldn't be cancelled and instead be moved back to its original timeslot.[29] After its move to prime time, the viewership increased by 40%,[30] and by August 1988, it had become the highest-rated Canadian-made drama in Canada.[24] The series also premiered in the United Kingdom on BBC1 in 1988, where it drew in a reported six million viewers, making it the highest-rated children's television series in the country and the show's largest audience.[31] However, in spite of a publicity tour by actress Amanda Stepto,[32] controversial episodes from its first season, including those centred on Stepto's character's pregnancy, were aired in a later timeslot on BBC2,[31] and the network did not air its second and third seasons.[33] The series established the franchise's popularity and longevity.[34] By the time its follow-up began, it amassed over a million viewers weekly in Canada.[35] In November 1988, after the premiere of the third and final season of Degrassi Junior High, Linda Schuyler alluded to the potential of a high-school followup when discussing the direction of the franchise with the Montreal Gazette, although she was unsure if it would go forward.[36] It was decided to continue into high school as the actors were becoming older, which would also make way for more controversial topics, including abortion, which was addressed in the series premiere.[37][38] According to Schuyler: "As the kids get older, the only way we can remain true to this age group is by growing with them. Therefore, the issues get more complex."[39]

In the series finale of Degrassi Junior High, the titular school is destroyed in a fire.[39] To keep the entire cast together, a creative decision was made to move the younger students displaced by the fire to the new school to join those that had already graduated.[40] Conversely, the grade 7 students introduced in the third season of Degrassi Junior High were accelerated to grade 9 for an unspecified reason.[41] To give the series a "harder-edged feel", several older characters were introduced.[40] Reflecting the growing independence of the aging characters, Degrassi High began to give more focus to the characters' lives outside of school, with scenes taking place at nighttime, on the street, or at the characters' jobs.[42] In contrast to Degrassi Junior High, in which the extras were still made known to the viewers, the newer series would include a team of "extra extras", who would simply appear for no other purpose than to fill the background.[42] Degrassi High notably tackled HIV/AIDS, with the character Dwayne Myers (Darrin Brown),[43] and suicide with the character Claude Tanner (David Armin-Parcells).[44]

Despite continued success and demand from CBC,[45] WGBH was finding it increasingly difficult to fund the show from the children's department of PBS, and were forced to back out.[45] Combined with creative exhaustion,[45] it was decided to end Degrassi High after its second season,[45] and filming wrapped in October 1990.[46] In November 1990, Schuyler explained to the Canadian Press that they wanted to end the series "while we were still feeling good about what we were doing."[47] In addition, she noted that most of the cast were occupied with post-secondary education, and that she felt the show had already tackled what they had aimed to.[47] Schuyler informed Ivan Fecan, then the programming chief of CBC and long-time supporter of Degrassi, of their decision to end the series and suggested a feature-length finale as a compromise, which Fecan enthusiastically accepted and offered funding for.[45]

Degrassi Talks, School's Out, and hiatus (1991-1998) edit

During development of the television movie in early 1991, six Degrassi actors – Amanda Stepto, Pat Mastroianni, Stacie Mistysyn, Rebecca Haines, Siluck Saysanasy, and Neil Hope – travelled around Canada to interview teenagers about various health and social issues for the six-part documentary series Degrassi Talks, which aired on CBC in six installments from February 29 to March 30, 1992, each tackling a specific issue that the series had portrayed.[48] Each actor was chosen specifically for their character's relation to each topic.[48] The series was personally funded by then-Minister of Health Benoît Bouchard, who contributed $350,000.[49] The six actors conducted interviews in 26 cities,[50] including bigger and smaller towns.[50] The series also featured archive footage from the series, vox pop interviews and on-screen statistics.[51] While it was well received by critics, it proved less popular with teenage viewers, who felt it to be redundant and at times perpetuating certain stereotypes.[51][49]

Principal photography began on School's Out, the television movie, on July 21, 1991,[52] and it premiered on CBC on January 5, 1992.[53] The movie, which mostly focused on a love triangle between Joey, Caitlin (Mistysyn), and Tessa Campanelli (Kirsten Bourne), garnered a positive, yet mixed reception. It garnered controversy for its unusual characterization of certain popular characters as well as the catastrophic events experienced by other characters.[54] It was also notable for its use of the word "fuck", first said by Stefan Brogren (Snake) and then Stacie Mistysyn (Caitlin), that are claimed to be the first uses of the word in Canadian television history.[55] Despite the mixed reception, the film drew an estimated 2.3 million viewers: double that of the average audience that Degrassi High received.[52] The movie did not air in the United States until over two years later, when it premiered on PBS on June 20, 1994.[56]

Linda Schuyler and Kit Hood dissolved their partnership in the early 1990s but continued to own Playing With Time. In July 1998, Hood revealed the company was "virtually dormant."[57] He continued to rent the company's former offices as a battered women's shelter,[58] before retiring to Nova Scotia;[59] he died in January 2020 of a brain aneurysm, aged 76.[60] In 1992, Schuyler and Stephen Stohn founded Epitome Pictures, the company which would produce all future Degrassi series.[61] In 1994, Epitome Pictures produced the television movie X-Rated, which centred on a group of young adults living in an apartment complex; the movie starred Stacie Mistysyn. X-Rated was the pilot for the series Liberty Street, which starred Pat Mastroianni and aired on the CBC for two seasons in 1995. In 1997, Epitome Pictures produced the soap opera Riverdale; its set, located on 220 Bartley Drive in Toronto, was re-used as the set for Degrassi: The Next Generation.

