|• Mayor||Lorenz Kruß|
|• Total||23.64 km2 (9.13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||311 m (1,020 ft)|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Twin towns – sister cities
- 2 Geography
- 3 Expansion of the urban area
- 4 Neighboring communities
- 5 Constituent
- 6 History
- 7 Further development
- 8 Church in Aich
- 9 Politics
- 10 Buildings
- 11 Nature
- 12 Theater
- 13 Museums
- 14 Sports
- 15 Music
- 16 Regular events
- 17 Economy and Infrastructure
- 18 Public facilities
- 19 Education
- 20 Power
- 21 Gas supply
- 22 Water Supply
- 23 Sewage
- 24 Waste
- 25 Sons and daughters of the city
- 26 Personalities who have worked locally
- 27 Literature
- 28 References
- 29 External links
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Aichtal is located on the southern edge of the Filder. The town has its name from the eponymous valley of the Aich, a left tributary of the river Neckar. The district Neuenhaus, near the confluence of the rivers Aich and Schaich belongs mostly to the Schönbuch nature park. The bulbous marl slopes of the Aichtal valley are covered with meadows and fruit goods. The city covers an altitude of 295 meters at the sewast plant Grötzingen to 498 meters on the Betzenberg in Schönbuch.
Expansion of the urban areaEdit
The city covers an area of 23.64 square kilometers, of which 3.48 square kilometers are inhabited. With 10.49 square kilometers forest areas occupy almost half of the district, including the 8.12-square-kilometer contribution Schönbuch. The expansion of the urban area is 11.0 kilometers from west to east along the Aich and 3.4 km in north-south direction.
Adjacent municipalities are Filderstadt in the north, Wolfschlugen in the northeast, Nürtingen in the east, Neckartailfingen and Schlaitdorf in the south, Walddorfhäslach (Reutlingen district) in the southwest and Waldenbuch (Böblingen district) in the west.
Aichtal consists of the three districts Grötzingen (around 4,300 inhabitants; 7.68 square kilometers), Aich (around 3,100 inhabitants; 6.11 square kilometers) and Neuenhaus (about 2,200 inhabitants; 9.85 square kilometers). To Aich belongs the spatially separate settlement Rudolfshöhe. Attached to district Grötzingen is the living space Bergwirtshaus. Abandoned villages are Bombach and Mühlstetten in Aich and Forsthaus, Waldbruderhaus, Grünes Häusle and Brustelberg in Neuenhaus.
On January 1, 1975 at the administrative reform the town Grötzingen and the independent municipalities Aich and Neuenhaus formed the new town Grötzingen with administrative headquarter in Aich district. After protests from Aich and Neuenhaus, where parts of the population felt downgraded by this name, the city was renamed on August 1, 1978, in Aichtal.
People are living in this area since the Neolithic period. In a document of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor of Worms "Gretzingen" was mentioned in 1075 for the first time "Gretzingan". The Alemannic settlement arose later than the 7th century. Probably in the first half of the 13th century one of the Grötzingen men erected in the southern part of the town near the small river Aich a moated castle with a farmyard. The foundation of the city took place in 1275 by Grötzingen knight Diepold of Bernhausen, Rudolf I of Germany supported and established the city as a fortification against the winning influence of Württembergian Nürtingen. 1304 Grötzingen is first referred in documents as a town, the inhabitants of former village moved into their walls, the former village fell. In 1337 sold Diepold's son the town Grötzingen to Württemberg. From the 14th to the 16th century Grötzingen was seat of office, among them were Aich, Neckartailfingen, Neckartenzlingen, Neuenhausen and Wolfschlugen. In the Schmalkaldic War, the citizens of Grötzingen had in 1546 sold out their guns because they had not enough money. When approached marauding soldiers, they dug out wooden fountain pipes and pushed them into the loopholes of the ramparts. Because the approaching soldiers held them for guns, they proceeded without attacking the city. In the years 1634/1635 243 citizens from Grötzingen and 194 citizens from Neckartailfingen took here refuge after the destruction of their village; they died of the plague. After the Thirty Years' War the city counted only one third of the population. The emergency has forced many poor inhabitants in the 18th century to emigrate, mostly to North America. A major fire destroyed in 1845 in the village 13 buildings, including the town hall and the schoolhouse.
