Information Technology (constituency)
The Information Technology functional constituency (Chinese: 資訊科技界功能界別) is a functional constituency in the elections for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Since its creation in 1998, it has been normally held by the pro-democracy camp, with the interruption from 2008 to 2012, where the seat was held by pro-Beijing Samson Tam who defeated pro-democracy candidate Charles Mok by 35 votes with the help of the Internet Professional Association (iProA), a pro-Beijing IT association. In 2012, Mok retook the seat for the pro-democrats from the pro-Beijing camp by defeating Tam.
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Logo of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
|Number of members||One|
|Member(s)||Charles Mok (PC)|
The Information Technology constituency is composed of individuals who are members of relevant associations such as the Hong Kong Computer Society, and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and corporate members of organisations such as the Hong Kong Information Technology Federation, Hong Kong Wireless Technology Industry and Society of Hong Kong External Telecommunications Services Providers who are entitled to vote at general meetings, as well as some other corporations with certain licences granted by the Telecommunication Authority.
Since 1998, there have been a number of additional associations included in the electorate. In 2006, there were four organisations where individual members were qualified as electorates although they were not allowed to vote in the general meetings, such as the Professional Information Security Association and the Hong Kong and Mainland Software Industry Corporation Association. Since 2003, members of the pro-Beijing Internet Professional Association (iProA) are also eligible to vote in the constituency, which helped its pro-Beijing member Samson Tam to take the seat from pro-democrats' hand in the 2008 Legislative Council election.
In 2006, there were 4,743 individuals (94.9% of the electorate) and 261 registered corporations (4.1% of the electorate). In 2016, it saw an 80% surge in the number of registered voters, from 6,716 in 2012 to 12,046 in 2016, according to provisional voter statistics released by the Registration and Electoral Office. Incumbent legislator Charles Mok questioned whether pro-Beijing forces were getting people to sign up.
In April 2017, the Independent Commission Against Corruption arrested 72 people over alleged vote-rigging, 68 of them were newly registered electors and four were middlemen, three of whom were registered voters. A source identified them as the members of the Internet Professional Association (iProA) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), Hong Kong section, computer chapter.
|1998||Sin Chung-kai||Democratic Party|
|2008||Samson Tam Wai-ho||Independent|
|2012||Charles Peter Mok||Professional Commons|
|Prof Commons||Charles Peter Mok||6,253||64.61||+6.79|
|Nonpartisan||Eric Yeung Chuen-sing||3,425||35.39|
|Total valid votes||9,678||100.00|
|Prof Commons hold||Swing|
|Independent||Charles Peter Mok||2,828||57.82||+8.26|
|Total valid votes||4,891||100.00|
|Independent gain from Nonpartisan||Swing|
|Nonpartisan||Charles Peter Mok||1,982||49.56|
|Total valid votes||3,999||100.00|
|Independent gain from Nonpartisan||Swing|
|Total valid votes||3,700||100.00|
|Nonpartisan (New Forum)||Kan Wing-kei||632||26.31|
|Total valid votes||2,402||100.00|
|Total valid votes||2,422||100.00|
|Democratic win (new seat)|
- "Turnout Rate". Electoral Affairs Commission.
- Young, Simon N.M.; Cullen, Richard (2010). Electing Hong Kong's Chief Executivei. Hong Kong University Press. p. 121.
- Ng, Kang-chung; Cheung, Tony (1 June 2015). "Hong Kong lawmaker fears Beijing behind jump in voters in IT functional constituency". South China Morning Post.
- "Hong Kong anti-graft body arrests 72 people over alleged IT sector vote-rigging". South China Morning Post. 3 April 2017.
- "Election Result". Electoral Affairs Commission.[permanent dead link]
- "Election Result". Electoral Affairs Commission.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)