Next Generation and Next Class (1999–2019) edit

In 1999, a televised reunion of the Degrassi Junior High cast took place on the CBC youth show Jonovision, hosted by Jonathan Torrens.[62] The reunion became particularly popular, with the live taping drawing in audience members from as far as San Francisco.[62] The success of the reunion inspired Yan Moore and Linda Schuyler, now running Epitome Pictures, to develop an interest in creating a new Degrassi series by December 1999.[63] They had originally planned to create an unrelated teen drama titled Ready, Willing And Wired.[64] Moore noted that Emma, Spike's daughter, would be entering junior high school by the new millennium, and the show was retooled to centre around Emma and her friends attending Degrassi.[65][66] Epitome would propose the idea of Degrassi: The Next Generation to CTV in October 2000, and Ivan Fecan, now CEO of CTV's parent company, ordered thirteen episodes of the new show.[63] Filming began on July 3, 2001,[63] and the show premiered on CTV on October 14, 2001.[63]

Although the original Degrassi series were widely popular in Canada, The Next Generation garnered a bigger following in the United States.[67][68] The series is known for featuring several actors who went on to achieve wider recognition and stardom since their time on the series,[69][70][71] most notably Canadian actor-turned-rapper Drake, who starred in The Next Generation. Drake portrayed Jimmy Brooks,[72] a basketball star who became physically disabled after he was shot by a classmate. When asked about his early acting career, Drake replied, "My mother was very sick. We were very poor, like broke. The only money I had coming in was [from] Canadian TV."[73] Nina Dobrev, who portrayed Mia Jones, went on to star as the lead character of the popular supernatural teen drama television series The Vampire Diaries.[74] During the show's ninth season, the producers were informed in a meeting with CTV executives that the network did not plan to renew the show.[75] At the same time, Stephen Stohn was in talks with TeenNick to produce 48 episodes of a telenovela-style teen show, which he later pitched as the tenth season of Degrassi: The Next Generation.[75] To promote the series on the new network, TeenNick commissioned a promotional music video, set to "Shark in the Water" by V V Brown and themed around a carnival and circus, which contained clues foreshadowing later events of the season.[75] The promo was extremely successful.[75] According to Stephen Stohn, MuchMusic, the network that the series moved to from CTV in Canada, cited the promo as having improved the network's ratings significantly.[75] Season 10 premiered on July 19, 2010, and marked a change in production style to a telenovela/soap opera format, and for the first time, episodes airing in Canada and the United States on the same day. "The Next Generation" was also dropped from the title, which became simply Degrassi.[75]

Degrassi was cancelled after fourteen seasons, and a spin off series called Degrassi: Next Class aired on Netflix for four seasons from 2016 to 2017.[76] Season one was released on Netflix January 15, 2016, and started airing January 4, 2016, on Family's new teen programming block, F2N. Fourteen cast members from season 14 of Degrassi also reprised their roles.[77][78][79] On March 7, 2019, Stefan Brogren alluded to the show's cancellation in a tweet.[80] Sara Waisglass, who played Frankie Hollingsworth, recalled to the Toronto Star in 2022 that she was disappointed at the cancellation and recalled: "They never told us anything. We had our contracts and the way it worked was they had to tell you by a certain date if we were picked up or not. We just never heard from them again."[81]

Planned revival and documentary series (2022–present) edit

On January 13, 2022, it was announced that HBO Max gave a series order to Degrassi, a new series in the franchise consisting of 10 hour-long episodes set to premiere in 2023.[82] It was announced that the new series would be helmed by Lara Azzopardi and Julia Cohen, who previously wrote the Degrassi: The Next Generation episode "Heat of The Moment."[83][84] Linda Schuyler, franchise co-creator, and Stephen Stohn, creative partner on The Next Generation, issued a joint statement confirming that they would not be involved in the new series, stating that the "time is perfect to pass the baton" to Azzopardi and Cohen.[83] On February 23, 2022, casting commenced for the series with a search for 13- to 20-year-old youth of all backgrounds. Filming was scheduled to begin July 1, 2022 and end November 30, 2022,[85] However, in August 2022, reports surfaced of the restructuring of HBO Max, which led to fears of the reboot's potential cancellation.[86]

In November 2022, The Wall Street Journal reported that the new Degrassi series would not be moving forward amid the Warner Bros. merger.[87] However, multiple statements from Schuyler and WildBrain have indicated that there are still plans to produce the series; on the day of the cancellation's announcement, WildBrain stated they were "committed to the future of Degrassi" and that "discussions concerning the contract with WarnerMedia are ongoing."[88] In April 2023, Schuyler told the Toronto Star that WildBrain considered the failed HBO deal a "false start."[89] Schuyler maintained her optimism in an August 2023 podcast interview, but revealed that the 2023 SAG-AFTRA strike had been impacting plans to go forward.[2]

On 6 December 2023, WildBrain announced a three-part documentary series about the franchise, produced in co-operation with Peacock Alley.[90] The series is set to examine the franchise's 40-year history in depth and features new cast interviews and behind-the-scenes footage.[91] A release date has not yet been announced.[92]

Logos edit

Degrassi logo used between 1989 and 1992.
Logo used from 2001 to 2013.
Logo used from 2013 to 2017.

