All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship

The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Senior Championship, known simply as the All-Ireland Championship, is an annual inter-county hurling competition organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA). It is the highest inter-county hurling competition in Ireland, and has been contested every year except one since 1887.

All-Ireland Senior Hurling League
Current season or competition:
2021 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship
All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship logo.jpg
IrishCraobh Shinsir Iomána na hÉireann
CodeHurling
Founded1887; 134 years ago (1887)
RegionRepublic of Ireland Ireland (GAA)
TrophyLiam MacCarthy Cup
No. of teams12
Title holdersColours of Limerick.svg Limerick (10th title)
Most titlesColours of Kilkenny.svg Kilkenny (36 titles)
SponsorsBord Gáis Energy, Centra, Littlewoods Ireland
TV partner(s)RTÉ, Sky Sports, BBC,
Setanta Sports, Premier Sports,
Seven (Australia)
MottoBe there. All the way
Official websitehttp://www.gaa.ie

The final, currently held on the third Sunday in August, is the culmination of a series of games played during July and August, with the winning team receiving the Liam MacCarthy Cup. The All-Ireland Championship has always been played on a straight knockout basis whereby once a team loses they are eliminated from the championship. The qualification procedures for the championship have changed several times throughout its history. Currently, qualification is limited to teams competing in the Leinster Championship, the Munster Championship and the two finalists in the Joe McDonagh Cup.

Twelve teams currently participate in the All-Ireland Championship, with the most successful teams coming from the provinces of Leinster and Munster. Kilkenny, Cork and Tipperary are considered "the big three" of hurling. They have won 94 championships between them.

The title has been won by 13 different teams, 10 of whom have won the title more than once. The all-time record-holders are Kilkenny, who have won the championship on 36 occasions. Limerick are the current champions.[1]

The All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship final was listed in second place by CNN in its "10 sporting events you have to see live", after the Olympic Games.[2]

HistoryEdit

CreationEdit

Following the foundation of the Gaelic Athletic Association in 1884, new rules for Gaelic football and hurling were drawn up and published in the United Irishman newspaper. In 1886, county committees began to be established, with several counties affiliating over the next few years. The GAA ran its inaugural All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship in 1887. The decision to establish that first championship was influenced by several factors. Firstly, inter-club contests in 1885 and 1886 were wildly popular and began to draw huge crowds. Clubs started to travel across the country to play against each other and these matches generated intense interest as the newspapers began to speculate which teams might be considered the best in the country. Secondly, although the number of clubs was growing, many were slow to affiliate to the Association, leaving it short of money. Establishing a central championship held the prospect of enticing GAA clubs to process their affiliations, just as the establishment of the FA Cup had done much in the 1870s to promote the development of the Football Association in England. The championships were open to all affiliated clubs who would first compete in county-based competitions, to be run by local county committees. The winners of each county championship would then proceed to represent that county in the All-Ireland series.[3]

BeginningsEdit

The inaugural All-Ireland Championship used, for the only time in its history, an open draw format without the provincial series of games. All of the existing county boards were eligible to enter a team, however, only six chose to do so. Disputes in Cork and Limerick over which club should represent the county resulted in neither county fielding a team. Dublin later withdrew from the championship. In all five teams participated: Clare (Garraunboy Smith O'Briens), Galway (Meelick), Kilkenny (Tullaroan) Tipperary (Thurles) and Wexford (Castlebridge).

Galway and Wexford contested the very first championship match on Saturday 2 July 1887. Postponements, disqualifications, objections, withdrawals and walkovers were regular occurrences during the initial years of the championship. The inaugural All-Ireland final took place on 1 April 1888, with Tipperary defeating Galway to take the title.[4]

DevelopmentEdit

The provincial championships were introduced in 1888 in Munster, Leinster, Connacht and Ulster on a knock-out basis. The winners of the provincial finals participated in the All-Ireland semi-finals. Over time the Leinster and Munster teams grew to become the superpowers of the game, as Gaelic football was the more dominant sport in Ulster and Connacht. After some time Galway became the only credible team in Connacht and was essentially given an automatic pass to the All-Ireland semi-final every year. This knock-out system persisted for over 100 years and was considered to be the fairest system as the All-Ireland champions would always be the only undefeated team of the year.

