Bay, Somalia

Bay (Somali: Baay, Arabic: باي‎, Italian: Bai) is an administrative region (gobol) in southern Somalia.[3]


Location in Somalia.
Location in Somalia.
Coordinates: 3°4′28″N 43°50′7″E / 3.07444°N 43.83528°E / 3.07444; 43.83528Coordinates: 3°4′28″N 43°50′7″E / 3.07444°N 43.83528°E / 3.07444; 43.83528
Country Somalia
Regional StateSouth West State of Somalia
 • GovernorAli Wardere Doyow[1]
 • Total1,467,345
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
HDI (2019)0.287[2]
low · 14th


It is bordered by the Somali regions of Bakool, Hiran, Lower Shebelle (Shabeellaha Hoose), Middle Juba (Jubbada Dhexe), and Gedo.

Baidoa used to be the capital of the old Upper Juba region, which today also includes Gedo and Bakool, as well as most parts of the Middle Juba region. Present regions were created in the 1970s by the then ruling military regime. The capital of Bay is Baidoa.

Despite the name Bay, it is landlocked and nowhere near the Indian Ocean shores.


The region is inhabited by Rahanweyn people (Lewis, 1955) (280) with small groups of Awramale (Hawiye clan family). Abikar (1999) (281) adds various groups of Hawiye, in particular Doqondiide, Hawadle and Sheekhal in the south and Jajele, Sogow, Garre and Dirisamo in the east of the province. According to the Population Estimation Survey (2014) (282), the division of population in the Bay region is as follows: 93,046 urban inhabitants, 463,330 rural settlers, 195,986 nomadic and 39,820 IDPs, making a total of 792,182.



The Bay region consists of four districts:[5]

Major townsEdit


  1. ^ "News in Brief, 21st March 2014" (PDF). Embassy of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Bay Region" (PDF). Retrieved 11 January 2014.

External linksEdit