Series edit

Main series edit

No.TitleOriginal airdatesNetworks
1"The Kids of Degrassi Street"December 8, 1979 - January 5, 1986CBC (Canada)
Follows the lives of children living on De Grassi Street in Toronto.
2"Degrassi Junior High"January 12, 1987 - February 27, 1989CBC (Canada), PBS (United States)
Follows an ensemble of ethnically and economically diverse students attending Degrassi Junior High School. Issues tackled in the series include: child abuse, teenage pregnancy, racism, homophobia, and death.
3"Degrassi High"November 6, 1989 - January 28, 1991CBC (Canada), PBS (United States)
A continuation of Degrassi Junior High, following the same cast as they move into high school. Issues tackled include: abortion, AIDS, and suicide.
4"Degrassi: The Next Generation"October 14, 2001 - August 2, 2015CTV, MuchMusic, MTV Canada (Canada), The N, TeenNick (United States)
A revival of Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High, centred on a new generation of students attending Degrassi Community School. Characters from the previous series return as adults. Renamed Degrassi for its tenth season.
5"Degrassi: Next Class"January 15, 2016 - July 7, 2017Netflix (international), Family Channel (Canada)
It follows the remaining underclassmen from Degrassi: Next Generation and a new set of students

Television movies edit

No.TitleOriginal Air Date (Canada)Original Air Date (US)Network
1"School's Out!"January 5, 1992 (1992-01-05)June 20, 1994 (1994-06-20)CBC (Canada), PBS (United States)
Joey Jeremiah (Pat Mastroianni) cheats on Caitlin Ryan (Stacie Mistysyn) with Tessa Campanelli (Kirsten Bourne). Wheels (Neil Hope) descends into alcoholism and is involved in a drunk-driving crash that kills a child and blinds friend Lucy Fernandez (Anais Granofsky). Alexa Pappadopoulos (Irene Courakos) and Simon Dexter (Michael Carry) prepare for their wedding.
2"Degrassi Goes Hollywood"August 31, 2009 (2009-08-31)August 14, 2009 (2009-08-14)The N (United States), CTV (Canada)

The cast of Degrassi: The Next Generation goes to Hollywood in an attempt to live out their dreams. Paige Michalchuk (Lauren Collins) lands a role in a film directed by Jason Mewes. The relationship between Ellie Nash (Stacey Farber) and Craig Manning (Jake Epstein) intensifies, and Stüdz, a band led by Peter Stone (Jamie Johnston), are headed toward their big break.


NOTE: Aired in syndication as a four-part episode titled "Paradise City".
3"Degrassi Takes Manhattan"July 16, 2010 (2010-07-16)July 19, 2010 (2010-07-19)MuchMusic (Canada), TeenNick (United States)

A group of Degrassi students go to New York. Jane Vaughn (Paula Brancati) is invited there to front a rock band for a TV performance, Spinner Mason (Shane Kippel) and Emma Nelson (Miriam McDonald) decide to marry in a spur of the moment situation.


NOTE: Aired in syndication as a four-part episode titled "The Rest Of My Life".

Documentaries and specials edit

No.TitleOriginal Air DateNetworks
1"Degrassi Between Takes"October 30, 1989[93][94]CBC (Canada)
Narrated by Canadian journalist Peter Gzowski, Degrassi Between Takes documents the creative process and impact of Degrassi Junior High, The documentary features footage of the acting workshops, as well as clips from a radio interview with Amanda Stepto, and the 1988 Gemini Awards ceremony in which the show won four awards.
2"The Degrassi Story"September 17, 2005[95]CTV (Canada)
A documentary created to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Degrassi franchise, hosted by Stefan Brogren, who played Snake. Brogren tracks down and interviews various Degrassi actors and crew, including Neil Hope (Wheels) in his final public appearance before his death in November 2007.
3"It Goes There: Degrassi's Most Talked About Moments"July 31, 2015TeenNick (United States)
The cast of Degrassi: The Next Generation discuss their favorite character moments and the show's most controversial moments.

Planned Degrassi: The Next Generation film edit

During 2005 and 2006, a feature film adaptation of Degrassi: The Next Generation was in development.[96] American filmmaker Kevin Smith, a longtime fan of the franchise, was slated to direct the movie.[97] By September 2005, the film was awaiting a green light from Paramount Pictures, with a script written by Aaron Martin and Tassie Cameron,[97] and was set to begin filming in May 2006.[97] Smith told Playback that he had considered getting Ben Affleck to cameo in the movie, but decided against it.[97] The project eventually came to be unrealized.[98]

In 2022, Smith revealed to Screen Rant that the movie would have heavily centred on Drake's character Jimmy Brooks "getting up and walking."[98] Smith claims that they incorporated elements from the script into a future episode of the television series.[98]

Books edit

Novelizations edit

During The Kids of Degrassi Street's run, a series of eight books based on episodes from the series were published by James Lorimer & Co. The books were written by Linda Schuyler and Kit Hood, with help from Eve Jennings. Two of the books, Casey Draws The Line and Griff Gets A Hand, were later reprinted with an updated cover with a similar style to the Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High books.