Aich was mentioned in 1312 in a deed of the brothers Wernher and Wolfram von Eichacha. 1369 it was bought by the Reutlingen Sperwern for 550 pounds Heller. This sold then in 1382 with the reign Herrenberg to Württemberg. Württemberg suggested Aich to office Grötzingen, later, after its dissolution in the 16th century, then to Office Nürtingen. 1383 the village had 12 "Hüblin" (small farmsteads).
The oldest document in the archive of Esslingen attested in 1404 the investiture of Heinz Stoll of Bernhausen with the Bombachmühle, a thirlage for the population of Aich; this mill is detectable since 1369. In the First Margrave War in 1449 the village was burned by the Reutlingen soldiers. 1586 Aich was again almost completely destroyed by a fire and was rebuilt by the ducal architect Heinrich Schickhardt. On April 20, 1945, the site was occupied and looted by French troops, mostly Moroccans.
On the Betzenberg there are several grave mounds from the Hallstatt culture and numerous remains and a cemetery from Ancient Rome. In 1312 Neuenhaus was first mentioned as "Neues Haus" (zem Niwenhuse). It was a Water castle of the County Palatine of Tübingen, and nearby a village was erected. On the foundations of the old water castle was built the till today preserved half-timbered house Schlössle. From the 14th to mid-20th century, the pottery craft was operated in Neuenhaus. The clay for the pottery came from near Betzenberg. Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg recruited hafners from Lower Franconia. In 1848 there were 78 hafners, that means nearly two-thirds of the working population had this occupation. This created the popular Swabian Place name Häfner-Nuihausa , which appeared already in 1720 in official files, In opposite to 15 km north-east situatedKatholisch-Nuihausa(catholic Neuhausen auf den Fildern), ). Another source of income were crabs that were caught in the Sheikh and regularly sold to Stuttgart and Tübingen. In addition, wine was built on the Uhlberg till 1832.
In Grötzingen and Aich new residential areas have been opened up above the town centers from the postwar years until the 80-years. Neuenhaus extended from 1965 to the 1980s, with new buildings along the road connecting Waldenbuch to Nürtingen, in Grörach and in the Sandäcker and on the slopes of the Betzenberg. From 1969, north of Aich originated the commercial area Aichholz. 1976 settled in the neighbouring Riedwiesen the Aldi company. In 2004 4310 households were counted in Aichtal, giving an average household size of 2.3 persons. The average age of the population was 39.9 years.
Church in AichEdit
Aichtal is predominantly Protestant since the Reformation. However, there are in Grötzingen since 1954 a Catholic and in Neuenhaus a New Apostolic congregation. Moreover, there is in Neuenhaus a congregation of the Evangelical Community "Württembergischer Brüderbund". The evangelical churches Grötzingen, Aich and Neuenhaus belong to the church district Nürtingen of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Württemberg, the Catholic parish Grötzingen-Harthausen belongs to the deanery Esslingen-Nürtingen of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart. In Grötzingen is 1280 a church testified that originally belonged to Neckartailfingen church and was established 1375 as a separate parish. Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg gave the church 1444/45 to the hospital in Kirchheim. The current city church was built around 1460 and was greatly changed in the 19th and 20th centuries. A parish in Aich is mentioned 1275. About the monastery Denkendorf they came under Württemberg domination. The Albanuskirche was built in the early 16th century. 1343 a chapel in Neuhausen is mentioned that belonged to the parish Weil im Schönbuch. The right of patronage had the Bebenhausen monastery. In the 16th century Neuenhaus became an independent parish. The present church is a late Gothic building from 1480.
Administrative center is the town hall built in 1966 in Aich District. The council meets at City Hall in Grötzingen.