Unlike in other European countries, such as neighbouring England, where annual sports events were cancelled during the twentieth century due to the First and Second World Wars, the All-Ireland Championship has been running continuously since 1887, with the final running since 1889 (the 1888 competition was played but no final was held due to the Invasion). The competition continued even in spite of the effects on the country of the Civil War and the Second World War (the National Hurling League was not held during the latter). In 1941, the All-Ireland Championship was disrupted by an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.[5]

The duration of certain championship matches increased from 60 to 80 minutes during the 1970s. They were settled at 70 minutes after five seasons of this in 1975.[6] This applied only to the provincial finals, All-Ireland semi-finals and finals.[7]

In the mid-1990s the Gaelic Athletic Association looked at developing a new system whereby a defeat in the championship for certain teams would not mean an immediate exit from the Championship. In the 1997 championship the first major change in format arrived when the 'back-door system' was introduced. This new structure allowed the defeated Munster and Leinster finalists another chance to regain a place in the All-Ireland semi-finals. Tipperary and Kilkenny were the first two teams to benefit from the new system when they defeated Down and Galway respectively in the quarter-finals. The All-Ireland final in the first year of this new experiment was a replay of the Munster final with Clare defeating Tipperary. The first team to win the All-Ireland through the 'back-door' was Offaly in 1998, winning a replay of the Leinster final by beating Kilkenny 2–16 to 1–13.

The new "back-door system" proved successful and was expanded over the following years. The 2005 Championship saw even bigger changes in the "back-door" or qualifier system. The Munster and Leinster champions and defeated finalists automatically qualified for the new quarter-final stages, while two groups of four other teams played in a league format to fill the vacant four places in the quarter-finals. Many criticised the structure for not being a real championship at all, for degrading the Munster and Leinster championships and for penalising the strongest teams.

2008 brought a change to the competition format, whereby the team that won the Leinster and Munster championships advanced to the All-Ireland semi-finals, and the losers of the provincial finals advanced to two quarter-finals. A series of knockout qualifiers for the remaining teams decided which other two teams would reach the quarter-finals. The updated qualifier structure provided more games and gave renewed hope to the "weaker" teams, as a defeat in the first round no longer meant the end of a county's All-Ireland ambitions.

Current formatEdit

Current Championship Pyramid 2021Edit

Grade Championship
Senior Munster Senior Hurling Championship

5 counties – 0 or 1 relegations

Leinster Senior Hurling Championship

6 counties – 0 or 1 relegations

Senior B Joe McDonagh Cup

6 counties – 1 promotion, 1 relegation

Intermediate Christy Ring Cup

6 counties – 1 promotion, 1 relegation

Junior A Nicky Rackard Cup

6 counties – 1 promotion, 1 relegation

Junior B Lory Meagher Cup

6 counties – 1 promotion

ChampionshipEdit

There are twelve teams in the All-Ireland Championship. During the course of a championship season (from July to August) seven games are played comprising two preliminary quarter-finals, two quarter-finals, two semi-finals and a final. The championship is played as a single-elimination tournament.

Qualification and progressionEdit

Teams entering in this round Teams advancing from previous round
Preliminary quarter-finals
(4 teams)
Quarter-finals
(4 teams)
  • Leinster runners-up
  • Munster runners-up
  • 2 winners from the preliminary quarter-finals
Semi-finals
(4 teams)
  • Leinster champions
  • Munster champions
  • 2 winners from the quarter-finals
Final
(2 teams)
  • 2 winners from the semi-finals

TeamsEdit

As of 2 August 2021

2021 NHL Rank Team Years Qualified to All-Ireland First All-Ireland Apperarance Last All-Ireland Appearance Last Appearance in Top

