6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong

The Sixth Legislative Council of Hong Kong was the sixth meeting of the legislative branch of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government. Running from 1 October 2016 to 31 December 2021, it was the longest legislative session in Hong Kong history, lasted for five years and three months. The term of the session was originally from 1 October 2016 to 30 September 2020, but was extended by the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) due to the postponement of the 2020 Legislative Council election.[1][2]

6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong
5th Legislative Council 7th Legislative Council
LegCo.jpg
Overview
Legislative bodyLegislative Council
JurisdictionHong Kong
Meeting placeLegislative Council Complex
Term1 October 2016 – 31 December 2021
Election2016 election
GovernmentLeung Administration (2016-2017)
Lam Administration (2017-2021)
WebsiteSixth Legislative Council (2016–2021)
Members70 members
PresidentAndrew Leung (BPA)
Party controlPro-Beijing camp

The membership of the session was based on the results of the 2016 Legislative Council election, where the pro-Beijing camp retained the majority in the council and its flagship party Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) continued to be the largest party. The anti-establishment camp, including the traditional pan-democrats and newly emerging localists secured the majority in the geographical constituencies and the one-third crucial minority which allowed them veto any government's proposal on constitutional reform. Notable new members include the post-Occupy activists, Demosisto's Nathan Law, 23, being the youngest member to be elected and Youngspiration's Yau Wai-ching, 25, being the youngest woman to be elected. Other new members include Eddie Chu, Lau Siu-lai, Sixtus Leung, Eunice Yung and Junius Ho.

The council never met its full membership of 70 members, as two Youngspiration legislators Yau Wai-ching and Sixtus Leung were disqualified by the court on 15 November 2016 over their oath-taking manner at the inauguration of the council. Four more pro-democracy legislators, Leung Kwok-hung, Nathan Law, Lau Siu-lai and Yiu Chung-yim were disqualified for the same reason on 14 July 2017, which left a total six vacant seats of which five of them were filled in the March and November by-elections, won by Vincent Cheng, Gary Fan, Au Nok-hin, Tony Tse and Chan Hoi-yan. Fan and Au were later unseated on 17 December 2019 as the by-election result was ruled as invalid by the court, followed by Chan's departure for the same reason.[3]

In 2019, the Carrie Lam administration's introduction of Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 sparked an unprecedented clash in the council between the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy legislators, and later turned into an seris of historic massive protests. Hundred of protesters stormed the Legislative Council Complex after the annual 1 July march and ransacked and vandalised the interior with anti-government slogans. The continued anti-government protests eventually led to the downfall of the bill on 4 September 2019.[4][5]

On 31 July 2020, Chief Executive Carrie Lam invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance to postpone the September general election for a whole year, citing the resurgence of COVID-19 cases and denying any political calculation to thwart opposition momentum and neutralise the pro-democracy movement.[6] The decision was backed by the NPCSC which in November 2021 disqualified four sitting pro-democracy legislators Alvin Yeung, Kwok Ka-ki, Dennis Kwok and Kenneth Leung on the grounds of the newly imposed national security law, which triggered the mass resignations of the remaining 15 pro-democracy legislators, leaving the council with a total number of 27 vacancies out of 70 seats.[7]

In March 2021 the NPCSC unveiled the drastic electoral overhauls to the Chief Executive and Legislative Council, bypassing the power of constitutional changes vested in the Legislative Council. After the passage of the amendments to Annex I and II of the Basic Law, the Carrie Lam administration tabled the Improving Electoral System (Consolidated Amendments) Bill 2021 which was passed in the pro-Beijing dominated Legislative Council with 40-to-2 vote on 27 May 2021.[8]