As the city of Grözingen spared from major damage, several half-timbered houses from the 15th and 16th centuries have been preserved. Local attractions include the building Hindenburgstraße 17 of 1558 on the market square, which served from 1738 to 1820 as a schoolhouse and is now used as a Protestant community center, and the Presbytery of 1683. The town church, which originated in 1460 as a Gothic construction of a much older church, was greatly changed in the 19th and 20th centuries. Built in 1979-1983, Aichtal bridge is with a length of 1161 meters the longest national highway bridge in Germany. It overspans the Aich- and Bombachvalley between Aich and Neuenhaus at a height of 52 meters above the valley floor. On the Betzenberg, on the western border to Waldenbuch, is the 1976 built telecommunication tower Waldenbuch, which is far away visible with a height of 146 meters . Another striking monument of modern times is the air navigation serving VHF omnidirectional range on the Kleinbergle.
Aichtal is located on the Schönbuch Nature Park. The nature reserve Schaich valley runs between the Betzenberg and Schaichberg eight kilometers from Neuenhaus to Dettenhausen. North of Neuenhaus is located the Uhlberg with the observation tower "Uhlbergturm" and barbecue, which can be reached from Aich directly on foot. At the Burkhardtsmühle, at the mouth of the Reichenbach in the Aich, begins the "Siebenmühlental."
Since 1954 the Grötzingen Galgenberg is used as a venue for theater performances. The Nature Theater Grötzingen performs there every summer two pieces, one for children and one for adults. Under the 1978 built concrete dome 850 spectators find their place.
The museum Grötzingen and Häfner museum Neuenhaus allow a glimpse into the past of the two places.
Aichtal has three football, two tennis and two water sports clubs. Two fishing clubs, a shooting club, a table tennis club, volleyball club and a ski and an aikido club round off the array of sports. The since 1974 in Neuenhaus existing indoor pool house was mid-1990s largely demolished, rebuilt and reopened as garden indoor swimming pool.
There are also two music clubs in Aich and Neuenhaus, the marching band of the fire department Grötzingen, three choirs and an accordion club in Grötzingen.
Among the larger events are:
- Grötzingem spring market (end of March)
- Bockbierfest in Neuenhaus (May)
- Summer festival of the Musikverein in Aich (July),
- Grötzingen city laid (late July/early August)
- Häfner village laid Neuenhaus (September).
Economy and InfrastructureEdit
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The city is reachable by car via the main roads B 27 and B 312 from Stuttgart, Reutlingen and Tübingen in about 25 minutes. The Stuttgart airport and the next junctions on the Bundesautobahn A 8 are about ten kilometers away. The B 27 runs on the four-lane Aichtal bridge between Aich and Neuenhaus, the B 312 on a two-lane bridge between Grötzingen and Aich. Bus lines 75, 167, 190 and 809 connect Aichtal with Filderstadt-Bernhausen (Following the S-Bahn) and Stuttgart-Degerloch (light rail), Nürtingen (Neckar-Alb-Bahn) and Neckartenzlingen. On workdays, beyond two to three times a day, the line 760 runs from Neuenhaus about Waldenbuch and Böblingen to Mercedes-Benz plant in Sindelfingen. All public transportation is possible at a uniform tariff within the Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Stuttgart.
June 30, 2010 3654 inhabitants worked with social insurance contributions, of which 3113, this is 85 percent, worked as an occupational commuters outside Aichtal valley. Conversely, there were 2013 professional commuters who lived outside, so that a total of 2554 to social security contributions in Aichtal worked. Of these, 71 percent were employed in the manufacturing sector and 29 percent in the service sector. In 2010, 204 inhabitants were unemployed according to figures from the Federal Employment Agency. The number of farms in Aichtal has been reduced from 285 in 1961 to 18 in the year 2007.
- Putzmeister, the leading manufacturer of concrete pumps with 15 subsidiaries worldwide, is headquartered since 1971 in Aichtal. With over 800 employees, the company is the largest employer in the city.
- Pago labeling systems produces in Aichtal over three billion self-adhesive labels for product decoration. In Aich 500 employees work for Pago.
- Aldi Aichtal is a regional subsidiary of the retail chain Aldi Süd, to which belong the 70 branches between the northern Black Forest and the eastern Swabian Jura. This central warehouse covers an area of 50,000 square meters.
- The Sauerkraut factory Kimmich is today one of the last of formerly 17 companies that produces the nationally known Filderkraut.
