Al Hejr

Al-Ḥijr[1][2] (Arabic: الحِجْرْ‎, lit.'The Stoneland') is the 15th Quranic chapter (sūrah). It has 99 verses (āyāt).

Sura 15 of the Quran
الحِجْرْ
Al-Ḥijr
The Stoneland
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesAl-Hijr Valley
PositionJuzʼ 14
Hizb no.27
No. of Rukus6
No. of verses99
Opening muqaṭṭaʻātʾAlif Lām Rā الر
Mada'in Salih
مَدَائِن صَالِح
Qasr al Farid.JPG
Al-Hijr or Mada'in Salih
Al Hejr is located in Saudi Arabia
Al Hejr
Shown within Saudi Arabia
Alternative nameAl-Hijr
ٱلْحِجْر
Hegra
LocationAl Madinah Region, Al-Hejaz, Saudi Arabia
Coordinates26°47′30″N 37°57′10″E / 26.79167°N 37.95278°E / 26.79167; 37.95278Coordinates: 26°47′30″N 37°57′10″E / 26.79167°N 37.95278°E / 26.79167; 37.95278
TypeSettlement
Official nameAl-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâ’in Sâlih)
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iii
Designated2008 (32nd session)
Reference no.1293
RegionArab States

Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl), it is an earlier Meccan surah, believed to have been received by Prophet Muhammad shortly after chapter 12, Yusuf, during his last year in Mecca. Like other surahs of this period, it praises God. Parts of Q15:4-74 are preserved in the Ṣan‘ā’1 lower text.[3]

SummaryEdit

1-3 Unbelievers will one day wish themselves Muslims
4-5 Every nation has its day of grace
6 Muhammad charged with demoniacal possession by the disbelievers (the Quraish)
7 The unbelievers say a true prophet would have come with a company of angels
8 Angels are not sent to gratify curiosity, but to minister judgment
9 God the author and preserver of the Quran
10-11 The former prophets were laughed to scorn
12-15 The scoffing Quraish judicially blinded
16-20 God declares his glory in the heaven and the earth
21-22 He is active in every part of Nature
23-25 He is the God of life, death, and judgment
26-29 God says Men created of clay—the Jinn of fire
29-33 Iblís among the angels refuses to worship Adam
34-38 He is cursed and respited until the judgment
39-40 Satan declares to God his purpose to seduce men
41-42 The elect are safe from Satan’s power
43-44 The seven gates of hell will receive Satan’s followers
45-50 Paradise joys in store for true believers
51-77 The story of Abraham and Lot
78-79 The unbelieving Midianites are destroyed
80-81 The scoffing inhabitants of Al Hajr reject their prophets though accompanied with miracles
82-84 Rock-hewn houses fail to save them
85-86 The heaven and earth created in righteousness
87 Command to repeat the seven verses (Al-Fatiha)
88-90 Muhammad not to envy the prosperity of infidels
91-93 The enemies of God will surely be punished
94-96 Muhammad commanded to preach boldly
97-99 He is exhorted to praise and serve God until death [4]

NameEdit

This Surah takes its name from 80th ayat [5] which refers to Mada'in Saleh, a pre-Islamic archaeological site, occasionally called Al-Hijr, or Hegra.

Time of RevelationEdit

The revelation of this surah occurred at a similar time to that of Surah Ibrahim. Its also repeats the admonitions. Muhammad had been spreading the message for a long time. His kin had become increasingly stiff-necked and obstinate in their hostility, hatred and mocking. Muhammad had started to feel tired in his attempts against disbelief and restrictions of his people. Allah reassured him again.[6]

Central ThemeEdit

This surah contains brief mentions of Tawhid, and provides an admonition to the disbelievers. The primary subjects of the surah are:

  1. cautioning the individuals who dismissed the message and
  2. providing solace and support to Muhammad,

The Quran never limits itself to mere rebuke; reproach and reprimand. It depends on its statute. The surah contains brief contentions for Tawhid and admonition in the tale of Adam and Satan.[7]

ExegesisEdit

15:9 Preservation of the QuranEdit

15:9 We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We [note 1] will assuredly guard it (from corruption). Translation Yusuf Ali (Orig. 1938) [8]

Ibn Kathir says, "God, may He be exalted, stated that He is the One Who revealed the Dhikr to him, which is the Qur'an, and He is protecting it from being changed or altered".[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The first-person plural pronoun we as traditionally used by a sovereign (believed by Muslims to be God in this case) in formal speech to refer to themselves in their role as the monarch.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ George Sale translation: Al Hejr
  2. ^ a b Ibn Kathir. "Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Al Hijr". Quran 4 U. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  3. ^ Behnam Sadeghi & Mohsen Goudarzi, "Sana'a and the Origins of the Qu'ran", Der Islam, 87 (2012), 37.
  4. ^ Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ "The Quranic Arabic Corpus - Word by Word Grammar, Syntax and Morphology of the Holy Quran".
  6. ^ Abul A'la Maududi - Tafhim-ul-Quran
  7. ^ Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik (translator), Al-Qur'an, the Guidance for Mankind - English with Arabic Text (Hardcover) ISBN 0-911119-80-9
  8. ^ "Quran 15:9 Translation Yusuf Ali (Orig. 1938)". Islam Awakened. Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  • Abdullah, A. (2011). Role of context and objectives of the Surah in shaping the episodes of the Qurʼanic narrative: the narrative of Lot as an example. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 28(4), 31–64.
  • Boullata, I. J. (2000). Literary structures of religious meaning in the Qurʼān. London: Curzon Pr.
  • Haggar, D. A.Repetition: A key to qur'anic style, structure and meaning. (Order No. AAI3447474, Dissertation Abstracts International, A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 1661.
  • Neuwirth, A. (2000). Referentiality and textuality in Sūrat al-Hijr: Some observations on the Qur'anic "canonical process" and the emergence of a community. (pp. 143–172). Curzon.
  • Ohlander, E. S. (2010). Qur'anic studies. (pp. 81–93). De Gruyter.

External linksEdit