Tier

Best

Position

Last Championship Success Current Championship
8   Antrim 43 1900 2010 2021 Finalists 2020 Joe McDonagh Cup Joe McDonagh Cup
14   Carlow 2 1992 2018 2019 Quarter-Finals 2018 Joe McDonagh Cup Joe McDonagh Cup
30   Cavan 1 1908 1908 1925 Semi-Finals 1985 Ulster Junior Hurling Championship Lory Meagher Cup
6   Clare 20 1887 2020 2021 Winners 2013 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Munster Senior Hurling Championship
9   Cork 63 1890 2021 2021 Winners 2018 Munster Senior Hurling Championship Munster Senior Hurling Championship
20   Derry 4 1902 2001 2004 Semi-Finals 2017 Nicky Rackard Cup Christy Ring Cup
21   Donegal 2 1906 1923 1946 Semi-Finals 2020 Nicky Rackard Cup Christy Ring Cup
15   Down 3 1992 1997 2004 Semi-Finals 2013 Christy Ring Cup Joe McDonagh Cup
10   Dublin 35 1887 2021 2021 Winners 2013 Leinster Senior Hurling Championship Leinster Senior Hurling Championship
1   Galway 104 1887 2020 2021 Winners 2018 Leinster Senior Hurling Championship Leinster Senior Hurling Championship
N/A   Glasgow 3 1905 1913 1913 Semi-Finals N/A Currently do not compete
16   Kerry 4 1891 1986 2017 Winners 2015 Christy Ring Cup Joe McDonagh Cup
19   Kildare 3 1974 1989 2004 Quarter-Finals 2020 Christy Ring Cup Christy Ring Cup
2   Kilkenny 82 1887 2021 2021 Winners 2021 Leinster Senior Hurling Championship Leinster Senior Hurling Championship
N/A   Lancashire 2 1905 1913 1913 Semi-Finals N/A Lory Meagher Cup
11   Laois 6 1914 2019 2021 Winners 2019 Joe McDonagh Cup Leinster Senior Hurling Championship
7   Limerick 32 1897 2021 2021 Winners 2021 Munster Senior Hurling Championship Munster Senior Hurling Championship
N/A   London 18 1900 1996 2014 Winners 2012 Christy Ring Cup Christy Ring Cup
22   Mayo 1 1909 1909 1913 Semi-Finals 2021 Nicky Rackard Cup Christy Ring Cup
17   Meath 1 1993 1993 2017 Quarter-Finals 2019 Christy Ring Cup Joe McDonagh Cup
N/A   New York 1 1996 1996 2004 Quarter-Finals 1996 All-Ireland Senior B Hurling Championship Currently do not compete
13   Offaly 13 1980 2003 2018 Winners 2021 Christy Ring Cup Joe McDonagh Cup
23   Roscommon 2 1913 1994 1999 Semi-Finals 2015 Connacht Intermediate Hurling Championship Nicky Rackard Cup
5   Tipperary 55 1887 2021 2021 Winners 2019 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Munster Senior Hurling Championship
4   Waterford 21 1938 2021 2021 Winners 2010 Munster Senior Hurling Championship Munster Senior Hurling Championship
12   Westmeath 5 1975 2019 2019 Quarter-Finals 2021 Joe McDonagh Cup Leinster Senior Hurling Championship
4   Wexford 32 1887 2019 2021 Winners 2019 Leinster Senior Hurling Championship Leinster Senior Hurling Championship

Teams that have never qualified to the All-IrelandEdit

2020

NHL Rank

Team Last Appearance
in Top Tier
Last Championship

Success

Current Championship
25   Armagh 1946 2012 Nicky Rackard Cup Nicky Rackard Cup
31   Fermanagh 1946 2021 Lory Meagher Cup Nicky Rackard Cup
N/A   Fingal N/A N/A Currently do not compete
N/A   Hertfordshire N/A N/A Currently do not compete
32   Leitrim N/A 2019 Lory Meagher Cup Lory Meagher Cup
28   Longford N/A 2014 Lory Meagher Cup Lory Meagher Cup
29   Louth 1920 2020 Lory Meagher Cup Lory Meagher Cup
27   Monaghan 1946 1998 Ulster Junior Hurling Championship Lory Meagher Cup
24   Sligo 1913 2019 Nicky Rackard Cup Christy Ring Cup
26   Tyrone N/A 2014 Nicky Rackard Cup Nicky Rackard Cup
N/A   Warwickshire N/A 2017 Lory Meagher Cup Nicky Rackard Cup
18   Wicklow 2004 2003 All-Ireland Senior B Hurling Championship Christy Ring Cup

Non-Irish teamsEdit

London became the first overseas team to compete in the All-Ireland Championship in 1900. For four consecutive years they were given a bye to the All-Ireland final where they played the "home" champions in the final proper. They won their only All-Ireland title in 1901.[8] London returned to the All-Ireland Championship on a number of occasions between 1969 and 1996.

In 1905 Lancashire and Glasgow entered the All-Ireland Championship at the quarter-final stage.[9] Lancashire returned for one more championship campaign in 1913 whilst Glasgow returned for the 1910 and 1913 championships.