Major eventsEdit

2016–2017Edit

 
The pro-Beijing legislators staged a walkout on 19 October to force adjournment in order to block the Youngspiration legislators to retake the oaths.
  • 12 October 2016: In the first meeting of the session, all members took their oaths while three members, Youngspiration's Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-ching and pan-democrat Edward Yiu who inserted their own words into the official script had their oaths rejected by the Legislative Council Secretariat, but 11 others - four localist and seven pan-democratic - added their own wording either before or after taking the oath and face no repercussions. Leung and Yau were criticised for pronouncing China as "Chee-na", the derogatory pronunciation used during the Second Sino-Japanese War and mispronouncing "People’s Republic of China" as "people’s re-fucking of Chee-na". After the oaths, the second most senior member Leung Yiu-chung of the Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre chaired the election of the President of the Legislative Council. To protest the Legislative Council secretariat's decision to disallow the three members to enter the chamber, Leung gave up the role amid calls from his colleagues to postpone the election due to the dispute over the British nationality of the pro-Beijing nominee Andrew Leung of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA). Instead, Abraham Shek of the BPA who replaced Leung Yiu-chung pushed the election ahead. The pan-democrats and localists tore up their ballot papers and exited the meeting room before the vote. As a result, Andrew Leung received 38 votes against pro-democrat nominee James To's zero with three blank ballots.[9]
  • 19 October 2016: In the second meeting of the session when five members retook their oaths, the pro-Beijing camp staged a walkout to force the meeting to be adjourned for the first time in the session to protest the two Youngspiration legislators refusal to apologise for their "insulting" oaths last week before Yau and Leung, as well as Lau Siu-lai were to retake their oaths.[10]
  • 26 October 2016: In the third general meeting, Legislative Council President Andrew Leung adjourned the meeting after the three members, two Youngspiration legislators he disallowed from joining the meeting as he decided to delay their oath-retaking but were escorted by the pan-democracy legislators into the chamber, and Civic Passion's Cheng Chung-tai who shouted at Leung for his decision, refused to leave the chamber.

2018–2019Edit

 
Members of two rival camps pushed and shoved each other in the Bills Committee meeting on 11 May 2019.
  • 6 May 2019: After a House Committee meeting with a pro-Beijing majority, voted to issue a set of guidelines to replace the most senior member James To of the Democratic Party with the third senior member Abraham Shek of the Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong to preside the Bills Committee of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 after To was accused of filibustering. To claimed that the move was illegitimate, adding that the secretariat had abused its power in issuing the circular without having any formal discussion. The pro-democracy legislators insisted to go ahead with the 6 May meeting as planned, which was eventually rescheduled by Shek with only 20 members present.[11]
  • 11 May 2019: A clash broke out as the pro-democracy and pro-Beijing camps called separate meetings of the Bills Committee of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019 at the same room. A number of legislators fell to the ground as they pushed and shoved each other along the packed hallway. Gary Fan fell to the ground after standing on a table, and appearing to have fainted before he was sent to hospital.[12]
  • 12 June 2019: 12 June protest against the extradition bill outside the Legislative Council Complex. 40,000 protesters gathered outside the Government Headquarters attempted and successfully stalled the second reading of the bill, though the Police deployed numerous canisters of tear gas, rubber bullets and bean bag rounds to disperse the protesters. The government and the police characterised the protest as a "riot", marking it the most serious and intense conflict between the police and the protesters during the early stage of the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests.
 
Occupation of the main chamber by the protesters.
  • 1 July 2019: Storming of the Legislative Council Complex where hundreds of protesters broke through the glass walls and metal doors and entered the building, ransacked and vandalised the interior with anti-government slogans. It is considered a watershed event in the 2019–20 protests.

2019–2020Edit

  • 18 May 2020: After a months-long filibustering by the pro-democrats on the election of the House Committee chair, President Andrew Leung invoked Article 92 of the Rule of Procedures to scrap the duties of Dennis Kwok, the former vice chair of the House Committee who had been presiding the meetings and replaced Chan Kin-por, chair of the Finance Committee who successfully presided the election after the pro-democrat legislators being expelled amid the clashes broke out between the pro-democrats and the security.
  • 31 July 2020: Chief Executive Carrie Lam announced the postponement of 2020 general election for a whole year.
  • 11 August 2020: NPCSC passed a decision to extend the incumbent 6th Legislative Council to extend its term for no less than one year, all members of Legco can stay but two decided to resign in protest to the extension.
 
15 sitting pro-democracy MPs announced resignation en masse during a press conference with 4 former MPs

2020–2021Edit

  • 11 November 2020: NPCSC passed a decision which led to the disqualification of four sitting legislators by Hong Kong Government, 15 remaining pro-democracy legislators announced their resignation on the same day, with the effective dates ranging from 11 November to 1 December. The Legco has now no effective opposition.