About what is happening in Aichtal reports the "Nürtinger Zeitung". Besides which "Stuttgarter Zeitung" and "Stuttgarter Nachrichten" spread each with the local part of the district of Esslingen. Weekly since 1975 appears the municipal bulletin.
The volunteer fire department Aichtal is responsible for firefighting and accident assistance in the urban area. It consists of active departments in each of the three districts with a total number of 10 emergency vehicles, a music department in Grötzingen and a youth fire brigade. There are in Aichtal ten municipal kindergartens - five in Grötzingen, three in Aich, two in Neunehaus - plus a Waldorf kindergarten in Grötzingen. The Youth and Children's House is open every day for young people aged between six and 25 years. Outside can be used a halfpipe, a volleyball court and a streetball installation. In the home games like billiards, table football, table tennis and darts as well as Internet PCs are available. The regular events include discos, rock concerts and movie nights. The public library in Aichtal Grötzingen "Heleneheim" has a stock of 21,000 media.
In addition to the primary and secondary school with Grötzingen Werkrealschule that offers a full-day care, there are primary schools in Aich and Neuenhaus. Schools are in the neighboring towns of Nürtingen, Filderstadt and in Neckartenzlingen. The Volkshochschule Nürtingen maintains in Aichtal a branch.
A gas supply is in the districts of Aich and Grötzingen, operated by a natural gas network of the EnBW.
Aichtal is a member of the Filderwasserversorgung (Fiwa) and Bodensee-Wasserversorgung (BWV). The water for Neuenhaus is additionally obtained from the own source monk and since 1970 additionally by the BWV.
To clean the waste water, the city operates a sewage treatment plant east of Grötzingen.
The disposal of the waste is organized by the Abfallwirtschaftsbetrieb Esslingen.
Sons and daughters of the cityEdit
- Peter Maiwald (1946–2008), writer
- Peter Bäuerle (born 1956 in Grötzingen district), chemist
Personalities who have worked locallyEdit
Paul Maar (born 1937), the famous children's author lived for several years in Grötzingen district.
- Klock, Günter (Hrsg.): Aichtal in alten Ansichten. Europäische Bibliothek, Zaltbommel/Niederlande 1998, ISBN 90-288-6566-7.
- Klock, Günter (Hrsg.): Grötzingen – Einblicke in die Vergangenheit. Geiger, Horb 1987, ISBN 3-89264-160-9.
- Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Band 3. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2, S. 183–186.
- Orts-Chronik der Gemeinde Neuenhaus (Häfner-Neuhausen). Gemeindeverwaltung Neuenhaus 1973.
- Keyser, Erich (Hrsg.): Württembergisches Städtebuch. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1962, S. 101–102.
- Schwenkel, Hans: Heimatbuch des Kreises Nürtingen. Band II. Kreisverband Nürtingen 1953, S. 65–80/259–282/692–707.
- Schuster, Otto: Heimatgeschichte der Stadt Grötzingen. Buchdruckerei Karl Henzler, Nürtingen 1929.
- Der Landkreis Esslingen – Hrsg. vom Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg i.V. mit dem Landkreis Esslingen, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Ostfildern 2009, ISBN 978-3-7995-0842-1, Band 1, Seite 233–251.
- Cichy, Bodo: Die Mauern von Grötzingen, Kreis Esslingen. Denkmalpflege in einer kleinen Stadtgemeinde. In: Denkmalpflege in Baden-Württemberg, 2. Jg. 1973, Heft 3, S. 16–25. (PDF; 10,3 MB)
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
- Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band III: Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2, S. 183–186.
- Landkreis Esslingen, Archivgeschichte abgerufen am 21. Juni 2010
- Lutz Reichardt: Ortsnamenbuch des Kreises Esslingen. S. 75
- Lutz Reichardt: Ortsnamenbuch des Kreises Esslingen. S. 77
- BDEW (Hrsg.): Karte der Stromnetzbetreiber 2012. Frankfurt 2012.
- BDEW (Hrsg.): Karte der Gasnetzbetreiber 2012. Frankfurt 2012.