New York fielded a team in an expanded All-Ireland Championship in 1996.

VenuesEdit

 
Croke Park in Dublin has hosted all but two finals since 1910.
 
FitzGerald Stadium in Killarney was the venue for the 1937 final.
 
Páirc Uí Chaoimh in Cork hosted the semi-finals in 1976.
 
Semple Stadium in Thurles hosted the centenary year final in 1984.

AttendancesEdit

Stadium attendances are a significant source of regular income for the GAA and for the teams involved. For the 2017 championship, the average attendances for the five games was 56,565 with a total aggregate attendance figure of 282,826. The 2017 figure represented the highest combined total for an All-Ireland Championship since 2012, when 294,079 fans attended six games, including a final replay between Kilkenny and Galway. The highest all-time aggregate attendance for the championship was 332,387 in 2007 when eight games were played.

Quarter-finalsEdit

Croke Park was initially used as the venue for All-Ireland quarter-finals following their introduction in 1997. These games were usually played as a double-header. From 2008 until 2017 the quarter-finals were played at Semple Stadium in Thurles.

Semi-finalsEdit

The All-Ireland semi-finals have been played exclusively at Croke Park since 1977. Croke Park had been regularly used as a semi-final venue prior to this, however, a number of other stadiums around the country were also used. St. Brendan's Park and St. Cronan's Park were regularly used for semi-finals involving Kilkenny and Galway. Other regular semi-final venues included the Markets Field, Páirc Uí Chaoimh, St. Ciarán's Park, the Cork Athletic Grounds and Cusack Park.

FinalEdit

Since 1910, Croke Park has been the regular venue for the All-Ireland final. Only on two occasions since then has the final been played outside of Croke Park. Construction of the Cusack Stand in 1937 meant that that year's final was played at the newly-opened FitzGerald Stadium in Killarney.[10] In 1984 the GAA celebrated its centenary by playing the All-Ireland final at Semple Stadium in Thurles.[11]

In the years prior to 1910, the All-Ireland final was held in a variety of locations around the country, including Jones's Road as Croke Park was known before its dedication to Thomas Croke. The inaugural final in 1887 was played at Birr, before Dublin venues Clonturk Park, the Pond Field and the Phoenix Park were used in the early 1890s. Fraher Field hosted the final on three occasions, while the final was played at the newly opened Cork Athletic Grounds on two occasions.

ManagersEdit

 
Brian Cody of Kilkenny is the most successful manager in the history of the championship.
 
Davy Fitzgerald managed Clare to the title in 2013.

Managers in the All-Ireland Championship are involved in the day-to-day running of the team, including the training, team selection, and sourcing of players from the club championships. Their influence varies from county-to-county and is related to the individual county boards. From 2018, all inter-county head coaches must be Award 2 qualified. The manager is assisted by a team of two or three selectors and an extensive backroom team consisting of various coaches. Prior to the development of the concept of a manager in the 1970s, teams were usually managed by a team of selectors with one member acting as chairman.

Winning managers (1976−2021)
Manager Team Wins Winning years
  Brian Cody Kilkenny 11 2000, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007
2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014
2015
  Bertie Troy Cork 3 1976, 1977, 1978
  Pat Henderson Kilkenny 3 1979, 1982, 1983
  Cyril Farrell Galway 3 1980, 1987, 1988
  John Kiely Limerick 3 2018, 2020, 2021
  Michael O'Brien Cork 2 1984, 1990
  Michael "Babs" Keating Tipperary 2 1989, 1991
  Ollie Walsh Kilkenny 2 1992, 1993
  Ger Loughnane Clare 2 1995, 1997
  Liam Sheedy Tipperary 2 2010, 2019
  Eddie Keher Kilkenny 1 1979
  Andy Gallagher Offaly 1 1981
  Justin McCarthy Cork 1 1984
  Dermot Healy Offaly 1 1985
  Johnny Clifford Cork 1 1986
  Éamonn Cregan Offaly 1 1994
  Liam Griffin Wexford 1 1996
  Michael Bond Offaly 1 1998
  Jimmy Barry-Murphy Cork 1 1999
  Nicky English Tipperary 1 2001
  Donal O'Grady Cork 1 2004
  John Allen Cork 1 2005
  Davy Fitzgerald Clare 1 2013
  Michael Ryan Tipperary 1 2016
  Micheál Donoghue Galway 1 2017

Trophy and medalsEdit

At the end of the All-Ireland final, the winning team is presented with a trophy. The Liam MacCarthy Cup is held by the winning team until the following year's final. Traditionally, the presentation is made at a special rostrum in the Ard Chomairle section of the Hogan Stand where GAA and political dignitaries and special guests view the match.

