Administrative divisions of Somalia

Somalia is officially divided into eighteen administrative regions (gobollo, singular gobol),[1] which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo).

Regions of Somalia
Gobollada Soomaaliya (Somali)
مناطق الصومال
Also known as:
Suddivisioni della Somalia (Italian)
A map of Somalia regions.png
CategoryFederal states
LocationFederal Republic of Somalia
Number18 Regions (as of 1984)
Populations362,921 (Middle Juba) — 1,650,227 (Banaadir)
(2014 estimates)
GovernmentRegion government

On a de facto basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland (a self-declared but unrecognized sovereign state). In between Puntland and Somaliland, there also exists the state of Khatumo, which claims to be an autonomous state of Somalia but is unrecognized by the federal government, Puntland, and Somaliland. In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged south of Puntland.[1] For these civil war divisions, see States and regions of Somalia.

Regions and districtsEdit

Region Population
(2014 estimate)[2]
Location Districts
Banaadir Region 1,650,227 Central Abdiaziz District
Bondhere District
Daynile District
Dharkenley District
Hamar Jajab District
Hamar Weyne District
Hodan District
Hawle Wadag District
Huriwa District
Karan District
Shibis District
Shangani District
Waberi District
Wadajir District
Wardhigley District
Yaqshid District
Galguduud Region 569,434 Central Abudwaq District
Adado District
Dhusa Mareb District
El Buur District
Galhareeri District
El Dher District
Hiiraan Region 520,685 Central Beledweyne District
Buloburde District
Moqokori District
Halgan District
Buq Aqable District
Jalalaqsi District
Mataban District
Mahas District
Shabeellaha Dhexe Region 516,036 Central Adale District
Adan Yabal District
Balad District
Jowhar District
Mahaday District
Runirgod District
Warsheikh District
Shabeellaha Hoose Region 1,202,219 Central Afgooye District
Barawa District
Kurtunwarey District
Merca District
Qoriyoley District
Sablale District
Walaweyn District
Bari Region 719,512 North Eastern Waiye District
Bayla District
Bosaso District
Alula District
Iskushuban District
Qandala District
Ufayn District
Qardho District
Rako District
Mudug Region 717,863 North Eastern Galkayo District
Galdogob District
Harardhere District
Hobyo District
Jariban District
Nugaal Region 392,698 North Eastern Garowe District
Eyl District
Burtinle District
Dangorayo District
Bakool Region 367,226 Southern El Barde District
Hudur District
Tiyeglow District
Wajid District
Buurdhuxunle District
Rabdhuure District
Bay Region 792,182 Southern Baidoa District
Burhakaba District
Dinsoor District
Qasahdhere District
Bardaale District
Gedo Region 508,405 Southern Bardhere District
Beled Hawo District
El Wak District
Dolow District
Garbaharey District
Luuq District
Burdhubo District
Jubbada Dhexe Region 362,921 Southern Bu'ale District
Jilib District
Sakow District
Jubbada Hoose Region 489,307 Southern Afmadow District
Badhadhe District
Jamame District
Kismayo District
Claimed region Population
(2014 estimate)[3]
Claimed Location Claimed Districts
Awdal Region 673,263 Somaliland Baki District
Borama District
Lughaya District
Zeila District
Sanaag Region 544,123 Somaliland Badhan District
Dhahar District
Erigavo District
Sool Region 327,428 Somaliland Aynabo District
Las Anod District
Taleh District
Hudun District
Togdheer Region 721,363 Somaliland Burao District
Buhoodle District
Odweyne District
Sheikh District
Woqooyi Galbeed Region 1,242,003 Somaliland Berbera District
Gabiley District
Hargeisa District
Madheera District

Historical divisionsEdit


In 1931, Italian Somaliland consisted of seven commissariats.[4]

  • Alto Giuba
  • Alto Uebi-Scebeli
  • Basso Giuba
  • Basso Uebi-Scebeli
  • Migiurtinia
  • Mogadiscio
  • Mudugh

Following the 1935–36 Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Somaliland became part of Italian East Africa with Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Eritrea. Italian Somaliland was one of six governorates of the new colony, the Somalia Governorate, and incorporated Somali-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats, which were themselves divided into residencies.

Following World War II, the Italian-administered Trust Territory of Somalia consisted of six Regions.[4]

  • Alto Giuba
  • Basso Giuba
  • Benadir
  • Hiiraan
  • Migiurtinia
  • Mudugh

The British Somaliland protectorate also consisted of two Regions.[4]

  • Burao
  • Hargeisa


Upon independence in 1960, the Somali Republic maintained the 12 districts of the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland that merged to form the new country.[4] In 1964, a new Northeastern (Burao) Province was established by merging Burao, Erigavo, and Las Anod and a Northwestern (Hargeisa) Province was formed from Berbera, Borama, and Hargeisa districts.[4] In 1968, the capital of Basso Giuba was moved from Kismayo to Jamame. The 8 provinces at this time were:[4]

Province Area(km2) Capital
Benadir 45,004 Mogadishu
Burao 128,000 Burao
Hargeisa 48,000 Hargeisa
Hiran 25,647 Beled Weyne
Lower Juba 49,917 Jamame
Bosaso 90,744 Bosaso (Bender Cassim)
Mudug 118,737 Galkayo
Upper Juba 131,492 Baidoa

In 1982, Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into 16 regions.[4] In June 1984, Awdal was split from Woqooyi Galbeed and Sool was split from Nugaal to form the current 18 regions.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-05-31.
  2. ^ UNFPA Population Estimation Survey 2014
  3. ^ UNFPA Population Estimation Survey 2014
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Regions of Somalia". Statoids. Retrieved 20 February 2011.