Portlaoise

Portlaoise[2] (/pɔːrtˈlʃ/ port-LEESH),[3] officially Port Laoise (Irish: [ˌpˠɔɾˠt̪ˠˈl̪ˠiːʃə]), is the county town of County Laois, Ireland. It is located in the South Midlands in the province of Leinster. The 2016 census shows that the town's population increased by 9.5% to 22,050, which was well above the national average of 3.8%.[4] It is the most populous and also the most densely populated town in the Midlands Region, which has a total population of 292,301 at the 2016 census.[4] This also makes it the fastest growing of the top 20 largest towns and cities in Ireland.[4]

Portlaoise
Port Laoise
Main Street, Portlaoise, 2021-07-21, 02.jpg
St. Peter and Paul's Church, Portlaoise, 2021-07-21, 01.jpg
Portlaoise Main Street County Courthouse 2010 09 01.jpg
Portlaoise Prison, 2021-07-21.jpg
From top left: Main Street, St. Peter & Paul's Church, Portlaoise Courthouse, Portlaoise Prison
Coat of arms of Portlaoise
Portlaoise is located in Ireland
Portlaoise
Portlaoise
Portlaoise is located in Europe
Portlaoise
Portlaoise
Coordinates: 53°1′51″N 7°18′3″W / 53.03083°N 7.30083°W / 53.03083; -7.30083Coordinates: 53°1′51″N 7°18′3″W / 53.03083°N 7.30083°W / 53.03083; -7.30083
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyLaois
Founded1557 (as Maryborough)
Town Charter1570
Government
 • TypeLaois County Council
 • LEAPortlaoise
 • Dáil Éireann
 • European ParliamentMidlands–North-West
Area
 • Total12.1 km2 (4.7 sq mi)
Elevation
139 m (456 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total22,050
 • Rank16th (1st in Midlands)
 • Density1,829.3/km2 (4,738/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity[1]
Ethnic groups
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode
R32
Area codes057, (+353)57
CurrencyEuro;(EUR:)
Date Formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Vehicle index
mark code
LS
Drives on theLeft

It was an important town in the medieval period, as the site of the Fort of Maryborough, a fort built by English settlers in the 16th century.

Portlaoise is fringed by the Slieve Bloom mountains to the west and north-west and the Great Heath of Maryborough to the east. It is notable for its architecture, engineering and transport connections. On the national road network, Portlaoise is located 94 km (58 mi) west-southwest from Dublin on the M7, 170 km (106 mi) north-east from Cork on the M8/M7 and 114 km (71 mi) east-northeast from Limerick on the M7.

It was once known for the manufacture of iron and steel buildings, tennis balls, rubber seals, tyres and electrical cabling. Today Portlaoise is a commercial centre, with the economy dominated by the service sector, and a hub of shopping, transport, and events for the surrounding catchment.

HistoryEdit

 
World War 1 memorial monument

The site of the present town is referred to in the Annals of the Four Masters, written in the 1630s, as Port Laoighisi. The present town originated as a settlement around the old fort, "Fort of Leix" or "Fort Protector", the remains of which can still be seen in the town centre. Its construction began in 1548 under the supervision of the then Lord Deputy Sir Edward Bellingham, in an attempt to secure English control of the county following the exile of native Celtic chieftains the previous year. The fort's location on rising ground, surrounded to the south and east by the natural defensive barricades of the River Triogue and an esker known locally as 'the Ridge', greatly added to its strategic importance.

The town proper was established by an Act of Parliament during the reign of Queen Mary in 1557. Though the early fort and its surrounding settlement had been known by a number of names, such as Governor, Port Laois, Campa and Fort Protector, the new town was named Maryborough (IPA [ˈmarbrə]) and the county was named Queen's County in Mary's honour. In about 1556, Portlaoise acquired its first parish church—Old St Peter's—situated to the west of Fort Protector. Although first built as a Catholic church, due to Queen Mary's re-establishment of Roman Catholicism, the church was used for Protestant services after the accession to the English throne of Mary's half-sister, Elizabeth.

The area had been a focus of the rebellion of Ruairí Óg Ó Mórdha, a local chieftain who had rebelled and had lost his lands, which the Crown wanted to be settled by reliable landowners. For the next fifty or so years, the new English settlers in Maryborough fought a continual, low-scale war with the Gaelic chieftains who fought against the new settlement. The town had been burnt several times by the end of the 16th century.

 
Ordnance Survey Map, 1839, showing Maryborough

Maryborough was granted a market in 1567, and then in 1570, a charter of Queen Elizabeth I raised the town to the rank of borough. This allowed the establishment of a Corporation of the Borough, a body which consisted of a burgomaster, two bailiffs, a town clerk, and a sergeant at arms, as well as various other officers, burgesses and freemen. The Maryborough Division was represented by two members in the Irish Parliament until 1800. The Act of Union ended this franchise, and it became part of the electorate of Queen's County until 1922. The town's Corporation itself existed until 1830.