Between 1988 and 1992, James Lorimer & Co. published a series of eleven paperback books based on the characters of Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High to accompany the two series. Each book focused on a different character, such as Spike, Joey, Caitlin, Wheels, and Snake, often expanding on their storylines or following new ones entirely. Another novel, Exit Stage Left, was an original story focused on multiple characters.[99][100] One book, focused on the characters of Arthur Kobalewscuy and Yick Yu, was written, but not released.[99]

To coincide with the debut of Degrassi Talks in February 1992, Boardwalk Books published companion books based on the six episodes.[101] The books, which contain more content than the television series, feature an image the host of the episode, usually while holding camera equipment on the front cover, and a preface written by Degrassi writer Catherine Dunphy, profiling the actor who hosted the episode. The books also feature expanded versions of several interviews seen in the series, as well as other interviews that were not shown in the series due to time constraints.[102]

From 2006 to 2007, four graphic novels based on Degrassi: The Next Generation were released as part of the Extra Credit series, with the books centering on the characters Ellie Nash, Emma Nelson, Spinner Mason, and Marco Del Rossi respectively.[100]

Non-fiction books edit

There were also several other non-fiction books based on the franchise, including The Official 411: Degrassi Generations, a behind-the-scenes history book written by Degrassi writer and publicist Kathryn Ellis released to celebrate the franchise's 25th anniversary in September 2005,[95] and Growing Up Degrassi: Television, Identity and Youth Cultures, an anthology of scholarly essays on the franchise, edited by Michelle Byers.[100] A memoir by Schuyler, titled The Mother Of All Degrassi, was released on November 15, 2022.[103]

Reception and impact edit

Accolades edit

 
Cast members of Degrassi: The Next Generation at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival, including Nina Dobrev (far left), and Junior High/High cast members Stacie Mistysyn (second from centre-left) and Amanda Stepto (far right).

The Degrassi franchise has had a significant cultural impact in North America, and has attracted critical acclaim and various accolades, such as numerous Gemini Awards, two International Emmys, a Peabody Award, several Teen Choice Awards and Young Artist Awards, among other awards and nominations.[104] The Degrassi series were praised as being realistic teen dramas that addressed social issues in a more realistic and sincere manner than other television shows that dealt with the same subjects.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Degrassi Junior High was an international critical and commercial success and was hailed by critics as a reaction to similar programs that were perceived as more saccharine and "unrealistically antiseptic."[105] It contrasted with other teen dramas in that issues were not solved by the end of each episode, but that played out over the series and depicted consequences for the characters' actions.[106] Although rarely included in discussions about teen-oriented television, Michelle Byers wrote in 2007 that it is "probably one of the earliest examples of the genre",[107] predating Saved by the Bell and Beverly Hills, 90210.[107] Nonetheless, Degrassi Junior High is considered of Canada's greatest television achievements.[108][109][110] The Canadian press celebrated the series and its international success, considering it to be one of the most groundbreaking children's television series of all time.[111] In the lead-up to its American debut, Fred M. Hechinger of the New York Times pondered; "Can teen-agers be won over to entertainment that is not mindless, violent or sexually irresponsible?".[112] In 1989 the series was profiled by John Fisher Burns, also of the New York Times, who asserted it was "remolding the pat-a-cake image of what the industry, with at least some sense of paradox, likes to call ''children's television.''[31] Its sequel, Degrassi High, garnered similar praise. In 1990, Lynne Heffley of the Los Angeles Times called Degrassi one of the "gutsiest shows on television."[113] Kelli Pryor of Entertainment Weekly called it the "thirtysomething of the book-bag set."[46] While initially receiving a degree of skepticism as to its potential impact compared to the original series, including from The Ottawa Citizen's Tony Atherton[114] and The Seattle Times' Melanie McFarland,[115] Degrassi: The Next Generation also amassed critical and commercial acclaim. Entertainment Weekly called it "a cult hit", and The New York Times named it "Tha Best Teen TV N da WRLD (The best teen TV in the world)."[116][117] AOL TV ranked it as the sixth TV's Biggest Guilty Pleasure.[118] Schuyler explained to Entertainment Weekly in 2012 regarding the franchise's longevity: "The show set out to be an authentic — and I use the word authentic very carefully; I don't use the word realistic –- an authentic portrayal of teenage years. And although we get a lot of character loyalty, our audience is fascinated by that high school experience."[119]

Age-appropriate casting edit

The Degrassi franchise has been noted for its casting of teenagers, in contrast to other teen dramas that cast young adults to play teenage roles.[120][121] Its portrayal of real teenagers offered a more realistic and relatable depiction of teenage life than other teen drama shows.[122] In 1986, Schuyler explained that Degrassi Junior High would cast real teenagers as "so much of the American stuff set in high schools is played by late teens and early 20s – and then some."[21] She further elaborated to IndieWire in 2016: "I like to talk about the fact that you can take a 25-year-old who looks 15 and have them play a role, but that actor is bringing 10 more years of life experience to that role. By having our cast be age-appropriate, they bring the freshness and the authenticity of that age."[123]

Reception from LGBT groups edit

Degrassi's portrayal of LGBT youth was viewed by critics as groundbreaking. Linda Schuyler said that the impetus for the show's inclusion of LGBT themes stemmed from her colleague Bruce Mackey, who was central in the early development in the franchise, and who lived life secretly as a gay man.[124] Schuyler said: "It made me so sad to see somebody who had to live duplicitously like that, that it kind of has been right from the very beginning of this show, it's been a very important mandate for me."[124] The tenth season of Degrassi: The Next Generation introduced the female-to-male transgender character Adam Torres, played by Jordan Todosey,[125] who by 2011 was the "only transgender regular or recurring character on scripted television" according to GLAAD.[126] A central episode involving Adam's struggles with dysphoria, "My Body Is a Cage", won a Peabody Award that year.[127]

Censorship edit

The franchise has been the subject of numerous controversies and censorships since the 1980s. In the United Kingdom, several episodes of Degrassi Junior High's first season, including the International Emmy award-winning episode "It's Late", were not aired in its regular place on the children's timeslot at 5pm on BBC1[128] due to complaints from parents that their content "too strong for [young children]",[106] and were instead shown at 6pm on the BBC2 teen block DEF II.[129] The network did not air its second and third seasons.[32][106]

