Achham District

Achham (Nepali: अछाम जिल्ला pronounced [ʌt͡sʰam] (listen)) is a district located in Sudurpashchim province of Nepal. It is one of the nine districts of the province. The district, with Mangalsen as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,692 km2 and has a population (2011) of 257,477.[2]

Achham
अछाम
Location of Achham District
Location of Achham District
Coordinates: 29°6′40.95″N 81°17′55.78″E / 29.1113750°N 81.2988278°E / 29.1113750; 81.2988278Coordinates: 29°6′40.95″N 81°17′55.78″E / 29.1113750°N 81.2988278°E / 29.1113750; 81.2988278
CountryNepal
ProvinceSudurpashchim Province
Established13 April 1961
(Nepali date: Baishakh 1, 2018)[1]
Admin HQ.Mangalsen
Municipality
List
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Achham
Area
 • Total1,692 km2 (653 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total257,477
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
WebsiteOfficial website

EtymologyEdit

There are many cultural meaning about the naming of the district but one interesting folklore is that:

.... during Mughal era in India, most people by fear of Mughal moved to this place. That time this place was good in the production of Mangoes, so when people from North India came here, they said: "Accha Aam" (अच्छा आम) (meaning good mangoes in Hindi) and that "Accha Aam" became "Achham" later.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Old Doti District

Achham was a part of Doti Kingdom during medieval era.[3] Nepal annexed Doti in 1790[4] It remained part of Doti District until 1961. On 13 April 1961, Achham district carved out from Doti District and declared a separate district[1]

Geography and ClimateEdit

Achham covers an area of 1,692 square kilometres (653 sq mi) and located at Latitude: 280°46’ North to 290°23' North and Longitude: 810°32 East to 810°35' East. 90% area of Achham is mid-hill and 10% is high-hill. The maximum elevation of the district is 3,820 metres (12,530 ft) and minimum elevation is 540 metres (1,770 ft) from the sea level. The district is surrounded by Bajura District in the North, Doti District in the West, Dailekh District in the East and Surkhet District in the South.[1]

RiversEdit

The district has 31 rivers in total, the main being the Karnali, Seti, Budhiganga, Ekadi, Kailash Khola, Lungreligad, Pravaligad, Kashagad, Saranigad, Ardoligad, Talagad and Barlegad.[5]

Climhiate Zone[6] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
27.4%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
58.3%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 fters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
 1.0%

DemographicsEdit

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Accham District had a population of 257,477, in which female comprises 137,469 (54%) and male comprises 120,008 (46%). Density of the area is 154 people per km2. 66.4% of total population speak Nepali and 32.4% Achhami as their first language.,[7] Khas/ Chhetri dominant 63% of total population, Thakuris make 17% of total dist population. Brahmin and sanyasi/giri make 14% and khas dalit make 6% of population.

Historical population
Census yearPop.±% p.a.
1981 185,212—    
1991 198,188+0.68%
2001 231,285+1.56%
2011 257,477+1.08%
2021 229,816−1.13%
Source: Citypopulation[8]

AdministrationEdit

The district is administered by District Coordination Committee (Legislative), District Administration Office (Executive) and District Court (Judicial) as follows:

Administration Name of units Head
Legislative District Coordination Committee
Executive District Administration Office Mr. Bhojraj Shreshtha
Judicial District Court Mr. Navin Kumar Joshi

Administrative DivisionsEdit

Accham is divided into total of ten local level bodies, of which four are urban and six are rural.

# Name Nepali Type Population (2011) Area (km2)
1 Mangalsen मङ्गलसेन municipality 32331 220.14
2 Kamalbazar कमलबजार municipality 23738 120.78
3 Sanfebagar साँफेबगर municipality 33788 166.71
4 Panchadewal Binayak पञ्चदेवल municipality 27485 147.75
5 Ramaroshan रामारोशन rural municipality 25,166 173.33
6 Chaurpati चौरपाटी rural municipality 25,149 182.16
7 Turmakhand तुर्माखाँद rural municipality 24,940 232.07
8 Mellekh मेल्लेख rural municipality 24,670 134.78
9 Dhakari ढँकारी rural municipality 21,562 227.88
10 Bannigadi Jayagad बान्नीगडीजैगड rural municipality 17,359 58.26

Religion in Achham district as of 2011.

  Hinduism (99.42%)
  Buddhism (0.30%)
  Christianity (0.13%)

TransportationEdit

Achham is one of the remotest districts of Nepal. It is accessible by automobile from Kathmandu and Nepalgunj via a paved road that runs along the western border of Nepal from Dhangadhi. The unpaved road of Mid-Hill Highway through Dailakh district also traverses to Mangalsen by crossing Karnali at Rakam.[9]

Mangalsen, the district headquarters, is an eight-hour walk and a 2.5 hour drive from Sanphebagar – a town in Achham sporting a non-functional domestic airport. A bridge crosses the Budhiganga River in Sanphebagar allowing access during high water, a second bridge over the Kailash River. During 2009/2010, the government of Nepal has constructed a paved road connecting Sanphebagar to Mangalsen. The district is served by two hospitals, the government district hospital in Mangalsen and one recently opened in Bayalpata named Bayalpata Hospital that is a collaboration between the government and the non-profit organization Nyaya Health.[10]

EducationEdit

71% of men aged five and above are literate in Achham compared to 75% at the national level, only 43% of such women in the district can read and write (against 57% across Nepal).[5]

FM radio and newspapersEdit

Achham Besd six FM radio and four newspapers are running now. In this district Ramaroshan Daily (first newspaper) 2063 Bs to nowadays running. It covers the main market, government and nongovernment office, school, social organization and others. The Ramaroshan Daily editor is Shiba Raj Dhungana. He is Gorkhapatra Nation Daily (government applied), District reporter. Dhungana has also the Secretary of the Federation of Nepali Journalists Achham Branch. More than 25 journalists are working here.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "अछाम जिल्लाको संक्षिप्त परिचय" (in Nepali). Achham DCC. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Deuki Pratha". 15 January 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  4. ^ "M. Gaborieau on 7 Bharats recorded in Nepal (1969)". Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  5. ^ a b "UNDAF District Profile: Achham". United Nation. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  6. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  7. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  8. ^ "NEPAL: Administrative Division". www.citypopulation.de.
  9. ^ "Accham". Far Western nepal. Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Accham District Nepal". Sudur Sansar. Archived from the original on 2014-11-07. Retrieved 2013-06-27.

External linksEdit