In 1803–04, a new Church of Ireland church was built to replace the Old St Peter's; it was the first building to be erected on the new Market Square. The building is attributed to architect James Gandon. Other notable buildings constructed in Maryborough in the 19th century included the now-destroyed French Renaissance-style Town Hall on Market Square; the Court House on Main Street, built in 1805; the County Gaol built in 1830 to a design by William Deane Butler; and the neo-classical St. Fintan's Hospital, built in 1833 on the Dublin Road.

In 1929, a few years after the foundation of the Irish Free State, the town was renamed Portlaoighise (later simplified to Port Laoise) and the county was renamed County Laois.[5]

Local governmentEdit

 
Bridge Street and Church of Sts. Peter and Paul

The town forms part of the Portlaoise Municipal District Local Electoral Area for elections to Laois County Council. This includes the urban Portlaoise area, Abbeyleix and Ballinakill and surrounding rural areas. As of 2020, the total population of the Portlaoise local electoral area is 31,794 people.[1] Portlaoise's Town Council was abolished in 2014.

Portlaoise is twinned with Coulounieix-Chamiers in the Dordogne département of France.

DemographyEdit

Portlaoise is one of Ireland's fastest growing towns, with a 37.9% increase in population from 2006 to 2011. Non-Irish nationals accounted for 21.7% of the population compared with a national average figure of 12.0%. Polish (7%) were the largest group, followed by Lithuanians (2.7%).[4] The former Mayor, Rotimi Adebari, was the first person of African descent to become a mayor in Ireland.[11]

Portlaoise has the highest percentage of people under the age of 18 in Ireland.[citation needed] Due to rapid population growth (due in particular to immigration from Eastern Europe, especially Poland and Slovakia) and its location in the commuter belt, Portlaoise has seen the development of additional services, including a new fire station and a large swimming leisure complex.[citation needed] Portlaoise has three new secondary schools and five new primary schools. In the 2016 Census Portlaoise was again in the top 10 fastest growing regions, with the population of the town and its suburbs exceeding 22,000.

EconomyEdit

Portlaoise has long been a major commercial and retail hub for the Midlands. Until the mid 20th century, the main industries of the town were flour milling and the manufacture of worsted fabric. Since their respective declines, among the largest employers are state-owned bodies such as the maximum-security Portlaoise Prison, which houses the majority of the Irish Republican prisoners sentenced in the Republic, the Midlands Prison, the Department of Agriculture and the Midland Regional Hospital, Portlaoise. State-owned companies Córas Iompair Éireann (railways, with a National Traincare Maintenance Depot in Portlaoise), the ESB (utilities, with a training centre in the town) and also An Post are all major employers. In 2013 MyPay, a new central payroll system for 55,000 local authority employees across Ireland, was set up in Portlaoise.[12]

Due to its location and transport connections, the National Spatial Strategy chose Portlaoise as the location for Ireland's first "Inland Port". This designation encourages the town to focus on the growth of distribution, logistics and warehouse uses. An Post operates the second largest mail centre in Ireland (after Dublin) at their depot in Portlaoise.[13]

RetailEdit

Retail spaces include Laois Shopping Centre which is anchored by Tesco, The Kyle Centre which is anchored by Dunnes Stores, Parkside Shopping Centre which is anchored by Super Valu, the Kylekiproe road retail area which houses Aldi, Lidl and Shaws department stores as well as retail parks in Kea Lew and on the South Circular Road.

TourismEdit

Tourist sites in the area include the Rock of Dunamase, a hill-top castle which dates from the 12th Century. There is also a 12th-century round tower 12 km away in Timahoe.

Also close by is Fort Protector, a 16th-century fort built to protect British colonists from Irish natives.[citation needed]

Emo Court is a large Georgian estate designed by James Gandon at nearby Emo.

TransportEdit

 
Portlaoise railway station

Portlaoise stands at a major crossroads in the Irish roads network (major roads to Dublin, Limerick, Cork) although construction in the 1990s of the M7 motorway, which bypasses the town, has reduced traffic congestion in the town centre.

Portlaoise railway station is one of the busiest railway stations outside of Dublin,[citation needed] and is served by intercity trains between Dublin and Cork and by Dublin commuter services. Maryborough railway station opened on 26 June 1847.[14] It is the terminus of the Portlaoise Commuter Service, which stops at all stations to Heuston and runs hourly off peak and every 20/30 minutes during peak times. It is the busiest county town railway station in the Midlands Region, with up to 32 trains to Dublin (10 non-stop) and 30 trains from Dublin (9 non-stop) per day.[15] Córas Iompair Éireann opened a rail depot south-west of Portlaoise town centre in March 2008, with a maintenance and servicing facility for the 183 new intercity railcars and some facilities for outer suburban railcars serving the Kildare route.