The two-part premiere of Degrassi High, "A New Start", which centered around a character becoming pregnant and ultimately choosing to get an abortion, aired uncensored in Canada in November 1989, but was edited by PBS for its January 1990 American premiere to remove the episode's final scene depicting said character fighting through anti-abortion picketers outside of a clinic.[130] This decision was met with backlash from the show's producers, with co-creator and director Kit Hood lambasting the network for giving the episode "an American ending, happy, safe but incomplete..." and requested his name be removed from the credits.[131]

In 2004, Noggin's The N block decided to postpone an episode of Degrassi: The Next Generation revolving around abortion, titled "Accidents Will Happen."[132] The two-part episode focused on a character who becomes pregnant and decides to have an abortion. The N's decision prompted backlash from fans.[133][134] A petition surfaced which condemned The N as "unjust and asinine" and argued that the episode did not espouse any forceful opinions about the subject and that the fans had the right to watch the series in an uncensored, unaltered form.[135] Conversely, CTV in Canada showed the episode twice.[135]

Legacy edit

 
Drake, pictured in 2016, launched his career starring on Degrassi: The Next Generation.

In 2012, it surpassed The Beachcombers as the longest-running Canadian drama by episode count.[136][137] After the death of co-creator Kit Hood in January 2020, a bench with a memorial plaque was installed in various locations important to the original Degrassi series, including Vincent Massey Junior School (the location of Degrassi Junior High) and the Centennial College Story Arts Centre (the location of Degrassi High).[138] In 2021, Hood's daughter Georgia started an online petition to have the laneway behind the former Playing With Time production office named after him.[139]

In December 2023, the franchise was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame.[140][4]

Home media and streaming edit

Physical releases edit

Each DegrassI series has seen home media release over the years. Initially available by mail-order for educational institutions,[141] Degrassi Junior High and Degrassi High were given a commercial home video release by WGBH in 2000. Junior High was released on DVD in North America and Australia in 2005, while Degrassi High was released on DVD in North America and Australia in 2007 and 2008 respectively. Each season of Degrassi: The Next Generation was released on DVD by Alliance Atlantis each year throughout the 2000s in big box sets that contained a variety of bonus content, including audition tapes, deleted scenes, and bloopers. These annual DVD releases stopped after season twelve of The Next Generation.

Streaming edit

Degrassi Junior High, Degrassi High, and Degrassi: The Next Generation have variously been available to stream online over the years, including on Canada Media Fund's Encore+[142] and the official Degrassi YouTube channel. It was announced in June 2023 that each series, including Kids of Degrassi Street and Degrassi Talks and bar Next Class would be made available on Amazon Prime Canada in July.[143]