The cup is decorated with ribbons in the colours of the winning team. During the game the cup actually has both teams' sets of ribbons attached and the runners-up ribbons are removed before the presentation. The winning captain accepts the cup on behalf of his team before giving a short speech. Individual members of the winning team then have an opportunity to come to the rostrum to lift the cup.

The Liam MacCarthy Cup commemorates the memory of Liam MacCarthy. Born in London to Irish parents in 1851, he was prominently involved in the establishment of a county board in London in the 1890s. In 1922 he presented the GAA with £500 to commission a cup for the All-Ireland champions. The cup, which was constructed to look like a medieval Irish drinking vessel called a mather, was made by jeweller Edmund Johnson at his premises on Dublin's Grafton Street. It replaced the Great Southern Cup as the All-Ireland trophy and was first presented to Bob McConkey of Limerick in 1923.[12]

Declan Carr of Tipperary were the last recipient of the original Liam MacCarthy Cup in 1991 before it was retired. It is now on display in the GAA Museum in Croke Park. JMK Gold & Silversmith's produced an exact replica which was first awarded to Liam Fennelly of Kilkenny in 1992.[13]

In accordance with GAA rules, the Central Council awards up to twenty-six gold medals to the winners of the All-Ireland final. The medals are 9 carat gold and depict the design of the GAA. Trophies are awarded to the All-Ireland runners-up. A miniature replica of the Liam MacCarthy Cup is awarded to the captain of the winning team.

SponsorshipEdit

Since 1995, the All-Ireland Championship has been sponsored. The sponsor has usually been able to determine the championship's sponsorship name.

Period Sponsor(s) Name
1887−1994 No main sponsor The All-Ireland Championship
1995−2007   Guinness The Guinness Hurling Championship
2008−2009   RTÉ Sport,   Etihad Airways,   Guinness The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Championship
2010−2012   Centra,   Etihad Airways,   Guinness The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Championship
2013−2016   Centra,   Etihad Airways,   Liberty Insurance The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Championship
2017−2019   Centra,   Littlewoods Ireland,   Bord Gáis Energy The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Championship

Media coverageEdit

From the early 1920s, British Pathé recorded newsreel footage of the All-Ireland finals which was later shown in cinemas around the country. The National Film Institute and Gael Linn later produced their own newsreels of All-Ireland finals with Michael O'Hehir providing commentary. These newsreels were staples for cinema-goers until the 1960s.

Following the establishment of 2RN, Ireland's first radio broadcasting station, on 1 January 1926, sports coverage, albeit infrequent, was a feature of the schedules. Early broadcasts consisted of team announcements and short reports on events of interest. 2RN recorded a broadcasting first on 29 August 1926, when former hurler and journalist P.D. Mehigan carried a live commentary of the All-Ireland semi-final between Kilkenny and Galway. It was the first live radio broadcast of a field game outside of the United States. Although there was no designated sports department within Irish radio for many years, a two-way relationship between the national broadcaster and the GAA was quickly established. As well as exclusive live commentaries, Seán Ó Ceallacháin began broadcasting a weekly results programme on Radio Éireann in 1930.[14]

When Telefís Éireann was established on 31 December 1961, the new station was interested in the broadcasting of championship games. The GAA, however, were wary that live television coverage would result in lower attendances at games. Because of this, the association restricted annual coverage of its games to the All-Ireland hurling and football finals, the two All-Ireland football semi-finals and the two Railway Cup finals. The first live broadcast of a hurling championship match was the All-Ireland final between Tipperary and Wexford on 2 September 1962. While the All-Ireland semi-finals were reintroduced in 1969, RTÉ was still confined to just broadcasting the final. In spite of this, highlights of the semi-finals were regularly shown.

The All-Ireland final between Tipperary and Kilkenny on 5 September 1971 was the first to be broadcast in colour.

The first All-Ireland semi-final to be broadcast live was the meeting of Cork and Galway on 7 August 1977. The popularity of the evening highlights programme led to the development of The Sunday Game, which was first broadcast on 8 July 1979.[15] For the early years financial and logistical reasons restricted the programme to featuring just one full championship game and discussion about it. The show, however, soon expanded featuring coverage of one or more of the day's main championship games, followed by extended highlights of the other major games of the day.