Bus Éireann operates an intercity service between Dublin and Cork/Limerick which calls at Portlaoise. The town is also the terminus for Dublin-Portlaoise coach services operated by Dublin Coach, which is at James Fintan Lawlor Avenue.[citation needed]

Culture and communityEdit

NightlifeEdit

Portlaoise's central location within Ireland and its concentration of restaurants, pubs, bars and nightclubs around Market Square, Main Street and the Church Street area of the town centre and other nearby facilities such as paintball, golf, bowling and other amenities make it a popular destination for hen & stag parties and other weekend breaks. Portlaoise railway station is the closest station to Stradbally Hall where the Electric Picnic Festival is held each year.

Arts and festivalsEdit

Every year the town hosts the Old Fort Quarter Festival in June, the Halloween Howls Comedy Festival on the October bank holiday weekend and the Leaves Literary Festival in November.

The Dunamaise Arts Centre which comprises a cinema, performance space and exhibition space is located in the building which formally housed the Maryborough Gaol. The opening of the Arts Centre in 1999 coincided with the revival of the Laois Drama Group.[16]

The "Old Fort Festival", which was moved from 2019 into the grounds of the old Fort itself, is an annual event but was postponed in 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The 3 day heritage festival is based in and around the walls of the Old Fort Protector, the first of its kind built in Ireland between 1547 and 1548 during the tenure of Bellingham, Lord Justice of Ireland, in the reign of "the boy King" Edward VI. [17][18]

CharityEdit

Since 2008, Portlaoise has been the Irish base of Self Help Africa, formerly Self Help Development International, a development agency engaged in implementing rural development programmes in Sub-Sahara. Established at the time of the Ethiopian Famine of 1984, the organisation is the chosen charity of the Irish Farmers Association.[citation needed]

 
Emo Church of Ireland church to the north east of Portlaoise

SportEdit

Portlaoise RFC, a local rugby club, is based outside the town at Togher. Portlaoise GAA is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club and the most successful GAA club in Leinster.[citation needed] Other local sports clubs include Portlaoise Association Football Club and Portlaoise Senior Basketball Club.[citation needed]

Sporting facilities in the area include Portlaoise Leisure Centre (which has a 25m pool, a gym, astro and soccer pitches, and a skate park) and Portlaoise Golf Club (which has an 18-hole course on the Abbeyleix Road).[citation needed]

Portlaoise AFC located on the Mountmellick road in Rossleighan Park.

EducationEdit

Portlaoise College[19] is situated just minutes from the heart of Portlaoise. Portlaoise College provides full-time education for over 300 students in Junior and Leaving Certificate Cycle and has the worst record in laois of pupils going on to third level, with 46% of Students continuing education after leaving cert.[20]

Portlaoise Institute[21] offers further education courses, including QQI Level 5 and 6 Courses. These include courses and professional certification in beauty therapy, hairdressing, healthcare, nursing, business studies, information technology, and sports and leisure management.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Language". CSO.
  2. ^ "Port Laoise/Port Laoise". Logainm.ie (in Irish). Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  3. ^ John Murray, Doireann Ní Bhriain (12 February 2014). Pronunciation. John Murray Show. RTÉ. Event occurs at 18m55s–19m45s.
  4. ^ a b c d "Census of Population 2016 - Profile 2 Population Distribution and Movements". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). 2016.
  5. ^ Port Laoise, Placenames Database of Ireland.
  6. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  7. ^ "HISTPOP.ORG - Home". www.histpop.org.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  10. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Ireland elects first black mayor". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Minister Alan Kelly T.D. launches MyPay - payroll and superannuation shared service for local authorities - MerrionStreet". Merrionstreet.ie. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Volume 3, Number 8 | Éire Philatelic Association". Eirephilatelicassoc.org. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Maryborough station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 3 November 2007.
  15. ^ "Grand Canal Dock to Portlaoise" (PDF). www.irishrail.ie. 20 November 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  16. ^ Keating, Sara. "Cultural expansion, 10 years on". The Irish Times. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  17. ^ Hogan, Michelle. "Old Fort Festival new venue 'huge success' and brings boost to Portlaoise economy says organiser". Leinster Express. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  18. ^ Lennon, Siun. "REVEALED: Old Fort festival music stage will not take place on Main Street this year". Laois Today. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Contact Portlaose College | Port Laoise College". www.portlaoisecollege.ie. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  20. ^ Hartnett, Alan. "Mixed results for Laois schools in annual report". Laois Today. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  21. ^ "Welcome to Portlaoise Institute of Further Education". www.portlaoiseinstitute.ie. Retrieved 27 February 2019.

External linksEdit