References edit

  1. ^ Wheeler, Brad (November 4, 2022). "Production of Degrassi reboot series on pause, WarnerMedia cancels HBO Max debut". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on November 24, 2022. Retrieved November 24, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Linda Schuyler: "I remain very hopeful that there will be a [Degrassi] reboot" – Degrassi Online // Your #1 Degrassi News & Media Source!". August 12, 2023. Retrieved August 14, 2023.
  3. ^ "Degrassi | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Archived from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Avril Lavigne, Rick Mercer among honourees at Canada's Walk of Fame anniversary gala | CityNews Toronto". CityNews. The Canadian Press. December 2, 2023. Retrieved December 3, 2023.
  5. ^ a b c Ellis 2005, pp. 8
  6. ^ West, Linda (September 1979). "Introducing...Kit Hood and Linda Schuyler" (PDF). Cinema Canada. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  7. ^ Ellis 2005, pp. 9
  8. ^ Zekas, Rita (October 4, 2013). "Degrassi their home away from home". Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Archived from the original on November 1, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  9. ^ a b c Stohn 2018, pp. 14
  10. ^ a b "Growing up Degrassi". Archived from the original on February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  11. ^ a b c "The real-life story that inspired the 'Degrassi' universe". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on September 29, 2023. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  12. ^ a b "The history of The Kids of Degrassi Street". www.blogto.com. Archived from the original on October 24, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  13. ^ Roper, Wayne (December 11, 1979). "The movie maker: Former Paris girl hits success in film work". The Expositor. p. 15. Archived from the original on October 23, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  14. ^ a b c d Ellis 2005, pp. 10
  15. ^ Pai, Tanya (January 25, 2016). "Degrassi, the Canadian teen soap that gave us Drake, explained". Vox. Archived from the original on April 16, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  16. ^ a b c d Ellis 2005, pp. 14
  17. ^ a b Ellis 2005, pp. 15
  18. ^ Ellis 2005, pp. 20
  19. ^ Bleznak, Becca (May 31, 2018). "15 TV Shows That Were Ahead of Their Time". Showbiz Cheat Sheet. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  20. ^ Froelich, Janis (September 26, 1987). "The class of '87 TV: 'Degrassi Junior High' teaches the rest of television a lesson". St. Petersburg Times.
  21. ^ a b Taylor, Bill (August 7, 1986). "Degrassi Junior High crew aims for slice-of-life reality". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on September 14, 2007.
  22. ^ Ellis 2005, pp. 142–143
  23. ^ Remington, Bob (September 28, 1987). "Degrassi High teens face dilemmas head-on". Edmonton Journal. p. 10. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  24. ^ a b Granville, Kari (August 8, 1988). "'Degrassi High' Prize Winner at Banff TV Fest : Realistic Teen Series Tops Network Shows". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  25. ^ a b Remington, Bob (September 25, 1987). "'Degrassi Junior High' moves to prime time". Alberni Valley Times. p. 25. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  26. ^ "CBC slots Degrassi in prime time". Toronto Star. June 24, 1987. Archived from the original on September 14, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  27. ^ Riches, Hester (June 21, 1988). "CBC reaches into its past for a glimpse of its future". The Vancouver Sun. p. 26. Archived from the original on May 13, 2021. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  28. ^ Anderson, Bill (December 30, 1987). "Future looks bright for Degrassi". The Vancouver Sun.
  29. ^ a b c d Stohn 2018, pp. 99
  30. ^ Kennedy, Janice (December 31, 1987). "High marks for Degrassi kids; We're not in this to make pots full of money". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  31. ^ a b c Burns, John (February 5, 1989). "'Degrassi': A Series For Children That Goes for the Gut". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  32. ^ a b "Pregnancy offends British taste". Winnipeg Free Press. May 26, 1988. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  33. ^ Dunphy, Catherine (November 5, 1988). "Junior achievers avidly watched by kids in more than 40 countries". Toronto Star.
  34. ^ Ricky D (December 12, 2019). "Degrassi Junior High, "Season's Greetings"". Goomba Stomp. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  35. ^ Ellis 2005, pp. 11
  36. ^ Wesley, David (November 5, 1988). "Degrassi doors re-open". The Gazette. p. 156. Archived from the original on May 17, 2021. Retrieved May 17, 2021.
  37. ^ Sontag, Sharon (November 3, 1989). "Degrassi High moving on to meatier issues". Calgary Herald. p. 35. Archived from the original on May 17, 2021. Retrieved May 17, 2021.
  38. ^ Dunphy, Catherine (November 4, 1989). "Dilemma At DeGrassi". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on October 24, 2005.
  39. ^ a b Nicholls, Stephen (November 6, 1989). "Abortion: Degrassi takes on explosive topic". The Ottawa Citizen. The Canadian Press. p. 33. Archived from the original on June 2, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  40. ^ a b Kennedy, Janice (June 17, 1989). "New school year has already started for the kids of Degrassi High School". The Gazette. p. 175. Archived from the original on May 17, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  41. ^ Ellis 2005, pp. 167
  42. ^ a b Barss, Karen (1990). "What's New at Degrassi". Degrassi High Newspaper. WGBH. p. 3. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  43. ^ "TV Reviews : 'Degrassi High' Teen Copes With AIDS". Los Angeles Times. April 8, 1991. Archived from the original on September 5, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  44. ^ Kennedy, Janice (January 26, 1991). "Degrassi's look at teenage suicide restrained and sensitive". The Ottawa Citizen. p. 67. Archived from the original on September 5, 2022. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
  45. ^ a b c d e Schuyler, Linda (2022). The mother of all Degrassi : a memoir. Toronto. ISBN 978-1-77041-683-3. OCLC 1309065167.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  46. ^ a b Pryor, Kelli (April 12, 1991). "Degrassi High". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  47. ^ a b Nicholls, Stephen (November 1, 1990). "Degrassi crew to close books". The Windsor Star. Canadian Press. p. 16. Archived from the original on October 2, 2022. Retrieved October 2, 2022.
  48. ^ a b Oswald, Brad (February 22, 1992). "Teen Talk". Winnipeg Free Press. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  49. ^ a b Ward, Bruce (February 14, 1992). "Ottawa teens critique Degrassi Talks". Waterloo Region Record. Archived from the original on October 24, 2005.