Major legislationEdit

EnactedEdit

Electoral changesEdit

After the passage of the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) amendment to the Annex I and the Annex II of the Basic Law of Hong Kong on 30 March 2021 to drastically change the existing electoral system of Hong Kong, the Carrie Lam administration began to roll out the local electoral legislation. On 13 April after the Executive Council passed the Improving Electoral System (Consolidated Amendments) Bill 2021, the government unveiled the 765-page bill with more details of the future electoral system.[13] A raft of changes to the Elections (Corrupt and Illegal Conduct) Ordinance was also included legislation to "regulate acts that manipulate or undermine elections", which would criminalise inciting people not to vote or cast blank or spoiled ballots. Violators could face up to three years in prison.[14] The pro-Beijing-dominated Legislative Council voted on the 369 amendments tabled by the government, before passing the bill with 40-to-2 vote on 27 May 2021. The only two opposition legislators, Civic Passion's Cheng Chung-tai said that the overhaul would be a real touchstone of the principle of "Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong", while Pierre Chan for the Medical constituency said that the new electoral system was a "regression in democracy."[15]

ProposedEdit

CompositionEdit

SummaryEdit

Affiliation Election At dissolution
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong 12 13
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong 7 8
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 5 4
Liberal Party 4 4
New People's Party 3 2
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1 1
New Century Forum 1 1
Roundtable 0 1
Independent 7 7
Total for pro-Beijing camp 40 41
Democratic Party 7 0
Civic Party 6 0
Professional Commons 2 0
People Power 1 0
League of Social Democrats 1 0
Labour Party 1 0
Demosisto 1 0
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre 1 0
Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union 1 0
HK First 0 0#
Neo Democrats 0 0*
Independent 5 0
Total for pro-democracy camp 26 0
Civic Passion 1 0
Youngspiration 2 0
Total for localist groups 3 0
Non-aligned independent 1 1
Vacant 0 27
Total 70 42

* The Neo Democrats won one seat in the New Territories East by-election, but lost it after a court declared Gary Fan not duly elected.
# Resigned en masse with pro-democracy camp.

Change of membershipEdit

Date Affiliation Total Vacant
Localist Pro-democracy Non-aligned Pro-Beijing
End of previous LegCo 1 26 1 42 70 0
I Begin (1 October 2016) 6 23 1 40 70 0
7 October 2016 3 26
15 November 2016 1 68 2
14 July 2017 22 64 6
II 11 March 2018 24 42 68 2
III 25 November 2018 43 69 1
IV 17 December 2019 22 67 3
1 June 2020 42 66 4
18 September 2020 41 65 5
30 September 2020 19 62 8
V 11 November 2020 15 58 12
13 November 2020 13 56 14
1 December 2020 0 43 27
26 August 2021 0 42 28

Graphical representationEdit

 
Legislative Council membership at dissolution
 
Legislative Council division by caucus at dissolution

Legislative Council of Hong Kong seat composition by party at dissolution.

Non-aligned (1)

  Independent (1)

Vacant (28)

  Vacant (28)

Pro-Beijing (41)

  Liberal (4)
  Roundtable (1)
  BPA (8)
  New Forum (1)
  NPP (2)
  DAB (13)
  FTU (5)
  FLU (1)
  Independent (7)

LeadershipEdit

ConvenorsEdit

List of membersEdit

The following table is a list of LegCo members elected on 4 September 2016 in the order of precedence.

Members who did not serve throughout the term are italicised. New members elected since the general election are noted at the bottom of the page.

Key to changes since legislative election:

a = change in party allegiance
b = by-election
c = did not take seat
GC/
FC
Constituency Portrait Elected Members Elected Party Political Alignment Born Occupation(s) Assumed
Office
FC Industrial (First)   Andrew Leung BPA Pro-Beijing (1951-02-24)24 February 1951 Merchant 2004
FC District Council (Second)   James To[a] Democratic Pro-democracy (1963-03-11)11 March 1963 Solicitor 1998
FC District Council (Second)   Leung Yiu-chung[a] NWSC Pro-democracy (1953-05-19)19 May 1953 Legislative Councillor 1998
FC Real Estate and Construction   Abraham Shek BPA Pro-Beijing (1945-06-24)24 June 1945 Company Director 2000
FC Catering   Tommy Cheung Liberal Pro-Beijing (1949-09-30)30 September 1949 Merchant
Legislative Councillor
2000
FC Health Services   Joseph Lee[a] Independent Pro-democracy (1959-08-14)14 August 1959 Dean and Professor 2004
FC Commercial (First)   Jeffrey Lam BPA Pro-Beijing (1951-10-23)23 October 1951 Merchant 2004
FC Import and Export   Wong Ting-kwong DAB Pro-Beijing (1949-09-12)12 September 1949 Merchant 2004
FC District Council (Second)   Starry Lee DAB Pro-Beijing (1974-03-13)13 March 1974 Accountant
Legislative Councillor
2008
GC New Territories East   Chan Hak-kan DAB/NTAS Pro-Beijing (1976-04-24)24 April 1976 Legislative Councillor 2008
FC Insurance   Chan Kin-por Independent Pro-Beijing (1954-05-10)10 May 1954 Legislative Councillor
Chief Executive
2008
GC Kowloon West   Priscilla Leung BPA/KWND Pro-Beijing (1960-11-18)18 November 1960 Associate Professor
Barrister-at-law
2008
GC Kowloon East   Wong Kwok-kin FTU Pro-Beijing (1952-05-03)3 May 1952 Legislative Councillor 2008
GC Hong Kong Island   Regina Ip NPP Pro-Beijing (1950-08-24)24 August 1950 Chair of Savantas Policy Institute 2008
GC Kowloon East   Paul Tse Independent Pro-Beijing (1959-01-21)21 January 1959 Solicitor 2008
GC New Territories Eastb   Leung Kwok-hung[b] LSD/AFA Pro-democracy (1957-01-18)18 January 1957 Legislative Councillor 2010 (b)
GC Kowloon West   Claudia Mo[c] Civica Pro-democracy (1956-03-27)27 March 1956 N/A 2012
GC New Territories West   Michael Tien NPPa Pro-Beijing (1950-08-25)25 August 1950 Legislative Councillor
Entrepreneur
2012
FC Agriculture and Fisheries   Steven Ho DAB Pro-Beijing (1979-11-30)30 November 1979 Legislative Councillor 2012
FC Transport   Frankie Yick Liberal Pro-Beijing 1953 (1953) Company Director 2012
GC Kowloon East   Wu Chi-wai[a] Democratic Pro-democracy (1962-10-18)18 October 1962 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2012
FC Tourism   Yiu Si-wing Independent Pro-Beijing 1955 (1955) Deputy chair of China Travel Service 2012
FC Sports, Performing Arts,
Culture and Publication
  Ma Fung-kwok New Forum Pro-Beijing (1955-07-22)22 July 1955 Managing Director 2012
FC Information Technology   Charles Mok[a] Prof Commons Pro-democracy (1964-10-25)25 October 1964 Legislative Councillor 2012
GC New Territories East   Chan Chi-chuen[d] People Power Pro-democracy (1972-04-16)16 April 1972 Legislative Councillor 2012
GC New Territories West   Chan Han-pan DAB/NTAS Pro-Beijing 1975 (1975) Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2012
GC New Territories West   Leung Che-cheung DAB/NTAS Pro-Beijing (1957-12-03)3 December 1957 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2012
FC Accountancy   Kenneth Leung[e] Prof Commons Pro-democracy (1962-10-17)17 October 1962 Tax Consultant
Accountant
2012
GC New Territories West   Alice Mak FTU Pro-Beijing (1971-11-01)1 November 1971 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2012
GC New Territories West   Kwok Ka-ki[e] Civic Pro-democracy (1961-07-20)20 July 1961 Urologist 2012
GC Hong Kong Island   Kwok Wai-keung FTU Pro-Beijing (1978-04-15)15 April 1978 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2012
FC Legal   Dennis Kwok[e] Civic (Prof Commons) Pro-democracy (1978-04-15)15 April 1978 Barrister-at-law 2012
FC Financial Services   Christopher Cheung BPA Pro-Beijing (1952-05-02)2 May 1952 Securities Dealer 2012