The 1981 All-Ireland final between Offaly and Galway was simultaneously broadcast on RTÉ 1 and RTÉ 2, with Ger Canning providing commentary in the Irish language on the secondary channel.[16]

In 1983, Channel 4 began broadcasting RTÉ's coverage of the All-Ireland final in Britain. This simulcast lasted until 1992 when the live broadcast was dropped, however, the entire match was shown at a later time.

In 2014, the GAA signed a three-year broadcasting deal with Sky Sports.[17] While Sky were granted exclusive rights to some high-profile games, they were also permitted to broadcast live coverage of the All-Ireland semi-finals and final, however, these games were also broadcast live on RTÉ.

Finals listed by yearEdit

Winners and runners-up listed by countyEdit

Team Winners Years won Runners-up Years Runners-up
1  Kilkenny 36 1904, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1922, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1947, 1957, 1963, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1992, 1993, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015 27 1893, 1895, 1897, 1898, 1916, 1926, 1931, 1936, 1937, 1940, 1945, 1946, 1950, 1959, 1964, 1966, 1971, 1973, 1978, 1987, 1991, 1998, 1999, 2004, 2010, 2016, 2019
2   Cork 30 1890, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1902, 1903, 1919, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1966, 1970, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1999, 2004, 2005 20 1901, 1904, 1905, 1907, 1912, 1915, 1920, 1927, 1939, 1947, 1956, 1969, 1972, 1982, 1983, 1992, 2003, 2006, 2013, 2021
3   Tipperary 28 1887, 1895, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1906, 1908, 1916, 1925, 1930, 1937, 1945, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1971, 1989, 1991, 2001, 2010, 2016, 2019 13 1909, 1911, 1913, 1917, 1922, 1960, 1967, 1968, 1988, 1997, 2009, 2011, 2014
4   Limerick 10 1897, 1918, 1921, 1934, 1936, 1940, 1973, 2018, 2020, 2021 9 1910, 1923, 1933, 1935, 1974, 1980, 1994, 1996, 2007
5   Dublin 6 1889, 1917, 1920, 1924, 1927, 1938 15 1892, 1894, 1896, 1906, 1908, 1919, 1921, 1930, 1934, 1941, 1942, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1961
  Wexford 6 1910, 1955, 1956, 1960, 1968, 1996 11 1890, 1891, 1899, 1918, 1951, 1954, 1962, 1965, 1970, 1976, 1977
7   Galway 5 1923, 1980, 1987, 1988, 2017 20 1887, 1924, 1925, 1928, 1929, 1953, 1955, 1958, 1975, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1993, 2001, 2005, 2012, 2015, 2018
8   Offaly 4 1981, 1985, 1994, 1998 3 1984, 1995, 2000
  Clare 4 1914, 1995, 1997, 2013 3 1889, 1932, 2002
10   Waterford 2 1948, 1959 6 1938, 1957, 1963, 2008, 2017, 2020
11   London 1 1901 3 1900, 1902, 1903
  Laois 1 1915 2 1914, 1949
  Kerry 1 1891 0
14   Antrim 0 2 1943, 1989

Winners listed by countyEdit

Kilkenny have won the All-Ireland Hurling Championship the most times - thirty-six titles as of 2016. Kilkenny have been runner-up more often than any other team (26 times). Two teams have won the Championship on four consecutive occasions Cork (1941–44) and Kilkenny (2006–09). Only three teams have won the Championship on three consecutive occasions - Cork (1892–94, 1941–44 (4 times), 1952–54 & 1976–78), Tipperary (1898–1900, 1949–51) and Kilkenny (1911–13, 2006–09 (4 times)). Kilkenny, Galway (1987–1988), Limerick and Wexford have all achieved the "double" by winning back-to-back titles over the years. Antrim hold the unfortunate record of appearing in two All-Ireland Finals (1943 and 1989) without ever winning the cup.

