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Albstadt (German pronunciation: [ˈalpʃtat] (About this soundlisten)) is the largest city in the district of Zollernalbkreis in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located on the Swabian Alb mountains, about halfway between Stuttgart and Lake of Constance.

Albstadt
A view of Ebingen.
A view of Ebingen.
Coat of arms of Albstadt
Coat of arms
Location of Albstadt within Zollernalbkreis district
Sigmaringen (district)Tuttlingen (district)Rottweil (district)Freudenstadt (district)Tübingen (district)Reutlingen (district)AlbstadtBalingenBisingenBitzBurladingenDautmergenDormettingenDotternhausenGeislingenGrosselfingenHaigerlochHausen am TannHechingenJungingenMeßstettenNusplingenObernheimRangendingenRatshausenRosenfeldSchömbergStraßbergWeilen unter den RinnenWinterlingenZimmern unter der BurgAlbstadt in BL.svg
About this image
Albstadt is located in Germany
Albstadt
Albstadt
Albstadt is located in Baden-Württemberg
Albstadt
Albstadt
Coordinates: 48°12′43″N 09°01′26″E / 48.21194°N 9.02389°E / 48.21194; 9.02389Coordinates: 48°12′43″N 09°01′26″E / 48.21194°N 9.02389°E / 48.21194; 9.02389
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictZollernalbkreis
Government
 • MayorKlaus Konzelmann (FW)
Area
 • Total134.41 km2 (51.90 sq mi)
Elevation
731 m (2,398 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total45,327
 • Density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72421–72461
Dialling codes07431, 07432, 07435
Vehicle registrationBL
Websitewww.albstadt.de

GeographyEdit

Albstadt is spread across a variety of hills and valleys, its elevation ranges between 614 m (2,014 ft) above sea level and 966 m (3,169 ft). One valley is the river Schmiecha, a left-hand tributary of the Danube, a second valley is the river of upper Eyach, a tributary of the Neckar.

To Albstadt belongs also the Raichberg hill in the north, on which there is the Raichberg Transmitter and an observation tower located. South of Albstadt is the Heuberg Military Training Area.

HistoryEdit

Settlement in the region dates back to at least the Iron Age. A Hallstatt cemetery in Albstadt was excavated by amateur archaeologists in the late nineteenth century and revealed a wide range of pottery and metal artefacts. Known as the 'Degerfeld Barrow' cemetery, a substantial collection was built up by the local antiquary Hyronimus Edelmann that was eventually deposited in the British Museum.[2][3]

MiningEdit

In former times iron ore was produced in Albstadt. Fidel Eppler was the name of the mine-inspector. The buttress wood was bought in Truchtelfingen and used from Lautlinger Knappen at the Hörnle area .[4] From an old 3,5 km mine in a Doggererzflöz in Weilheim is wood in the Tuttlinger Fruchtkasten .[5] Steel was produced in Tuttlingen by the Schwäbische Hüttenwerke in Ludwigstal, today iron brakes.

The districts Ebingen, Laufen, Lautlingen, Pfeffingen und Tailfingen were first mentioned in 793 in a document of the abbey St. Gallen. Ebingen received city rights around 1250 from the Hohenberg ducal family.

Albstadt consists of the following urban districts, which had been independent towns and merged to form Albstadt in 1975:

 
Truchtelfingen and Tailfingen
Coat of Arms                  
District Ebingen Tailfingen (Albstadt) Onstmettingen Truchtelfingen Pfeffingen (Albstadt) Lautlingen (Albstadt) Laufen (Albstadt) Margrethausen Burgfelden
Population (2006) 19.618 12.234 5.384 3.229 2.168 1.998 1.753 1.084 345
Population (2007) 19.339 12.091 5.314 3.223 2.131 1.987 1.753 1.087 338
Population (2008) 19.265 12.072 5.260 3.189 2.147 1.988 1.777 1.069 346
Population (2009) 19.196 11.895 5.194 3.210 2.074 1.942 1.764 1.046 382
Population (2010) 18.718 11.522 5.006 3.101 2.144 1.833 1.709 1.023 364
Population (2011) 18.584 11.500 4.957 3.108 2.048 1.821 1.699 1.025 361
Population (2012) 18.478 11.329 4.900 3.028 1.993 1.771 1.699 0997 314
Population (2014)[6] 18.675 11.208 4.903 3.035 1.982 1.808 1.664 0967 336

EconomyEdit

Most of the textiles industry (among them Hasana J. Hakenmüller) is gone today, leaving some monuments, like Villa Haux. However, one of the world's biggest makers of industrial needles, Groz-Beckert still resides there. Other prominent local companies include Mey (knitwear), Mettler Toledo (weighing systems) and a major part of Assa Abloy security systems (Eff-Eff Brand). Ebingen also hosts the technical and computer science faculties of Albstadt-Sigmaringen University with about 3,000 students (2014).

Number of inhabitantsEdit

  • 1975: 50.772
  • 1987: 46.369
  • 1995: 49.463
  • 2005: 46.505
  • 2015: 44.431

Lord Mayors of AlbstadtEdit

  • 1975–1991: Hans Pfarr (CDU)
  • 1991–1999: Hans-Martin Haller (SPD)
  • 1999–2015: Jürgen Gneveckow (CDU)
  • since 2015: Klaus Konzelmann (Free voters Baden-Württemberg)

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

 
Kurt Georg Kiesinger Oberhausen 1967
  • Gregor Dorfmeister (also known as Manfred Gregor; born 1929), journalist and writer
  • Jürgen Gneveckow (born 1952 in Tailfingen), 1999-2015 mayor of Albstadt
  • Walther Groz (1903–2000), born in Ebingen, producer, mayor of Ebingen
  • Monika Herzig (born 1964), jazz musician and musicologist
  • Kurt Georg Kiesinger (1904–1988), lawyer and politician (CDU), Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg (1958–1966) and Chancellor (1966–1969)
  • Klaus Konzelmann (born 1963 in Truchtelfingen), police official and current mayor of Albstadt

Personalities who have worked on the groundEdit

 
Philipp Matthäus Hahn
  • Ignaz Anton Demeter (1773-1842), 1802-1808 first Parish Councilor in Lautlingen, 1836-1842 Archbishop of Freiburg.
  • Otto Hahn (1879-1968), chemist, nuclear scientist, Nobel laureate. After the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute was bombed out in Berlin in the spring of 1944, he researched from June 1944 to April 1945 in Tailfingen.
  • Philipp Matthäus Hahn (1739-1790), pastor, designer and inventor, lived in Onstmettingen from 1764-1770
  • Claus von Stauffenberg (1907-1944), officer, assassin on Adolf Hitler; spent parts of his youth in Lautlingen
  • Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (1905-1944), jurist, participant in the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler; spent parts of his youth in Lautlingen
  • Martin Schaudt (born 1958), dressage rider

External linksEdit

  Media related to Albstadt at Wikimedia Commons

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Schwarzwaelder-bote website
  3. ^ British Museum Collection
  4. ^ Hermann Bitzer, Hermann Bitzer Studienrat Rosenfeld †1964 (ed.), Tailfinger Heimatbuch 1954 (in German), p. 35
  5. ^ Fruchtkasten: Abteilung Ludwigsthal. In: Pressemiteilungen. 21.November 2016.
  6. ^ http://www.albstadt.de/stadt/zahlendatenfakten (in German) Population numbers