  50. ^ a b Boone, Mike (February 22, 1992). "A troubled generation". The Gazette. p. 43. Archived from the original on September 5, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  51. ^ a b Van Alphen, Laura (May 7, 1992). "Most teens bored by Degrassi Talks". Waterloo Region Record. Archived from the original on October 24, 2005. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  52. ^ a b "School's Out". Degrassi.tv. January 3, 2006. Archived from the original on January 3, 2006. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  53. ^ Kennedy, Janice (January 3, 1992). "The Degrassi gang grows up fast". The Vancouver Sun. p. 134. Archived from the original on June 2, 2021. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  54. ^ "Degrassi High: School's Out". www.filmcritic.com.au. Archived from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  55. ^ Wong, Tony (March 17, 2017). "Snake and Degrassi alumni reunite to celebrate 30th anniversary at Toronto ComiCon". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Archived from the original on May 13, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  56. ^ Gill, Suzanne (June 18, 1994). "'Degrassi' era finally closes on PBS". The Daily Tribune. p. 49. Archived from the original on July 9, 2022. Retrieved July 9, 2022.
  57. ^ "Kit Hood Interview July 1998". October 15, 2007. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  58. ^ "People want to name a Toronto laneway after Degrassi's co-creator". blogto.com. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  59. ^ Townsend, Kelly (January 27, 2020). "Degrassi co-creator Kit Hood dies". Retrieved September 30, 2023.
  60. ^ Schuyler 2022, pp. 208
  61. ^ "Growing up Degrassi". Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  62. ^ a b Brioux, Bill (December 24, 1999). "Back to Degrassi St". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on September 14, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  63. ^ a b c d "Degrassi – Behind the Scenes – How it all happened". Rollercoaster. October 21, 2007. Archived from the original on October 21, 2007. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  64. ^ Mazumdar 2020, pp. 107
  65. ^ "Degrassi – Behind the Scenes – How it all happened". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. October 21, 2007. Archived from the original on October 21, 2007. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  66. ^ Ellis 2005, pp. 12
  67. ^ "'Degrassi' Becomes a Cult Hit Depicting Violence and Heartaches". ABC News. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  68. ^ Ahearn, Victoria (January 25, 2020). "Kit Hood, co-creator of 'Degrassi' Canadian TV series has died". CTVNews. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  69. ^ "Degrassi: 8 Stars Who Became A-Listers (And 7 Who Completely Flopped)". ScreenRant. March 2, 2018. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  70. ^ Singh, Olivia. "Then and Now: The cast of 'Degrassi: The Next Generation'". Insider. Archived from the original on September 29, 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  71. ^ "8 Degrassi stars who made it big". Toronto Star. June 4, 2015. Archived from the original on May 6, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  72. ^ "Preview: Drake rises from the rap pack with a moody, sensual style". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. post-gazette.com. May 24, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
  73. ^ "Cover Story Uncut: Drake Talks About Romance, Rap, And What's Really Real". Complex. November 15, 2011. Archived from the original on November 17, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
  74. ^ "From DeGrassi to the dark side". The Globe and Mail. September 22, 2009. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  75. ^ a b c d e f Ajello, Erin. "The oral history of the 'Shark in the Water' promo that saved 'Degrassi' and changed TV forever". Insider. Archived from the original on September 29, 2023. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  76. ^ Pena, Jessica (March 7, 2019). "Degrassi: Next Class: Cancelled; Producer Confirms Netflix Series Has Ended". TV Series Finale. Archived from the original on June 23, 2023. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  77. ^ Stephen Stohn [@stephenstohn] (June 11, 2015). "@Tom_degassi @Rcarter555 we've been wondering that ourselves. It's really both. But I think it will be easier to call it DNC Season 1" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  78. ^ Spangler, Todd (July 17, 2015). "'Degrassi' Next Season Coming to Netflix: Why Teen Drama Is Leaving TV After 35 Years". Variety. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2017.
  79. ^ Stephen Stohn [@stephenstohn] (August 9, 2015). "@KDTalks2 yes, tho the characters who didn't graduate are mostly still continuing in DNC" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  80. ^ "Degrassi: Next Class: Cancelled; Producer Confirms Netflix Series Has Ended". IMDb. Archived from the original on April 22, 2022. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  81. ^ "After Degrassi: Where are they now?". Toronto Star. August 20, 2022. pp. C12. ProQuest 2704196087
  82. ^ Schwartz, Ryan (January 13, 2022). "Degrassi Reboot Ordered at HBO Max". TVLine. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  83. ^ a b Friend, David (January 13, 2022). "New one-hour Degrassi series to premiere spring 2023 on HBO Max". CBC News. The Canadian Press. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  84. ^ Ajello, Erin. "A new 'Degrassi' reboot is coming. Here's everything we know so far". Insider. Archived from the original on September 29, 2023. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  85. ^ "Degrassi". Casting Workbook. Archived from the original on February 25, 2022. Retrieved February 26, 2022.
  86. ^ Marfo, Dorcas (August 4, 2022). "Degrassi fans fear the worst for reboot after reports surface over HBO Max's plans to drop scripted shows". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on August 23, 2022. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  87. ^ Flint, Joe (November 2, 2022). "Warner Bros. Discovery Marriage Hurt by High Debt, Low Morale". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on November 3, 2022. Retrieved November 3, 2022.
  88. ^ "Production 'paused' on new 'Degrassi' TV series as HBO Max pulls out". CP24. November 4, 2022. Retrieved November 5, 2022.
  89. ^ Yeo, Debra (April 9, 2023). "'Degrassi' creator Linda Schuyler on her memoir 'The Mother of All Degrassi' — the hardest part to write was the title". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 9, 2023.
  90. ^ Yossman, K. J. (December 6, 2023). "'Degrassi' Documentary in the Works From WildBrain (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved December 6, 2023.
  91. ^ Al-Ghamdi, Abdullah (December 6, 2023). "Degrassi Documentary Series in the Works, Examines Popular Teen Drama". ComingSoon.net - Movie Trailers, TV & Streaming News, and More. Retrieved December 6, 2023.
  92. ^ Friend, David (December 6, 2023). "Degrassi lands three-part docuseries that will school fans in its enduring legacy". The Hamilton Spectator. The Canadian Press. ISSN 1189-9417. Retrieved December 6, 2023.
  93. ^ Kennedy, Janice (October 28, 1989). "Degrassi High has valuable lessons for teenagers and their parents, too". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on May 13, 2021. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  94. ^ Riches, Hester (October 30, 1989). "Audiences eagerly await Degrassi kick-off". The Vancouver Sun. p. 20. Archived from the original on May 13, 2021. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  95. ^ a b "Chronicling the Generations". Playback. September 12, 2005. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  96. ^ Dixon, Guy (February 9, 2006). "DEGRASSI READY FOR THE BIG SCREEN?". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on September 8, 2022. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  97. ^ a b c d Vlessing, Etan (September 12, 2005). "Director Smith lands dream gig". Playback. Archived from the original on September 8, 2022. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  98. ^ a b c Elliott, Warren (August 2, 2022). "Kevin Smith Recalls Almost Directing Degrassi Movie About Drake's Jimmy". ScreenRant. Archived from the original on September 8, 2022. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  99. ^ a b "Books". Degrassi Online. December 5, 2018. Archived from the original on April 30, 2021. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
