Health Services (constituency)

The Health Services functional constituency (Chinese: 衞生服務界功能界別), formerly called the Health Care, was a functional constituency in the elections for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong first created for the 1988 Legislative Council election. The constituency is composed of health services related professionals with one of the larger number of electorates among the functional constituencies. It was a stronghold of the pro-democracy camp, holding the seat since its creation. It was merged with Medical into Medical and Health Services functional constituency in the major electoral overhaul in 2021.

Health Services
衞生服務界
Former Functional Constituency
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Country Hong Kong
Electorate40,471 (2020)[1]
Former constituency
Created1998
Abolished2021
Number of membersOne
Created fromHealth
Replaced byMedical and Health Services

CompositionEdit

The Health Services functional constituency is composed of chiropractors, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, medical laboratory technologists, radiographers, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, optometrists, dental hygienists, audiologists, audiology technicians, chiropodists, dental surgery assistants, dental technicians, dental technologists, dental therapists, dietitians, dispensers, mould laboratory technicians, orthoptists, clinical psychologists, educational psychologists, prosthetists, speech therapists and scientific officers.[2]

Return MembersEdit

Health Care (1988–1995)Edit

Election Member Party Votes %
1988 Ronald Chow Mei-tak ADPLUnited Democrat 2,866 54.32
1991 Michael Ho Mun-ka United Democrat N/A

Health Services (1995–2021)Edit

Election Member Party Votes %
1995 Michael Ho Mun-ka Democratic 4,968 81.66
Not represented in the Provisional Legislative Council (1997–1998)
1998 Michael Ho Mun-ka Democratic 11,420 82.21
2000 Michael Mak Kwok-fung Nonpartisan 5,857 43.60
2004 Joseph Lee Kok-long Nonpartisan 9,127 43.01
2008 11,309 66.99
2012 15,861 75.01
2016 15,221 61.75

Electoral resultsEdit

2010sEdit

2016 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Joseph Lee Kok-long 15,221 61.75 –14.26
Nonpartisan Philip Choi Pui-wah 9,430 38.25
Majority 5,791 23.50
Total valid votes 24,651 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,195
Turnout 37,423 69.06
Registered electors 37,423
Independent hold Swing
2012 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Joseph Lee Kok-long 15,861 75.01 +8.02
Nonpartisan Alice Tso Shing-yuk 5,006 23.99
Majority 10,855 51.02
Total valid votes 20,867 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,982
Turnout 22,849 60.84
Registered electors 37,556
Independent hold Swing

2000sEdit

2008 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Joseph Lee Kok-long 11,309 66.99 +23.98
Independent Wan Tak-choi 5,572 33.01
Majority 5,737 33.98
Total valid votes 16,881 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,311
Turnout 18,192 49.21
Registered electors 36,968
Nonpartisan hold Swing
2004 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Joseph Lee Kok-long 9,127 43.01
Ind. democrat Michael Mak Kwok-fung 6,396 30.14 −13.46
Nonpartisan Scarlett Pong Oi-lan 3,027 14.27
Independent Siu Kwai-fung 2,669 12.58
Majority 2,731 12.87
Total valid votes 21,219 100.00
Rejected ballots 831
Turnout 22,050 62.21
Registered electors 35,442
Independent gain from Independent Swing
2000 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Michael Mak Kwok-fung 5,857 43.60
Nonpartisan Wang Kwok-shing 3,908 29.09
Nonpartisan Alice Tsoi Shing-yuk 3,668 27.31
Majority 1,949 14.51
Total valid votes 13,433 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,056
Turnout 14,489 45.80
Registered electors 31,638
Nonpartisan gain from Democratic Swing

1990sEdit

1998 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Michael Ho Mun-ka 11,420 82.21 +0.55
Nonpartisan Choi Shek-chung 2,472 17.79
Majority 8,948 64.42
Total valid votes 13,892 100.00
Rejected ballots 446
Turnout 14,338 52.21
Registered electors 27,464
Democratic win (new seat)
1995 Legislative Council election: Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Michael Ho Mun-ka 4,968 81.66
Liberal Alice Tsoi Shing-yuk 1,116 18.34
Majority 3,852 63.32
Total valid votes 6,084 100.00
Rejected ballots 193
Turnout 6,277 45.55
Registered electors 13,779
Democratic hold Swing
1991 Legislative Council election: Health Care
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Democrats Michael Ho Man-ka Unopposed
Registered electors 10,636
United Democrats hold Swing

1980sEdit

1988 Legislative Council election: Health Care
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
ADPL Ronald Chow Mei-tak 2,866 54.32
Nonpartisan Lam Po-wing 1,801 34.14
ADPL Wong Lung Hang-ling 609 11.54
Majority 1,065 20.18
Total valid votes 5,276 100.00
ADPL win (new seat)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Voter Registration Statistics : Functional Constituency". Voter Registration.
  2. ^ "Composition of the health services functional constituency". Hong Kong e-Legislation.
  3. ^ "Election Result". Electoral Affairs Commission.
  4. ^ "Election Result". Electoral Affairs Commission.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)