The following is a list of the top county teams by number of wins

Team Wins Last win Final losses Last losing final Final Win Ratio
1   Kilkenny 36 2015 27 2019 58%
2   Cork 30 2005 20 2021 60%
3   Tipperary 28 2019 13 2014 68%
4   Limerick 10 2021 9 2007 53%
5   Dublin 6 1938 15 1961 30%
  Wexford 6 1996 11 1977 35%
7   Galway 5 2017 20 2018 20%
8   Offaly 4 1998 3 2000 57%
  Clare 4 2013 3 2002 50%
10   Waterford 2 1959 6 2020 25%
11   Kerry 1 1891 0 100%
  London 1 1901 3 1903 25%
  Laois 1 1915 2 1949 33%
14   Antrim 0 2 1989 0%

Wins listed by provinceEdit

Province Wins Last win Biggest contributor Wins
1   Munster 75 2021   Cork 30
2   Leinster 53 2015   Kilkenny 36
3   Connacht 5 2017   Galway 5
4   Ulster 0

The following counties have never won an All-Ireland in hurling:

Province Counties
Ulster Antrim, Armagh, Cavan, Derry, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Monaghan, Tyrone
Leinster Carlow, Kildare, Longford, Louth, Meath, Westmeath, Wicklow
Connacht Leitrim, Mayo, Roscommon, Sligo
Other New York, Warwickshire, Lancashire

Scoring recordsEdit

All-time top scorers in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship
(Championship scores only)
Rank Player Team Scores Games Era Average
1 Joe Canning Galway 27–485 (566pts) 62 2008–2021 9.13
2 Henry Shefflin Kilkenny 27–484 (565pts) 71 1999–2014 8.0
3 Patrick Horgan Cork 23–432 (501pts) 61 2008– 8.21
4 TJ Reid Kilkenny 26−369 (477 pts) 65 2007– 7.3
5 Eddie Keher Kilkenny 35–336 (441pts) 50 1959–1977 8.78
6 Eoin Kelly Tipperary 21–369 (432pts) 63 2000–2014 7.3
7 Séamus Callanan Tipperary 37−224 (332pts) 60 2008– 5.5
8 Christy Ring Cork 33−208 (305pts) 64 1940–1963 4.8
9 D.J. Carey Kilkenny 33−188 (287pts) 57 1989–2005 5.0
10 Shane Dooley Offaly 20−218 (278pts) 42 2008– 6.7
11 Nicky Rackard Wexford 59–96 (273pts) 36 1940–1957 7.58
As of 24 July 2021 (Bold denotes players still active),
Average score shows score in points per Championship game

In 1971 Eddie Keher of Kilkenny broke his own record of 14 points from the 1963 final by capturing 2-11 against Tipperary (although his team lost). This record was broken by Nicky English of Tipperary in 1989 when he scored 2-12 against Antrim. Keher's tally of 6-45 in the 1972 championship is also a record.

The official hurling records owned and published by Croke Park, and authenticated by the county historians of participating counties, note three records. (This information comes from p. 40 of official programme published the GAA on the day of 2005 final between Cork and Galway).

(1) The 80 minute final. This 80 minute final took place in 1971 between Tipperary and Kilkenny. Eddie Keher scored 2-11 which makes a total of 17 points. However 2-8 of this was scored from frees. (2) The record for all 70 minute finals. This record was made in 1989. This hurling final was between Tipperary and Antrim. Nicholas English scored 2-12 points which equals a total of 18 points. However 0-9 of this was achieved from frees. (3) The 60 minute final: The overall scoring record is held by Michael Gah Ahern the greatest sharpshooter of the 1920s and early 1930s. He scored 5-4. What makes this scoring record remarkable is that he scored all of his scores from his hands.

Nicky Rackard of Wexford got the highest total in a championship game. In Wexford's 12−17 to 2–3 defeat of Antrim in the 1954 semi-final, he scored a remarkable 7-7.

Prior to the 1930s, scoring records for championship games were rarely kept. A number of players have been credited with enormous tallies. Andy 'Dooric' Buckley scored at least 6 goals when Cork beat Kilkenny by 8–9 to 0–8 in the 1903 All-Ireland 'home' final. Other newspaper reports credit him with 7 goals and 4 points.

P. J. Riordan is alleged[by whom?] to have scored all but 1 point of Tipperary's total when they beat Kilkenny by 6–8 to 0−1 in the 1895 All-Ireland final.

Jimmy Kelly of Kilkenny is said[by whom?] to have scored 7 goals in 30 minutes against Cork in the replay of the 1905 final.