  100. ^ a b c "issarged.com – degrassi books". issarged.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2021. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
  101. ^ Kennedy, Janice (February 21, 1992). "Telling it with feeling". The Vancouver Sun. p. 83. Archived from the original on September 7, 2022. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  102. ^ Boardwalk 1992, p. 123
  103. ^ "The Mother of All Degrassi: A Memoir". ECW Press. Archived from the original on December 7, 2022. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  104. ^ "Degrassi.tv". degrassi.tv. Archived from the original on June 20, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  105. ^ Remington, Bob (September 28, 1987). "Degrassi High teens face dilemmas head-on". Edmonton Journal. p. 10. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  106. ^ a b c Summers, Brett (January 23, 2020). "The Degrassi Legacy and why it matters". CULT FACTION. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  107. ^ a b Byers 2007, pp. 261–262
  108. ^ Dix, Noel (March 1, 2005). "Degrassi Junior High: Season One | Exclaim!". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  109. ^ "Degrassi Junior High season one review". Den of Geek. December 20, 2007. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  110. ^ "Anne, Degrassi top Geminis". The Gazette. The Canadian Press. December 1, 1988. p. 57. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  111. ^ Kennedy, Janice (December 31, 1987). "High marks for Degrassi kids; We're not in this to make pots full of money". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  112. ^ Hechinger, Fred M. (August 11, 1987). "Public TV Tries to Reach Teen-Agers". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  113. ^ Heffley, Lynne (January 13, 1990). "TV Reviews : 'Degrassi High,' 'Wonderworks' Return to PBS". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  114. ^ Atherton, Tony (October 14, 2001). "Degrassi Returns With New, Old Faces: Unfortunately, the Stories Are Stuck In the Same Old Ruts". Ottawa Citizen. Canwest. p. A12.
  115. ^ McFarland, Melanie (March 30, 2002). "Degrassi Back In a New Generation". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  116. ^ Armstrong, Jennifer (October 1, 2004). "Fast Times at Degrassi High". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 23, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
  117. ^ Neihart, Ben (March 20, 2005). "DGrassi Is tha Best Teen TV N da WRLD!". The New York Times. p. 5. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
  118. ^ "TV's Biggest Guilty Pleasures". AOL TV. January 2, 2008. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  119. ^ "'Degrassi': We interview creator Linda Schuyler before ep 300 airs". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 15, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  120. ^ "'Degrassi' is on Netflix now. It's still the realest show about teens". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on February 1, 2023. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  121. ^ Lancaster, Brodie (December 19, 2020). "Quit the moralising, HBO's Euphoria isn't pretty but neither is being a teen". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  122. ^ Landau, Emily (September 2012). "Teenage Dreams". The Walrus. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013.
  123. ^ Miller, Liz Shannon (July 18, 2016). "Here's Why Degrassi Will Never Die (And No, It's Not Just Because of Netflix)". IndieWire. Archived from the original on January 9, 2023. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  124. ^ a b Kayvon, Shervin. "The queer legacy of "Degrassi: Next Class"". INTO. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  125. ^ Myers, Jasper (December 11, 2018). "Cisgender actors can play trans roles". The Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  126. ^ GLAAD 2012, p. 9-10.
  127. ^ "Degrassi: My Body Is A Cage". The Peabody Awards. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  128. ^ "BBC Programme Index". BBC. Archived from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  129. ^ "Def II: Degrassi Junior High: It's Late". Radio Times. No. 3383. September 29, 1988. p. 50. ISSN 0033-8060. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved June 7, 2021.
  130. ^ "Degrassi High edited by PBS". Ottawa Citizen. November 4, 1989. p. 37. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  131. ^ Remington, Bob (November 6, 1989). "Anger at PBS much ado about a minor point". Edmonton Journal. p. 32. Archived from the original on June 4, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  132. ^ Perebinossoff, Philippe (July 26, 2012). Real-World Media Ethics: Inside the Broadcast and Entertainment Industries. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781136032653. Archived from the original on September 29, 2023. Retrieved September 27, 2022.
  133. ^ "Why Degrassi's Infamous 2004 Abortion Episode Still Matters". The FADER. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  134. ^ "Degrassi Abortion Episode Sparks Fan Outcry in US". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. July 20, 2004. Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
  135. ^ a b Kok, Dina (September 2004). "Abortion Issue On Popular TV Show". The Interim. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved September 20, 2007.
  136. ^ ""Degrassi" Longest Running Canadian Show Of All Time". Mandatory. October 29, 2012. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  137. ^ "Degrassi surpasses Beachcombers as longest-running Canadian drama | TV, eh?". www.tv-eh.com. Archived from the original on December 6, 2022. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  138. ^ "Centennial College - Memorial Bench for Degrassi Co-Creator, Kit Hood, Presented on Story Arts Centre Campus | School of Communications, Media, Arts and Design Blog". www.centennialcollege.ca. Archived from the original on November 6, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2023.
  139. ^ Longwell, Karen (August 6, 2021). "People want to name a Toronto laneway after Degrassi's co-creator". www.blogto.com. Archived from the original on January 22, 2023. Retrieved January 22, 2023.
  140. ^ "Connor McDavid, Rick Mercer, 'Degrassi' among inductees to Canada's Walk of Fame". thestar.com. May 1, 2023. Archived from the original on May 2, 2023. Retrieved May 2, 2023.
  141. ^ Kirsch, Robin J. (1992). "Degrassi Health Education Curriculum" (PDF). ERIC. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 6, 2023. Retrieved June 30, 2023.
  142. ^ "You can now watch every episode of Degrassi Junior High online for free". www.blogto.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2023.
  143. ^ Shankar, Bradly (June 27, 2023). "Nearly 500 Degrassi episodes are coming to Prime Video Canada in July". MobileSyrup. Archived from the original on June 30, 2023. Retrieved June 30, 2023.

Sources edit

External links edit