Zollernalbkreis

The Zollernalbkreis is a Landkreis (district) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The district is located in the Swabian Alb, and contains the second highest elevation of this range, the 1,011-metre (3,317 ft) high Oberhohenberg. In the south-east the district nearly reaches to the river Danube.

Zollernalbkreis
Flag of Zollernalbkreis
Coat of arms of Zollernalbkreis
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Adm. regionTübingen
CapitalBalingen
Area
 • Total917.7 km2 (354.3 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020)[1]
 • Total189,862
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationBL, HCH
Websitewww.zollernalbkreis.de

The district was created on January 1, 1973, when the two previous districts Balingen and Hechingen were merged.

Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Tübingen, Reutlingen, Sigmaringen, Tuttlingen, Rottweil and Freudenstadt.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms show the black-and-white checkered symbol of the Hohenzollern in the left half, and the triple black deer antler on yellow ground as the symbol of Württemberg. Almost all of the district's area belonged to these two states historically.

Towns (Städte) and municipalities (Gemeinden)Edit

 
Towns and municipalities in Zollernalbkreis
 
Alb mountains and Zollern castle
 
The "Albtrauf" in Zollernalbkreis
Towns (Städte) Municipalities (Gemeinden)
  1. Albstadt
  2. Balingen
  3. Burladingen
  4. Geislingen
  5. Haigerloch
  6. Hechingen
  7. Meßstetten
  8. Ostdorf
  9. Rosenfeld
  10. Schömberg
  1. Bisingen
  2. Bitz
  3. Dautmergen
  4. Dormettingen
  5. Dotternhausen
  6. Grosselfingen
  7. Hausen am Tann
  8. Jungingen
  9. Nusplingen
  10. Obernheim
  11. Rangendingen
  12. Ratshausen
  13. Straßberg
  14. Weilen unter den Rinnen
  15. Winterlingen
  16. Zimmern unter der Burg
Verwaltungsgemeinschaften
  1. Albstadt
  2. Balingen
  3. Bisingen
  4. Hechingen
  5. Meßstetten
  6. Oberes Schlichemtal
  7. Winterlingen

LanguageEdit

In the area of Zollernalbkreis, Swabian German is spoken. In former times, Yiddish, Pleißne and Romani was also spoken.[2] The Pleißne was spoken by hawkers selling items such as baskets, brushes, and whips, and belongs to Rotwelsch. It was used as a code.[3][4]

high riser humorEdit

 
Trailing scene, Sieber discusses with Erich Bachem in Straßberg the final launch preparations, at the Militärgeschichtliche Sammlung Stetten am kalten Markt

In 1945 Bachem Ba 349 started in Kaiseringen.[5] Helge Schneider made a film as high riser.[6]

SmugglerEdit

Within the Heuberg Training Area there is the legendary Dreibannmarke, also called the "Bahn", a 17th-century border, which today marks the border between three different municipalities, formerly in the three states of Württemberg, Baden, and Hohenzollern. The meadow at the Dreibannmarke served as a stopping place for traveling merchants, wagons and craftsmen. With care it is possible to identify traces of the border. After the inauguration of the firing ranges, a meadow in Meßstetten was allocated as a camping site at the edge of the restricted area. Until 1835 merchandise was smuggled over the customs borders guarded by local hunters.Hans Ungnad von Weißenwolff, Freiherr von Sonneck, Hans III.(1493–1564) Bible printer and smuggler in Bad Urach[7] Coffee smuggler Haux had was killed on 21 July 1831 in Pfaffental.