In 1990 the rule prohibiting a hand-passed score was introduced. This had a large bearing on scoring, with fewer goals being scored in open play.[citation needed]

2022 Championship TiersEdit

Liam MacCarthy Cup (Top Tier)

Colours GAA county Province Provincial championships
  Clare Munster Munster
  Cork Munster Munster
  Dublin Leinster Leinster
  Galway Connacht Leinster
  Kilkenny Leinster Leinster
  Limerick Munster Munster
  Laois Leinster Leinster
  Tipperary Munster Munster
  Waterford Munster Munster
  Westmeath Leinster Leinster
  Wexford Leinster Leinster

Joe McDonagh Cup (Tier 2 - Finalists enter knockout stage of Top Tier)

Colours GAA county Province
  Antrim Ulster
  Down Ulster
  Carlow Leinster
  Kerry Munster
  Meath Leinster
  Offaly Leinster

Christy Ring Cup (Tier 3)

Colours GAA county Province
  Derry Ulster
  Kildare Leinster
  London Britain
  Mayo Connacht
  Sligo Connacht
  Wicklow Leinster

Nicky Rackard Cup (Tier 4)

Colours GAA county Province
  Armagh Ulster
  Donegal Ulster
  Fermanagh Ulster
  Roscommon Connacht
  Tyrone Ulster
  Warwickshire Britain

Lory Meagher Cup (Tier 5)

Colours GAA county Province
  Cavan Ulster
  Lancashire Britain
  Leitrim Connacht
  Longford Leinster
  Louth Leinster
  Monaghan Ulster

Defunct Championships

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fogarty, John (13 December 2020). "Superb Limerick regain All-Ireland title with emphatic win". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  2. ^ Donnelly, Shawn (2 April 2012). "10 sporting events you have to see live: Because the real glory of athletic competition is being able to say, "I was there!"". CNN. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  3. ^ Rouse, Paul. "How Leix Won the All-Ireland Hurling Championship of 1915". Century Ireland. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  4. ^ McDonnell, Brian (2 December 2016). "A history of Tipperary hurling in ten games". Tipperary Star. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  5. ^ Moran, Seán (11 September 2019). "Remembering when Kerry kicked ahead of Dublin 78 years ago: This year will be only the third replay between the counties, and the first in Croke Park". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 September 2019. Dublin [footballers]... hadn't won Leinster for seven years and didn't go into the All-Ireland semi-final as provincial champions – they were nominated by the province because of the foot-and-mouth outbreak that year, which caused the Leinster [football] final against Carlow to be postponed until November.
  6. ^ Breheny, Martin. "The Final Verdict: The Greatest of my Lifetime" in Martin Breheny's Greatest All-Ireland Finals. Irish Independent. 1 September 2018, p. 2.
  7. ^ Moran, Seán (11 September 2019). "Will time be on Dublin's side once more?". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 September 2019. Another issue touched on by John O'Keeffe in his interview was the strange decision to extend senior championship provincial finals, All-Ireland semi-finals and finals to 80 minutes – which was an extra third on the previous duration of an hour. Curiously, it made little difference to the outcome of matches. Of the five finals plus 1972 replay played over 80 minutes – the length of a match was settled at 70 minutes from 1975 onwards – only the 1971 Offaly-Galway result would have been affected. Had it been played over an hour, it would have ended in a draw instead of Offaly's first All-Ireland triumph.
  8. ^ Crampsie, Arlene (25 January 2017). "Level playing field still elusive in football and hurling". Irish Times. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Kilkenny's search for three-in-a-rows". Hogan Stand. 25 January 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  10. ^ "Killarney's hurling showpiece". The Kerryman. 9 September 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  11. ^ "Approval sought for floodlights at Semple Stadium". Irish Times. 16 August 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  12. ^ Sweeney, Peter (2 September 2017). "Liam MacCarthy - not just a trophy, a symbol of history". RTÉ Sport. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  13. ^ Parsons, Michael (5 September 2008). "Final touches: Liam MacCarthy Cup repaired before Croke Park appearance". Irish Times. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  14. ^ "The Early Years of Broadcasting". RTÉ. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
  15. ^ "Bill O'Herlihy: A man of charm and humanity". 26 May 2015.
  16. ^ Moynihan, Michael (1 June 2009). "Three decades making the big calls for Canning". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  17. ^ Keys, Colm (2 April 2014). "GAA faces backlash over Sky Sports deal". Irish Independent. Retrieved 5 February 2018.

External linksEdit

Since 2018, the All Ireland hurling final is now held on the third Sunday in August.