GC New Territories East   Fernando Cheung[a] Labour Pro-democracy (1957-02-23)23 February 1957 Lecturer 2012
GC Kowloon West   Helena Wong[a] Democratic Pro-democracy (1959-03-21)21 March 1959 Lecturer 2012
FC Education   Ip Kin-yuen[a] PTU Pro-democracy 1961 (1961) Legislative Councillor
Teacher
2012
GC New Territories East   Elizabeth Quat DAB Pro-Beijing (1966-12-23)23 December 1966 Legislative Councillor 2012
FC Commercial (Second)   Martin Liao Independent Pro-Beijing 1957 (1957) Barrister-at-law 2012
FC Labour   Poon Siu-ping FLU Pro-Beijing 1957 (1957) Trade Union Staff 2012
GC Kowloon West   Chiang Lai-wan DAB Pro-Beijing (1955-05-16)16 May 1955 Legislative Councillor 2012
FC Engineering   Lo Wai-kwok BPA Pro-Beijing (1953-12-25)25 December 1953 Engineer 2012
FC Textiles and Garment   Chung Kwok-pan Liberal Pro-Beijing (1963-11-04)4 November 1963 Merchant 2012
GC New Territories East   Alvin Yeung[e] Civic Pro-democracy (1981-06-05)5 June 1981 Barrister-at-law 2016 (b)
GC New Territories West   Andrew Wan[a] Democratic Pro-democracy (1969-06-07)7 June 1969 Legislative Councillor 2016
GC New Territories West   Eddie Chu[d] Independent Localist
Pro-democracy
(1977-09-29)29 September 1977 Community Organiser 2016
FC Industrial (Second)   Jimmy Ng Independenta Pro-Beijing (1969-06-17)17 June 1969 Company Director 2016
GC New Territories West   Junius Ho Independent Pro-Beijing (1962-06-04)4 June 1962 Solicitor 2016
FC Labour   Ho Kai-ming[f] FTU Pro-Beijing (1985-01-06)6 January 1985 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2016
GC New Territories East   Lam Cheuk-ting[a] Democratic Pro-democracy (1977-06-13)13 June 1977 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2016
FC District Council (Second)   Holden Chow DAB Pro-Beijing (1979-06-07)7 June 1979 Solicitor 2016
FC Wholesale and Retail   Shiu Ka-fai Liberal Pro-Beijing (1970-04-22)22 April 1970 Company Director 2016
FC Social Welfare   Shiu Ka-chun[a] Independent Pro-democracy (1969-06-03)3 June 1969 University Teacher 2016
GC Kowloon East   Wilson Or DAB Pro-Beijing (1973-07-09)9 July 1973 Legislative Councillor 2016
GC New Territories East   Yung Hoi-yan NPP Pro-Beijing (1977-06-07)7 June 1977 Barrister-at-law 2016
FC Medical   Pierre Chan Independent Non-aligned (1967-08-18)18 August 1967 Doctor 2016
FC Finance   Chan Chun-ying Independent Pro-Beijing 1961 (1961) Advisor 2016
GC Hong Kong Island   Tanya Chan[g] Civica Pro-democracy (1971-09-14)14 September 1971 Barrister-at-law 2016
GC Hong Kong Island   Cheung Kwok-kwan DAB Pro-Beijing (1974-06-30)30 June 1974 Solicitor 2016
GC Hong Kong Island   Hui Chi-fung[c] Democratic Pro-democracy (1982-06-08)8 June 1982 Legislative Councillor 2016
FC Labour   Luk Chung-hung FTU Pro-Beijing (1978-09-21)21 September 1978 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2016
FC District Council (First)   Lau Kwok-fan DAB Pro-Beijing (1978-06-28)28 June 1978 Legislative Councillor 2016
FC Heung Yee Kuk   Kenneth Lau BPA Pro-Beijing 1966 (1966) Merchant 2016
GC New Territories West   Cheng Chung-tai[h] Civic Passion Localist (1983-11-05)5 November 1983 Legislative Councillor 2016
FC District Council (Second)   Kwong Chun-yu[a] Democratic Pro-democracy (1983-02-09)9 February 1983 Legislative Councillor 2016
GC Kowloon East   Jeremy Tam[a] Civic Pro-democracy (1975-06-13)13 June 1975 Pilot 2016
GC Hong Kong Islandb   Nathan Law[b] Demosisto Localist
Pro-democracy
(1993-07-13)13 July 1993 Legislative Councillor 2016
FC Architectural, Surveying,
Planning and Landscape
b
  Yiu Chung-yim[b] Independent Pro-democracy (1964-07-19)19 July 1964 Lecturer 2016
GC Kowloon Westb   Lau Siu-lai[b] Independent Localist
Pro-democracy
(1976-08-03)3 August 1976 Lecturer 2016
GC New Territories Eastb   Sixtus Leung c [i] Youngspiration Localist (1986-08-07)7 August 1986 N/A 2016
GC Kowloon Westb   Yau Wai-ching c [i] Youngspiration Localist (1991-05-06)6 May 1991 N/A 2016