ÉbénistesEdit

Ébénistes make case furniture, either veneered or painted. Frommern was the world capital of furniture in the time of Wirtschaftswunder In Frommern a line of high polished industrial production take up the ideas of the royal Hofebenist. In the Haus der Volkskunstof the Schwäbischer Albverein the traditional Himmelbett is use as a hotel bed.[8] [9]

MiningEdit

Sandstone, limestone, black coal and sand have been the primary products mined.[citation needed] The Goldhöhle mine was in Erlaheim near Mildersbach, Schwefelkies, in Geislingen. It later collapsed.[10] In former times iron ore was mined on the Heuberg.[11] Fidel Eppler was the name of the mine inspector. The buttress wood was bought in Truchtelfingen and used by Lautlingen miners at the Hörnle area.[12] In Oberdigisheim Geppert in 1738 SHW-Ludwigsthal produced iron ore.[13] From an old 3.5 km mine in an ooidal iron ore seam (Doggererzflöz) in Weilheim is wood in the Tuttlinger Fruchtkasten.[14] Steel was produced in Tuttlingen by the Schwäbische Hüttenwerke in Ludwigstal, which produces now iron brakes. In Meßstetten-Michelfeld sand was found in an old arm of Danube. Christian Kiesinger (1876–1969) father of Kurt Georg Kiesinger[15] had a factory. Ooidal iron ore (Bohnerz aus Eisenroggenstein) was found.[16] After the Franco-Prussian War the mining was stopped.[17]

black stone was mined for Operation Desert (German fuel project).[18][19] Black coal is mined from the Posidonia Shale.[20][21][22] Jet work (to make black jewellery which was very fashionable), was called Beinschnitzen.[21][22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2020] (CSV). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  2. ^ (Stopper): Grab Josef Reinhard. In: Schwarzwälder Bote vom 28. Februar 2012.
  3. ^ Werner Metzger, Schwäbischer Albverein Stuttgart (ed.), Albvereinsblätter- Festrede 125 Jahre Albverein (in German), pp. 3
  4. ^ Zu Pleißne Burladingen siehe Werner Metzger: Festrede 125 Jahre Schwäbischer Albverein. In: Blätter des Schwäbischen Albvereins 2013, Stuttgart, 4. Mai 2013.
  5. ^ Bachem
  6. ^ Humor
  7. ^ smuggler in german
  8. ^ film in swabian german
  9. ^ Kultur in german
  10. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Geislingen: Keine Reichtümer im Goldloch – Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de. In: Schwarzwälder Bote, 20.08.2015.
  11. ^ Birgit Tuchen, Landesdenkmalamt (ed.), Pingen (in German), Stuttgart: Landesdenkmalamt 2004, p. 123
  12. ^ Hermann Bitzer, Hermann Bitzer Studienrat Rosenfeld †1964 (ed.), Tailfinger Heimatbuch 1954 (in German), p. 35
  13. ^ Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg Abt. Wirtschaftsarchiv Stuttgart Hohenheim (ed.), Archiv SHW: B 40 Bü 1232 (in German), Harras, Ludwigsthal
  14. ^ Fruchtkasten: Abteilung Ludwigsthal. In: Pressemiteilungen. 21 November 2016.
  15. ^ Klek: Hossinger In: Heimatkundliche Blätter Balingen, 2002, No 10, p. 1325f., here p. 1327.
  16. ^ Friedrich von Alberti, Die Gebirge des Königreichs Würtemberg, in besonderer Beziehung auf Halurgie (in German), Stuttgart und Tübingen: J. G. Cotta’sche Buchhandlung 1826, p. 124
  17. ^ Von Klaus Stopper (28 September 2016). "Eisenindustrie als Sozialprogramm". Schwarzwälder Bote (in German).
  18. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Balingen: KZ Natzweiler bewirbt sich um Kulturerbesiegel – Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de. In: Schwarzwälder Bote. Zollernalb, 24. April 2017.
  19. ^ Germany, Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf. "Balingen: Denkmalamt nimmt sich KZ-Geschichte an – Schwarzwälder Bote". www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de.
  20. ^ Bestand B40 Bü1240 auf Landesarchiv-BW.de
  21. ^ a b Sigrid Hirbodian; Andreas Schmauder; Manfred Waßner, eds. (2019), Die Geschichte von Meßstetten: Eine Stadt im Wandel, Gemeinde im Wandel 19 (in German), p. 198
  22. ^ a b Siegfried Kurz, Bestattungsbräuche in der westlichen Hallstattkultur (in German), p. 171

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 48°17′N 8°56′E / 48.283°N 8.933°E / 48.283; 8.933