Supplementary membersEdit

GC/
FC
Constituency Portrait Elected Members Elected Party Political Alignment Born Occupation(s) Assumed
Office
GC New Territories East   Gary Fan[j] Neo Democrats Pro-democracy (1966-10-30)30 October 1966 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2018 (b)
GC Hong Kong Island   Au Nok-hin[j] Independent Pro-democracy (1987-06-18)18 June 1987 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2018 (b)
GC Kowloon West   Vincent Cheng DAB Pro-Beijing (1979-07-18)18 July 1979 Legislative Councillor
District Councillor
2018 (b)
FC Architectural, Surveying,
Planning and Landscape
  Tony Tse Independent Pro-Beijing (1954-10-27)27 October 1954 Surveyor 2018 (b)
GC Kowloon West   Chan Hoi-yan[k] Independent Pro-Beijing (1977-11-19)19 November 1977 Legislative Councillor 2018 (b)

By-electionsEdit

Other changesEdit

2016Edit

2017Edit

2018Edit

CommitteesEdit

Committee 2016–2017 2017–2018 2018–2019 2019–2020 2020–2021
House C Starry Lee (DAB)
VC Dennis Kwok (CP/PC) Ma Fung-kwok (NCF)
Parliamentary Liaison C Ip Kin-yuen (PTU) V.
VC Kenneth Leung (PC) V.
Finance C Chan Kin-por (Non.)
VC Michael Tien (NPPRT) Chan Chun-ying (Non.)
Establishment C Regina Ip (NPP) Holden Chow (DAB) Regina Ip (NPP)
VC Alvin Yeung (CP) Holden Chow (DAB) Chan Chi-chuen (PP) V. Yiu Si-wing (Non.)
Public Works C Lo Wai-kwok (BPA) Tony Tse (Non.)
VC Charles Mok (PC) Lo Wai-kwok (BPA)
Public Accounts C Abraham Shek (BPA)
VC Kenneth Leung (PC) Paul Tse (Non.)
Members' Interests C Yiu Si-wing (Non.)
VC Claudia Mo (CPHKF) Elizabeth Quat (DAB)
Rules of Procedure C Paul Tse (Non.)
VC Kenneth Leung (PC) Horace Cheung (DAB)
Panels
Administration of Justice and Legal Services C Priscilla Leung (BPA) Horace Cheung (DAB)
VC Dennis Kwok (CP/PC) Martin Liao (Non.)
Commerce and Industry C Wu Chi-wai (DP) Yiu Si-wing (Non.) Jimmy Ng (BPA) Felix Chung (LP)
VC Shiu Ka-fai (LP) Alvin Yeung (CP) Jimmy Ng (BPA)
Constitutional Affairs C Martin Liao (Non.) Horace Cheung (DAB) Holden Chow (DAB)
VC Holden Chow (DAB) Luk Chung-hung (FTU) Kenneth Lau (BPA)
Development C Tommy Cheung (LP) Leung Che-cheung (DAB) Tony Tse (Non.) Lo Wai-kwok (BPA)
VC Kenneth Lau (BPA) Luk Chung-hung (FTU) Lau Kwok-fan (DAB)
Economic Development C Jeffrey Lam (BPA) Felix Chung (LP) Christopher Cheung (BPA)
VC Alvin Yeung (CP) Wu Chi-wai (DP) Starry Lee (DAB)
Education C Ann Chiang (DAB) Ip Kin-yuen (PTU) Regina Ip (NPP) Priscilla Leung (BPA)
VC Ip Kin-yuen (PTU) Vincent Cheng (DAB) Ip Kin-yuen (PTU) Alice Mak (FTU)
Environmental Affairs C Tanya Chan (CP) Junius Ho (Non.) Vincent Cheng (DAB)
VC Junius Ho (Non.) Hui Chi-fung(DP) Steven Ho (DAB) Paul Tse (Non.)
Financial Affairs C Christopher Cheung (BPA) Kenneth Leung (PC) Christopher Cheung (BPA) Jeffrey Lam (BPA)
VC Kenneth Leung (PC) Christopher Cheung (BPA) Kenneth Leung (PC) Wong Ting-kwong (DAB)
Food Safety and Environmental Hygiene C Helena Wong (DP) Steven Ho (DAB) Kwok Ka-ki (CP) Tommy Cheung (LP) Steven Ho (DAB)
VC Lau Kwok-fan (DAB) Kwok Ka-ki (CP) Shiu Ka-fai (LP) Helena Wong (DP) Shiu Ka-fai (LP)
Health Services C Joseph Lee (Non.) Pierre Chan (Non.) Ann Chiang (DAB) Elizabeth Quat (DAB)
VC Pierre Chan (Non.) Joseph Lee (Non.) Chan Hoi-yan (Non.) V. Abraham Shek (BPA)
Home Affairs C Ma Fung-kwok (NCF) Kwok Wai-keung (FTU) Lau Kwok-fan (DAB) Leung Che-cheung (DAB)
VC Jimmy Ng (Non.) Yung Hoi-yan (NPP) Au Nok-hin (Non.) Chan Chi-chuen (PP) V. Wong Kwok-kin (FTU)
Housing C Alice Mak (FTU) Wilson Or (DAB) Tommy Cheung (LP)
VC Jimmy Ng (Non.) Yung Hoi-yan (NPP) Au Nok-hin (Non.) Chan Chi-chuen (PP) V. Wong Kwok-kin (FTU)
Information Technology and Broadcasting C Elizabeth Quat (DAB) Charles Mok (PC) Elizabeth Quat (DAB) Charles Mok (PC) Junius Ho (Non.)
VC Charles Mok (PC) Elizabeth Quat (DAB) Charles Mok (PC) Elizabeth Quat (DAB) Chan Kin-por (Non.)
Manpower C Leung Che-cheung (DAB) Kwok Wai-keung (FTU) Fernando Cheung (Lab) Ho Kai-ming (FTU) Vincent Cheng (DAB) Luk Chung-hung (FTU)
VC Ho Kai-ming (FTU) Fernando Cheung (Lab) Ho Kai-ming (FTU) Eddie Chu (Non.) V. Chan Chun-ying (Non.)
Public Service C Kwok Wai-keung (FTU) Poon Siu-ping (FLU) Gary Fan (ND) Kwok Wai-keung (FTU)
VC Jeremy Tam (CP) Martin Liao (Non.) Poon Siu-ping (FLU)
Security C Chan Hak-kan (DAB)
VC James To (DP) Yung Hoi-yan (NPP)
Transport C Chan Han-pan (DAB) Frankie Yick (LP) Chan Han-pan (DAB) Frankie Yick (LP)
VC Kwok Ka-ki (CP) Lam Cheuk-ting (DP) Jeremy Tam (CP) Chan Han-pan (DAB)
Welfare Services C Chan Han-pan (DAB) Frankie Yick (LP) Chan Han-pan (DAB) Frankie Yick (LP)
VC Shiu Ka-chun (Non.) Kwong Chun-yu (DP) Ann Chiang (DAB)

SecretariatEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Announced resignation on 12 November 2020 in protest to the 11 November disqualifications of four pro-democracy members.
  2. ^ a b c d Disqualified on 14 July 2017 over oath-taking controversy.
  3. ^ a b Resigned on 12 November 2020 in protest to the 11 November disqualifications of four pro-democracy members, with effective on 13 November.
  4. ^ a b Resigned on 30 September 2020 in protest to the postponement of the 2020 Legislative Council election.
  5. ^ a b c d Disqualified on 11 November 2020 by the NPCSC decision for "endangering national security".
  6. ^ Resigned on 1 June 2020 to take the place of Under Secretary for Labour and Welfare.
  7. ^ Resigned on 30 September 2020 over health issue.
  8. ^ Disqualified on 26 August 2021 by the Candidate Eligibility Review Committee.
  9. ^ a b Disqualified on 15 November 2016 over oath-taking controversy.
  10. ^ a b Disqualified on 17 December 2019 as the result of the March 2018 Legislative Council by-election was ruled as invalid.
  11. ^ Disqualified on 18 September 2020 as the result of the November 2018 Kowloon West by-election was ruled as invalid.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Beijing extends Hong Kong's Legislative Council term by 'at least one year' but kicks ball back to Carrie Lam to decide how disqualified lawmakers can continue their duties". South China Morning Post. 2020-08-11.
  2. ^ "Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Chapter 1)--Revocation of the Decision to Prorogue the Sixth Term of the Legislative Council" (PDF). The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette. 2020-08-14.
  3. ^ "Pro-democracy lawmakers Au Nok-hin and Gary Fan lose seats as Hong Kong's top court rejects election petition appeals". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. 2019-12-17. Retrieved 2019-12-17.
  4. ^ "Hong Kong leader withdraws extradition bill, sets up platform to examine protest causes". South China Morning Post. 4 September 2019. Archived from the original on 4 September 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
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